Glufosinate Studies

The following is a list of peer reviewed studies that have found health and/or environmental harm from glufosinate herbicide:

Accinelli, C.; Screpanti, C.; Vicari, A. & Catizone, P. (2004) Influence of insecticidal toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp.kurstaki on the degradation of glyphosate and glufosinate-ammonium in soil samples. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment,103, 497-507.

Iftikhar Ahmad, David Malloch (1995) Interaction of soil microflora with the bioherbicide phosphinothricin Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment Netherlands. Vol. 54, no. 3 Jul p. 165-174;jsessionid=gzL79cPgBlupOuS2JMt9.52

Al-Khatib, K., M. M. Claassen, P. W. Stahlman, P. W. Geier, D. L. Regehr, S. R. Duncan, and W. F. Heer. (2003) Grain Sorghum Response to Simulated Drift from Glufosinate, Glyphosate, Imazethapyr, and Sethoxydim.” Weed Technology 17, no. 2(Apr-Jun): 261-65.

Aris A, Leblanc S. (2011) Maternal and fetal exposure to pesticides associated to genetically modified foods in Eastern Townships of Quebec, Canada. Reprod Toxicol. May;31(4):528-33

Aris Aziz (2011) Response to Bayer CropScience’s position on the findings of glufosinate and its metabolite Reproductive toxicology vol. 32, no4, pp. 496-497

Avila-Garcia, W.V. & Mallory-Smith, C. (2011) Glyphosate-resistant Italian ryegrass (Lolium perenne) populations also exhibit resistance to glufosinate.Weed Science, 59, 305-309.

Bartsch, K and C. Tebbe (1989) Initial steps in the degradation of phosphinothricin (glufosinate) by soil bacteria Applied Environmental Microbiology Vol. 55 pp 711-716

Caroline Cox and Michael Surgan (2006) Unidentified Inert Ingredients in Pesticides: Implications for Human and Environmental Health Environ Health Perspect. 2006 December; 114(12): 1803–1806.

Damin, V., H. C. J. Franco, M. F. Moraes, A. Franco, and P. C. O. Trivelin. (2008) Nitrogen Loss in Brachiaria Decumbens after Application of Glyphosate or Glufosinate-Ammonium. Scientia Agricola 65, no. 4 : 402-07.

D ‘ Hertefeldt T, Jørgensen RB, Pettersson LB. (2008) Long term persistence of GM oilseed rape in the seedbank. Biol Lett. 4(3):314-7

Kang, G. R., & Kim, D. S. (2014). Toxicity and Effects of the Herbicide Glufosinate-Ammonium, Basta on the Marine Medaka Oryzias dancena. Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 17(1), 105-113.

Laugeray A, Herzine A, Perche O, Hébert B, Aguillon-Naury M, Richard O, Menuet A, Mazaud-Guittot S, Lesné L, Briault S, Jegou B, Pichon J, Montécot-Dubourg C and Mortaud S (2014) Pre- and postnatal exposure to low dose glufosinate ammonium induces autism-like phenotypes in mice. Front. Behav. Neurosci. 8:390.

Siimes, K.; Räamö, S.; Welling, L.; Nikunen, U. & Laitinen, P. (2006). Comparison of behaviour of three herbicides in a field experiment under bare soil conditions. Agricultural Water Management , 84, 53-64.

Mammals (Glufosinate)
Fujii, T., T. Ohata, M. Horinaka, 1996. Alternations in the response to kainic acid in rats exposed to glufosinate-ammonium, a herbicide, during infantile period. Proc. Of the Japan Acad. Series B-Physical and Biological Sciences, Vol. 72, No. 1, pp. 7-10.

Fujii, T. (1997). Transgenerational effects of maternal exposure to chemicals on the functional development of the brain in the offspring. Cancer Causes and Control, 8, 524-528.,%201997,%20Canc%20Caus.pdf

Krzyżowska M, Wincenciak M, Winnicka A, Baranowski A, Jaszczak K, Zimny J, Niemiałtowski M. (2010) The effect of multigenerational diet containing genetically modified triticale on immune system in mice. Pol J Vet Sci. ;13(3):423-30.

Watanabe, T., 1995: Developmental effects of glufosinate ammonium on mammalian embryos in vitro. Teratology. 52(4): 25b-26b

Watanabe, T., Iwase,T. (1996) Development and dymorphogenic effects of glufosinate ammoniumon mouse embryos in culture. Teratogenesis, carcinogenesis and mutagenesis 16,287-299.

Watanabe T. (1997) Apoptosis induced by glufosinate ammonium in the neuroepithelium of developing mouse embryos in culture. Neurosci Lett. Jan 24;222(1):17-20.