GMO SCIENCE

This compilation is a sample of the scientific references including 1700 studies, surveys, and analyses that suggest various adverse impacts and potential adverse impacts of genetically engineered (GE/GMO) crops, foods and related pesticides. This list contains references regarding health impacts, environmental impacts, including impact of non-target organisms (NTOs), resistance of target organisms, pesticide drift, genetic contamination, horizontal gene transfer, unintended effects, as well as references regarding yields, social impact, ethics, economics and regulations. In most cases, links are provided to the abstracts for the references or links to sites where the study can be purchased.

For Glyphosate studies, click on this link.

1.Aaziz R, Tepfer M. (1999) Recombination in RNA viruses and in virus-resistant transgenic plants. J Gen Virol. Jun;80 ( Pt 6):1339-46. http://vir.sgmjournals.org/content/80/6/1339.long
2.Abdo E. M., et al. Chemical Analysis of BT corn “Mon- 810: Ajeeb-YG®” and its counterpart non-Bt corn “Ajeeb”. IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry (IOSR-JAC) e-ISSN: 2278–5736. Volume 4, Issue 1 (Mar.–Apr. 2013), PP 55–60 http://iosrjournals.org/iosr-jac/papers/vol4-issue1/L0415560.pdf
3.E. Abdo, O. Barbary and O. Shaltout, “Feeding Study with Bt Corn (MON810: Ajeeb YG) on Rats: Biochemical Analysis and Liver Histopathology,” Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 5 No. 2, 2014, pp. 185-195. http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?paperID=42183#.Uy8XQIVVitM
4.S. L. Abidi, G. R. List, K. A. Rennick (1999) Effect of genetic modification on the distribution of minor constituents in canola oil. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, Volume 76, Issue 4, pp 463-467 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11746-999-0025-3
5.Accinelli, C.; Screpanti, C.; Vicari, A. & Catizone, P. (2004) Influence of insecticidal toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp.kurstaki on the degradation of glyphosate and glufosinate-ammonium in soil samples. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment,103, 497-507. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880903004080
6.Francisca Acevedo, Elleli Huerta, Caroline Burgeff, Patricia Koleff & José Sarukhán (2011) Is transgenic maize what Mexico really needs ? Nature Biotechnology. January, volume 29 number 1, 23-24 http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Francisca_Acevedo2/publication/49742660_Is_transgenic_maize_what_Mexico_really_needs/links/0c96051eeaca4cd564000000
7.Achiorno, C. L., C. de Villalobos, and L. Ferrari. (2008) Toxicity of the Herbicide Glyphosate to Chordodes Nobilii (Gordiida, Nematomorpha). Chemosphere 71, no. 10 (May): 1816-22. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18394676
8.Acquavella JF, Alexander BH, Mandel JS, Gustin C, Baker B, Chapman P, Bleeke M. (2004) Glyphosate biomonitoring for farmers and their families: results from the Farm Family Exposure Study. Environ Health Perspect. Mar;112(3):321-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14998747
9.Adam A, Marzuki A, Abdul Rahman H, Abdul Aziz M. (1997)The oral and intratracheal toxicities of ROUNDUP and its components to rats. Vet Hum Toxicol. Jun;39(3):147-51. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9167243
10.Adugna A, Bekele E: (2013) Geographical distribution and phenotypic diversity in wild sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.)] in Ethiopia: implications for germplasm conservation and crop-wild flow. Plant Genet Resour , 11:68–76 http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8859944
11.Asfaw Adugna (2013) Ecotypic variation for seed dormancy, longevity and germination requirements in wild/weedy Sorghum bicolor in Ethiopia: implications for seed mediated transgene dispersal and persistence. SpringerPlus May, 2:248, http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/2193-1801-2-248
12.Adugna, A., & Bekele, E. (2013) Morphology and fitness components of wild 3 crop F1 hybrids of Sorghum bi- color (L.) in Ethiopia: implications for survival and introgression of crop genes in the wild pool. Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization: 1-10 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/259437843_Morphology_and_fitness_components_of_wild__crop_F1_hybrids_of_Sorghum_bicolor_(L.)_in_Ethiopia_implications_for_survival_and_introgression_of_crop_genes_in_the_wild_pool 13.Sarah Zanon Agapito-Tenfen, Miguel Pedro Guerra, Odd-Gunnar Wikmark and Rubens Onofre Nodari (2013) Comparative proteomic analysis of genetically modified maize grown under different agroecosystems conditions in Brazil. Proteome Science , 11:46 http://www.proteomesci.com/content/11/1/46
14. Agodi A, Barchitta M, Grillo A and Sciacca S (2006) Detection of genetically modified DNA sequences in milk from the Italian market. Int J Hyg Environ Health 209:81- 88. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16373205
15.Aheto, D.W., Bøhn, T., Breckling, B., van den Berg, J., Ching, L.L. and Wikmark, O.-G. (2013) Implications of GM crops in subsistence-based agricultural systems in Africa. In: Breckling, B. and Verhoeven, R. GM-Crop Cultivation – Ecological Effects on a Landscape Scale, Theorie in der Ökologie 17. Frankfurt, Peter Lang. http://www.gmls.eu/beitraege/93_Aheto.pdf‎
16. Iftikhar Ahmad, David Malloch (1995) Interaction of soil microflora with the bioherbicide phosphinothricin. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment Netherlands. Vol. 54, no. 3 Jul p. 165-174 http://europepmc.org/abstract/AGR/IND20617872/reload=0;jsessionid=gzL79cPgBlupOuS2JMt9.52
17.C. Ahrens, J. Chung, T. Meyer, and C. Auer (2011) Bentgrass Distribution Surveys and Habitat Suitability Maps Support Ecological Risk Assessment in Cultural Landscapes. Weed Science 59(2):145-154. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WS-D-10-00094.1
18.Collin W. Ahrens and Carol A. Auer (2012) Genetic Relationship between Cultivated and Feral Creeping Bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera) in a Cultural Landscape. Weed Science: October-December 2012, Vol. 60, No. 4, pp. 583-588. http://www.wssajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WS-D-12-00041.1
19.Ahrens CW, Auer CA (2012) Annual Glyphosate Treatments Alter Growth of Unaffected Bentgrass (Agrostis) Weeds and Plant Community Composition. PLoS ONE 7(12): e50643. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0050643
20.Ahteensuu, Marko; Siipi, Helena (2009) A Critical Assessment of Public Consultations on GMOs in the European Union. Environmental Values, Volume 18, Number 2, May, pp. 129-152(24) http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/whp/ev/2009/00000018/00000002/art00003?crawler=true
21.N B Akesson, and W E Yates (1964)Problems Relating to Application of Agricultural Chemicals and Resulting Drift Residues. Annual Review of Entomology Vol. 9: 285-318 http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.en.09.010164.001441?journalCode=ento&
22.Albinati ACL, Moreira ELT, Albinati RCB, J.V. Carvalho, A.D. de Lira, G.B. Santos, L.V.O. Vidal (2009) Biomarcadores histológicos – toxicidade crônica pelo Roundup em piauçu (Leporinus macrocephalus). Arq Bras Med Vet Zootec. 61(3):621–627. http://www.scielo.br/pdf/abmvz/v61n3/15.pdf
23.ALBRECHT, L.P.; ALBRECHT, A.J.P.; BRACCINI, A.L.; OLIVEIRA JR., R.S.; ZOBIOLE, L.H.S.; ÁVILA, M.R. (2014) The role of glyphosate in RR soybean production and seed quality. Planta daninha vol.32 no.2 Viçosa Apr./June http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582014000200018&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
24.Al-Hmoud N, Al-Rousan H, Hayek HBO and Ibrahim MA. (2010) Detection of genetically modified maize and soybean food products in the Jordanian Market. Biotechnology. 9 (4): 499-505, http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=biotech.2010.499.505&amp 25.Kassim Al-Khatib, Robert Parker and E. Patrick Fuerst (1992) Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) Response to Simulated Herbicide Spray Drift. Weed Technology Vol. 6, No. 4 (Oct. – Dec., 1992), pp. 956-960 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3988318?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103342957983
26.Kassim Al-Khatib, Robert Parker and E. Patrick Fuerst (1993) Wine Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) Response to Simulated Herbicide Drift. Weed Technology Vol. 7, No. 1 (Jan. – Mar.), pp. 97-102 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3987967?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103343299053
27. Al-Khatib, K., M. M. Claassen, P. W. Stahlman, P. W. Geier, D. L. Regehr, S. R. Duncan, and W. F. Heer. (2003) Grain Sorghum Response to Simulated Drift from Glufosinate, Glyphosate, Imazethapyr, and Sethoxydim.” Weed Technology 17, no. 2(Apr-Jun): 261-65. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3989306?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103045798183
28.Allison, RF, Scneider WL, Greene AE (1996) Recombination in plants expressing viral transgenes. Seminars in Virology 7(6) pp 417-422 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1044577396900505
29.Alpert CA, Mater DD, Muller MC, Ouriet MF, Duval-Iflah Y, Corthier G. (2003) Worst-case scenarios for horizontal gene transfer from Lactococcus lactis carrying heterologous genes to Enterococcus faecalis in the digestive tract of gnotobiotic mice. Environ Biosafety Res. Jul-Sep;2(3):173-80. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15612415
30.Al-Rousan, Hiyam; Al-Hmoud, Nisrren; Ibrahim, Mohammed (2010) A study on the occurrence of genetically modified soybean and maize feed products in the Jordanian market Journal of Cell & Molecular Biology;Dec, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p87 http://jcmb.halic.edu.tr/pdf/8-2/10.pdf

31.Al-Salameen F, Kumar V, Al-Aqeel H, Al-Hashash H, Hejji AB. (2012) Detection of genetically modified DNA in fresh and processed foods sold in Kuwait. GM Crops Food. Oct-Dec;3(4):283-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22892687
32.Miguel A. Altieri, Peter M. Rosset, Clara I. Nicholls (1997) Biological control and agricultural modernization: Towards resolution of some contradictions Agriculture and Human Values September, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 303-310 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023%2FA%3A1007499401616
33.Altieri, M.A. and Rosset, P. (1999). Ten reasons why biotechnology will not ensure food security, protect the environment and reduce poverty in the developing world. AgBioForum, 2(3&4), 155-162. http://agbioforum.org/v2n34/v2n34a03-altieri.htm
34.Altieri MA, Rosset P. (1999) Strengthening the case for why biotechnology will not help. The developing world: A response to MCGloughlin. AgBioForum. 2(3-4):226–236. http://www.agbioforum.org/v2n34/v2n34a14-altieri.htm
35.Altieri, M. A. (2000). The ecological impacts of transgenic crops on agroecosystem health. Ecosystem Health, 6, 13-23. http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/20013038747.html
36.Altieri, M. A. (2001). Genetically engineered crops: Separating the myths from the reality. Bulletin of Science Technology and Society, 21(2), 129-146. http://www.bio-nica.info/Biblioteca/Altieri2001MythsAndReality.PDF
37.Altieri, M. A. (2003). The sociocultural and food security impacts of genetic pollution via transgenic crops of traditional varieties in Latin American centers of peasant agriculture. Bulletin of Science, Technology, & Society, 23,1-10. http://bst.sagepub.com/content/23/5/350.abstract
38.Miguel A. Altieri (2005) The Myth of Coexistence: Why Transgenic Crops Are Not Compatible With Agroecologically Based Systems of Production Bulletin of Science Technology Society August vol. 25 no. 4 361-371 http://bst.sagepub.com/content/25/4/361.abstract
39.Al-Rajab AJ, Schiavon M. (2010) Degradation of 14C-glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) in three agricultural soils. J Environ Sci (China). ;22(9):1374-80. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21174968
40.Alvarez-Morales A (2002) Transgenes in maize landraces in Oaxaca: official report on the extent and implications. The 7th International Symposium on the Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms Beijing, China October 10-16 page 65 http://www.saveourseeds.org/downloads/proceedings_BEIJING_oct_2002.pdf
41.Carlos Alvarez-Moya; Mónica Reynoso Silva; Carlos Valdez Ramírez; David Gómez Gallardo; Rafael León Sánchez; Alejandro Canales Aguirre; Alfredo Feria Velasco (2014) Comparison of the in vivo and in vitro genotoxicity of glyphosate isopropylamine salt in three different organisms Genet. Mol. Biol. vol.37 no.1 Ribeirão Preto http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S1415-47572014000100016&script=sci_arttext
42.Amanor-Boadu V, Amanor-Boadu Y (2002). A survey of post-marketing surveillance of potential human late health effects of genetically modified foods’ initiatives: lessons for Canada’s strategy. Centre for Surveillance Coordination, Health Canada http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/pyf20i00
43.Amer SM, Aly FA. (2001) Genotoxic effect of 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid and its metabolite 2,4-dichlorophenol in mouse. Mutat Res. 2001 Jul 25;494(1-2):1-12. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11423340
44.Anderson, P. L., Hellmich, R. L. Sears, M. K., Sumerford, D. V., and Lewis, L. C. (2004) Effects of Cry1Ab-expressing corn anthers on monarch butterfly larvae. Environ. Entomol. 33: 1109-1115. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1603/0046-225X-33.4.1109
45.Anderson, P. L., Hellmich, R. L., Prasifka, J. R., and Lewis, L. C. (2005) Effects on fitness and behavior of monarch butterfly larvae exposed to a combination of Cry1Ab-expressing corn anthers and pollen. Environ. Entomol. 34:944-952. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1603/0046-225X-34.4.944
46.Andow, D.A. and A.Hilbeck. (2004) Science-based risk assessment for non-target effects of transgenic crops. Bioscience 54(7):637-649 http://www.cbd.int/doc/articles/2008/a-00634.pdf
47.‎Andow DA, Lövei GL, Arpaia S (2006) Ecological risk assessment for Bt crops. Nat Biotechnol 24:749–751 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v24/n7/full/nbt0706-749.html
48.Andow, D.A.& Zwahlen,C. (2006) Assessing environmental risks of transgenic plants. Ecology Letters 9:196-214 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16958885
49.Andow, D. A., Lövei, G. L., & Arpaia, S. (2009). Cry toxins and proteinase inhibitors in transgenic plants do have non-zero effects on natural enemies in the laboratory: Rebuttal to Shelton et al. 2009. Environmental entomology, 38(6), 1528-1532. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1603/022.038.0602
50.Andow, D. A.; Lövei, G. L. (2012) Cry Toxins in Transgenic Plants Have Direct Effects on Natural Enemies in the Laboratory Environmental Entomology, Volume 41, Issue 5, Pages 1045-1276, pp. 1045-1049(5) http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1603/EN11238?journalCode=enve
51.Anghel G, Popovici V (2008). Romanian approach to genetically modified organisms. Annals of the University of Oradea, Economic Science Series; Vol. 17 Issue 1, p183 http://steconomice.uoradea.ro/anale/volume/2008/v1-international-business-and-european-integration/033.pdf
52.Annett, R., Habibi, H. R. and Hontela, A. (2014), Impact of glyphosate and glyphosate-based herbicides on the freshwater environment. J. Appl. Toxicol., 34: 458–479. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jat.2997/abstract
53.Antoniou M. Genetic pollution. (1996) Nutritional Therapy Today. 6(4): 8–11. http://www.psrast.org/mianart1.htm
54.Antoniou M, Habib MEM, Howard C V, Jennings R C, Leifert C, Nodari R O, Robinson C J, Fagan J (2012) Teratogenic Effects of Glyphosate-Based Herbicides : Divergence of Regulatory Decisions from Scientific Evidence. J Environ Anal Toxicol S4:006 http://www.omicsonline.org/2161-0525/2161-0525-S4-006.php
55.Aono M, Wakiyama S, Nagatsu M, Nakajima N, Tamaoki M, Kubo A, Saji H (2006) Detection of feral transgenic oilseed rape with multiple-herbicide resistance in Japan. Environ Biosafety Res. Apr-Jun;5(2):77-87. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17328854
56.Aono M, Wakiyama S, Nagatsu M, Kaneko Y, Nishizawa T, Nakajima N, Tamaoki M, Kubo A, Saji H. (2011) Seeds of a possible natural hybrid between herbicide-resistant Brassica napus and Brassica rapa detected on a riverbank in Japan. GM Crops. Jun-Dec;2(3):201-10. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22179196
57.Arbuckle, T.E.; Lin, Z.& Mery, L.S. (2001). An exploratory analysis of the effect of pesticide exposure on the risk of spontaneous abortion in an Ontario farm population. Environmental Health Perspectives, 109, 851-857. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1240415/
58.ELENA ARRIAGA ARELLANO, JORGE E. LINARES SALGADO (2013) The risk assessment of transgenic plants: from regulation to bioethics. Revista de bioética y derecho : Núm.: 27 http://www.raco.cat/index.php/RevistaBioeticaDerecho/article/view/262632
59.Aris A, Leblanc S. (2011) Maternal and fetal exposure to pesticides associated to genetically modified foods in Eastern Townships of Quebec, Canada. Reprod Toxicol. May;31(4):528-33 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21338670
60.Aris Aziz (2011) Response to Bayer CropScience’s position on the findings of glufosinate and its metabolite Reproductive toxicology vol. 32, no4, pp. 496-497 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0890623811003844
61.Aris Aziz (2012) Response to “Food Standards Australia New Zealand’s” comments Reproductive toxicology vol. 33, no3, pp. 403-404 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0890623812000238
62.Aziz Aris (2011) Response to comments from Monsanto scientists on our study showing detection of glyphosate and Cry1Ab in blood of women with and without pregnancy. Reproductive Toxicology 10/2011; 33(1):122-3.
63.Sophia Armenakas, Macrene Alexiades-Armenakas (2013) Genetically-Modified Organisms in United States Agriculture: Mandate for Food Labeling Food & Nutrition Sciences . Aug, Vol. 4 Issue 8, p807-811. 5p. http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?paperID=35189&
64.Neide Armiliato, Dib Ammar, Luciane Nezzi, Marcos Straliotto, Yara M. R. Muller & Evelise M. Nazari (2014) Changes in Ultrastructure and Expression of Steroidogenic Factor-1 in Ovaries of Zebrafish Danio rerio Exposed to Glyphosate Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A: Current Issues Volume 77, Issue 7, pages 405-414 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15287394.2014.880393#.U1xwhPldXoE
65.J-F Arnaud, F Viard, M Delescluse, and J Cuguen (2003) Evidence for gene flow via seed dispersal from crop to wild relatives in Beta vulgaris (Chenopodiaceae): consequences for the release of genetically modified crop species with weedy lineages. Proc Biol Sci. Aug 7; 270(1524): 1565–1571. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1691408/
66.Arregui MC, Lenardon A, Sanchez D, Maitre MI, Scotta R, Enrique S(2004). Monitoring glyphosate residues in transgenic glyphosate-resistant soybean. Pest Manag Sci. 60:163-166. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14971683
67.Arriola, P.E., Ellstrand,N.C. (1996) Crop to weed gene flow in the genus Sorghum (Poaceae): Spontaneous interspecific hybridization between johnsongrass, Sorghum halepense, and crop sorghum S. bicolor. American Journal of Botany, 83(9): 1153-1160. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2446198?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21102938302543
68.Arriola PE, Ellstrand NC (1997) Fitness of interspecific hybrids in the genus Sorghum: persistence of crop genes in wild populations. Ecol Appl 7: 512–518 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2269516?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103322671003
69.Mehmet Artemel (2012) The Turkish Council of State orders a stay on the importation of GMOs. Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice (2012) 7 (6): 403-405. http://jiplp.oxfordjournals.org/content/7/6/403
70.A. Ashouri, Dominique Michaud, Conrad Cloutier (2001) Recombinant and classically selected factors of potato plant resistance to the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata , variously affect the potato aphid parasitoid Aphidius nigripes BioControl December, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 401-418 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023%2FA%3A1014123712776#page-1
71.Iulie Aslaksen, Anne Ingeborg Myhr (2007) “The worth of a wildflower”: Precautionary perspectives on the environmental risk of GMOs Ecological Economics Volume 60, Issue 3, 15 January, Pages 489–497 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800906003612
72.Iulie Aslaksen; Solveig Glomsrød; Anne Ingeborg Myhr (2013) Post-normal science and ecological economics: strategies for precautionary approaches and sustainable development Int. J. of Sustainable Development, Vol.16, No.1/2, pp.107 – 126 http://www.inderscience.com/info/inarticle.php?artid=53793
73.Astiz M, de Alaniz MJ, Marra CA. (2009) Effect of pesticides on cell survival in liver and brain rat tissues. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. Oct;72(7):2025-32. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19493570
74.Astiz M, Hurtado de Catalfo GE, García MN, Galletti SM, Errecalde AL, de Alaniz MJ, Marra CA. (2013) Pesticide-induced decrease in rat testicular steroidogenesis is differentially prevented by lipoate and tocopherol. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. May;91:129-38. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23465731
75.Astiz M, de Alaniz MJ, Marra CA. (2012) The oxidative damage and inflammation caused by pesticides are reverted by lipoic acid in rat brain. Neurochem Int. Dec;61(7):1231-41. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22995786
76.Mariana Astiz, María J.T. de Alaniz, Carlos Alberto Marra (2013) Antioxidant defense system in rats simultaneously intoxicated with agrochemicals. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology Volume 28, Issue 3, November, Pages 465–473 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1382668909001392
77.Atkinson RG, Schröder R, Hallett I, Cohen D, MacRae EA (2002). Overexpression of Polygalacturonase in Transgenic Apple Trees Leads to a Range of Novel Phenotypes Involving Changes in Cell Adhesion. Plant Physiol. 129: 122-133. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12011344
78.D. E. Auch and W. E. Arnold (1978) Dicamba Use and Injury on Soybeans (Glycine max) in South Dakota Weed ScienceVol. 26, No. 5 (Sep., 1978), pp. 471-475 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4042904?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103343299053
79.Austin, A.P.; Harris, G.E. & Lucey, W.P. (1991). Impact of an organophosphate herbicide (Glyphosate®) on periphyton communities developed in experimental streams. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 47, 29-35. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF01689449
80.Avigliano, L., Alvarez, N., Mac Loughlin, C., & Rodríguez, E. M. (2014). Effects of glyphosate on egg incubation, larvae hatching and ovarian re‐maturation, in the estuarine crab Neohelice granulata. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 33: 1879–1884. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/etc.2635/abstract
81.Avila-Garcia, W.V. & Mallory-Smith, C. (2011) Glyphosate-resistant Italian ryegrass (Lolium perenne) populations also exhibit resistance to glufosinate.Weed Science, 59, 305-309. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WS-D-11-00012.1
82.Ayoola, S. O. (2008) Histopathological Effects of Glyphosate on Juvenile African Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus). American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci. 4, no. 3 362-67. http://www.idosi.org/aejaes/jaes4(3)/14.pdf
83.Ayoola, S. O. (2008)Toxicity of Glyphosate Herbicide on Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus) Juvenile. African Journal of Agricultural Research 3, no. 12 : 825-34. http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/8661722/2072248119/name/Toxicity+of+glyphosate+herbicide+on+Nile+tilapia+(Oreochromis+niloticus)+juvenile+December,+2008.pdf.
84.Azevedo L, Dragano NR, Sabino AP, Resck MC, Alves de Lima PL, Gouvêa CM. (2010) In vivo antimutagenic properties of transgenic and conventional soybeans. J Med Food. Dec;13(6):1402-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20874245
85.Elaine de Azevedo, Maria Cecília Focesi Pelicioni (2011) Promoção da Saúde, Sustentabilidade e Agroecologia: uma discussão intersetorial Saude soc. vol.20 no.3 São Paulo July/Sept. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0104-12902011000300016&script=sci_arttext&tlng=pt
86.Babendreier D, Reichhart B, Romeis J, Bigler F .(2008) Impact of insecticidal proteins expressed in transgenic plants on bumblebee microcolonies. Entomol Exp Appl 126:148-57 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1570-7458.2007.00652.x/abstract
87.Baerson S. R.; Rodriquez D. J.; Tran M.; Feng Y.; Biest N. A.; Dill G. M.Glyphosate-resistant goosegrass. Identification of a mutation in the target enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase. Plant Physiol. 2002, 129, 1265−1275. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12114580
88.Bagavathiannan, M.V., Begg, G.S., Gulden, R.H., Van Acker, R.C. (2012) Modelling the Dynamics of Feral Alfalfa Populations and Its Management Implications. PLoS ONE 7(6): e39440. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0039440
89.Pallava Bagla (2010) Hardy Cotton-Munching Pests Are Latest Blow to GM Crops Science 19 March : Vol. 327 no. 5972 p. 1439 http://www.sciencemag.org/content/327/5972/1439.summary
90.Bailey, W., Poston, D.H.,Wilson, H.P., Hines, T.E. 2002. Glyphosate interactions with manganese. Weed Technology 16, 792–799. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3989154?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103613617673
91.Bakke-McKellep AM, Koppang EO, Gunnes G, Sanden M, Hemre GI, Landsverk T, Krogdahl A. (2007) Histological, digestive, metabolic, hormonal and some immune factor responses in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., fed genetically modified soybeans. J Fish Dis. Feb;30(2):65-79 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17298562
92.Bakonyi G, Szira F, Kiss I, Villányi I, Seres A, Székács A (2006) Preference tests with collembolas on isogenic and Bt-maize. Eur J Soil Biol 42:S132–S135 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1164556306000380
93.Gábor Bakonyi, Anna Dolezsai and András Székács (2010) Bt-maize (MON 810) effect on the collembolan Folsomia candida – some new aspects In B. Darvas et al. Eds (2010) Abs. GM-plants symposium of IXth ECE, page 206.
94.László Balla (2009) GMO –yes or no? Magyar Mezôgazdaság , 64 (11): 32 –33. http://www.kormany.hu/download/1/bd/20000/GenetE.pdf#!DocumentBrowse
95.Bansal, M., & Chaudhry, A. (2010). Molecular approach to evaluate the genotoxicity of glyphosate (roundup) using mosquito genome. Journal of Applied and Natural Science, 2(1), 96-101. http://www.ansfoundation.org/Uploaded%20Pdf/21/96-101.pdf
96.Bao B, Ke L, Jiang J, Ying T. (2007) Fruit quality of transgenic tomatoes with suppressed expression of LeETR1 and LeETR2 genes. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. ;16 Suppl 1:122-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17392089
97.AS Baranov (2007) The use of genetically modified ORGANISMS AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY ISSUES. All-Russia Symposium TRANSGENIC PLANTS AND BIOSAFETY Moscow, October 22 – 25, page 19 http://www.ippras.ru/news/Biosafety/GMO-2007_Abstr.pdf
98.A. S. Baranov , O.F. Chernova, N. Yu. Feoktistova, and A. V. Surov (2010) A New Example of Ectopia: Oral Hair in Some Rodent Species Doklady Biological Sciences, 2010, Vol. 431, pp. 117–120. http://www.scribd.com/doc/53281216/A-New-Example-of-Ectopia-Oral-Hair-in-Some-Rodent-Species-Doklady-Biological-Sciences-September-2009
99.Barberis CL, Carranza CS, Chiacchiera SM, Magnoli CE. (2013) Influence of herbicide glyphosate on growth and aflatoxin B1 production by Aspergillus section Flavi strains isolated from soil on in vitro assay. J Environ Sci Health B. 48(12):1070-9. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03601234.2013.824223#preview
100.Barbosa ER, Leiros da Costa MD, Bacheschi LA, Scaff M, Leite CC. (2001) Parkinsonism after glycine-derivate exposure. Mov Disord. May;16(3):565-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11391760
101.O. V. Barbukho, A. O. Zhydenko (2011) Effect of Herbicide “Roundup” on Viability of the Carp Eggs and Possibility of Profylaxis of its Toxic Impact by Probiotic Preparations BPS-44 Hydrobiological Journal > Volume 47, Issue 5 http://www.dl.begellhouse.com/journals/38cb2223012b73f2,21d65b4969ba91fb,30f8b6773c1b0b43.html
102.Barceló, D. & Hennion, M.-C. (1997) Trace determination of pesticides and their degradation products in water. Elsevier, ISBN 0-444-81842-1, Amsterdam. http://store.elsevier.com/Trace-Determination-of-Pesticides-and-their-Degradation-Products-in-Water-BOOK-REPRINT/Damia-Barcelo/isbn-9780444818423/
103. Susan Bardócz and Arpad Pusztai (2010) The safety of GM crops from a nutritional aspect Biokontroll , 2010. 1: 24 –32;
104.Carol Barrette, Emily Cobb, Ronald McNicol, Gary Lyon (1997) A risk assessment study of plant genetic transformation using Agrobacterium and implications for analysis of transgenic plants Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 1996/1997, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 135-144 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02318949?LI=true#page-1
105.Barros, N. E. F. D., Oliveira, E. M. M., Silva, O. F., Silva, J. T., & Paschoalin, V. M. F. (2010). Qualitative and quantitative assessment of genetically modified soy in enteral nutrition formulas by polymerase chain reaction based methods. Revista de Nutrição, 23(1), 37-47. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S1415-52732010000100006&script=sci_arttext
106.Bartsch, K and C. Tebbe (1989) Initial steps in the degradation of phosphinothricin (glufosinate) by soil bacteria Applied Environmental Microbiology Vol. 55 pp 711-716 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC184185/
107.Bartsch, D and M Pohl-Orf (1996) Ecological aspects of transgenic sugar beet: transfer and expression of herbicide resistance in hybrids with wild beet Euphytica 91 pp 55-58 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF00035276
108.K.L. Bassil, MSc, C. Vakil, MD CCFP FCFP, M. Sanborn, MD CCFP FCFP, D.C. Cole, MD MSc FRCPC, J.S. Kaur, MD, K.J. Kerr, MD DIP ENV HEALTH (2007) Cancer health effects of pesticides Can Fam Physician. October; 53(10): 1704–1711. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2231435/
109.Battaglin, W.A.; Kolpin, D.W.; Scribner, E.A.; Kuivila, K.M. & Sandtrom, M.W. (2005).Glyphosate,other herbicides, and transformation products in Midwestern streams,2002. Journal of the American Water Resource Association, 41, 323-332. http://co.water.usgs.gov/midconherb/pdf/WREB_4102_323-332.pdf
110.Battaglin, W.A.; Rice, K.C.; Focazio, M.J.; Salmons, S. & Barry, R.X. (2009). The occurrence of glyphosate, atrazine, and other pesticides in vernal pools and adjacent streams in Washington, DC, Maryland, Iowa, and Wyoming, 2005–2006. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 155, 281-307. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18677547
111.Battistelli S., Baldelli B., Malatesta M. (2008), Influence of a GMO-containing diet on pancreatic acinar cells of adult mice: effects of a short-term diet reversion, “Microscopie”, 10, pp. 36-43
112. S. Battistelli, B.Citterio, B. Baldelli, C. Parlani, and M. Malatesta (2010) Histochemical and morpho-metrical study of mouse intestine epithelium after a long term diet containing genetically modified soybean Eur J Histochem. September 26;54(3): e36 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3167318/
113.Andreas Bauer-Panskus, Broder Breckling, Sylvia Hamberger and Christoph Then (2013) Cultivation-independent establishment of genetically engineered plants in natural populations: current evidence and implications for EU regulation Environmental Sciences Europe, 25:34 http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/2190-4715-25-34.pdf
114.SUSANNE BAUMGARTE, CHRISTOPH C. TEBBE (2005) Field studies on the environmental fate of the Cry1Ab Bt-toxin produced by transgenic maize (MON810) and its effect on bacterial communities in the maize rhizosphere Molecular Ecology Volume 14, Issue 8, pages 2539–2551, July http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2005.02592.x/abstract
115.Baur ME, Boethel DJ (2003). Effect of Bt-cotton expressing Cry1A(c) on the survival and fecundity of two hymenopteran parasitoids (Braconidae, Encyrtidae) in the laboratory. Biol. Control, 26: 325-332 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1049964402001603

116.Beckie, H. J., S. I. Warwick, H. Nair and G. Séguin-Swartz (2003). Gene flow in commercial fields of herbicide-resistant canola (Brassica napus). Ecol. Appl. 13: 1276-1294. http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=15286655
117.Beintema, N. et al. (2008) International Assessmentof Agricultural Knowledge,Science and Technology for Development : Global Summary for Decision Makers (IAASTD). http://www.unep.org/dewa/Assessments/Ecosystems/IAASTD/tabid/105853/Default.aspx/
118.Belcher K., Nolan J., Phillips P.W.B. (2005), Genetically modified crops and agricultural landscapes: spatial patterns of contamination, “Ecological Economics”, 53, pp. 387-401 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092180090400388X
119.Bell, M. S., P. J. Tranel, and A. G. Hager. 2009. Introducing quad-stack waterhemp: populations containing individuals resistant to four herbicide modes of action. Proc. North Central Weed Sci. Soc. 64:40. http://www.ncwss.org/proceed/2009/Abstracts/040.pdf
120.Bellaloui N, Zablotowicz RM, Reddy KN, Abel CA (2008) Nitrogen metabolism and seed composition as influenced by glyphosate application in glyphosate-resistant soybean. J Agric Food Chem 56:2765–2772 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18363356
121. Bellaloui N;Reddy KN; Zablotowicz RM; Abbas HK; Abel CA (2009) Effects of glyphosate application on seed iron and root ferric (III) reductase in soybean cultivars. J Agric Food Chem. 57(20):9569-74 http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/19780538
122.Bellé, R., Le Bouffant, R.,Morales, J.,Cosson, B.,Cormier, P.,Mulner-Lorillon, O.(2007) Sea urchin embryo, DNA- damaged cell cycle checkpoint and the mechanisms initiating cancer development. J. Soc. Biol. 201, 317-327. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18157084
123.Bellé R, Marc J, Morales J, Cormier P, Mulner-Lorillon O. (2012) Letter to the editor: toxicity of Roundup and glyphosate. J Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev. 2012;15(4):233-5; http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10937404.2012.672149?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org& rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed#.UnvIjkko7IU
124. Benachour N, Sipahutar H, Moslemi S, Gasnier C, Travert C, Séralini GE. (2007) Time- and dose-dependent effects of roundup on human embryonic and placental cells. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. Jul;53(1):126-33 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17486286
125.Benachour N, Séralini GE. (2009) Glyphosate formulations induce apoptosis and necrosis in human umbilical, embryonic, and placental cells. Chem Res Toxicol. Jan;22(1):97-105. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19105591
126.Benachour, N., Clair, E., Mesnage, R., & Séralini, G. E. (2012). Endocrine disruptors: new discoveries and possible progress of evaluation. Advances in Medicine and Biology. France: Nova Science Publishers, 1-57. http://multibriefs.com/briefs/icim/0824featured.pdf
127.Benamu, M. A., M. I. Schneider, and N. E. Sanchez. (2010) Effects of the Herbicide Glyphosate on Biological Attributes of Alpaida Veniliae (Araneae, Araneidae), in Laboratory. Chemosphere 78, no. 7 (Feb): 871-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20018344
128.Charles Benbrook (1999) Evidence of the Magnitude and Consequences of the Roundup Ready Soybean Yield Drag from University-Based Varietal Trials in 1998 Ag BioTech InfoNet Technical Paper Number 1 13jul99 http://www.nlpwessex.org/docs/BenbrookRR_yield_drag_98.pdf
129.Charles Benbrook (2001) Do GM crops mean less pesticide use? Pesticide Outlook Volume 12, 204-207 http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2001/po/b108609j/unauth#!divAbstract

130.Benbrook, C. (2001). Troubled Times Amid Commercial Success: Glyphosate Efficacy is Slipping and Unstable Transgene Expression Erodes Plant Defenses and Yields, Ag BioTech InfoNet Technical Paper Number 4 http://stopogm.net/sites/stopogm.net/files/TTimesBenbrook.pdf

131.Benbrook, C. (2004) Genetically engineered crops and pesticide use in the United States: The first nine years. BioTech Infonet Tech. Pap. 7. http://organic.insightd.net/reportfiles/Full_first_nine.pdf
132.Benbrook C.M. (2005) Rust, resistance, run down soils, and rising costs – Problems facing soybean producers in Argentina. AgBioTech InfoNet, Technical Paper No 8, January. http://www.biosafety-info.net/article.php?aid=220
133.Benbrook, C.M. (2009) Impacts of genetically engineered crops on pesticide use in the UnitedStates :The first thirteen years. The Organic Center, November. http://www.organic-center.org/reportfiles/13Years20091126_ExSumFrontMatter.pdf
134.Charles M Benbrook (2012) Impacts of genetically engineered crops on pesticide use in the U.S. the first sixteen years. Environmental Sciences Europe 2012,24:24 http://www.enveurope.com/content/24/1/24
135.Benedetti AL, Vituri CdL, Trentin AG, Domingues MA, Alvarez- Silva M. (2004) The effects of sub-chronic exposure of Wistar rats to the herbicide Glyphosate-Biocarb. Toxicol Lett. 153(2): 227–232. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378427404002188
136.Benedetti D, Nunes E, Sarmento M, Porto C, Dos Santos CE, Dias JF, da Silva J. (2013) Genetic damage in soybean workers exposed to pesticides: evaluation with the comet and buccal micronucleus cytome assays. Mutat Res. Apr 15;752(1-2):28-33. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23347873
137.Benitez-Leite, S.,Macchi, M.A., Acosta, M. (2009) Malformaciones congénitas asociadas a agrotóxicos. Arch. Pediatr.Drug 80,237247. http://www.slideshare.net/ramoncopa/malformaciones-congnitas-asociadas-a-agrotxicos-16005068
138.Bergelson, J., C. P. Purrington, and G. Wichmann (1998) Promiscuity in Transgenic Plants, Nature 395, 25. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v395/n6697/abs/395025a0.html
139.Gert Berger, Frieder Graef & Holger Pfeffer (2013) Glyphosate applications on arable fields considerably coincide with migrating amphibians Scientific Reports 3, Article number: 2622 10 September http://www.nature.com/srep/2013/130910/srep02622/full/srep02622.html
140.

Bernal JS, Sëtamou M, Fortuitous (2003). Antixenosis in Transgenic Sugarcane: Antibiosis-Expressing cultivar is refractory to ovipositing herbivore pests. Environ. Entomol. 32: 886-894 http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1603/0046-225X-32.4.886?journalCode=enve

141.Jonathan A Bernstein, I Leonard Bernstein, Luca Bucchini, Lynn R Goldman, Robert G Hamilton, Samuel Lehrer, Carol Rubin, and Hugh A Sampson (2003) Clinical and laboratory investigation of allergy to genetically modified foods. Environ Health Perspect. 111(8):1114-1121. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1241560/
142.Bernstein IL, Bernstein, J.A., Miller,M., Tierzieva, S., Bernstein, D.I.,Lummus, Z.Selgrade, M.K., Doerfler, D.L., and Seligy,V.L. (1999) Immune responses in farm workers after exposure to Bacillus thuringiensis pesticides. Environmental Health Perspectives. July; 107(7):575582. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1566654/
143.Kellyn S. Betts (1999) Growing evidence of widespread GMO contamination. Environ. Sci. Technol., 1999, 33 (23), pp 484A–485A http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es9931224?journalCode=esthag

144.Cecilia Judith Beuret, Fanny Zirulnik, María Sofía Giménez (2005) Effect of the herbicide glyphosate on liver lipoperoxidation in pregnant rats and their fetuses. Reproductive Toxicology Volume 19, Issue 4, March–April, Pages 501–504 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0890623804002059
145.Pushpa M. Bhargava (2002) GMOs: Need for Appropriate Risk Assessment System Economic and Political Weekly Vol. 37, No. 15 (Apr. 13-19), pp. 1402-1406 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4411984?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103732620213

146.Pushpa M. Bhargava (2006) The social, moral, ethical, legal and political implications of today’s biological technologies: An Indian point of view Biotechnol. J., 1, 34–46 http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.189.622&rep=rep1&type=pdf
147.Justin B. Biddle (2014) Can patents prohibit research? On the social epistemology of patenting and licensing in science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A, Volume 45, March, Pages 14–23 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0039368113001301

148.Bindraban, P.S., Franke. A.C. Ferrar, D.O., Ghersa, C.M., Lotz, L.A.P., Nepomuceno, A., Smulders, M.J.M., vande Wiel, C.C.M. (2009) GM-related sustainability: agroecological impacts, risks and opportunities of soy productionin Argentina and Brazil, Plant Research International, Wageningen UR, Netherlands, Report 259. http://edepot.wur.nl/7954
149.Bindslev-Jensen, C. and Poulsen, L.K. (1997) Hazards of unintentional/intentional introduction of allergens into foods. Allergy 52, 1184-1186. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1398-9995.1997.tb02521.x/abstract
150.Binimelis R (2008) Coexistence of plants and coexistence of farmers : is an individual choice possible? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics. DOI10.1007/s10806-008-9099-4 http://philpapers.org/rec/BINCOP
151.Rosa Binimelis, Walter Pengue, Iliana Monterroso (2009) “Transgenic treadmill”: Responses to the emergence and spread of glyphosate-resistant johnsongrass in Argentina Geoforum Volume 40, Issue 4, July, Pages 623–633 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016718509000360
152.Binimelis, R., Hilbeck, A., Lebrecht T., Vogel R., Heinemann J.(2012) Farmer’s choice of seeds in five regions under different levels of seed market concentration and GM crop adoption, GMLS Conference 2012 http://www.gmls.eu/beitraege/91_Binimelis.pdf
153.Kenton M. Binkholder, Brad S. Fresenburg, Travis C. Teuton, Xi Xiong, and Reid J. Smeda (2011) Selection of Glyphosate-Resistant Annual Bluegrass (Poa annua) on a Golf Course Weed Science 59(3):286-289 http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WS-D-10-00131.1

154.A. Nicholas E. Birch, Irene E. Geoghegan, Michael E.N. Majerus, James W. McNicol, Christine A. Hackett, Angharad M.R. Gatehouse, John A. Gatehouse (1999) Tri-trophic interactions involving pest aphids, predatory 2-spot ladybirds and transgenic potatoes expressing snowdrop lectin for aphid resistance Molecular Breeding, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 75-83 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023%2FA%3A1009659316170
155.Birch, A. N. E., I. E. Geoghegan, D. W. Griffiths, and J. W. McNicol (2002). “The Effect Of Genetic Transformations for Pest Resistance on Foliar Solanidine-Based Glycoalkaloids of Potato (Solanum tuberosum),” Annals of Applied Biology vol 140, pp. 143-9. http://www.amigaproject.eu/web/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/AAB-GM-pot-paper-April-2002.pdf

156.Bjørgaas, H. H. (2013). 14013-Case study from Santa Catarina, Brazil: GM contamination detected in maize variety. Cadernos de Agroecologia, 8(2). http://www.aba-agroecologia.org.br/revistas/index.php/cad/article/view/14013

157.Blackburn LG, Boutin C (2003) Subtle effects of herbicide use in the context of genetically modified crops: a case study with glyphosate (Roundup). Ecotoxicology. Feb-Aug;12(1-4):271-85. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12739874
158.Blackwood CB, Buyer JS. (2004) Soil microbial communities associated with Bt and non-Bt corn in three soils. J Environ Qual. May-Jun;33(3):832-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15224917
159.D.Blaise andK R Kranthi (2011) Cry1Ac expression in transgenic Bt cotton hybrids is influenced by soil moisture and depth. Current Science, Vol101(6) page 783-786 http://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/101/06/0783.pdf
160.Bock, A. K., Lheureux, K., Libeau-Dulos, M., Nilsagård, H., & Rodrriguez-Cerezo, E. (2002). Scenarios for co-existence of genetically modified, conventional and organic crops in European agriculture. http://ftp.jrc.es/EURdoc/eur20394en.pdf
161.David A Bohan, Caroline W.H Boffey, David R Brooks, Suzanne J Clark, Alan M Dewar, Les G Firbank, Alison J Haughton, Cathy Hawes, Matthew S Heard, Mike J May, Juliet L Osborne, Joe N Perry, Peter Rothery, David B Roy, Rod J Scott, Geoff R Squire, Ian P Woiwod and Gillian T Champion (2005) Effects on weed and invertebrate abundance and diversity of herbicide management in genetically modified herbicide-tolerant winter-sown oilseed rape Proc. R.Soc. B 7 March vol. 272 no. 1562 463-474 http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/272/1562/463.full
162.B¨ohme, H., Hommel, B.,Rudloff, E., H¨uther, L., (2005) Nutritional assessment of genetically modified rape seed and potatoes, differing in their output traits. 56th EAAP-Meeting, Book of abstracts, No. 11, Uppsala, Schweden, July 5–8, 2005, p. 150, Abstract. http://www.eaap.org/Previous_Annual_Meetings/2005Uppsala/Papers/N4.34_Bohme.pdf
163.Böhme H, Rudloff E, Schöne F, Schumann W, Hüther L, Flachowsky G. (2007) Nutritional assessment of genetically modified rapeseed synthesizing high amounts of mid-chain fatty acids including production responses of growing-finishing pigs. Arch Anim Nutr. Aug;61(4):308-16. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17760308
164.Bøhn T, Primicerio R, Hessen DO, Traavik T. (2008) Reduced fitness of Daphnia magna fed a Bt-transgenic maize variety. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. Nov;55(4):584-92. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18347840
165.Thomas Bøhn, Terje Traavik, and Raul Primicerio (2010) Demographic responses of Daphnia magna fed transgenic Bt-maize Ecotoxicology. February; 19(2): 419–430. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2811247/
166.Bøhn, T., Primicerio, R.,and Traavik, T. (2012) The German ban on GM maize MON810: scientifically justified or unjustified? Environmental Sciences Europe 2012, 24:22 http://www.enveurope.com/content/24/1/22
167.T. Bøhn, M. Cuhra, T. Traavik, M. Sanden, J. Fagan, R. Primicerio (2013) Compositional differences in soybeans on the market: glyphosate accumulates in Roundup Ready GM soybeans Food Chemistry Available online 18 December 2013 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814613019201
168.Bohnenblust E, Egan JF, Mortensen D, Tooker J. (2013) Direct and indirect effects of the synthetic-auxin herbicide dicamba on two lepidopteran species. Environ Entomol. Jun;42(3):586-94. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23726069
169.Claudia Bolognesi , Stefania Bonatti , Paolo Degan , Elena Gallerani , Marco Peluso , Roberta Rabboni , Paola Roggieri , and Angelo Abbondandolo (1997) Genotoxic Activity of Glyphosate and Its Technical Formulation Roundup J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45 (5), pp 1957–1962 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf9606518

170.Bolognesi C, Carrasquilla G, Volpi S, Solomon KR, Marshall EJ. (2009) Biomonitoring of genotoxic risk in agricultural workers from five colombian regions:association to occupational exposure to glyphosate. J Toxicol Environ Health A.2009;72(15-16):986-97. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19672767
171.Bondzio A, Lodemann U, Weise C, Einspanier R (2013) Cry1Ab Treatment Has No Effects on Viability of Cultured Porcine Intestinal Cells, but Triggers Hsp70 Expression. PLoS ONE 8(7): e67079 http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi/10.1371/journal.pone.0067079
172.Viviana Bortagaray, Rosa Cruces Aramburu, Luisa Barrios, Pilar Ojeda,Gabriela del Puerto, Daniel Rodríguez-Ithurralde (2010) Embryotoxicity and teratogenesis in zebrafish embryos exposed in vitro to glyphosate-type herbicides. Journal of Developmental Toxicology https://drithurralde.wordpress.com/2010/06/04/15/
173.Bortolozzi A, Duffard R, Antonelli M, Evangelista de Duffard AM. (2002) Increased sensitivity in dopamine D(2)-like brain receptors from 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)-exposed and amphetamine-challenged rats. Ann N Y Acad Sci. Jun;965:314-23. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12105107
174.Botha GM, Viljoen CD. (2008) Can GM sorghum impact Africa? Trends Biotechnol. 2008 Feb;26(2):64-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18191263
175.Botha GM, Viljoen CD. (2009) South Africa: A case study for voluntary GM labelling Food Chemistry Volume 112, Issue 4, 15 February, Pages 1060–1064 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814608007632
176.Bott, S., Tesfamariam, T., Candan, H., Cakmak, I., Roemheld, V., and Neumann, G. (2008) Glyphosate-induced impairment of plant growth and micronutrient status in glyphosate- resistant soybean (Glycine max L.). Plant Soil 312:185-194. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11104-008-9760-8
177.Fabrizio Botta, Gwenaelle Lavison, Guillaume Couturier, Fabrice Alliot, Marc Chevreuil and Hélène Blanchoud (2009) Transfer of glyphosate and its degradate AMPA to surface waters through urban sewerage systems Chemosphere , vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 133-139, http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/40355042/transfer-of-glyphosate-and-its-degradate-ampa-to-surface-waters-through-urban-sewerage-systems
178.Edith Bouchard, Conrad Cloutier, Dominique Michaud (2003) Oryzacystatin I expressed in transgenic potato induces digestive compensation in an insect natural predator via its herbivorous prey feeding on the plant. Molecular Ecology Sep;12(9):2439-46. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12919481
179.P. Boudry, M. Mörchen, P. Saumitou-Laprade, Ph. Vernet, H. Van Dijk (1993) The origin and evolution of weed beets: consequences for the breeding and release of herbicide-resistant transgenic sugar-beets” Theoretical and Applied Genetics 87 p471-478. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF00215093
180.Brändli D, Reinacher S (2012) Herbicides found in Human Urine Ithaka Journal 1/ :270–272 http://www.ithaka-journal.net/herbizide-im-urin?lang=en
181.Brasil FB, Soares LL, Faria TS, Boaventura GT, Sampaio FJ, Ramos CF.(2009) The impact of dietary organic and transgenic soy on the reproductive system of female adult rat. Anat Rec(Hoboken).292(4):587594. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19301281

182.Brausch, J.M., S. Cox, and P.N. Smith. (2006) Pesticide Usage on the Southern High Plains and Acute Toxicity of Four Chemicals to the Fairy Shrimp Thamnocephalus Platyurus(Crustacea: Anostraca). The Texas Journal of Science 58, no. 4 :309-24. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Pesticide+usage+on+the+Southern+High+Plains+and+acute+toxicity+of…-a0162568197
183.Brausch, J. M., and P. N. Smith. (2007) Toxicity of Three Polyethoxylated Tallowamine Surfactant Formulations to Laboratory and Field Collected Fairy Shrimp, Thamnocephalus Platyurus. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 52, no. 2 (Feb): 217-21. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17165105
184.John M. Brausch, Blake Beall, Philip N. Smith (2007) Acute and Sub-Lethal Toxicity of Three POEA Surfactant Formulations to Daphnia magna Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology June, Volume 78, Issue 6, pp 510-514 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00128-007-9091-0

185.BREEZE, V. G. and WEST, C. J. (1987), Effects of 2,4-D butyl vapour on the growth of six crop species. Annals of Applied Biology, 111: 185–191. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1987.tb01445.x/abstract
186.Thierry Brévault, Shannon Heuberger, Min Zhang, Christa Ellers-Kirk, Xinzhi Nic, Luke Masson, Xianchiun Li, Bruce E. Tabashnik, and Yves Carrière, (2013) Potential shortfall of pyramided transgenic cotton for insect resistance management PNAS April 9, vol. 110 no. 15 5806-5811 http://www.pnas.org/content/110/15/5806.abstract
187.Chad E. Brewer and Lawrence R. Oliver (2009) Confirmation and Resistance Mechanisms in Glyphosate-Resistant Common Ragweed ( Ambrosia artemisiifolia ) in Arkansas Weed Science Vol. 57, No. 6 (November-December), pp. 567-573 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/40586874?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103771714793

188.Bringolf, R. B., W. G. Cope, S. Mosher, M. C. Barnhart, and D. Shea. (2007) Acute and Chronic Toxicity of Glyphosate Compounds to Glochidia and Juveniles of Lampsilis Siliquoidea (Unionidae). Environ Toxicol Chem 26, no. 10 (Oct): 2094-100. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17867870
189.British Medical Association Board of Science and Education, “The Impact of Genetic Modification on Agriculture, Food and Health — An Interim Statement,” May 1999. http://www.twnside.org.sg/title/genmo-cn.htm
190.British Medical Association Board of Science and Education (2004). Genetically modified food and health: A second interim statement. March. http://web.archive.org/web/20050513225412/http://www.bma.org.uk/ap.nsf/Content/GMFoods/$file/GM.pdf
191.J. Robert Britton & Rodolphe E. Gozlan (2013) Transgenic fish: European concerns over GM salmon Nature Volume: 498, Page:171 (13 June) http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v498/n7453/full/498171e.html
192.Julie Céline Brodeur, María Belén Poliserpi, María Florencia D′Andrea, Marisol Sánchez (2014) Synergy between glyphosate- and cypermethrin-based pesticides during acute exposures in tadpoles of the common South American Toad Rhinella arenarum Chemosphere Volume 112, October, Pages 70–76 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653514003336
193.Brodsgaard HF, Brodsgaard CJ, Hansen H & Lovei GL (2003) Environmental risk assessment of transgene products using honeybee (Apismellifera) larvae. Apidologie 34:139145. http://www.apidologie.org/articles/apido/abs/2003/02/M3203/M3203.html
194.D R Brooks, D A Bohan, G T Champion, A J Haughton, C Hawes, M S Heard, S J Clark, A M Dewar, L G Firbank, J N Perry, P Rothery, R J Scott, I P Woiwod, C Birchall, M P Skellern, J H Walker, P Baker, D Bell, E L Browne, A J G Dewar, C M Fairfax, B H Garner, L A Haylock, S L Horne, S E Hulmes, N S Mason, L R Norton, P Nuttall, Z Randle, M J Rossall, R J N Sands, E J Singer, and M J Walker (2003) Invertebrate responses to the management of genetically modified herbicide-tolerant and conventional spring crops. I. Soil- surface active invertebrates. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B358,18471862. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1693272/
195.BROWER, L. P., TAYLOR, O. R. and WILLIAMS, E. H. (2012), Response to Davis: choosing relevant evidence to assess monarch population trends. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 5: 327–329. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-4598.2011.00176.x/full
196.Jack Brown, Angela P. Brown (1996) Gene transfer between canola (Brassica napus L. and B. campestris L.) and related weed species Annals of Applied Biology Volume 129, Issue 3, pages 513–522, December http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1996.tb05773.x/abstract?deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=false
197.Brown, L. R., D. E. Robinson, B. G. Young, M. M. Loux, W. G. Johnson, R. E. Nurse, C. J. Swanton, and P. H. Sikkema. (2009) Response of Corn to Simulated Glyphosate Drift Followed by in-Crop Herbicides.” Weed Technology 23, no. 1 (Jan-Mar):11-16. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WT-08-067.1?journalCode=wete
198.Browne, A. M., & Moore, P. A. (2014). The Effects of Sublethal Levels of 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid Herbicide (2, 4-D) on Feeding Behaviors of the Crayfish O. rusticus. Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology, 1-11. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00244-014-0032-8#page-1
199.Bruinsma M, Kowalchuk GA and vanVeen JA (2003) Effects of genetically modified plants on microbial communities and processes in soil. Biol.Fertil.Soils 37: 329-337 http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-genetically-modified-plants-microbial-communities-processes-soil/
200.Bruns HA, Abel CA (2003) Nitrogen fertility effects on Bt delta-endotoxin and nitrogen concentrations of maize during-early growth. Agron J 95:207–211 http://www.agronomy.org/publications/aj/abstracts/95/1/207
201.Bruns H.A. & Abel C.A. (2007) Effects of nitrogen fertility on Bt endotoxin levels in corn. Journal of Entomological Science 42(1):3534 http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publications.htm?seq_no_115=191785
202.Büchs, W.; Raubuch, M.; Prescher, S.; Behr, K.; Müller, A.; Roose, K. (2007) Impact of Ostrinia-resistant Bt-maize on microbial and invertebrate decomposer communities in field soils. Mitteilungen aus der Biologischen Bundesanstalt für Land- und Forstwirtschaft No. 410 pp. 26-32 http://cabdirect.org/abstracts/20103140184.html;jsessionid=32C29EAED66F4560BF30ECAFF41F0581
203.Buiatti, M., Christou, P., & Pastore, G. (2013). The application of GMOs in agriculture and in food production for a better nutrition: two different scientific points of view. Genes & nutrition, 8(3), 255-270. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3639326/

204.Bulajić Nina, Sladjana Jovic (2012) Benefits of organic food in the human diet. MD – Medical Data, vol. 4, no. 2, p. 181-185, 2012 http://md-medicaldata.com/files/10-MD-Vol%204%20No%202%20Bulajic%20N.%20and%20Jovic%20S.pdf
205.Burgio G, Lanzoni A, Accinelli G, Dinelli G, Bonetti A, Marotti I, Ramilli F. (2007) Evaluation of Bt-toxin uptake by the non-target herbivore, Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae), feeding on transgenic oilseed rape. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17411484

206.Busch, L., R. Grove-White, S. Jasanoff, D. Winickoff and B. Wynne. (2004) AmicusCuriae Brief. Submitted to the dispute settlement panel of the world trade organization in the case of EC: measures affecting the approval and marketing of biotechproducts. April 30. http://are.berkeley.edu/courses/EEP131/fall2007/WinikoffGMO.pdf
207.‎Butler D, Reichhardt T. (1999) Long-term effect of GM crops serves up food for thought. Nature. Apr 22;398(6729):651-6.
208.Silvia Caccia, Carmen Sara Hernández-Rodríguez, Rod J. Mahon, Sharon Downes, William James, Nadine Bautsoens, Jeroen Van Rie, and Juan Ferré (2010) Binding Site Alteration Is Responsible for Field-Isolated Resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry2A Insecticidal Proteins in Two Helicoverpa Species. PLoS ONE 5(4):e9975 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2848615/#!po=63.3333
209.Sinan Çağlar, Dürdane Kolankaya (2008) The effect of sub-acute and sub-chronic exposure of rats to the glyphosate-based herbicide Roundup. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology Volume 25, Issue 1, January, Pages 57–62 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1382668907001135
210.Ismail Cakmak, Atilla Yazici, Yusuf Tutus, Levent Ozturk (2009) Glyphosate reduced seed and leaf concentrations of calcium, manganese, magnesium, and iron in non-glyphosate resistant soybean European Journal of Agronomy Volume 31, Issue 3, October, Pages 114–119 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1161030109000665
211.Calas AG, Richard O, Même S, Beloeil JC, Doan BT, Gefflaut T, Même W, Crusio WE, Pichon J, Montécot C. (2008) Chronic exposure to glufosinate-ammonium induces spatial memory impairments, hippocampal MRI modifications and glutamine synthetase activation in mice. Neurotoxicology. Jul;29(4):740-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18562008

212.Caldart, C.C. (1983) Industry investment in university research, Science, Technology and Human Values, 8(2): 24–32. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/688917?uid=3739256&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21102824332223
213.Maria Clara Coelho Camara; Carmem L.C. Marinho; Maria Cristina Rodrigues Guilam; Rubens Onofre Nodari (2009) Transgenic products: a scientific-production evaluation of possible food (in)security Hist. cienc. saude-Manguinhos vol.16 no.3 Rio de Janeiro July/Sept. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0104-59702009000300006&script=sci_arttext
214.Campagne P, Kruger M, Pasquet R, Le Ru B, Van den Berg J (2013) Dominant Inheritance of Field-Evolved Resistance to Bt Corn in Busseola fusca. PLoS ONE 8(7): e69675. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0069675
215.Cantani A. (2009) Benefits and concerns associated with biotechnology-derived foods: can additional research reduce children health risks? Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. Jan-Feb;13(1):41-50. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19364084
216.Cao QJ, Xia H, Yang X, Lu BR. (2009) Performance of hybrids between weedy rice and insect-resistant transgenic rice under field experiments: implication for environmental biosafety assessment. J Integr Plant Biol. Dec;51(12):1138-48. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20021561
217.Carman, J. (2004). Is GM food safe to eat?. Recoding Nature Critical Perspectives on Genetic Engineering (Sydney: UNSW Press, 2004), 82-93. http://gmojudycarman.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Is-GM-food-safe-to-eat.pdf

218.Judy A. Carman, Howard R. Vlieger, Larry J. Ver Steeg, Verlyn E. Sneller, Garth W. Robinson, Catherine A. Clinch-Jones, Julie I. Haynes, John W. Edwards (2013) A long-term toxicology study on pigs fed a combined genetically modified (GM) soy and GM maize diet Journal of Organic Systems 8(1) http://www.organic-systems.org/journal/81/8106.pdf
219.Carranza, C.S., Bergesio, M.V., Barberis, C.L., Chiacchiera, S.M. and Magnoli, C.E. (2014), Survey of Aspergillus section Flavi presence in agricultural soils and effect of glyphosate on nontoxigenic A. flavus growth on soil-based medium. Journal of Applied Microbiology Volume 116, Issue 5, pages 1229–1240, May http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jam.12437/abstract

220.Andrés E. Carrasco (2011) Reply to the Letter to the Editor Regarding Our Article (Paganelli et al., 2010) Chem. Res. Toxicol., 24 (5), pp 610–613 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/tx200072k?journalCode=crtoec
221.Carrasco, A. E. (2011). Glyphosate: part of a eugenics model?. Salud Colectiva, 7(2), 129-133. http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?pid=S1851-82652011000200001&script=sci_arttext
222.Andrés Carrasco (2013) Teratogenesis by glyphosate based herbicides and other pesticides. Relationship with the retinoic acid pathway Breckling, B. & Verhoeven, R. GM-Crop Cultivation – Ecological Effects on a Landscape Scale. Theorie in der Ökologie 17. Frankfurt, Peter Lang. pages 133-117 http://www.gmls.eu/beitraege/113_Carrasco.pdf
223.Carriere Y, Crowder DW and Tabashnik BE (2010) Evolutionary ecology of insect adaptation to Bt crops. Evolutionary Applications (SpecialIssue :Evolution in Agro-Ecosystems) Vol.3,Issue5-6:561-73. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-4571.2010.00129.x/abstract
224.Casabe, N., L. Piola, J. Fuchs, M. L. Oneto, L. Pamparato, S. Basack, R. Gimenez, et al. (2007) Ecotoxicological Assessment of the Effects of Glyphosate and Chlorpyrifos in an Argentine Soya Field. Journal of Soils and Sediments 7, no. 4 (Aug):232-39. http://www.glifocidio.org/docs/soya/sa5.pdf
225.Estelle Cassault-Meyer, Steeve Gress, Gilles-Éric Séralini, Isabelle Galeraud-Denis (2014) An acute exposure to glyphosate-based herbicide alters aromatase levels in testis and sperm nuclear quality Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology Volume 38, Issue 1, July, Pages 131–140 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1382668914001227
226.M. Castaldini, A. Turrini, C. Sbrana, A. Benedetti, M. Marchionni, S. Mocali, A. Fabiani, S. Landi, F. Santomassimo, B. Pietrangeli, M. P. Nuti, N. Miclaus, and M. Giovannetti (2005) Impact of Bt Corn on Rhizospheric and Soil Eubacterial Communities and on Beneficial Mycorrhizal Symbiosis in Experimental Microcosms Appl Environ Microbiol. November; 71(11): 6719–6729. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1287690/
227.Nédia de Castilhos Ghisi, Marta Margarete Cestari (2013) Genotoxic effects of the herbicide Roundup® in the fish Corydoras paleatus (Jenyns 1842) after short-term, environmentally low concentration exposure Environmental Monitoring and Assessment April 2013, Volume 185, Issue 4, pp 3201-3207 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10661-012-2783-x
228.Castilla, A. M., T. Dauwe, I. Mora, J. Malone, and R. Guitart. (2010) Nitrates and Herbicides Cause Higher Mortality Than the Traditional Organic Fertilizers on the Grain Beetle, Tenebrio Molitor. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 84, no. 1 (Jan): 101-05. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19809774
229.Catangui MA and Berg RK (2006) Western bean cutworm, Striacosta albicosta(Smith)(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae),as a potential pest of transgenic Cry1Ab Bacillus thuringiensis corn hybrids in SouthDakota. Environmental Entomology 35:1439-1452. http://stopogm.net/sites/stopogm.net/files/webfm/plataforma/westernbeancutwormstriacostaalbicostasmith.pdf
230.Cattaneo, R., B. Clasen, V.L. Loro, C. C. de Menezes, A. Pretto, B. Baldisserotto, A. L. Santi, and L. A. de Avila. (2011) Toxicological Responses of Cyprinus Carpio Exposed to a Commercial Formulation Containing Glyphosate. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 87, no. 6 (Dec): 597-602. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00128-011-0396-7
231.Daiane Cattani, Vera Lúcia de Liz Oliveira Cavalli, Carla Elise Heinz Rieg, Juliana Tonietto Domingues, Tharine Dal-Cim, Carla Inês Tasca, Fátima Regina Mena Barreto Silva, Ariane Zamoner (2014) Mechanisms underlying the neurotoxicity induced by glyphosate-based herbicide in immature rat hippocampus: Involvement of glutamate excitotoxicity Toxicology 15 March http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0300483X14000493

232.Cavalcante, D.G.S.M.; Martinez, C.B.R. & Sofia, S.H. (2008). Genotoxic effects of Roundup ® on the fish Prochilodus lineatus. Mutation Research, 655, 41-46. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18638566
233.CAVALLI, Suzi Barletto (2001) Food safety: the approach to transgenic foods. Rev. Nutr., vol.14, suppl., pp. 41-46. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S1415-52732001000400007&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
234.Tolga Çavaş and Serpil Könen (2007) Detection of cytogenetic and DNA damage in peripheral erythrocytes of goldfish (Carassius auratus) exposed to a glyphosate formulation using the micronucleus test and the comet assay. Mutagenesis 22(4):263- 268. http://mutage.oxfordjournals.org/content/22/4/263.full
235.Cavuşoğlu K, Yapar K, Oruç E, Yalçın E. (2011) Protective effect of Ginkgo biloba L. leaf extract against glyphosate toxicity in Swiss albino mice. J Med Food. Oct;14(10):1263-72. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21859351
236.MariaTeresa Ceccherini, John Poté, Elisabeth Kay, Van Tran Van, Joëlle Maréchal, Giacomo Pietramellara, Paolo Nannipieri, Timothy M. Vogel and Pascal Simonet (2003) Degradation and transformability of DNA from transgenic plants. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. January vol. 69 no. 1 673-678 http://aem.asm.org/content/69/1/673.full

237.Cerritos, R., Wegier, A., & Alavez, V. (2012). Toward the Development of Novel Long-Term Pest Control Strategies Based on Insect Ecological and Evolutionary Dynamics. Integrated Pest Management and Pest Control. ISBN, 978-953. http://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs/29599/InTech-Toward_the_development_of_novel_long_term_pest_control_strategies_based_on_insect_ecological_and_evolutionary_dynamics.pdf

238.Chadoeuf, R., Darmency, H., Maillet, J., & Renard, M. (1998). Survival of buried seeds of interspecific hybrids between oilseed rape, hoary mustard and wild radish. Field Crops Research, 58(3), 197-204. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378429098000951
239.CHAINARK, P., SATOH, S., HINO, T., KIRON, V., HIRONO, I. and AOKI, T. (2006), Availability of genetically modified soybean meal in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss diets. Fisheries Science, 72: 1072–1078. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1444-2906.2006.01258.x/abstract
240.Chainark P, Satoh S, Hirono I, Aoki T, Endo M. (2008) Availability of genetically modified feed ingredient: investigations of ingested foreign DNA in rainbowtrout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Fisheries Science.74:380-390 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1444-2906.2008.01535.x/abstract
241.Chan VS. (2006) Use of genetically modified viruses and genetically engineered virus-vector vaccines: environmental effects. J Toxicol Environ Health A. Nov;69(21):1971-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16982535
242.Chang FC, Simcik MF, Capel PD. (2011) Occurrence and fate of the herbicide glyphosate and its degradate aminomethylphosphonic acid in the atmosphere. Environ Toxicol Chem. Mar;30(3):548-55. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21128261
243.Charles D. (2007), U.S. courts say transgenic crops need tighter scrutiny, “Science”, 315, p. 1069 https://www.sciencemag.org/content/315/5815/1069.summary
244.Chaufan G, Coalova I, Molina Mdel C. (2014) Glyphosate commercial formulation causes cytotoxicity, oxidative effects, and apoptosis on human cells: differences with its active ingredient. Int J Toxicol. 2014 Jan;33(1):29-38. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24434723

245.Chavez, N.B., Flores, J.J., Martin, J., Ellstrand, N.C.,Guadagnuolo, R., Heredia, S., Welles,S.R. (2012) Maize x Teosinte Hybrid Cobs Do Not Prevent Crop Gene Introgression. Economic Botany, 66(2): 132-137. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3371185/
246.Tanya E. Cheeke, Todd N. Rosenstiel and Mitchell B. Cruzan (2012) Evidence of reduced arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal colonization in multiple lines of Bt maize Am. J. Bot. April vol. 99 no.4 700-707 http://www.amjbot.org/content/99/4/700.full
247.T T Chen, K Kight, C M Lin, D A Powers, M Hayat, N Chatakondi, A C Ramboux, P L Duncan, R A Dunham. (1993) Expression and inheritance of RSVLTR-rtGH1 complementary DNA in the transgenic common carp, Cyprinus carpio. Mar. Mol. Biol. Biotechnol. 2: 88–95. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8364692
248.Chen, L.J., Lee, D.S., Song, Z.P., Suh, H.S., Lu, B.R. (2004) Gene flow from cultivated rice (Oryza sativa) to its weedy and wild relatives. Annals of Botany, 93(1): 67-73. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14602665
249.Chen, C.Y.; Hathaway, K.M. & Folt, C.L. (2004). Multiple stress effects of Vision herbicide,pH, and food on zooplankton and larval amphibian species from forest wetland. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 23, 823-831 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15095876
250.Chen M, Ye G, Liu Z, Fang Q, Hu C, Peng Y, Shelton AM (2009) Analysis of Cry1Ab toxin bioaccumulation in a food chain of Bt rice, an herbivore and a predator. Ecotoxicology 18:230–238 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10646-008-0276-z
251.Chen ZH,Chen LJ, Zhang YL, Wu ZJ (2011) Microbial properties, enzyme activities and the persistence of exogenous proteins in soil under consecutive cultivation of transgenic cottons(GossypiumhirsutumL.), Plant Soil and Environment UZEI57(2):67-74 http://www.agriculturejournals.cz/publicFiles/35214.pdf
252.Chen J, Jin M, Qiu ZG,Guo C,Chen ZL,Shen ZQ,Wang XW, Li JW.(2012) A survey of drug resistance bla genes originating from synthetic plasmid vectors in six Chinese rivers Environ Sci Technol. 46(24):13448-54.doi: 10.1021/es302760s. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23215020
253.Chen MX, Cao ZY, Jiang Y, Zhu ZW. (2013) Direct determination of glyphosate and its major metabolite, aminomethylphosphonic acid, in fruits and vegetables by mixed-mode hydrophilic interaction/weak anion-exchange liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr A. Jan 11;1272:90-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23261284
254.A. M. Chèvre, F. Eber, H. Darmency, A. Fleury, H. Picault, J. C. Letanneur, M. Renard (2000) Assessment of interspecific hybridization between transgenic oilseed rape and wild radish under normal agronomic conditions Theoretical and Applied Genetics June, Volume 100, Issue 8, pp 1233-1239 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s001220051429
255.Chilcutt CH. and Tabashnik BE. (2004) Contamination of refuges by Bacillus thuringensis toxin genes from transgenic maize. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 101:7526-7529. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC419639/
256.Magdalena Chłopecka, Marta Mendel, Natalia Dziekan, Wojciech Karlik (2014) Glyphosate affects the spontaneous motoric activity of intestine at very low doses – In vitro study. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, Available online 24 June 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048357514000947
257.Chokshi, Atul H. (2010) Bt brinjal: premature approval for cultivation. Current Science, Vol. 98 Issue 6, p734 http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/content/301841/bt-brinjal-premature-approval-for-cultivation/
258.Chowdhury EH, Mikami O, Nakajima Y, Hino A, Kuribara H, Suga K, Hanazumi M, Yomemochi C. (2003) Detection of genetically modified maize DNA fragments in the intestinal contents of pigs fed StarLink CBH351. Vet Hum Toxicol. 2003 Mar;45(2):95-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12678298
259.Chowdhury EH, Kuribara H, Hino A, Sultana P, Mikami O, Shimada N, Guruge KS, Saito M, Nakajima Y. (2003) Detection of corn intrinsic and recombinant DNA fragments and Cry1Ab protein in the gastrointestinal contents of pigs fed genetically modified corn Bt11. J Anim Sci. 2003 Oct;81(10):2546-51. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14552382
260.Cichosz G, Wiackowski SK. (2012) [Genetically modified food--great unknown]. Pol Merkur Lekarski. Aug;33(194):59-63. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23009001
261.Daniela Cirnatu, A Jompan, Anca Ileana Sin,Corina Aurelia Zugravu(2011) Multiple organ histopathological changes in broiler chickens fed on genetically modified organism. Rom J Morpho lEmbryol 52(1Suppl):475-480 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21424096
262.B Cisterna, F Flach, L Vecchio, SML Barabino, S Battistelli, TE Martin, M Malatesta, M Biggiogera (2008) Can a genetically modified organism-containing diet influence embryonic development? A preliminary study on pre- implantation mouse embryos. Eur J Histochem. Oct-Dec;52(4):263-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19109102
263.Clair E, Mesnage R, Travert C, Séralini GÉ. (2012) A glyphosate-based herbicide induces necrosis and apoptosis in mature rat testicular cells in vitro, and testosterone decrease at lower levels. Toxicol In Vitro. Mar;26(2):269-79. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22200534
264.Clair E, Linn L, Travert C, Amiel C, Séralini GE, Panoff JM. (2012) Effects of Roundup(®) and glyphosate on three food microorganisms: Geotrichum candidum, Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus. Curr Microbiol. 2012 May;64(5):486-91. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22362186
265.Jennifer Clapp (2008) Illegal GMO releases and corporate responsibility: Questioning the effectiveness of voluntary measures Ecological Economics Volume 66, Issues 2–3, 15 June, Pages 348–358 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800907004843
266.E. Ann Clark, Hugh Lehman (2001) Assessment of GM Crops in Commercial Agriculture Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics , Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 3-28 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1011321103091
267.Clark B.W, Phillips T.A. & Coats J.R. (2005) Environmental fate and effects of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) proteins from transgenic crops:a review. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53:4643-4653. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15941295
268.Tom Clarke, “Corn Could Make Cotton Pests Bt. Resistant,” Nature, Dec. 2, 2002. http://www.nature.com/news/1998/021202/full/news021202-3.html
269.Clements, C., Ralph, S. and Petras, M. (1997), Genotoxicity of select herbicides in Rana catesbeiana tadpoles using the alkaline single-cell gel DNA electrophoresis (comet) assay. Environ. Mol. Mutagen., 29: 277–288. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/(SICI)1098-2280(1997)29:3%3C277::AID-EM8%3E3.0.CO;2-9/abstract
270.David A. Cleveland, Daniela Soleri, Flavio Aragón Cuevas, José Crossa and Paul Gepts (2006) Detecting (trans)gene flow to landraces in centers of crop origin: lessons from the case of maize in Mexico Environmental Biosafety Research / Volume 4 / Issue 04 / , pp 197-208 http://journals.cambridge.org/download.php?file=%2FEBS%2FEBS4_04%2FS1635792206000066a.pdf&code=edbe9583109fe882559d97c60a9e146d
271.Cloutier C, Boudreault S and Michaud D. (2008) Impact of Colorado potato beetle resistant potatoes on non-target arthropods : a meta-analysis of factors potentially involved in the failure of a Bt transgenic plant. Cahiers Agricultures 17(4):388-394 http://www.jle.com/en/revues/bio_rech/abc/e-docs/00/04/40/6F/resume.phtml
272.Theo Colborn (2006) A Case for Revisiting the Safety of Pesticides: A Closer Look at Neurodevelopment Environ Health Perspect. Jan 2006; 114(1): 10–17. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1332649/
273.Collavo A & Sattin M (2011). Resistance to glyphosate in Lolium rigidum selected in Italian perennial crops: bioevaluation, management and molecular bases of target-site resistance. Weed Research 52, 16–24. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2011.00883.x/abstract
274.Colwell RE, Norse EA, Pimentel D, Sharples FE, Simber- loff D (1985) Genetic engineering in agriculture. Science 229: 111–112 http://www.sciencemag.org/content/229/4709/111
275.Comstock, B. A., S. L. Sprinkle, and G. R. Smith. (2007) Acute Toxic Effects of Round-up Herbicide on Wood Frog Tadpoles (Rana Sylvatica). Journal of Freshwater Ecology 22, no. 4 (Dec): 705-08. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02705060.2007.9664831#preview
276.Contardo-Jara, V., E. Klingelmann, and C. Wiegand. (2009) Bioaccumulation of Glyphosate and Its Formulation Roundup Ultra in Lumbriculus Variegatus and Its Effects on Biotransformation and Antioxidant Enzymes. Environ Pollut 157, no. 1 (Jan): 57-63. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749108004053
277.Cook, Guy (2004). Genetically Modified Language: the discourse of arguments for GM crops and food. London, UK: Routledge. http://books.google.com/books?id=W-GDDG-mcXIC&pg=PR3&lpg=PR3&dq#v=onepage&q&f=false
278.Correia FV, Moreira JC. (2010) Effects of glyphosate and 2,4-D on earthworms (Eisenia foetida) in laboratory tests. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. Sep;85(3):264-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20658223
279.Joana Costa, Isabel Mafra, Joana S. Amaral, M. Beatriz P. P. Oliveira (2010) Detection of genetically modified soybean DNA in refined vegetable oils European Food Research and Technology April , Volume 230, Issue 6, pp 915-923 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00217-010-1238-2
280.Joana Costa,Isabel Mafra, Joana S. Amaral,M.B.P.P. Oliveira (2010) Monitoring genetically modified soybean along the industrial soybean oil extraction and refining processes by polymerase chain reaction techniques Food Research International Volume 43, Issue 1, January, Pages 301–306 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0963996909003202
281.Costa, M. J., D. A. Monteiro, A. L. Oliveira-Neto, F. T. Rantin, and A. L. Kalinin. (2008) Oxidative Stress Biomarkers and Heart Function in Bullfrog Tadpoles Exposed to Roundup Original (R). Ecotoxicology 17, no. 3 (Apr): 153-63. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10646-007-0178-5
282.Costa, T. E. M. M., Dias, A. P. M., Scheidegger, É. M. D., & Marin, V. A. (2011). Risk assessment of genetically modified organisms. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 16(1), 327-336. http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?pid=S1413-81232011000100035&script=sci_arttext
283.Coupe RH, Kalkhoff SJ, Capel PD, Gregoire C. (2012) Fate and transport of glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid in surface waters of agricultural basins. Pest Manag Sci. Jan;68(1):16-30. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21681915
284.Silvia Magalhães Couto, Gabriela Morgado de Oliveira Coelho, Marina de Figueiredo Ferreira, Victor Augustus Marin, Regina Serrão Lanzillotti, Haydée Serrão Lanzillotti (2013) The likely impact of genetically modified soybeans in the Brazilian collective feeding service Agricultural Sciences Vol.4, No.12, 721-728 http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperDownload.aspx?paperID=41162
285.Carlos E Coviella, David JW Morgan, John T Trumble (2000) Interactions of Elevated CO2 and Nitrogen Fertilization: Effects on Production of Bacillus thuringiensis Toxins in Transgenic Plants. Environ. Entomol.29(4):781-787 http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1603/0046-225X-29.4.781
286.Caroline Cox (1995) Glyphosate, Part 1: Toxicology Journal of Pesticide Reform, Volume 15, No. 3:14 -20 http://intranet.catie.ac.cr/intranet/posgrado/Agricultura%20Ecol%C3%B3gica/AE-512/Lit%20reviews/Moraes%20Natashia%20Diseno/articulos/Glyphosate_Fact_Sheets.pdf
287.Cox, Caroline. (1995) Glyphosate, Pt. 2: Human Exposure and Ecological Effects Journal of Pesticide Reform Vol.15, No. 4:14-19 http://intranet.catie.ac.cr/intranet/posgrado/Agricultura%20Ecol%C3%B3gica/AE-512/Lit%20reviews/Moraes%20Natashia%20Diseno/articulos/Glyphosate_Fact_Sheets.pdf
288.Caroline Cox and Michael Surgan (2006) Unidentified Inert Ingredients in Pesticides: Implications for Human and Environmental Health Environ Health Perspect. 2006 December; 114(12): 1803–1806. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1764160/
289.T. S. Cox (2002) The Mirage of Genetic Engineering. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture, Volume 17, Number 1, 2002, pp. 41-43. http://landinstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/The-Mirage-of-GE-2002.pdf
290.Crecchio, C. & Stotzky, G. (1998) Insecticidal activity and biodegradation of the toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki bound to humic acids from soil. Soil Biol. Biochem. 30, 463-470. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038071797001478
291.A. L. B. Crespo, T. A. Spencer, A. P. Alves, R. L. Hellmich, E. E. Blankenship, L. C. Magalhäesa and B. D. Siegfried (2009) On-plant survival and inheritance of resistance to Cry1Ab toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis in a field-derived strain of European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis, Pest. Manag. Sci., vol. 65, pp. 1071–1081, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ps.1793/abstract
292.Cuhra M, Traavik T, Bøhn T. (2013) Clone- and age-dependent toxicity of a glyphosate commercial formulation and its active ingredient in Daphnia magna. Ecotoxicology. Mar;22(2):251-62 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23224423
293.Cuhra, M., Traavik, T., & Bøhn, T. (2014). Life cycle fitness differences in Daphnia magna fed Roundup‐Ready soybean or conventional soybean or organic soybean. Aquaculture Nutrition. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/anu.12199/abstract?
294.Cullen, Elizabeth, MD. (2007) Genetically modified food and health – a cause for concern? Irish Medical Journal, Volume 100 number 5. http://www.imj.ie//ViewArticleDetails.aspx?ContentID=3655
295.Culpepper, A. S., T. L. Grey, W. K. Vencill, J. M. Kichler, T. M. Webster, S. M. Brown, A. C. York, J. W. Davis, and W. W. Hanna. (2006) Glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) confirmed in Georgia. Weed Sci 54:620–626. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WS-06-001R.1
296.Culpepper, A. S., J. R. Whitaker, A. W. MacRae, and A. C. York. (2008) Distribution of glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) in Georgia and North Carolina during 2005 and 2006. J. Cot. Sci 12:306–310. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/237214084_distribution_of_Glyphosate-Resistant_Palmer_Amaranth_(Amaranthus_palmeri)_ in_Georgia_and_north_carolina_during_2005_and_2006
297.Joseph E. Cummins (1998) Letter 2: Chloroplast-transgenic plants are not a gene flow panacea Nature Biotechnology16, 401 http://www.nature.com/nbt/wilma/v16n5.894051868.html
298.Joe Cummins, Mae-Wan Ho & Angela Ryan (2000) Hazardous CaMV promoter? Nature Biotechnology 18, 363 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v18/n4/full/nbt0400_363a.html
299.Joe Cummins (2007) GM soybeans—revisiting a controversial format NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY VOLUME 25 NUMBER 12 DECEMBER 1356 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v25/n12/full/nbt1207-1356a.html
300.da Costa Mdo D, Gonçalves LR, Barbosa ER, Bacheschi LA. (2003) [Neuroimaging abnormalities in parkinsonism: study of five cases]. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. Jun;61(2B):381-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12894271
301.Richard Dahl (2012) To Label or Not to Label: California Prepares to Vote on Genetically Engineered Foods Environ Health Perspect. September; 120(9): a358–a361. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3440124/
302.Dallegrave E, Mantese FD, Coelho RS, Pereira JD, Dalsenter PR, Langeloh A. (2003) The teratogenic potential of the herbicide glyphosate-Roundup in Wistar rats. Toxicol Lett. Apr 30;142(1-2):45-52. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12765238
303.Dallegrave E, Mantese FD, Oliveira RT, Andrade AJ, Dalsenter PR, Langeloh A. (2007) Pre- and postnatal toxicity of the commercial glyphosate formulation in Wistar rats. Arch Toxicol. Sep;81(9):665-73. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17634926
304.Dalton, R. (2002) Superweed study falters as seed firms deny access to transgene. Nature 419, 655. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v419/n6908/full/419655a.html
305.Damin, V., H. C. J. Franco, M. F. Moraes, A. Franco, and P. C. O. Trivelin. (2008) Nitrogen Loss in Brachiaria Decumbens after Application of Glyphosate or Glufosinate-Ammonium. Scientia Agricola 65, no. 4 : 402-07. http://www.scielo.br/pdf/sa/v65n4/12.pdf
306.Dana CE, Glauber KM, Chan TA, Bridge DM,Steele RE (2012) Incorporation of a HorizontallyTransferred Gene into an Operon during Cnidarian Evolution. PLoSONE7(2): e31643 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3273482/
307.Darmency, H, A Fleury and E Lefol (1995) Effect of transgenic release on weed biodiversity: oilseed rape and wild radish Proceedings – Brighton Crop Protection Conference – Weeds. pp 433-438
308.DARMENCY, H., LEFOL, E. and FLEURY, A. (1998), Spontaneous hybridizations between oilseed rape and wild radish. Molecular Ecology, 7: 1467–1473. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-294x.1998.00464.x/abstract
309.Daruich J, Zirulnik F, Gimenez MS. (2001) Effect of the herbicide glyphosate on enzymatic activity in pregnant rats and their fetuses. Environ Res. Mar;85(3):226-31. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11237511
310.B. Darvas, A. Csóti, A. Gharib, L. Peregovits, L. Ronkay, É. Lauber and A. L. Polgár (2004) Some data to the risk analysis of Bt-corn pollen and protected Lepidoptera species in Hungary Növényvédelem, vol. 40, pp. 441–449. http://www.bdarvas.hu/tudomany/okotoxikologia/idn4004
311.Béla Darvas , Éva Lauber, Judit Kincses, Gyöngyi Vajdics, Judit Juracsek and András Székács (2005) Bt -maize originated Cry1Ab toxin resistant Plodia interpunctella Abs. Növényvédelmi Tudományos Napok 51 : 9. http://www.kormany.hu/download/1/bd/20000/GenetE.pdf#!DocumentBrowse
312.Béla Darvas , András Székács , Gábor Bakonyi , István Kiss, Borbála Biró, Ilona Villányi, László Ronkay, László Peregovits, Éva Lauber and László A. Polgár (2006) Authors’ response to the Statement of the European Food Safety Authority GMO Panel concerning Environmental Analytical and Ecotoxicological Experiments Carried out in Hungary Növényvédelem , 2006. 42 : 313 –325; http://www.bdarvas.hu/tudomany/okotoxikologia/idn4006
313. Darvas Béla, Lauber Éva, Bakonyi Gábor, Békési László, Székács András, Papp László, (2007) A MON 810-es GM-kukoricák környezettudományi megítélése Magyar Tudomány, 2007/08 1047. http://www.matud.iif.hu/07aug/13.html
314.Béla Darvas (2009) GM plants and resistance – resistance -management GMO Round-table Leaflets , 22: 11. http://www.kormany.hu/download/1/bd/20000/GenetE.pdf#!DocumentBrowse
315.Béla Darvas and András Székács (2010) Approaches toward genetically modified plants at the Eastern border of European Union Biokontroll. 1: 13 –23; http://www.biokontroll.hu/cms/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=848%3Aa-gentechnologiai-uton-modositott-noevenyek-megitelese-az-europai-unio-keleti-hataran&catid=334%3Aszakcikkek&Itemid=150&lang=hu
316.Darvas Béla, Fejes Ágnes, Mörtl Mária, Bokán Katalin, Bánáti Hajnalka, Fekete Gábor és Székács András (2011) A GLYPHOSATE ALKALMAZÁSÁNAK KÖRNYEZET-. EGÉSZSÉGÜGYI PROBLÉMÁI. NÖVÉNYVÉDELEM 47 (9) http://bdarvas.hu/download/pdf/DBglyph2.pdf
317. Darvas Béla és Székács András (2012) A géntechnológia vetőmagháborúja Átlátszó.hu melléklete (2012. június) http://atlatszo.hu/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/DarvasSzekacs_Atlatszo.pdf
318.Daubin V and Ochman H (2004) Quartet mapping and the extent of lateral transfer in bacterial genomes. Mol Biol Evol 21(1):86-89. http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/content/21/1/86.abstract
319.Davis CC and Wurdack KJ (2004) Host-to-parasite gene transfer in flowering plants: Phylogenetic evidence from Malpighiales. Science305:676-78. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15256617
320.Davis AS, Hill JD, Chase CA, Johanns AM, Liebman M (2012) Increasing Cropping System Diversity Balances Productivity, Profitability and Environmental Health. PLoS ONE 7(10): e47149. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047149 http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0047149
321. D’Brant, Jeanne (2014) GMOs, Gut Flora, the Shikimate Pathway and Cytochrome Dysregulation. Nutritional Perspectives: Journal of the Council on Nutrition . Jan, Vol. 37 Issue 1, p5-12. 8p. http://web.b.ebscohost.com/abstract?direct=true&profile=ehost&scope=site&authtype=crawler&jrnl=01603922&AN=94360210&h=4PCYGUxO52bGE2ivsZ2gu4LxLgOF%2bwYVdAiUYUS9pnuQ5EtUEnsPaHyMqEDF1rtnYJZrr12r831QWVRkz8NW7Q%3d%3d&crl=c
322.de Carvalho LB, Alves PL, González-Torralva F, Cruz-Hipolito HE, Rojano-Delgado AM, De Prado R, Gil-Humanes J, Barro F, de Castro MD. (2012) Pool of resistance mechanisms to glyphosate in Digitaria insularis. J Agric Food Chem. Jan 18;60(2):615-22. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22175446
323.Leonardo Bianco de Carvalho, Antonia María Rojano-Delgado, Pedro Luis da Costa Aguiar Alves, Rafael De Prado (2013) Differential content of glyphosate and its metabolites in Digitaria insularis biotypes Communications in Plant Sciences (July-December) 3(3-4): 17-20 http://www.complantsci.files.wordpress.com/2013/07/complantsci_3_1_5.pdf
324.de Castilhos Ghisi N, Cestari MM. (2013) Genotoxic effects of the herbicide Roundup(®) in the fish Corydoras paleatus (Jenyns 1842) after short-term, environmentally low concentration exposure. Environ Monit Assess. Apr;185(4):3201-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22821326
325.Evangelista de Duffard AM, Orta C, Duffard R. (1990) Behavioral changes in rats fed a diet containing 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic butyl ester. Neurotoxicology. Winter;11(4):563-72. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2087283
326.Deeds, Zacharria A. , Kassim Al-Khatib, Dallas E. Peterson, and Phillip W. Stahlman. (2006) Wheat Response to Simulated Drift of Glyphosate and Imazamox Applied at Two Growth Stages. Weed Technology 20 : 23-31. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4495637?uid=3739256&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21102564234191
327.Defarge N, Mesnage R, Gress S, Séralini GE. (2012) Letter to the editor: developmental and reproductive outcomes of roundup and glyphosate in humans and animals. J Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev. 2012;15(7):433-7 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10937404.2012.736857?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed#.UnvK1Eko7IU
328.Degenhardt D, Humphries D, Cessna AJ, Messing P, Badiou PH, Raina R, Farenhorst A, Pennock DJ. (2012) Dissipation of glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid in water and sediment of two Canadian prairie wetlands. J Environ Sci Health B. ;47(7):631-9 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22560025
329.Deheuvels, P. (2013) On Testing Stochastic Dominance by Exceedance, Precedence and Other Distribution-Free Tests, with Applications, in Statistical Models and Methods for Reliability and Survival Analysis (eds V. Couallier, L. Gerville-Réache, C. Huber-Carol, N. Limnios and M. Mesbah), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, USA. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9781118826805.ch10/summary
330.del Castillo, et. al (2013) Wake up before it is too late: Make agriculture truly sustainable now for food security in a changing climate Trade and Environment Review 2013 http://unctad.org/en/pages/PublicationWebflyer.aspx?publicationid=666

331.de Liz Oliveira Cavalli VL, Cattani D, Heinz Rieg CE, Pierozan P, Zanatta L, Benedetti Parisotto E, Wilhelm Filho D, Mena Barreto Silva FR, Pessoa-Pureur R, Zamoner A. (2013) Roundup disrupts male reproductive functions by triggering calcium-mediated cell death in rat testis and Sertoli cells. Free Radic Biol Med. Jun 29;65C:335-346. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0891584913003262
332.DeLorenzo, M.E.; Scott, G.I. & Ross P.E. (2001). Toxicity of pesticides to aquatic microorganisms: a review. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 20, 84-98. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/etc.5620200108/abstract
333.Demeke, T., Perry, D. J., Scowcroft,W. R. (2006) Adventitious presence of GMOs: scientific overview for Canadian grains. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 86(1), 1-23. http://pubs.aic.ca/doi/abs/10.4141/P05-114
334.de Menezes CC, da Fonseca MB, Loro VL, Santi A, Cattaneo R, Clasen B, Pretto A, Morsch VM. (2011) Roundup Effects on Oxidative Stress Parameters and Recovery Pattern of Rhamdia Quelen. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 60, no. 4 : 665-71. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20680259
335.Deo SP, Shetty P. (2012) Accidental chemical burns of oral mucosa by herbicide. JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc. Jan-Mar;52(185):40-2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23279773
336.Garbiatti de Oliveira, T., Paula Alves Favareto, A., & Alexandra Antunes, P. (2014). AGROTÓXICOS: LEVANTAMENTO DOS MAIS UTILIZADOS NO OESTE PAULISTA E SEUS EFEITOS COMO DESREGULADORES ENDÓCRINOS. Periódico Eletrônico Fórum Ambiental da Alta Paulista, 9(11). http://amigosdanatureza.org.br/publicacoes/index.php/forum_ambiental/article/view/684
337.Derksen, D.A., P.R. Watson. 1999. Volunteer Crops: The Gift That Keeps on Giving. Poster, Expert Committee on Weeds. Ottawa: ECW.
338.A J De Roos, S Zahm, K Cantor, D Weisenburger, F Holmes, L Burmeister, and A Blair (2003) Integrative assessment of multiple pesticides as risk factors for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma among men Occup Environ Med. September; 60(9): e11. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1740618/
339.De Roos AJ, Blair A, Rusiecki JA, Hoppin JA, Svec M, Dosemeci M, Sandler DP, Alavanja MC. (2005) Cancer incidence among glyphosate-exposed pesticide applicators in the Agricultural Health Study. Environ Health Perspect. Jan;113(1):49-54. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15626647
340.José De Souza Filho, Caio César Neves Sousa, Cláudio Carlos Da Silva, Simone Maria Teixeira De Sabóia-Morais, Cesar Koppe Grisolia (2013) Mutagenicity and Genotoxicity in Gill Erythrocyte Cells of Poecilia reticulata Exposed to a Glyphosate Formulation. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, November, Volume 91, Issue 5, pp 583-587 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00128-013-1103-7
341.Joël Spiroux de Vendômois, François Roullier, Dominique Cellier, Gilles-Eric Séralini (2009) A Comparison of the Effects of Three GM Corn Varieties on Mammalian Health Int J Biol Sci; 5(7):706-726. http://www.biolsci.org/v05p0706.htm
342.de Vendômois JS, CellierD VC, Clair E, Mesnage R, Séralini G-E (2010) Debate on GMOs health risks after statistical findings in regulatory tests. Int J Biol Sci 6:590–598 http://www.ijbs.com/v06p0590.htm
343.Devlin, R.H., T.Y. Yesaki, E.M. Donaldson, S.J. Du, C.-L. Hew. (1995) Production of germline transgenic Pacific salmonids with dramatically increased growth performance. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 52: 1376–84. http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/f95-133#.Uix0U0nD_mQ
344.Devlin, R.H., T.Y. Yesaki, E.M. Donaldson, C.-L. Chew. (1995) Transmission and phenotypic effects of antifreeze/GH gene construct in coho salmon (O. kisutch). Aquaculture 137: 161–69. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0044848695010904
345.Johann de Vries, Martin Heine, Klaus Harms and Wilfried Wackernagel (2003) Spread of Recombinant DNA by Roots and Pollen of Transgenic Potato Plants, Identified by Highly Specific Biomonitoring Using Natural Transformation of an Acinetobacter sp. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. August vol. 69 no. 8 4455-4462 http://aem.asm.org/content/69/8/4455.short
346.D ‘ Hertefeldt T, Jørgensen RB, Pettersson LB. (2008) Long term persistence of GM oilseed rape in the seedbank. Biol Lett. 4(3):314-7 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2610060/
347.Dhurua S and Gujar GT (2011) Field-evolved resistance to Bt toxin Cry1Ac in the pinkbollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella(Saunders)( Lepidoptera : Gelechiidae) from India. Pest Management Science. Vol.67(8):898-903. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21438121
348.Di, K., Stewart, C.N., Wei, W., Shen, B.C., Tang, Z.X., Ma, K.P. (2009) Fitness and maternal effects in hybrids formed between transgenic oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) and wild brown mustard [B. juncea (L.) Czern et Coss.] in the field. Pest management science, 65(7): 753-760. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ps.1749/abstract
349.Johan Diels, Mario Cunha, Célia Manaia, Bernardo Sabugosa-Madeira, Margarida Silva (2011) Association of financial or professional conflict of interest to research outcomes on health risks or nutritional assessment studies of genetically modified products Food Policy Volume 36, Issue 2, April, Pages 197–203 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306919210001302
350.Diffendorfer, J. E., Loomis, J. B., Ries, L., Oberhauser, K., Lopez-Hoffman, L., Semmens, D., Semmens, B., Butterfield, B., Bagstad, K., Goldstein, J., Wiederholt, R., Mattsson, B. and Thogmartin, W. E. (2014), National Valuation of Monarch Butterflies Indicates an Untapped Potential for Incentive-Based Conservation. Conservation Letters, 7: 253–262. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/conl.12065/full
351.Dinehart, S. K., L. M. Smith, S. T. McMurry, P. N. Smith, T. A. Anderson, and D. A. Haukos. (2010) Acute and Chronic Toxicity of Roundup Weathermax (R) and Ignite (R) 280 Sl to Larval Spea Multiplicata and S. Bombifrons from the Southern High Plains, USA. Environmental Pollution 158, no. 8 Aug: 2610-17. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749110001843
352.Dinel H, Schnitzer M, Saharinen M, Meloche F, Paré T, Dumontet S, Lemee L Ambles A (2003). Extractable soil lipids and microbial activity as affected by Bt and Non -Bt Maize grown on a silty clay loam soil. J. Environ. Sci. Health. 38: 211-219. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12617558
353.Ding SW, Shi BJ, Li WX, Symons RH. (1996) An interspecies hybrid RNA virus is significantly more virulent than either parental virus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Jul 23;93(15):7470-4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8755497

354.Ding, W., K. N. Reddy, R. M. Zablotowicz, N. Bellaloui, and H. Arnold Bruns. (2011) Physiological Responses of Glyphosate-Resistant and Glyphosate-Sensitive Soybean to Aminomethylphosphonic Acid, a Metabolite of Glyphosate. Chemosphere 83, no. 4 Apr : 593-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21190714
355.Dively G.P., Rose R., Sears M.K., Hellmich R.L., Stanley- Horn D.E., Calvin D.D. Russo J.M. & P.L.Anderson. (2004) Effects on monarch butterfly larvae(Lepidoptera: Danaidae)after continuous exposure to Cry1Ab expressing corn during anthesis. Environmental Entomology33:1116-1125. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1603/0046-225X-33.4.1116
356.Divyadharsini V. (2014) Genetically Modified Foods – A Review. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, Volume : 7, Issue : 3 pages 392 – 395 http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:rjpt&volume=7&issue=3&article=023
357.Doerfler W. (1996) A new concept in (adenoviral) oncogenesis: integration of foreign DNA and its consequences. Biochim Biophys Acta. Oct 9;1288(2):F79-99. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8876634

358.Doerfler W, Schubbert R, Heller H, Kämmer C, Hilger-Eversheim K, Knoblauch M, Remus R. (1997) Integration of foreign DNA and its consequences in mammalian systems. Trends Biotechnol. Aug;15(8):297-301. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9263477
359.Doerfler W1, Schubbert R. (1998) Uptake of foreign DNA from the environment: the gastrointestinal tract and the placenta as portals of entry. Wien Klin Wochenschr. Jan 30;110(2):40-4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9531678

360.Doerfler W, Hohlweg U, Müller K, Remus R, Heller H, Hertz J. (2001) Foreign DNA integration–perturbations of the genome–oncogenesis. Ann N Y Acad Sci. Sep;945:276-88. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11708490

361.I. R. Dohoo, L. DesCôteaux, K. Leslie, A. Fredeen, W. Shewfelt, A. Preston, and P. Dowling (2003) A meta-analysis review of the effects of recombinant bovine somatotropin Can J Vet Res. October; 67(4): 252–264. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC280709/
362.Dolezel, M., Heissenberger, A. & Gaugitsch, H. (2006) Ecological effects of genetically modified maize with insect resistance and/or herbicide tolerance. Bundesministerium für Gesundheit und Frauen, Sektion IVRadetzkystraße 2, 1031Wien. http://bmg.gv.at/cms/home/attachments/5/6/2/CH1052/CMS1134457515326/cms1200662494442_literaturstudie_mais_endbericht.pdf
363.Marion Dolezel, Marianne Miklau, Angelika Hilbeck, Mathias Otto, Michael Eckerstorfer, Andreas Heissenberger, Beatrix Tappeser, Helmut Gaugitsch (2011) Scrutinizing the current practice of the environmental risk assessment of GM maize applications for cultivation in the EU http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186%2F2190-4715-23-33
364.José L. Domingo Roig, Mercedes Gómez Arnáiz (2000) RIESGOS SOBRE LA SALUD DE LOS ALIMENTOS MODIFICADOS GENÉTICAMENTE: UNA REVISION BIBLIOGRAFICA Rev. Esp. Salud Publica vol.74 n.3 Madrid May./Jun. http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?pid=S1135-57272000000300003&script=sci_arttext
365.Domingo, J.L. (2000) Health risks of genetically modified foods: Many opinions but few data. Science 288, 1748-1749. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/288/5472/1748.citation
366.Domingo, J.L. (2007) Toxicity studies of genetically modified plants:are view of the published literature. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 47:8,721 733. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17987446
367.Domingo JL and Bordonaba JG (2011) A literature review on the safety assessment of genetically modified plants. EnvironmentInternational 37.734-42. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412011000055
368.José L. Domingo (2011) Human Health Effects of Genetically Modified (GM) Plants: Risk and Perception. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal Volume 17, Issue 3. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10807039.2011.571065?journalCode=bher20#.U-pUEPldUz0
369.Dona A, Arvanitoyannis IS. (2009) Health risks of genetically modified foods. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. Feb;49(2):164-75. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18989835
370.Donald, P. and R. Kremer. (2000) MU researchers find fungi buildup in glyphosate-treated soybean fields. http://www.hpj.com/archives/2001/1222Fungibuildupkhtm.cfm
371.Donald, P.F. (2004) Biodiversity impacts of some agricultural commodity production systems. Conserv. Biol. 18:17-37 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2004.01803.x/abstract
372.Donald DB, Cessna AJ, Sverko E, Glozier NE. (2007) Pesticides in surface drinking-water supplies of the northern Great Plains. Environ Health Perspect. Aug;115(8):1183-91. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1940079/
373.Donegan, K.K., Palm, C.J., Fieland, V.J., Porteous, L.A., Ganio, L.M., Schaller, D.L., Bucao, L.Q. & Seidler, R.J. 1995. Changes in levels, species, and DNA fingerprints of soil microorganisms associated with cotton expressing the Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki endotoxin. Appl. Soil Ecol. 2, 111-124. http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/40701788/changes-in-levels-species-and-dna-fingerprints-of-soil-microorganisms-associated-with-cotton-expressing-the-bacillus-thuringiensis-var-kurstaki-endotoxin
374.Donegan, K.K., Seidler, R.J., Fieland, V.J., Schaller, D.L., Palm, C.J., Ganio, L.M., Cardwell, D.M. & Steinberger, Y. 1997. Decomposition of genetically engineered tobacco under field conditions: Persistence of the proteinase inhibitor I product and effects on soil microbial respiration and protozoa, nematode and microarthropod populations. J. of Appl. Ecol. 34, 767-777. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2404921?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21102906127213
375.Donegan, K.K. and R.J. Seidler. 1999. Effects of transgenic plants on soil and plant microorganisms. In: Recent Research Developments in Microbiology (Ed. S.G. Pandalai), Research Signpost, Trivandrum, India, Volume 3, pp 415-424. http://www.iatp.org/files/Effects_of_Transgenic_Plants_on_Soil_and_Plant.htm
376.Donegan, K.K., Seidler, R.J., Doyle, J.D., Porteous, L.A., DiGiovanni, G., Widmer, F. & Watrud, L.S. 1999. A field study with genetically engineered alfalfa inoculated with recombinant Sinorhizobium meliloti: effects on the soil ecosystem. J. of Appl. Ecol. Volume 36, Issue 6, pages 920–936, December http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2664.1999.00448.x/abstract
377.Dong HZ and Li WJ (2007) Variability of endotoxin expression in Bt transgenic cotton. J.Agron.CropSci. 193(1),2129. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1439-037X.2006.00240.x/citedby
378.Dorhout DL, Rice ME. Intraguild competition and enhanced survival of western bean cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on transgenic Cry1Ab (MON810) Bacillus thuringiensis corn. (2010) Journal of Economic Entomology. 103: 54–62. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20214368
379.dos Santos, J. B., E. A. Ferreira, M. C. M. Kasuya, A. A. da Silva, and S. D. O. Procopio. (2005) Tolerance of Bradyrhizobium Strains to Glyphosate Formulations. Crop Protection 24, no. 6 Jun : 543-47. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261219404002789
380.Kelly Cristina dos Santos, Claudia B.R. Martinez (2014) Genotoxic and biochemical effects of atrazine and Roundup®, alone and in combination, on the Asian clam Corbicula fluminea. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Volume 100, February, Pages 7–14 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651313005095
381.Doublet J, Mamy L, Barriuso E. (2009) Delayed degradation in soil of foliar herbicides glyphosate and sulcotrione previously absorbed by plants: consequences on herbicide fate and risk assessment. Chemosphere. Oct;77(4):582-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19625069
382.Dougherty W G and Parks TD (1995) Transgenes and gene suppression : telling us something new? Curr Opin Cell Biol.Vol.7(3):399-405. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0955067495800964
383.M. Douville, F. Gagné, C. Blaise, C. André (2007) Occurrence and persistence of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) and transgenic Bt corn cry1Ab gene from an aquatic environment Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Volume 66, Issue 2, February , Pages 195–203 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651306000182
384.Douville M, Gagne F, André C and Blaise C. (2009) Occurrence of the transgenic corn cry1Ab gene in freshwater mussels(Elliptio complanata)near cornfields: evidence of exposure by bacterial ingestion. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 72:1725 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18397807
385.Doval, D. H. (2012). El mito del gen: genética, epigenética y el bucle organismo ambiente. Medicina Naturista, 6(1). http://otrabiologia.files.wordpress.com/2012/03/el-mito-del-gen.pdf
386.Brian M. Dowd-Uribe, Jim Bingen (2011) Debating the merits of biotech crop adoption in sub-Saharan Africa distributional impacts, climatic variability and pest dynamics Progress in Development Studies January vol. 11 no. 1 63-68 http://pdj.sagepub.com/content/11/1/63.short

387.Downes S, Parker T and Mahon R (2010) Incipient resistance of Helicoperva punctigera to the Cry2Ab Bt toxin in Bollgard II cotton. PLoSOne5(9):e12567. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2935350/
388.Downey, R.K. 1999. Gene flow and rape – the Canadian experience. In Gene Flow and Agriculture: Relevance for Transgenic Crops, 109–16. Farnham, Surrey, UK: British Crop Protection Council.
389.Doyle JD, Stotzky G, McClung G & Hendricks C W (1995) Effects of Genetically Engineered Microorganisms on Microbial Populations and Processes in Natural Habitats, Advances in Applied Microbiology, Vol. 40 Pages 237 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065216408703666–287
390.Druille, M., Cabello, M.N., Omacini, M., Golluscio, R.A. (2013) Glyphosate reduces spore viability and root colonization of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Applied Soil Ecology, 64: 99–103. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0929139312002466
391.Duan JJ, Lundgren JG, Naranjo S, Marvier M. (2010) Extrapolating non-target risk of Bt crops from laboratory to field. Biol Lett.6(1):74-77 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2817261/
392.Duggan PS, Chambers PA, Heritage J and Forbes JM (2000) Survival of free DNA encoding antibiotic resistance from transgenic maize and the transformation activity of DNA in ovine saliva, ovine rumen fluid and silage effluent. FEMS Microbiology Letters191:71-77. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1574-6968.2000.tb09321.x/abstract
393.Duggan PA, Chambers PA, Heritage J and Forbes JM (2003) Fate of genetically modified maize DNA in the oral cavity and rumen of sheep. British Journal of Nutrition 89: 159-66. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12575900
394.Duke, S.O. (2005) Taking stock of herbicide-resistant crops ten years after introduction. Pest Management Science 61:211218 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15660452
395.Dunfield KE and Germida JJ (2004) Impact of genetically modified crops on soil and plant-associated microbial communities. J. Environ. Qual. 33(3),806-815. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15224914
396.Dunham, R.A., A.C. Ramboux, P.L. Duncan, M. Hayat. 1992. Transfer, expression and inheritance of salmonid growth hormone in channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, and effects on performance traits. Mol. Mar. Biol. Biotechnol. 1: 380–89. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1308826
397.Dunham, R.A., R.H. Devlin. 1999. Comparison of traditional breeding and transgenesis in farmed fish with implications for growth enhancement and fitness. In J.D. Murray, G.B. Anderson, A.M. Oberbauer, M.M. McGloughlin (eds.), Transgenic Animals in Agriculture. New York: CABI Publishing.
398.Dunfield KE, Pauls KP, Swanton CJ, Klironomos JN,Trevors JT (2009).Detection of transgenic cp4 epsps genes in the soil food web. Agron.Sustain. Dev. 29:497-501. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1051%2Fagro%2F2009020#page-1

399.Donald D. Dunklee (2014) Letter to the Editor Food and Chemical Toxicology Volume 65, March 2014, Pages 393 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691514000064

400.Bibiana Kaiser Dutra, Felipe Amorim Fernandes, Daniela Motta Failace, Guendalina Turcato Oliveira (2011) Effect of roundup® (glyphosate formulation) in the energy metabolism and reproductive traits of Hyalella castroi (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Dogielinotidae) Ecotoxicology January , Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 255-263 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10646-010-0577-x

401.DUTTON A.; KLEIN H.; ROMEIS J.; BIGLER F. (2002) Uptake of Bt-toxin by herbivores feeding on transgenic maize and consequences for the predator Chrysoperla carnea Ecological Entomology Volume 27, Issue 4, pages 441–447, August http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2311.2002.00436.x/full
402.George A. Dyer, J. Antonio Serratos-Hernández, Hugo R. Perales, Paul Gepts, Alma Piñeyro-Nelson, Angeles Chávez, Noé Salinas-Arreortua, Antonio Yúnez-Naude, J. Edward Taylor, and Elena R. Alvarez-Buylla (2009) Dispersal of Transgenes through Maize Seed Systems in Mexico. PLoS ONE 4(5): e5734. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0005734 http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi/10.1371/journal.pone.0005734
403.Dziedzic, S., & Woźniak, L. (2012). Ekoinnowacyjność i ekoinnowacje jako kryterium drogi ku ekologicznej i społecznej doskonałości. Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu, (264), 488-495. http://yadda.icm.edu.pl/yadda/element/bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171228715

404.Eady C, Twell D, Lindsey K (1995). Pollen viability and transgene expression following storage in honey. Transgenic Res. 4: 226-231. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF01969115#page-1
405.Eastham, K. & Sweet, J. (2002) Genetically modified organisms(GMOs): the significance of geneflow through pollen transfer. Expert’s CornerSeries ,European Environment Agency, Copenhagen. http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/environmental_issue_report_2002_28
406.King Solomon Ebenezer, Rajesh Kannan (2012) BT Cotton: Bitter Truths-Falter in Southern Zone of India Journal of Research in Agriculture 1:055-57 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/256453248_BT_Cotton_Bitter_Truths-Falter_in_Southern_Zone_of_India

407.Ebenezer, K. S., Nachimuthu, R., Thiagarajan, P., & Velu, R. K. (2013). In silico identification of cross affinity towards Cry1Ac pesticidal protein with receptor enzyme in Bos taurus and sequence, structure analysis of crystal proteins for stability. Bioinformation, 9(15), 792. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3766313/
408.Bethany F. Econopouly, John K. McKay, Philip Westra, Nora L. V. Lapitan, Phillip L. Chapman, Patrick F. Byrne (2011) Backcrossing Provides an Avenue for Gene Introgression from Wheat to Jointed Goatgrass (Aegilops cylindrica) in the U.S. Great Plains. Weed Science: April-June 2011, Vol. 59, No. 2, pp. 188-194. http://www.wssajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WS-D-10-00141.1
409.Edginton, A. N., P. M. Sheridan, G. R. Stephenson, D. G. Thompson, and H. J. Boermans. (2004) Comparative Effects of Ph and Vision (R) Herbicide on Two Life Stages of Four Anuran Amphibian Species. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 23, no. 4 Apr: 815-22. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15095875
410.Editorial (2008) Animals aren’t drugs. Nature. Nov 6;456(7218):2. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v456/n7218/full/456002a.html

411.Edwards, W.M.; Triplett, G.B. & Kramer, R.M. (1980). A watershed study of glyphosate transport in runoff. Journal of Environmental Quality, 9, 661-665. https://www.agronomy.org/publications/jeq/abstracts/9/4/JEQ0090040661
412.Egan JF, Maxwell BD, Mortensen DA, Ryan MR, Smith RG. (2011) 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)-resistant crops and the potential for evolution of 2,4-D-resistant weeds. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Mar 15;108(11):E37; http://www.pnas.org/content/108/11/E37.full
413.Egan JF, Mortensen DA. (2012) Quantifying vapor drift of dicamba herbicides applied to soybean. Environ Toxicol Chem. May;31(5):1023-31. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22362509
414.Ralf Einspanier, Bodo Lutz, Stefanie Rief, Oksana Berezina, Vladimir Zverlov, Wolfgang Schwarz, Johann Mayer (2004) Tracing residual recombinant feed molecules during digestion and rumen bacterial diversity in cattle fed transgene maize European Food Research and Technology February, Volume 218, Issue 3, pp 269-273 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00217-003-0842-9
415.S.Eker, L.Ozturk, A.Yazici, B.Erenoglu, V.Romheld, I. Cakmak I (2006) Foliar-applied glyphosate substantially reduced uptake and transport of iron and manganese in sunflower(Helianthus annuus L.) plants, J.Agric.Food Chem.54(26).PP1001910025. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17177536
416.K. S. El‐Gendy, N. M. Aly & A.H. El‐Sebae (1998) Effects of edifenphos and glyphosate on the immune response and protein biosynthesis of bolti fish (Tilapia nilotica) Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B: Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes Volume 33, Issue 2, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03601239809373135#.Uwg0tEko7IU
417.Thanaa A. El-Kholy, Mohammad Abu Hilal, Hatim Ali Al-Abbadi, Abdulhalim Salim Serafi, Ahmad K. Al-Ghamdi, Hanan M. Sobhy and John R. C. Richardson (2014) The Effect of Extra Virgin Olive Oil and Soybean on DNA, Cytogenicity and Some Antioxidant Enzymes in Rats. Nutrients, 6(6), 2376-2386 http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/6/6/2376/htm

418.Elie-Caille C, Heu C, Guyon C, Nicod L. (2010) Morphological damages of a glyphosate-treated human keratinocyte cell line revealed by a micro- to nanoscale microscopic investigation. Cell Biol Toxicol. Aug;26(4):331-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20043237
419.Elling B, Neuffer B, Bleeker W (2009) Sources of genetic diversity in feral oilseed rape (Brassica napus) populations. Basic Appl Ecol, 10(6):544–553 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1439179109000218
420.Elmore et al, (2001) Glyphosate-Resistant Soybean Cultivar Yields Compared with Sister Lines Agronomy Journal 93: 408-412 http://www.nlpwessex.org/docs/soyatrialnebraska.htm
421.El-Nahas, A. F.; Mohamed, A. A. A.; Zweel, H. H.; El-Ashwamy, I. M (2011) Hepatorenal and genotoxic effects of genetically modified quail meat in a 90-day dietary toxicity study in mice. International Food Research Journal . Nov, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p1313-1319. 7p. http://www.ifrj.upm.edu.my/18%20(04)%202011/(16)IFRJ-2011-109.pdf
422.Elsanhoty RM, Al-Turki AI, Ramadan MF. (2013) Prevalence of Genetically Modified Rice, Maize, and Soy in Saudi Food Products. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2013 Aug 1 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23904260
423.R.M. Elsanhoty (2013) Genetically modified Roundup Ready soybean in processed meat products in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Annals of Agricultural SciencesVolume 58, Issue 2, December , Pages 231–237 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0570178313000353
424.El-Shamei, Z. S. et al. Histopathological Changes in Some Organs of Male Rats Fed on Genetically Modified Corn (Ajeeb YG). Journal of American Science, 2012;8(10) http://www.academia.edu/3405345/Histopathological_Changes_in_Some_Organs_of_Male_Rats_Fed_on_Genetically_Modified_Corn_Ajeeb_YG_
425.Ellstrand NC. (1988) Pollen as a vehicle for the escape of engineered genes? Trends Ecol Evol. Apr;3(4):S30-2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21227127
426.Ellstrand NC, Hoffman CA. (1990) Hybridisation as an avenue of escape for engineered genes: strategies for risk reduction. Bioscience ;40(6):438–42. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1311390?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21104009602283
427.Ellstrand, N.C. (1992). Gene flow by pollen – implications for plant conservation genetics. Oikos 63(1): 77-86. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3545517?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103259055123
428.Ellstrand, N.C., Prentice, H.C., Hancock, J.F. (1999). Gene flow and introgression from domesticated plants into their wild relatives. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 30: 539-563. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/221695?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103259055123
429.Ellstrand N.C. (2001), When transgenes wander, should we worry?, “Plant Physiology”, 125, pp. 1543-1545 http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/125/4/1543.full.pdf
430.Ellstrand, N.C. (2002). Gene Flow from Transgenic Crops to Wild Relatives: What Have We Learned, What Do We Know, What Do We Need to know? Pp. 39-46. Proceedings of the Gene Flow Workshop, The Ohio State University, March 5 and 6, 2002. http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/20093175143.html
431.Ellstrand NC. (2003) Current knowledge of gene flow in plants: implications for transgene flow. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. Jun 29;358(1434):1163-70. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12831483
432.Norman C. Ellstrand (2003) Going to “Great Lengths” to Prevent the Escape of Genes That Produce Specialty Chemicals Plant Physiology August vol. 132 no. 4 1770-1774 http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/132/4/1770
433.Ellstrand, N. C., Garner, L. C., Hedge, S., Guadagnuolo, R., Blancas, L. (2007) Spontaneous hybridization between maize and teosinte. Journal of Heredity, 98(2): 183-187. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/6416629_Spontaneous_hybridization_between_maize_and_teosinte
434.Epstein SS. (1990) Potential public health hazards of biosynthetic milk hormones. Int J Health Serv. ;20(1):73-84. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2407676?dopt=Abstract
435.Epstein SS. (1996) Unlabeled milk from cows treated with biosynthetic growth hormones: a case of regulatory abdication. Int J Health Serv. ;26(1):173-85. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8932606
436.Samuel S. Epstein (2001) Re: Role of the Insulin-Like Growth Factors in Cancer Development and Progression JNCI J Natl Cancer Inst 93 (3): 238. http://jnci.oxfordjournals.org/content/93/3/238.1.full
437.Ergin, I., & Karababa, A. O. (2011). Genetiği değiştirilmiş organizmalar: Sağlığa zararlarını kanıtlamak neden zor? Sorunlar ve riskin ipuçları. Turkish Journal of Public Health, 9(2), 113-122. http://www.tjph.org/ojs/index.php/TJPH/article/view/28
438.M. Eriksson, L. Hardell, N. O. Berg, T. Moller, and O. Axelson, (1981) Soft-tissue sarcomas and exposure to chemical substances: a case-referent study British Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 27–33 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1008794/
439.M. Eriksson, L. Hardell, H. Malker, and J. Weiner, (1992) Malignant lymphoproliferative diseases in occupations with potential exposure to phenoxyacetic acids or dioxins: a register-based study American Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 305–312 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajim.4700220304/abstract
440.Eriksson M, Hardell L, Carlberg M, Akerman M. (2008) Pesticide exposure as risk factor for non-Hodgkin lymphoma including histopathological subgroup analysis. Int J Cancer. Oct 1;123(7):1657-63 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18623080
441.Ermakova IV (2005): Conclusion to the report about feeding of rats by genetically modified potatoes Russet Burbank Agrarian Russia 2005: 62-64.
442.Ermakova IV (2005) About the dangers of genetically modified organisms in food. Agrarian Russia, 4, p.21-23. http://kob.su/articles/ob-opasnosti-ispol-zovaniia-ghienietichieski-modifitsirovannykh-orghanizmov-v-produktakh

443.Ermakova IV (2006) Genetically modified soy leads to weight loss and increased mortality of pups of the first generation. Preliminary studies. EkosInform. Federal Environmental Law Gazette. a | -1,, p. 4-10. http://eco-irina-ermakova.narod.ru/art/art14.html
444.Irina Ermakova (2006) Genetically modified organisms and biological risks. In the “Proceedings of International Disaster Reduction Conference (IDRC)” Davos, Switzerland August 27th – September 1st, pp.168-172 http://eco-irina-ermakova.narod.ru/eng/art/art16.html
445.Ermakova IV (2007) New data on the impact of GMOs on physiological state and the higher nervous activities mammals. All-Russia Symposium TRANSGENIC PLANTS AND BIOSAFETY Moscow, October 22 – 25, pages 38-39 http://www.ippras.ru/news/Biosafety/GMO-2007_Abstr.pdf
446.Irina Ermakova (2007) GM soybeans—revisiting a controversial format Nature VOLUME 25 NUMBER 12 DECEMBER 1351-1354 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v25/n12/full/nbt1207-1351.html
447.Ermakova IV, IV Barskov (2008) Study of the physiological and morphological parameters in rats and their offspring using a diet containing soybean transgenic EPSPS CP4 Biological sciences. 6. p.19-20. http://online.rae.ru/237

448.Ermakova IV (2009) Influence of soybean gene EPSPS CP4 on the physiological state and reproductive functions of rats in the first two generations. Contemporary Problems in Science and Education Number 5, p.15-20. http://www.science-education.ru/33-1224
449.Ermakova IV (2009) Biological and ethological interaction processes artificially modified organisms. Terra Humana, № 3. P.114-122. http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/biologicheskie-i-etologicheskie-protsessy-vzaimodeystviya-iskusstvenno-izmenennyh-organizmov-s-okruzhayuschey-sredoy

450.Ermakova, I. V. (2010). New System of Food Control in Russia. In Food Chain Security (pp. 79-90). Springer Netherlands. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-90-481-9558-9_6#page-1

451.Ermakova, I. (2011). Destruction of the Biosphere as the Result of Negative Influences of Different Factors on Living Organisms and the Environment. In Environmental Security and Ecoterrorism (pp. 171-179). Springer Netherlands. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-007-1235-5_14#page-1

452.European Environment Agency (2013) Late lessons from early warnings: science, precaution, innovation EEA Report No 1/2013 http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/late-lessons-2
453.Evans, S. C., E. M. Shaw, and A. L. Rypstra. (2010) Exposure to a Glyphosate-Based Herbicide Affects Agrobiont Predatory Arthropod Behaviour and Long-Term Survival. Ecotoxicology 19, no. 7 Oct : 1249-57. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20552395
454.John D. Everitt and J. Wayne Keeling (2009) Cotton Growth and Yield Response to Simulated 2,4-D and Dicamba Drift. Weed Technology: October 2009, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 503-506. http://www.wssajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WT-08-061.1
455.Jonathan Ewbank (1999) Biotech companies must get back to basics to weigh up risks Nature 401, 207 (16 September 1999) | doi:10.1038/45652 http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v401/n6750/full/401207a0.html
456.Stanley WB Ewen, Arpad Pusztai (1999) Effect of diets containing genetically modified potatoes expressing Galanthus nivalis lectin on rat small intestine The Lancet, Volume 354, Issue 9187, Pages 1353 – 1354 http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(98)05860-7/abstract
457.Stanley WB Ewen, Arpad Pusztai (1999) Health risks of genetically modified foods The Lancet, Volume 354, Issue 9179, Page 684, 21 August http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(05)77668-6/fulltext
458.Faccini, D. 2000. Los cambios tecnológicos y las nuevas especies de malezas en soja. Universidad de Rosario, AgroMensajes 4, 5. http://www.fcagr.unr.edu.ar/Extension/Agromensajes/04/2AM4.htm
459.Fagan, J. (2008). Impacts of GMOs on organic agriculture. Agronomski glasnik, 70(3), 211-235. http://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak&id_clanak_jezik=44835

460. Falk, B.W. and Bruening, G. (1994). Will transgenic crops generate new viruses and new diseases? Science 263, 1395-6. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/263/5152/1395.extract

461.Jin Y. Fan, Jin J. Geng, Hong Q. Ren, Xiao R. Wang, Chao Han. (2013) Herbicide Roundup® and its main constituents cause oxidative stress and inhibit acetylcholinesterase in liver of Carassius auratus. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B 48:10, 844-850 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03601234.2013.795841#.Un2fYkko7IU

462.Jinyu Fan, Jinju Geng, Hongqiang Ren & Xiaorong Wang (2013) Hydroxyl radical generation and oxidative stress in Carassius auratus exposed to glyphosate and its formulation. Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry Volume 95, Issue 7 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02772248.2013.863889#.U6LtevldXMJ

463.Kangju Fang, Zeng Ming, Guan Lan, Guojin Min, Chen Peng (2008) Glyphosate mutagenicity studies in mice. “Cancerous. Distortion. Mutation” 2008 03 http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-ABJB200803018.htm

464.Fangneng H, Rogers L B and Xiaoyi W (2007) Resistance of sugarcane borer to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab toxin. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 124(1):117-123. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1570-7458.2007.00560.x/abstract

465.Fares NH, El-Sayed AK. (1998) Fine structural changes in the ileum of mice fed on delta-endotoxin-treated potatoes and transgenic potatoes. Nat Toxins.;6(6):219-33. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10441029

466. Faria CA, Wäckers FL, Pritchard J, Barrett DA and Turlings TCJ (2007) High susceptibility of Bt maize to aphids enhances the performance of parasitoids of lepidopteran pests. PLoS ONE 2(7):e600 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1899225/

467.Juliano Ricardo Farias, David A. Andow, Renato Jun Horikoshi, Rodrigo José Sorgatto, Pablo Fresia, Antonio Cesar dos Santos, Celso Omoto (2014) Field-evolved resistance to Cry1F maize by Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Brazil. Crop Protection Volume 64, October 2014, Pages 150–158 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S026121941400204X

468.Farrell, A.P., W. Bennet, R.H. Devlin. 1997. Growth-enhanced transgenic salmon can be inferior swimmers. Can. J. Zool. 75: 335–37. http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/z97-043#.UiyS0UnD_mQ

469.FARSUL. (2009) Divulgados resultados do Programa de Avaliação de Cultivares de Soja(Published results of the Program Evaluation of soybean cultivars).17/06/2009. http://www.farsul.org.br/pg_informes.php?id_noticia=870

470.A. Faustini, L. Settimi, R. Pacifici, V. Fano, P. Zuccaro, and F. Forastiere, (1996) “Immunological changes among farmers exposed to phenoxy herbicides: preliminary observations,” Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 583–585 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1128552/\

471.Wang Fei (2008) Roundup (41% glyphosate) research on human L-02 liver cell injury. “South University” 2008 http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/article/cdmd-10533-2008165795.htm

472.Felix, Joel, Rick Boydston, and Ian C. Burke. (2011) Potato Response to Simulated Glyphosate Drift. Weed Technology 25, no. 4 (10/01): 637-44. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WT-D-11-00001.1

473.Felke M, Lorenz N, Langenbruch GA (2002). Laboratory studies on the effects of pollen from Bt maize on larvae of some butterfly species., J. Appl. Entomol.126: 320-325 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1439-0418.2002.00668.x/abstract

474.Felke M, Langenbruch GA, Feiertag S, Kassa A. (2010) Effect of Bt-176 maize pollen on first instar larvae of the Peacock butterfly (Inachis io) (Lepidoptera; Nymphalidae) Environmental Biosafety Research. ;9:5–12. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21122482

475.Feng, J.C.; Thompson, D.G. & Reynolds, P.E. (1990). Fate of glyphosate in a Canadian forest watershed. 1. Aquatic residues and off target deposit assessment. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 38, 1110-1118 http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/library/ffip/Feng_JC1990JAgricFoodChem.pdf

476.Feng PCC, Pratley JE, Bohn JA (1999) Resistance to glyphosate in Lolium rigidum. II. Uptake, translocation and metabolism. Weed Sci 47:412–415

http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4046214?uid=3739256&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21102886918123

477.Feng, P. C. C., M. Tran, T. Chiu, R. D. Sammons, G. R. Heck, and C. A. CaJacob. (2004) Investigation into glyphosate-resistant horseweed (Conyza canadensis): retention, uptake, translocation, and metabolism. Weed Sci 52:498–505. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WS-03-137R

478.Fernandez M.R, Zentner R.P, DePauw R.M, Gehl D, Stevenson F.C.(2007) Impacts of crop production factors on common root rot of barley in Eastern Saskatchewan. Crop Sci. 47,15851595. http://www.agr.gc.ca/eng/abstract/id=3621000000229

479.Fernandez, M. R., R. P. Zentner, R. M. DePauw, D. Gehl, and F. C. Stevenson. (2007) Impacts of Crop Production Factors on Fusarium Head Blight in Barley in Eastern Saskatchewan. Crop Science 47, no. 4 (Jul-Aug): 1574-84. https://www.crops.org/publications/cs/abstracts/47/4/1574

480.Fernandez M.R, Zentner R.P, Basnyat P, Gehl D, Selles F and Huber D(2009) Glyphosate associations with cereal diseases caused by Fusarium spp. in the Canadian prairies. Eur.J.Agron.31,133143. http://www.mendeley.com/catalog/glyphosate-associations-cereal-diseases-caused-fusarium-spp-canadian-prairies/

481.Antonio Turrent Fernández, José Isabel Cortés Flores, Alejandro Espinosa Calderón, José Antonio Serratos Hernández y Hugo Mejía Andrade (2011) Differences between classical plant breeding of maize and breeding through genetic engineering. Rev. Mex. Cienc. Agríc vol.2 no.6 Texcoco nov./dic. http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=263121473012

482.Fernandez-Cornejo, J., Klotz-Ingram, C., Jans, S. (2002) Farm-level effects of adopting herbicide-tolerant soybeans in the USA, Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 34, 149–163. http://ecsocman.hse.ru/text/17345891/

483.Ferré J, Van Rie J. (2002) Biochemistry and genetics of insect resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis. Annu Rev Entomol. ;47:501-33. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11729083

484.J. Flávio Ferreira (2012) TO FEED THE WORLD: GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOOD,(IN)SAFE DIET AND THE RISKS TO HUMAN HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT. MEDIAÇÕES, LONDRINA, v. 17 n. 2, p. 272-289, Jul./Dez. http://www.uel.br/revistas/uel/index.php/mediacoes/article/view/14033

485.Ferrini AM, Mannoni V, Pontieri E, Pourshaban M. (2007) Longer resistance of some DNA traits from BT176 maize to gastric juice from gastrointestinal affected patients. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. Jan-Mar;20(1):111-8

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17346434

486.Ferro DN (1993) Potential for resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis : Colorado potato beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)-a model system. American Entomologist 39:38-44. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/233544862_Potential_for_Resistance_to_ Bacillus_thuringiensis_Colorado_Potato_Beetle_(Coleoptera_Chrysomelidae)A_Model_System

487.Filizadeh, Y., & Islami, R. (2011). Toxicity determination of three sturgeon species exposed to glyphosate. Iranian journal of fisheries sciences, 10(3), 383-392. http://www.sid.ir/EN/VEWSSID/J_pdf/101220110303.pdf

488.Finamore A, Roselli M, Britti S, Monastra G, Ambra R, Turrini A, Mengheri E. (2008) Intestinal and peripheral immune response to MON810 maize ingestion in weaning and old mice. J Agric Food Chem. Dec 10;56(23):11533-9.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19007233

489.Firn RD, Jones CG. (1999) Secondary metabolism and the risks of GMOs. Nature. Jul 1;400(6739):13-4. http://semillasysalud.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/finnjones1999.pdf

490.D.T. Tyler Flockhart, Jean-Baptiste Pichancourt, D. Ryan Norris and Tara G. Martin (2014) Unraveling the annual cycle in a migratory animal: Breeding-season habitat loss drives population declines of monarch butterflies. Journal of Animal Ecology http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2656.12253/abstract

491.Flores S, Saxena D and Stotzky G.(2005) Transgenic Bt plants decompose less in soil than non-Bt plants. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 37:10731082. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038071704004201

492.Adrien Fónagy, Krishnan, Muthukalingan, Hajnalka Bánáti, Éva Lauber, Eszter Takács, András Székács , Andrea Nyiri, Gábor Herman, Nikolett Kugler and Béla Darvas (2010) Flowering times of maize varieties in special respects for intraspecific hybridization (MON 810 x other varieties) Abs. Növényvédelmi Tudományos Napok , 56 : 53. http://www.kormany.hu/download/1/bd/20000/GenetE.pdf#!DocumentBrowse

493.Fox JL (1996) Bt cotton infestations renew resistance concerns. Nature Biotechnology 14: 1070. http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v14/n9/full/nbt0996-1070.html

494.Fox JL, (1997) Farmers say Monsanto’s engineered cotton drops bolls Nature Biotechnology 15 p1233 http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1038/nbt1197-1233a?locale=en

495.Jeffrey L. Fox (2003) Puzzling industry response to ProdiGene fiasco Nature Biotechnology 21, 3 – 4 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v21/n1/full/nbt0103-3b.html

496.Fox S, Morrison-Saunders A, Katscherian D. (2006) Biotechnology risk assessment in Australia: a molecular perspective. Environmental and Planning Law Journal. ; 23:236. http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/1588/1/Biotechnology_risk_assessment.pdf

497. Fox JL. (2011) Bayer’s GM rice defeat. Nature Biotechnology. 7 June ; 29(473). http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v29/n6/full/nbt0611-473c.html

498.Michael W. Fox (2009) GENETIC ENGINEERING AND CLONING IN ANIMAL AGRICULTURE: BIOETHICAL AND FOOD SAFETY CONCERNS. Fodders, Vol.51 No.2 July http://hrcak.srce.hr/43096

499.Franca, A. C., M. A. M. Freitas, L. D’Antonino, C. M. T. Fialho, A. A. Silva, M. R. Reis, and C. P. Ronchi. (2010) Nutrient Content in Arabica Coffee Cultivars Subjected to Glyphosate Drift. Planta Daninha 28, no. 4 Oct-Dec: 877-85. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0100-83582010000400021&script=sci_arttext

500.Francescon S. (2006) The impact of GMOs on poor countries: a threat to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals? Riv Biol. Sep-Dec;99(3):381-94. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17299696

501.Richard Frank, B. Steve Clegg, Brian D. Ripley, Heinz E. Braun (1987) Investigations of pesticide contaminations in rural wells, 1979–1984, Ontario, Canada Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology January, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 9-22 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01055355#page-1

502.Franks, S.J., & Weis, A.E. (2009) Climate change alters reproductive isolation and potential gene flow in an annual plant. Evolutionary Applications, 2(4): 481-488. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3352446/

503.David L J Freed (1999) Do dietary lectins cause disease? BMJ. 1999 April 17; 318(7190): 1023–1024 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1115436/#__ffn_sectitle

504.Freese W and Schubert D (2004) Safety testing and regulation of Genetically Engineered foods. Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews.Vol 21.299-324 http://www.saveourseeds.org/downloads/schubert_safety_reg_us_11_2004.pdf

505.Bill Freese (2007) Can Herbicide-Tolerant Soybeans Save Topsoil? Science 12 October 2007 http://www.sciencemag.org/content/316/5828/1114/reply

506.Friesen LF., Nelson, AG & Van Acker, RC.,(2003) Evidence of contamination of pedigreed canola(brassica napus)seedlots in western Canada with genetically engineered herbicide resistance traits. Agronomy Journal, 95(5),1342-1347 https://www.agronomy.org/publications/aj/abstracts/95/5/1342

507.Frischmuth T. and Stanley J. (1998). Recombination between viral DNA and the transgenic coat protein gene of African cassava mosaic geminivirus. J Gen Virol 79, 1265-71 http://vir.sgmjournals.org/content/79/5/1265.short

508.Frontera, J. L., I. Vatnick, A. Chaulet, and E. M. Rodriguez. (2011) Effects of Glyphosate and Polyoxyethylenamine on Growth and Energetic Reserves in the Freshwater Crayfish Cherax Quadricarinatus (Decapoda, Parastacidae). Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 61, no. 4 (Nov): 590-98. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21424220

509.Fuentes, L., Moore, L. J., Rodgers, J. H., Bowerman, W. W., Yarrow, G. K. and Chao, W. Y. (2011), Comparative toxicity of two glyphosate formulations (original formulation of Roundup® and Roundup WeatherMAX®) to six North American larval anurans. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 30: 2756–2761 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/etc.670/abstract?

510.Fujii, T., T. Ohata, M. Horinaka, 1996. Alternations in the response to kainic acid in rats exposed to glufosinate-ammonium, a herbicide, during infantile period. Proc. Of the Japan Acad. Series B-Physical and Biological Sciences, Vol. 72, No. 1, pp. 7-10. https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/pjab1977/72/1/72_1_7/_article

511.Fürst I. (1999) Swiss soiled seed prompts tolerance question. Nat Biotechnol. Jul;17(7):629. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10409344

512.Gab-Alla, A. et al. (2012) Morphological and Biochemical Changes in Male Rats Fed on Genetically Modified Corn (Ajeeb YG). Journal of American Science, ;8(9) http://www.academia.edu/3405390/Morphological_and_Biochemical_Changes_in_Male_Rats_Fed_on_Genetically_Modified_Corn_Ajeeb_YG_

513.Todd A Gaines, Wenli Zhang, Dafu Wang, Bekir Bukun, Stephen T Chisholm, Dale L Shaner, Scott J Nissen, William L Patzoldt, Patrick J Tranel, A Stanley Culpepper, Timothy L Grey, Theodore M Webster, William K Vencill, R Douglas Sammons, Jiming Jiang, Christopher Preston, Jan E Leach and Philip Westra(2010) Gene Amplification confers glyphosate resistance in Amaranthus palmeri. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol.107 (3),1029-1034 http://www.pnas.org/content/107/3/1029

514.Todd A. Gaines, Andrew Cripps, and Stephen B. Powles (2012) Evolved Resistance to Glyphosate in Jungle rice (Echinochloacolona)from the Tropical Ord River Region in Australia. Weed Technology 26(3):480-484. http://pinnacle.allenpress.com/doi/abs/10.1614/WT-D-12-00029.1?journalCode=wete

515.Gal, S., Pisan, B., Hohn, T., Grimsley, N. and Hohn, B. (1992). Aginfection of transgenic plants leads to viable cauliflower mosaic virus by intermolecular recombination. Virology 187, 525-33. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/21610177_Agroinfection_of_transgenic_plants_leads_to_viable_cauliflower_mosaic_virus_by_ intermolecular_recombination

516.Galeano, Pablo, Debat, Claudio Martínez, Ruibal, Fabiana, Fraguas, Laura Franco and Galván, Guillermo A. (2010) Cross-fertilization between genetically modified and non- genetically modified maize crops in Uruguay. Env Bio safety Res Vo l9(3):147-154 http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8358104

517.Galkina AB (2012) Problem of genetically modified products. MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, FOOD PRODUCTION , conference 29-30 November, pages 23-26. http://www.mgupp.ru/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/%D0%A1%D0%B1%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%AD%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BC.pdf#page=23.

518.Maria Alice Garcia, Miguel A. Altieri (2005) Transgenic Crops: Implications for Biodiversity and Sustainable Agriculture Bulletin of Science Technology Society August vol. 25 no. 4 335-353 http://bst.sagepub.com/content/25/4/335.abstract

519.García, J. E. (2007). Cultivos genéticamente modificados: las promesas y las buenas intenciones no bastan. Revista de biología tropical, 55(2), 347-364. http://www.scielo.sa.cr/scielo.php?pid=S0034-77442007000200001&script=sci_arttext&tlng=pt
520.Jaime E. García-González (2004) GOLDEN RICE: AN A EMOTIONAL DEBATE? Acta Académica No.34 – Mayo 2004 Pág. 66-89 http://redbiodiversidadcr.info/media/uploads/cyclope_old/adjuntos/arrozdoradoqy49140.pdf

521.Garry VF, Schreinemachers D, Harkins ME, J. Griffith (1996). “Pesticide appliers, biocides, and birth defects in rural Minnesota,” Environ Health Perspect 104:394-399. http://www.herc.org/news/pesticides/garry.html

522.V. F. Garry, R. E. Tarone, L. Long, J. Griffith, J. T. Kelly, and B. Burroughs (1996) Pesticide appliers with mixed pesticide exposure: G-banded analysis and possible relationship to non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, vol. 5, pp. 11–16 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8770460

523.V F Garry, R E Tarone, I R Kirsch, J M Abdallah, D P Lombardi, L K Long, B L Burroughs, D B Barr, and J S Kesner (2001) Biomarker correlations of urinary 2,4-D levels in foresters: genomic instability and endocrine disruption. Environ Health Perspect. 2001 May; 109(5): 495–500. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1240309/

524.Vincent F Garry, Mary E Harkins, Leanna L Erickson, Leslie K Long-Simpson, Seth E Holland, and Barbara L Burroughs (2002) Birth defects, season of conception, and sex of children born to pesticide applicators living in the Red River Valley of Minnesota, USA. Environ Health Perspect. June; 110(Suppl 3): 441–449. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1241196/

525.Gasnier C, Dumont C, Benachour N, Clair E, Chagnon MC, Séralini GE (2009) Glyphosate-based herbicides are toxic and endocrine disruptors in human cell lines. Toxicology. Aug 21;262(3):184-91. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19539684

526.Gasnier C, Benachour N, Clair E, Travert C, Langlois F, Laurant C, Decroix-Laporte C, Séralini GE. (2010) Dig1 protects against cell death provoked by glyphosate-based herbicides in human liver cell lines. J Occup Med Toxicol. 2010 Oct 27;5:29 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20979644

527.Gasnier C, Laurant C, Decroix-Laporte C, Mesnage R, Clair E, Travert C, Séralini GE. (2011) Defined plant extracts can protect human cells against combined xenobiotic effects. J Occup Med Toxicol. Jan 20;6(1):3. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21251308

528.A. J. Gassmann, J. L. Petzold-Maxwell, R. S. Keweshan and M. W. Dunbar, (2011) Field-evolved resistance to Bt maize by western corn rootworm, PLoS ONE, vol. 6 (7), pp. e22629 http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0022629

529.Aaron J. Gassmann, Jennifer L. Petzold-Maxwell, Eric H. Clifton, Mike W. Dunbar, Amanda M. Hoffmann, David A. Ingber, and Ryan S. Keweshan (2014) Field-evolved resistance by western corn rootworm to multiple Bacillus thuringiensis toxins in transgenic maize http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2014/03/12/1317179111.abstract

530. Ge X.; d’Avignon D. A.; Ackerman J. J. H.; Sammons R. D. Rapid vacuolar sequestration: the horseweed glyphosate resistance mechanism. Pest Manag. Sci. 2010, 66, 345–348. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20063320
531.Gealy DR, Mitten DH and Rutger JN (2003) Geneflow between red rice(Oryzasativa)and herbicide-resistant rice(O.sativa)-Implications for weed management. Weed Technology Vol.17:627-645. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3989200?uid=3739256&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21102572693857

532. Frank Gebhard and Kornelia Smalla (1998) Transformation of Acinetobacter sp. Strain BD413 by Transgenic Sugar Beet DNA Appl Environ Microbiol v.64(4); pp 1550-1554 Apr http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC106187/
533.Gebhard F and Smalla K (1999) Monitoring field releases of genetically modified sugarbeets for persistence of transgenic plant DNA and horizontal gene transfer. FEMS Microbiology Ecology28(3):261-72. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1574-6941.1999.tb00581.x/full

534.Audrey Gehin, Yves Claude Guillaume, Joëlle Millet, Catherine Guyon, Laurence Nicod (2005) Vitamins C and E reverse effect of herbicide-induced toxicity on human epidermal cells HaCaT: a biochemometric approach. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Volume 288, Issue 2, 20 January 2005, Pages 219–226 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378517304005733
535.Audrey Gehin, Catherine Guyon, Laurence Nicod (2006) Glyphosate-induced antioxidant imbalance in HaCaT: The protective effect of Vitamins C and E Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology Volume 22, Issue 1, July, Pages 27–34 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1382668905002024
536.George, J., Prasad, S., Mahmood, Z., Shukla,Y. (2010) Studies on glyphosate induced carcinogenicity in mouse skin. A proteomic approach. J. of Proteomics 73,951964. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20045496

537. Jasmine George and Yogeshwer Shukla (2013) Emptying of Intracellular Calcium Pool and Oxidative Stress Imbalance Are Associated with the Glyphosate-Induced Proliferation in Human Skin Keratinocytes HaCaT Cells ISRN Dermatol. 2013; 825180. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3773425/#!po=65.3846
538.Gepts P, Papa R (2003) Possible effects of (trans)gene flow from crops on the genetic diversity from landraces and wild relatives. Environ Biosafety Res. Apr-Jun;2(2):89-103. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15612275
539.Henning Gerlach, Achim Gerlach, Wieland Schrödl, Bernd Schottdorf, Svent Haufe, Hauke Helm, Awad Shehata,and Monika Krüger (2014) Oral Application of Charcoal and Humic acids to Dairy Cows Influences
Clostridium botulinum Blood Serum Antibody Level and Glyphosate Excretion in Urine. J Clin Toxicol 2014, 4:2 http://omicsonline.org/open-access/oral-application-of-charcoal-and-humic-acids-to-dairy-cows-influences-clostridium-botulinum-2161-0495.1000-186.pdf
540.Gertz, J.M., W.K. Vencill, and N.S. Hill (1999). “Tolerance of Transgenic Soybean (Glycine max) to Heat Stress,” The 1999 Brighton Conference: Weeds. Farnham, Surrey, UK: The Council, pp. 835-40.

541.Gilbert, N. (2010) GM crops escape into the American wild, Transgenic canola found growing freely in North Dakota. Nature, 6 August http://www.nature.com/news/2010/100806/full/news.2010.393.html

542.GILES, J. (2003) Biosafety trials darken outlook for transgenic crops in Europe. Nature 425, p. 751. http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1038/425751a

543. Gilreath, J. P., and C. A. Chase. (2001) Crop Injury from Sublethal Rates of Herbicide. I. Tomato. Hortscience 36, no. 4 (Jul): 669-73. http://hortsci.ashspublications.org/content/36/4/669.full.pdf
544.Giovannetti M. (2003) The ecological risks of transgenic plants. Riv Biol. May-Aug;96(2):207-23. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14595899

545. Giovannetti, M. (2003), Ignoring complex interactions in natural ecosystems: the case of Terminator technology, in Cerrai P. et al., Determinism, Holism and Complexity pp 211-220 http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4757-4947-2_19#page-1
546.Giovannetti, M., Sbrana, C., & Turrini, A. (2005, December). The impact of genetically modified crops on soil microbial communities. In Rivista di Biologia/Biology Forum (Vol. 98, No. 3, pp. 393-418). http://www.liberidaogm.org/liberi/folder_file/GMO-SOIL-IMPACT-2005.pdf

547.Dominic Glover (2010) The corporate shaping of GM crops as a technology for the poor The Journal of Peasant Studies Volume 37, Issue 1 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03066150903498754#.U0sKvfldVp1

548.Glover, D. (2010), Exploring the Resilience of Bt Cotton’s ‘Pro-Poor Success Story’. Development and Change, 41: 955–981. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7660.2010.01667.x/abstract?deniedAccessCustomisedMessage&userIsAuthenticated=false

549.GLOVER, D. (2010), Is Bt Cotton a Pro-Poor Technology? A Review and Critique of the Empirical Record. Journal of Agrarian Change, 10: 482–509. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0366.2010.00283.x/abstract

550.L. Glusczak, D. dos Santos Miron, M. Crestani, M. Braga da Fonseca, F. de Araújo Pedron, M.F. Duarte, V.L. Vieira (2006) Effect of glyphosate herbicide on acetylcholinesterase activity and metabolic and hematological parameters in piava (Leporinus obtusidens) Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 65, pp. 237–241 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16174533

551. Lissandra Glusczak, Denise dos Santos Miron, Bibiana Silveira Moraes,Róli Rodrigues Simões, Maria Rosa Chitolina Schetinger,Vera Maria Morsch, Vânia Lucia Loro (2007) Acute effects of glyphosate herbicide on metabolic and enzymatic parameters of silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology Volume 146, Issue 4, November 2007, Pages 519–524

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1532045607001470

552.Goldsborough, L.G. & Brown D.J. (1988). Effect of Glyphosate (Roundup® formulation) onperiphytic algal phosotosynthesis. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 41, 253-260. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF01705439#page-1

553.Fidel González-Torralva, Javier Gil-Humanes, Francisco Barro, José A. Domínguez-Valenzuela, Rafael De Prado (2013) First evidence for a target site mutation in the EPSPS2 gene in glyphosate-resistant Sumatran fleabane from citrus orchards Agronomy for Sustainable Development July http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13593-013-0163-8

554.Goodman, M.M. and M.L. Carson. 2000. Reality vs. Myth: Corn breeding, exotics, and genetic engineering. Annual Corn Sorghum Research Conference Proc. 55: 149-172 http://www.cropsci.ncsu.edu/maize/publications/realityall.pdf

555.‎Barney Gordon (2007) Manganese Nutrition of Glyphosate-Resistant and Conventional Soybeans BETTER CROPS WITH PLANT FOOD Vol. XCI (91), No. 4 http://www.ipni.net/ppiweb/bcrops.nsf/$webindex/6023B2456D1CE559852573940017E6CF/$file/BC+2007-4.pdf

556.Gordon, W.B. (2007) Does glyphosate gene affect manganese uptake in soybeans? Fluid J. Early Spring:12-13. http://www.fluidfertilizer.com/pastart/pdf/56P12-13.pdf

557.Gottwald, Franz-Theo (2010) Genetically Modified Food: Ethical Implications along the Food Chain. Democracy, Ecological Integrity and International Law, pp. 287-305(19) http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/cspub/deiil/2010/00000001/00000001/art00020

558.Gould FL, Tabashnik B. 1998. Bt-cotton resistance management. In: Mellon M, Rissler J, eds. Now or Never: Serious New Plans to Save a Natural Pest Control 65-105.

559.Gould F (1998) Sustainability of transgenic insecticidal cultivars : integrating pest genetics and ecology. Annu Rev Entomol.43:701-26. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15012402

560.Gould F, Blair N, Reid M, Rennie TL, Lopez J, Micinski S. (2002) Bacillus thuringiensis-toxin resistance management: stable isotope assessment of alternate host use by Helicoverpazea. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Dec 24;99(26):16581-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12464681

561.F. Graef (2009) Agro-environmental effects due to altered cultivation practices with genetically modified herbicide-tolerant oilseed rape and implications for monitoring. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 29:1, 31-42 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1051%2Fagro%3A2007055

562.Graef, F., Römbke, J., Binimelis, R., Myhr, A.I., Hilbeck, A., Breckling, B., Dalgaard, T., Stachow, U., Catacora-Vargas, G., Bøhn, T., Quist, D., Darvas, B., Dudel, G., Oehen, B., Meyer, H., Henle, K., Wynne, B., Metzger, M.J., Knäbe, S., Settele, J., Székács, A., Wurbs, A., Bernard, J., Murphy-Bokern, D., Buiatti, M., Giovanetti, M., Debeljak, M., Andersen, E., Paetz, A., Dzeroski, S., Tappeser, B., Van Gestel, C.A.M., Wosniok, W., Séralini, G-E., Aslaksen, I., Pesch, R., Maly, S.,Doerpinghaus, A. and Werner, A. (2012) Framework for a European Network for a systematic environmental impact assessment of genetically modified organisms (GMO) Biorisk Journal 7 (2012) : 73-97 http://www.pensoft.net/journals/biorisk/article/1969/abstract/a-framework-for-a-european-network-for-a-systematic-environmental-impact-assessment-of-genetically-modified-organisms-gm

563.Michael E. Gray. (2011) “Relevance of Traditional Integrated Pest Management(IPM)Strategies for Commercial Corn Producers in a Transgenic Agroecosystem : A Bygone Era?” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.59(11),pg.58525858. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20873716

564.Greene, A.E. and Allison, R.F. (1994). Recombination between viral RNA and transgenic plant transcripts. Science 263, 1423. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/263/5152/1423

565.Greenlee AR, Ellis, TM, Berg RL (2004): Low-dose agrochemicals and lawn-care pesticides induce developmental toxicity in murine preimplantation embryos. Environmental health perspectives 112(6):703-709. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1241965/

566.J. E. R. Greenshields, E. D. Putt (1958) THE EFFECTS OF 2,4-D SPRAY DRIFT ON SUNFLOWERS Canadian Journal of Plant Science, , 38(2): 234-240, http://pubs.aic.ca/doi/abs/10.4141/cjps58-037

567.Gregorc, Ales, and James D. Ellis. (2011) Cell Death Localization in Situ in Laboratory Reared Honey Bee (Apis Mellifera L.) Larvae Treated with Pesticides. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 99, no. 2 : 200-07. http://altigoo.com/IMG/pdf/Mortalite_Cellulaire_Pesticide.pdf

568.Gregory, Gary (2013) What’s Immoral about Monsanto: Strengthening the Roots of the Moral Utility Requirement by Amending the U.S. Patent Act Cardozo J. Int’l & Comp. L. Vol. 21, 759-794 http://www.cjicl.com/uploads/2/9/5/9/2959791/21.3_gregory_note.pdf

569.Griesinger LM, Evans SC, Rypstra AL. (2011) Effects of a glyphosate-based herbicide on mate location in a wolf spider that inhabits agroecosystems. Chemosphere. Sep;84(10):1461-6. http://www.medsci.cn/sci/show_paper.asp?id=51671871659

570.Griffiths B.S, Caul S, Thompson J, Birch A.N.E, Scrimgeour C, Andersen M.N, Cortet J, Messéan A, Sausse C, Lacroix B. & Krogh P.H.(2005) A comparison of soil microbial community structure ,protozoa and nematodes in field plots of conventional and genetically modified maize expressing the Bacillus thuringiensis CryIAb toxin. Plant and Soil 275:135-146. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11104-005-1093-2

571.Griffitts JS, Aroian RV. (2005) Many roads to resistance: how invertebrates adapt to Bt toxins. Bioessays. 27(6): 614-24. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15892110

572.Grisolia CK. (2002) A comparison between mouse and fish micronucleus test using cyclophosphamide, mitomycin C and various pesticides. Mutat Res. Jul 25;518(2):145-50. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12113765

573.Grisolia CK, Oliveira R, Domingues I, Oliveira-Filho EC, Monerat RG, Soares AM. (2009) Genotoxic evaluation of different delta-endotoxins from Bacillus thuringiensis on zebrafish adults and development in early life stages. Mutat Res. Jan 31;672(2):119-23. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19061968

574.Grillot-Courvalin C, Goussand S, Huetz F, Ojcius DM and Courvalin P (1998) Functional gene transfer from intracellular bacteria to mammalian cells. Nature Biotech 16:862-66. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9743121

575.M Gruzza, M Fons, M F Ouriet, Y Duval-Iflah, R Ducluzeau (1994) Study of gene transfer in vitro and in the digestive tract of gnotobiotic mice from Lactococcus lactis strains to various strains belonging to human intestinal flora. Microb Releases. Jul;2(4):183-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7921350

576.Gu J, Krogdahl Å, Sissener NH, Kortner TM, Gelencser E, Hemre GI, Bakke AM. (2013) Effects of oral Bt-maize (MON810) exposure on growth and health parameters in normal and sensitised Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. Br J Nutr. Apr 28;109(8):1408-23. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23182224

577.Guadagnuolo R, Clegg J, Ellstrand NC. (2006) Relative fitness of transgenic vs. non-transgenic maize x teosinte hybrids: a field evaluation. Ecol Appl. Oct;16(5):1967-74. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17069387

578.Miguel Pedro Guerra e Rubens Onofre Nodari (2001) Impactos ambientais das plantas
transgênicas: as evidências e as incertezas Agroecol.e Desenv.Rur.Sustent.,Porto Alegre, v.2, n.3, jul./set http://pvnocampo.com/agroecologia/impactos_ambientais_de_pls_transgenicas.pdf

579.Gengde Gui, Gang Han, Yan Han, Pan Shen Yuan, ZHAO Rong-jun (2000) Herbicide Glyphosate mutagenicity studies. “Xuzhou Normal University (Natural Science)” 2000 02 http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-XZSX200002018.htm

580.Gui YX, Fan XN, Wang HM, Wang G, Chen SD. (2012) Glyphosate induced cell death through apoptotic and autophagic mechanisms. Neurotoxicol Teratol. May-Jun;34(3):344-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22504123

581.Guilherme S, Gaivão I, Santos MA, Pacheco M. (2010) European eel (Anguilla anguilla) genotoxic and pro-oxidant responses following short-term exposure to Roundup–a glyphosate-based herbicide. Mutagenesis. Sep;25(5):523-30 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20643706

582.Guilherme S, Santos MA, Barroso C, Gaivão I, Pacheco M. (2012) Differential genotoxicity of Roundup(®) formulation and its constituents in blood cells of fish (Anguilla anguilla): considerations on chemical interactions and DNA damaging mechanisms. Ecotoxicology. Jul;21(5):1381-90. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22526921

583.Guilherme S, Gaivão I, Santos MA, Pacheco M. (2012) DNA damage in fish (Anguilla anguilla) exposed to a glyphosate-based herbicide — elucidation of organ-specificity and the role of oxidative stress. Mutat Res. Mar 18;743(1-2):1-9 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22266476

584.Guilherme, S., Santos, M. A., Gaivão, I., & Pacheco, M. (2014). DNA and chromosomal damage induced in fish (Anguilla anguilla L.) by aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA)—the major environmental breakdown product of glyphosate. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 1-10. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-014-2803-1#page-1

585.Guilherme, S., Santos, M. A., Gaivão, I., & Pacheco, M. (2014) Are DNA-damaging effects induced by herbicide formulations (Roundup® and Garlon®) in fish transient and reversible upon cessation of exposure? Aquatic Toxicology. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166445X14002136

586.Guimaraes V, Drumare MF, Lereclus D, Gohar M, Lamourette P, Nevers MC, Vaisanen-Tunkelrott ML, Bernard H, Guillon B, Créminon C, Wal JM, Adel-Patient K. (2010) In vitro digestion of Cry1Ab proteins and analysis of the impact on their immunoreactivity. J Agric Food Chem. 58(5):3222-3231 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20136083

587.Abbas Güngördü (2013) Comparative toxicity of methidathion and glyphosate on early life stages of three amphibian species: Pelophylax ridibundus, Pseudepidalea viridis, and Xenopus laevis. Aquatic Toxicology, Volumes 140–141, 15 September, Pages 220–228 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166445X13001550

588.Gunning RV, Dang HT, Kemp FC, Nicholson IC, Moores GD. (2005) New resistance mechanism in Helicoverpa armigera threatens transgenic crops expressing Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac toxin. Appl Environ Microbiol. May;71(5):2558-63. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15870346?dopt=Abstract

589.R. Q. Guo, H. Ruan, W. J. Yang, B. Liu, S. C. Sun (2011) : Differential responses of leaf water-use efficiency and photosynthetic nitrogen-use efficiency to fertilization in Bt-introduced and conventional rice lines, Photosynthetica. 49 : 4 : 507-514
http://www.nies.org/files/20121221194944783.pdf

590.Gurmukh S. Johal and James E. Rahe, “Effect of soilborne plant-pathogenic fungi on the herbicidal action of glyphosate on bean seedlings,” Phytopathology (1984), 74:950-955. http://www.apsnet.org/publications/phytopathology/backissues/Documents/1984Abstracts/Phyto74_950.htm

591.Iván Gyulai (2010) Gains of the „biomass fever” Biokontroll , 2010. 1: 33-39; http://www.biokontroll.hu/cms/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=858:a-biomassza-laz-hozadeka&catid=335:koezlemeny&Itemid=133&lang=en

592.Haefs, R., Schmitz-Eiberger, M.,Mainx, H.G., Mittelstaedt, W., Noga, G.(2002) Studies on a new group of biodegradable surfactants for glyphosate. Pest Manag. Sci. 58, 825-833 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12192908

593.Hagenbucher S, Wackers FL, Wettstein FE, Olson DM, Ruberson JR, Romeis J.(2013) Pest trade offs in technology : reduced damage by caterpillars in Bt cotton benefits aphids. Proc R Soc B 20130042. http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/280/1758/20130042.abstract

594.Zbigniew Halat (2004) Allergens of geneticallly modified organisms. ALERGENY No. 3/21, p. 19 – 26. http://alergia.org.pl/lek.arch2/archiwum/04_03/pdf/2004_0306.pdf

595.Halfhill, Matthew D., et al. “Bt-transgenic oilseed rape hybridization with its weedy relative, Brassica rapa.” Environmental Biosafety Research 1 (2002): 19-28. http://journals.cambridge.org/download.php?file=%2FEBS%2FEBS1_01%2FS1635792202000027a.pdf&code=fd0a9a1f4cf8dc0fdb323feb4fadd1e3

596.Hall L, Topinka K, Huffman J, Davis L and Good A (2000) Pollen flow between herbicide-resistant Brassica napus is the causeof multiple-resistant B-napus volunteers. Weed Science48:688-694 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4046338?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21102572821487

597.Han J, Yang Y, Wang Z, Zhou R, Yang X. (2004) [Determination of anti-nutrients in genetically modified crops]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. Nov;33(6):713-5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15727185

598.Han P, Niu CY, Lei CL, Cui JJ, Desneux N. (2010) Quantification of toxins in a Cry1Ac + CpTI cotton cultivar and its potential effects on the honey bee Apis mellifera L. Ecotoxicology. Nov;19(8):1452-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20700762

599.Hancock, J. F. (2003) A framework for assessing the risk of transgenic crops. BioScience, 53, 512–519. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1641/0006-3568(2003)053%5B0512%3AAFFATR%5D2.0.CO%3B2

600.Hansen, L. S., Lövei, G. L. and Székács, A. (2013), Survival and development of a stored-product pest, Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), and its natural enemy, the parasitoid Lariophagus distinguendus (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae), on transgenic Bt maize. Pest. Manag. Sci., 69: 602–606. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23044867

601.Steffen Foss Hansen, David Gee (2014) Adequate and anticipatory research on the potential hazards of emerging technologies: a case of myopia and inertia? J Epidemiol Community Health doi:10.1136/jech-2014-204019 http://jech.bmj.com/content/early/2014/06/09/jech-2014-204019.full

602.Hanson KG & Fernandez MR (2003) Glyphosate herbicides affect plant pathogenic fungi. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 25, 120.

603.Hanson, K. G.; Fernandez, M. R. (2003) Effect of glyphosate herbicides on Pyrenophora tritici-repentis and other cereal pathogens. Proceedings of Fourth International Wheat Tan Spot and Spot Blotch Workshop, Bemidji, Minnesota, USA, 21-24 July, 2002 2003 pp. 128-131 http://cabdirect.org/abstracts/20043078886.html;jsessionid=BA56CAB700F15136027EE9E48D99ECE1

604.James Hanson, Robert Dismukes, William Chambers, Catherine Greene, and Amy Kremen (2004) Risk and risk management in organic agriculture: Views of organic farmers Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems Volume 19 Issue 04 / December, pp 218-227 http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/28551/1/wp03-03.pdf

605.Harayashiki, C.A.Y, Junior, A.S.V, Anderson Abel de Souza Machado, Liziara da Costa Cabrera, Ednei Gilberto Primel (2013) Toxic effects of the herbicide Roundup in the guppy Poecilia vivipara acclimated to fresh water Aquatic Toxicology Volume 142-143, 15 October, Pages 176-184 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166445X13002130

606.L. Hardell and A. Sandstrom, (1979) Case-control study: soft-tissue sarcomas and exposure to phenoxyacetic acids or chlorophenols,” British Journal of Cancer, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 711–717 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2009993/

607.L. Hardell, M. Eriksson, P. Lenner, and E. Lundgren, (1981) Malignant lymphoma and exposure to chemicals, especially organic solvents, chlorophenols and phenoxy acids: a case-control study,” British Journal of Cancer, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 169–176 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2010513/

608.L. Hardell and O. Axelson, (1982) Soft-tissue sarcoma, malignant lymphoma, and exposure to phenoxyacids or chlorophenols, The Lancet, vol. 1, no. 8286, pp. 1408–1409 http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(82)92518-1/fulltext

609.L. Hardell and N. O. Bengtsson, (1983) Epidemiological study of socioeconomic factors and clinical findings in Hodgkin’s disease, and reanalysis of previous data regarding chemical exposure British Journal of Cancer, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 217–225 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2011442/

610.L. Hardell, M. Eriksson, and A. Degerman (1994) Exposure to phenoxyacetic acids, chlorophenols, or organic solvents in relation to histopathology, stage, and anatomical localization of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma,” Cancer Research, vol. 54, no. 9, pp. 2386–238 http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/54/9/2386.abstract

611.Hardell, L., Eriksson ,M.A. (1999) Case-control study of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and exposure to pesticides. Cancer 85,135360. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10189142

612.Hardell L, Eriksson M, Nordstrom M. (2002) Exposure to pesticides as risk factor for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and hairy cell leukemia: pooled analysis of two Swedish case-control studies. Leuk Lymphoma. May;43(5):1043-9 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12148884

613.Lennart Hardell, Martin J. Walker, Bo Walhjalt, Lee S. Friedman, and Elihu D. Richter (2006) Secret Ties to Industry and Conflicting Interests in Cancer Research AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MEDICINE (2006) http://demokracjakulista.pl/umtsno/emfkrebs/SecretTies.pdf

614.Miranda M. Hart, Jeff R. Powell, Robert H. Gulden, David J. Levy-Booth3, Kari E. Dunfield, K. Peter Pauls, Clarence J. Swanton, John N. Klironomos and Jack T. Trevors (2009) Detection of transgenic cp4 epsps genes in the soil food web Agron. Sustain. Dev. 29 497-501 http://www.agronomy-journal.org/index.php?option=com_article&access=doi&doi=10.1051/agro/2009020&view=pdf

615.Jamie Harvie, Leslie Mikkelsen, and Linda Shak (2009) A New Health Care Prevention Agenda: Sustainable Food Procurement and Agricultural PolicyJ Hunger Environ Nutr. Jul; 4(3-4): 409–429. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3489110/

616.Harwood J. Cranston, Anthony J. Kern, Josette L. Hackett, Erica K. Miller, Bruce D. Maxwell and William E. Dyer (2001) Dicamba Resistance in Kochia Weed ScienceVol. 49, No. 2 (Mar. – Apr.), pp. 164-170 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4046498?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103347902193

617.Harwood, J.D. , W. Wallin, & J.J. Obrycki. (2005). Uptake of Bt-endotoxins by non-target herbivores and higher order arthropod predators: molecular evidence from a transgenic corn agroecosystem. Molec. Ecology 14: 2815-2823. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2005.02611.x/abstract

618.J. D. HARWOOD & J. J. OBRYCKI (2006) The detection and decay of Cry1Ab Bt-endotoxins within non-target slugs, Deroceras reticulatum (Mollusca: Pulmonata), following consumption of transgenic corn Biocontrol Science and Technology, 2006; 16(1/2): 77/88 http://www.uky.edu/~jdharw2/harwoodobrycki2006a.pdf

619.Harwood JD, Samson RA, Obrycki JJ. (2007) Temporal detection of Cry1Ab-endotoxins in coccinellid predators from fields of Bacillus thuringiensis corn. Bull Entomol Res. 2007 Dec;97(6):643-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17997879

620.Khulod Ibraheem Hassan, Ali Abdulla Ali (2012) Detection of Genetically modified DNA in Milk Using Species Specific PCR Journal of American Science 8(9) http://www.jofamericanscience.org/journals/am-sci/am0809/036_10402am0809_248_252.pdf

621.Mahrousa M.Hassanane, Salwa M.Kassem, Safinaz E. Eltoukhy (2014) Orange juice reduced genetic and biochemical alterations induced by herbicide Glyphosate in mice. Biohelikon: Cell Biology(ISSN: 2348-3741), 2:a14 http://biohelikon.org/manuscript/2348-3741-2-a14.pdf

622.Haughton AJ, Champion GT, Hawes C, Heard MS, Brooks DR, Bohan DA, Clark SJ, Dewar AM, Firbank LG, Osborne JL, Perry JN, Rotherry P, Roy DB, Scott RJ, Woiwod IP, Birchall C, Skellern MP, Walker JH, Baker P, Browne EL, Dewar AJG, Garner BH, Haylock LA, Horne SL, Mason NS, Sands RJN, Walker MJ (2003) Invertebrate responses to the management of genetically modified herbicide-tolerant and conventional spring crops. II Within-field epigeal and aerial arthropods. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B 358:1863–1877 http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/358/1439/1863

623.Hawes, C., Haughton ,A.J., Osborne, J.L., Roy ,D.B., Clark, S.J. ,Perry, J.N., Rothery ,P., Bohan, D.A., Brooks, D.J., Champion, G.T., Dewar, A.M., Heard, M.S., Woiwod,I.P., Daniels, R.E.,Yound, M.W., Parish, A.M., Scott, R.J., Firbank, L.G., Squire, G.R. (2003) Responses of plants and invertebrate trophic groups to contrasting herbicide regimes in the farm scale evaluations of genetically modified herbicide-tolerant crops. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B358, 18991913. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1693274/

624.Haygood, R., A.R. Ives, and D.A. Andow. 2003. Consequences of recurrent gene flow from crops to wild relatives. Proc. R. Soc. London B (Biol. Sci.) 270(1527):1879-1886. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1691463/

625.Heard MS, Hawes C, Champion GT, Clark SJ, Firbank LG, Haughton AJ, Parish AM, Perry JN, Rothery P, Roy DB, Scott RJ, Skellern MP, Squire GR, Hill MO. (2003) Weeds in fields with contrasting conventional and genetically modified herbicide-tolerant crops. 2. The effects on individual species. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences. ;358:1833–1846. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1693275/

626.Hecht M, Oehen B, Schulze J, Brodmann P, Bagutti C. (2013) Detection of feral GT73 transgenic oilseed rape (Brassica napus) along railway lines on entry routes to oilseed factories in Switzerland. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. Aug 6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23917737

627.Heckel DG, Gahan LJ, Baxter SW, Zhao JZ, Shelton AM, Gould F, Tabashnik BE. (2007) The diversity of Bt resistance genes in species of Lepidoptera. J Invertebr Pathol. Jul;95(3):192-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17482643

628.Heinemann JA, Sprague GF Jr. (1989) Bacterial conjugative plasmids mobilize DNA transfer between bacteria and yeast. Nature. Jul 20;340(6230):205-9. http://www.micab.umn.edu/courses/8002/heinemann.pdf

629.Heinemann, J. A., Traavik T. (2004) Problems in monitoring horizontal gene transfer in field trials of transgenic plants. Nature Biotechnology 22(9), pp. 1105-1109 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15340480

630.Heinemann, J.A., Sparrow A.D., Traavik, T. (2004) Is confidence in the monitoring of GE foods justified? Trends in biotechnology 22(7), 331-336 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15245904

631.Heinemann, J.A. and Traavik, T. (2004) Reply to Monitoring horizontal gene transfer from transgenic plants to bacteria. Nature Biotechnology 22, 1349-1350. http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v22/n11/full/nbt1104-1349b.html

632.Jack A Heinemann & Terje Traavik (2007) GM soybeans—revisiting a controversial format NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY VOLUME 25 NUMBER 12 DECEMBER 1355 – 1356 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v25/n12/full/nbt1207-1355c.html

633.Heinemann , J.A. (2007) A typology of the effects of (trans)gene flow on the conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources. Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. http://ir.canterbury.ac.nz/bitstream/10092/3236/1/12605322_bsp35r1e.pdf

634.Jack A Heinemann (2008) Off the rails or on the mark? Nature Biotechnology 26, 499 – 500 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v26/n5/full/nbt0508-499.html

635.Jack A. Heinemann (2009) Report on animals exposed to GM ingredients in animal feed. prepared for the Commerce Commission of New Zealand 24 July http://www.commercialapprovals.co.nz/documents/CC_GM_study.pdf

636.Jack A. Heinemann, Brigitta Kurenbach and David Quist, (2011). “Molecular profiling – a tool for addressing emerging gaps in the comparative risk assessment of GMOs” in Environment International, Volume 37, Issue 7, October, Pages 1285–1293 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412011001322

637.Heinemann, J.A. and El-Kawy, O.A. (2012) Observational science in the environmental risk assessment and management of GMOs, Environment International 45 (2012) 68–71 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412012000621

638.Jack A. Heinemann (2013) Food and chemical toxicology Volume 53, March 2013, Pages 442 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691512008009

639.Heinemann JA, Agapito-Tenfen SZ, Carman JA. (2013) A comparative evaluation of the regulation of GM crops or products containing dsRNA and suggested improvements to risk assessments Environ Int. May;55:43-55. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412013000494

640.Jack A. Heinemann, Melanie Massaro, Dorien, S. Coray, Sarah Zanon Agapito-Tenfen & Jiajun Dale Wen (2013) Sustainability and innovation in staple crop production in the US Midwest International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 14 Jun http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14735903.2013.806408#.UgK1pUnD_IX

641.Helander M, Saloniemi I, Saikkonen K. (2012) Glyphosate in northern ecosystems. Trends Plant Sci. Oct;17(10):569-74. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22677798

642.M. Hellebrand, Marion Nagy, Jörg-Thomas Mörsel (1998) Determination of DNA traces in rapeseed oil Zeitschrift für Lebensmitteluntersuchung und -Forschung A April , Volume 206, Issue 4, pp 237-242 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs002170050250

643.HEMRE, G.-I., SANDEN, M., BAKKE-MCKELLEP, A.M., SAGSTAD, A. and KROGDAHL, Å. (2005), Growth, feed utilization and health of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. fed genetically modified compared to non-modified commercial hybrid soybeans. Aquaculture Nutrition, 11: 157–167 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2095.2005.00328.x/abstract

644.G I Hemre, A Sagstad, A M Bakke-Mckellep, A Danieli, R Acierno, M Maffia, M FrØYstad, Å Krogdahl, M Sanden (2007) Nutritional, physiological, and histological responses in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L. fed diets with genetically modified maize Aquaculture Nutrition Volume: 13, Issue: 3, Pages: 186-199 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2095.2007.00465.x/abstract

645.P.W. Hedrick, Invasion of transgenes from salmon or other genetically modified organisms into natural populations, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 58 (2001) 841–844. http://science.kennesaw.edu/~jdirnber/Bio2108/Lecture/LecEvolution/TransgeneSalm.pdf

646.Herbert, M. R., García, J. E., & García, M. (2006). Alimentos transgénicos: incertidumbres y riesgos basados en evidencias. ACTA ACADÉMICA 19(39): 129-145. Noviembre. http://www.seorigen.co/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/ACTA_ACADEMICA-ALIMENTOS_TRANSGENICOS-FEBRERO-2013.pdf

647.Herbert LH, Vazquez DE, Arenas A, Farina WM (2014) Effects of field-realistic doses of glyphosate on honeybee appetitive behaviour. J Exp Biol. 2014 Jul 25 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25063858

648.Herdt, R.W. (2006) Biotechnology in agriculture. Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 31:265-295. http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Paper/14076079

649.Heritage, John (2004) The fate of transgenes in the human gut. Heritage J. Nat Biotech., 2:170-172 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14755289

650.Hernandez A, Garcia-Plazaola JI, Becerril JM. (1999) Glyphosate effects on phenolic metabolism of nodulated soybean (Glycine max L. merr.). http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10552587

651.László Heszky (2009) Coexistence is professionally unacceptable, practically unaccomplishable Biokultúra. 4: 10 –12. http://www.kormany.hu/download/2/9d/20000/GenetEM.pdf

652.László Heszky (2011) Scientific problems associated with the cultivation of transgenic (GM) crops Magyar Tudomány , 172 : 104–107. http://w3.mkk.szie.hu/dep/genetika/pdf/Heszky/Tudos_forum2011_1.pdf

653.Heu C, Berquand A, Elie-Caille C, Nicod L. (2012) Glyphosate-induced stiffening of HaCaT keratinocytes, a Peak Force Tapping study on living cells. J Struct Biol. Apr;178(1):1-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22369932

654.Celine Heu, Celine Elie-Caille, Virginie Mougey, Sophie Launay, Laurence Nicod (2012) A step further toward glyphosate-induced epidermal cell death: Involvement of mitochondrial and oxidative mechanisms Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology Volume 34, Issue 2, September 2012, Pages 144–153 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1382668912000300

655.Heuberger S, Ellers-Kirk C, Tabashnik BE, Carrière Y (2010) Pollen-and Seed-Mediated Transgene Flow in Commercial Cotton Seed Production Fields. PLoS ONE 5(11):e14128 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2994710/

656.Hietanen, E., Linnainmaa, K., Vainio, H. (1983) Effects of phenoxy herbicides and glyphosate on the hepatic and intestinal biotransformation activities in the rat. Acta Pharmaet Toxicol 53,103-112. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0773.1983.tb01876.x/abstract

657.Hilbeck, Angelika; Moar, William J.; Pusztai-Carey, Marianne; Filippini, Agata; Bigler, Franz (1998) Toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab toxin to the predator Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) Environmental Entomology (1998), 27(5), 1255-1263 http://chemport.cas.org/cgi-bin/sdcgi?APP=ftslink&action=reflink&origin=npg&version=1.0&coi=1:CAS:528:DyaK1cXnt12ktbg%3D&pissn=1087-0156&pyear=2006&md5=0478eaa80368d5b17f804cc5d189c8dd

658.Hilbeck A., Baumgartner M, Fried PM and Bigler F (1998) Effects of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis corn-fed prey on mortality and development time of immature Chrysoperlacarnea. Environmental Entomology 276:480- 487. http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/19981106963.html;jsessionid=7C2D477A16F33C54B3E6F95D032BA8C7

659.Hilbeck, A., Moar, W. J., Pusztai-Carey, M., Filippini, A. and Bigler, F. (1999), Prey-mediated effects of Cry1Ab toxin and protoxin and Cry2A protoxin on the predator Chrysoperla carnea. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 91: 305–316. doi: 10.1046/j.1570-7458.1999.00497.x http://stopogm.net/sites/stopogm.net/files/webfm/plataforma/PreyMediatedEffectsChrysoperlacarnea.pdf

660.Hilbeck A (2001) Implications of transgenic, insecticidal plants for insect and plant biodiversity. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 4(1),43-61 http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/urban/291/2001/00000004/00000001/art00014

661.Hilbeck A.& Schmidt J.E.U. (2006) Another view on Bt proteins how specific are they and what else might they do? Biopesticides International. 2:(1) 1-50 http://www.gmoera.umn.edu/public/publications/download/HilbeckSchmidt06.pdf

662.Hilbeck A, Meier M, Römbke J, Jänsch S, Teichmann H, Tappeser B.(2011) Environmental risk assessment of genetically modified plants-concepts and controversies. EnvironmentalSciencesEurope. 2011;23(13) http://www.enveurope.com/content/23/1/13

663.Angelika Hilbeck (2011) Re-Connect. Transdiscourse 1, pp 89-103 http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-7091-0288-6_7?LI=true

664.Angelika Hilbeck, Joanna M McMillan, Matthias Meier, Anna Humbel, Juanita Schläpfer-Miller and Miluse Trtikova (2012) A controversy re-visited: Is the coccinellid Adalia bipunctata adversely affected by Bt toxins? Environmental Sciences Europe, 24:10 http://www.enveurope.com/content/24/1/10

665.Hilbeck A ,Meier M, Trtikova M. (2012) Underlying reasons of the controversy over adverse effects of Bt toxins on lady beetle and lacewing larvae. Environmental Sciences Europe.24:9 http://www.enveurope.com/content/pdf/2190-4715-24-9.pdf

666.Hilbeck, A., Lebrecht, T., Vogel, R., Heinemann, J.A. and Binimelis, R. (2013) Farmer’s choice of seeds in four EU countries under different levels of GM crop adoption. Environmental Sciences Europe 25(1): 12. http://www.enveurope.com/content/25/1/12

667.B. Hileman (1995) Views Differ Sharply Over Benefits, Risks of Agricultural Biotechnology, Chemical and Engineering Microbiology, Aug. 21, http://www.inia.es/gcontrec/pub/TFAzars_1054110671259.htm

668.Hileman B. (1999) UK moratorium on biotech crops. Chem Eng News :7 May 24 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/cen-v077n021.p007a

669.Hill, J.A., A. Kiessling, R.H. Devlin. 2000. Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) transgenic for a growth hormone gene construct exhibit increased rates of muscle hyperplasia and detectable levels of gene expression. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 57: 939–50. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/237175143_Coho_salmon_(Oncorhynchus_kisutch)_transgenic_for_a_growth_hormone_gene_construct_exhibit_increased_rates_of_muscle_hyperplasia_and_detectable_levels_of_differential_gene_expression

670.M.W. Ho. (1995) Unravelling Gene Biotechnology. Soundings 1, 77-98, http://www.amielandmelburn.org.uk/collections/soundings/01_77.pdf

671.Ho, M.W. & Tappeser, B. (1997). Potential contributions of horizontal gene transfer to the transboundary movement of living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology. In Transboundary Movement of Living Modified Organisms Resulting from Modern Biotechnology: Issues and Opportunities for Policy-Makers (K.J. Mulongoy, ed.) pp.171-193, International Academy of the Environment, Switzerland.

672.Ho MW, Traavik T, Olsvik O, Tappeser B, Howard CV, Weizsacker Cv, Mc Gavin GC (1998) Gene technology and gene ecology of infectious diseases. Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease 10:33-59. http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/view/7823

673.Ho MW and Steinbrecher RA. (1998) Fatal flaws in food safety assessment: critique of the joint FAO/WHO Biotechnology and Food Safety Report. Environmental & Nutritional Interactions. 2, 51-84. http://www.twnside.org.sg/title2/biosafety/pdf/bio01.pdf

674.Mae-Wan Ho, Angela Ryan and Joe Cummins (1999) Cauliflower Mosaic Viral Promoter – A Recipe for Disaster? Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease 1999; 11: 194–197 http://www.researchgate.net/publication/232055834_Cauliflower_Mosaic_Viral_Promoter_-_A_Recipe_for_ Disaster

675.M.W. Ho, (1999) Seeking clarity in the debate over the safety of GM foods”, Nature, 402(6762), pp. 575-575 http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1038/45054

676.Mae-Wan Ho, Angela Ryan and Joe Cummins (2000) Hazards of transgenic plants containing the cauliflower mosaic viral promoter Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease 2000; 12: 6–11 http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/download/8038/9376

677.Ho, M.W.; Ryan, A.; Cummins, J. (2000) CaMV35S promoter fragmentation hotspot confirmed and it is active in animals. Microb. Ecol. Health Dis. 12 : 189 http://www.i-sis.org.uk/pdf/CAMV_35s_promo_hotspot_confirmed.pdf

678.Mae-Wan Ho (2000) Turning the tide on the brave new world Sostenible ?, ISSN-e 1575-6688, Nº. 2, 2000 , págs. 59-78 http://www.ratical.org/co-globalize/MaeWanHo/tide.html

679.Ho, M-W., J. Mathews. (2002) Declaración conjunta internacional sobre el escándalo de la contaminación con maíz transgénico en México Ecología Política No. 23, pp. 166-170 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/20743246?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21104010098313

680.M-W Ho (2003) Horizontal Gene Transfer (2nd edn). Heredity (2003) 90, 6–7. http://www.nature.com/hdy/journal/v90/n1/full/6800196a.html

681.Mae-Wan Ho & Peter T Saunders (2007) GM soybeans—revisiting a controversial format NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY VOLUME 25 NUMBER 12, 1355 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v25/n12/full/nbt1207-1355a.html

682.Ho, Mae-Wan, Cummins, Joe and Saunders, Peter (2007) ‘GM food nightmare unfolding in the regulatory sham’, Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease, 1-12 http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/download/7667/9002

683.Ho, P., & Xue, D. (2008). Farmers’ perceptions and risks of agro-biotechnological innovations in China: ecological change in Bt cotton?. International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, 7(4), 396-417. http://inderscience.metapress.com/content/r49592432246273t/

684.Ho, Mae-wan and Cummins, Joe, (2009) New evidence links CaMV 35S promoter to HIV transcription, Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease. 21:172–174 http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/download/7521/8865

685.Mae-Wan Ho (2013) The New Genetics and Natural versus Artificial Genetic Modification Entropy 2013, 15(11), 4748-4781 http://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/15/11/4748

686.S. K. Hoar, A. Blair, F. F. Holmes, Boysen CD, Robel RJ, Hoover R, Fraumeni JF Jr. (1986) Agricultural herbicide use and risk of lymphoma and soft-tissue sarcoma The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 256, no. 9, pp. 1141–1147 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3801091

687.Sabrina D. Hock, Robert Poulin. (2012) Exposure of the snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum to herbicide boosts output and survival of parasite infective stages. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 1, 13-18 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213224412000041

688.John Hodges (2010) Going beyond the limits: Genetic modification of livestock and dissolution of ancient boundaries Livestock Science Volume 130, Issues 1–3, May 2010, Pages 3–13 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871141310000685

689.Hoffman, T., C. Golz, O. Schieder. 1994. Foreign DNA sequences are received by a wild-type strain of Aspergillus niger after co-culture with transgenic higher plants. Curr. Genet. 27: 70-76. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7750149

690.Hoffmann-Sommergruber K. (2002) Pathogenesis-related (PR)-proteins identified as allergens. Biochem Soc Trans. Nov;30(Pt 6):930-5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12440949

691.F. Hofmann, R. Epp, L. Kruse, A. Kalchschmied, B. Maisch, E. Müller, U. Kuhn, W. Kratz, S. Ober, J. Radtke, U. Schlechtriemen, G. Schmidt, W. Schröder, W. v. d. Ohe, R. Vögel, N. Wedl, W. Wosniok (2010) Monitoring of Bt-Maize pollen exposure in the vicinity of the nature reserve Ruhlsdorfer Bruch in northeast Germany 2007 to 2008 Umweltwissenschaften und Schadstoff-Forschung June 2010, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 229-251 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12302-010-0133-6

692.Hokanson R, Fudge R, Chowdhary R, Busbee D. (2007) Alteration of estrogen-regulated gene expression in human cells induced by the agricultural and horticultural herbicide glyphosate. Hum Exp Toxicol. Sep;26(9):747-52. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17984146

693.Patrick Holden (1999) Safety of genetically engineered foods is still dubious BMJ. Jan 30, ; 318(7179): 332. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1114798/#!po=25.0000

694.Niels Holst, Andreas Lang, Gabor Lövei, Mathias Otto (2013) Increased mortality is predicted of Inachis io larvae caused by Bt-maize pollen in European farmland Ecological Modelling 250 (2013) 126–133 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304380012005315

695.Homer, Michael Bennett (2011) Frankenfish … It’s What’s for Dinner: The FDA, Genetically Engineered Salmon, and the Flawed Regulation of Biotechnology. Columbia Journal of Law & Social Problems . Fall Vol. 45 Issue 5, p83-137. 55p. http://www.columbia.edu/cu/jlsp/pdf/Fall%202011/Michael%20Homer%20Note%2045.1-1.pdf

696.Leo Horrigan, Robert S Lawrence, and Polly Walker (2002) How sustainable agriculture can address the environmental and human health harms of industrial agriculture. Environ Health Perspect. May; 110(5): 445–456. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1240832/

697.Horvath H, Jensen LG, Wong OT, Kohl E, Ullrich SE, Cochran J, Kannangara CG, vonWettsteinD (2001) Stability of transgene expression,field performance and recombination breeding of transformed barley lines, Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Vol 102(1),1-11. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs001220051612?LI=true

698.Höss S, Arndt M, Baumgarte S, Tebbe C.C, Nguyen H.T. and Jehle J.A.(2008) Effects of transgenic corn and Cry1Ab protein on the nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 70(2):334340. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18068780

699.Howard C.V., Saunders P.T. (1999), Sensible precautions make good science…, “Nature”, 401, p. 207 http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v401/n6750/full/401207c0.html

700.Howard P. (2009) Visualizing consolidation in the global seed industry: 1996–2008. Sustainability. 1: 1266-1287. http://www.scribd.com/doc/57747054/Visualizing-Consolidation-in-the-Global-Seed-Industry-1996%E2%80%932008

701.Howe, C.M.; Berrill, M.; Pauli, B.D.; Helbing, C.C.; Werry, K. & Veldhoen, N. (2004). Toxicity of glyphosate-based pesticides to four North American frog species. EnvironmentalToxicology and Chemistry, 23, 1928-1938. http://www.mendeley.com/catalog/toxicity-glyphosate-based-pesticides-four-north-american-frog-species/

702.Brian Hoyle,(1999) ‘Canadian farmers seek compensation for “genetic pollution”, Nature Biotechnology, vol. 17, August Issue 8, p747 http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/8818604/canadian-farmers-seek-compensation-for-genetic-pollution

703.Huang, F., L. Buschman and R Higgins (1999) Inheritance of resistance to Bacillus thuringiens is toxin(DipelES )in the European cornborer. Science 284:965-967. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10320377

704.Huang F, Leonard BR, Wu X. (2007) Resistance of sugarcane borer to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab toxin. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 124: 117-123. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/227537730_Resistance_of_sugarcane_borer_to_Bacillus_thuringiensis_Cry1Ab_toxin

705.Kristina Hubbard, Neva Hassanein (2013) Confronting coexistence in the United States: organic agriculture, genetic engineering, and the case of Roundup Ready® alfalfa Agriculture and Human Values September, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 325-335 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10460-012-9394-6#page-1

706.Huber D.M., Cheng M.W.and Winsor B.A. (2005) Association of severe Corynespora root rot of soybean with glyphosate-killed giant ragweed. Phytopathology95,S45

707.Huber, D.M., and Haneklaus, S. (2007) Managing nutrition to control plant disease. Landbauforschung Volkenrode 57, 313–322. http://literatur.vti.bund.de/digbib_extern/bitv/dk038859.pdf

708.Huber D.M. (2007) What About Glyphosate-Induced Manganese Deficiency? Fluid J. FALL 20-22 http://www.agweb.com/assets/import/files/58P20-22.pdf.

709.Hued, Andrea, Sabrina Oberhofer, and María de los Ángeles Bistoni. (2012) Exposure to a Commercial Glyphosate Formulation (Roundup) Alters Normal Gill and Liver Histology and Affects Male Sexual Activity of Jenynsia Multidentata (Anablepidae, Cyprinodontiformes).” Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 62, no. 1 : 107-17. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21643816

710.Huggett B. (2008) EU to monitor for Chinese GM rice. Nat Biotechnol. 2008 May;26(5):478. http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v26/n5/full/nbt0508-478.html

711.Yu Hui, River City Mei, Zhao Hong (2012) Progress toxicity of glyphosate. “Bengbu Medical College” Section 6, pages 743-744 http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-BANG201206050.htm

712.Malin Hultberg (2007) Cysteine turnover in human cell lines is influenced by glyphosate Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology Volume 24, Issue 1, July, Pages 19–22 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1382668907000208

713.Philip Hunter (2005) Is political correctness damaging science? EMBO Rep. May; 6(5): 405–407 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1299305/

714.ROSS E. HUTCHINS (1953) 2,4-D Herbicides Pose Threat to Cotton and Other Susceptible Crops. Science 25 December: 782-783. [DOI:10.1126/science.118.3078.782] http://www.sciencemag.org/content/118/3078/782.extract?sid=5f16e2e1-8ac1-46e0-883b-e6a10084b8e0

715.Icoz I. & Stotzky G. (2008) Fate and effects of insect- resistant Bt crops in soil ecosystems. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 40:559-586. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038071707004439

716.Icoz I, Andow D, Zwahlen C, Stotzky G (2009) Is the Cry1Ab protein from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) taken up by plants from soils previously planted with Bt corn and by carrot from hydroponic culture? Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 83:48–58 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19444360

717.T. O. Ikpesu, I. Tongo, A. Ariyo (2014) Restorative Prospective of Powdered Seeds Extract of Garcinia kola in Chrysichthys furcatus Induced with Glyphosate Formulation Chinese Journal of Biology, 1-8 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/cjb/2014/854157/

718.Inose T and Murata K (1995) Enhanced accumulation of toxic compound in yeast cells having high glycolytic activity a case study on the safety of genetically engineered yeast. Int Journal of Food Sci. and Tech. Vol. 30,141-146. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1995.tb01365.x/abstract

719.Marcia Ishii-Eiteman and Lim Li Ching (2008) The IAASTD Report Development 51, 570-573 (December) http://www.palgrave-journals.com/development/journal/v51/n4/full/dev200858a.html

720.Israël, Maurice (2011) A primary cause of Cancer: GABA deficiency in endocrine pancreas. Cancer Therapy . 2011, Vol. 8, p171-183. 13p. http://www.cancer-therapy.org/CT/v8/A/23.Israel_et_al_171-183.pdf

721.María Mercedes Iummato, Eugenia Di Fiori, Sebastián Eduardo Sabatini, Luis Claudio Cacciatore, Adriana Cristina Cochón, María del Carmen Ríos de Molina, Ángela Beatriz Juárez. (2013) Evaluation of biochemical markers in the golden mussel Limnoperna fortunei exposed to glyphosate acid in outdoor microcosms. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 95, 123-129 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651313002157

722.VN Ivanov, TV Shlensk, TS Nikitina, VA Orlov ( 2014) Biosafety application transgenic crops in the WTO. All-Russian Pedagogical Assembly, RUSSIA IN A CHANGING WORLD. pages 95-100 http://www.smolmgutu.narod.ru/files/KMSTUTM-2014.pdf#page=95

723.Iwaki, M. and Arakawa, Y. (2006), Transformation of Acinetobacter sp. BD413 with DNA from commercially available genetically modified potato and papaya. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 43: 215–221. doi: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.2006.01924.x http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1472-765X.2006.01924.x/abstract

724.Jackson RJ, Ramsay AJ, Christensen CD, Beaton S, Hall DF, Ramshaw IA. (2001) Expression of mouse interleukin-4 by a recombinant ectromelia virus suppresses cytolytic lymphocyte responses and overcomes genetic resistance to mousepox. J Virol. Feb ; 75(3): 1205-1210. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11152493

725.Michael Jacobson (2000) The genetically modified food fight West J Med. April; 172(4): 220–221. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1070817/

726.Sven-Erik Jacobsen, Marten Sørensen, Søren Marcus Pedersen, Jacob Weiner (2013) Feeding the world: genetically modified crops versus agricultural biodiversity Agronomy for Sustainable Development March http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13593-013-0138-9

727.Jacobson, Klara (2013). From Betterment to Bt maize. Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880; :28 http://pub.epsilon.slu.se/10406/

728.Jaensson, A. (2010). Pheromonal Mediated Behaviour and Endocrine Responses in Salmonids: The impact of Cypermethrin, Copper, and Glyphosate. Serie: Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, 1651-6214 ; 730 http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:306804

729. Jagadish C. Tarafdar, Indira Rathore and Vandana Shiva (2012): Effect of Bt-transgenic cotton on soil biological health. Applied Biological Research 14(1):15-23 http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:abr&volume=14&issue=1&article=002

730.Jamkhande, P. G., Chintawar, K. D., & Chandak, P. G. (2014). Teratogenicity: a mechanism based short review on common teratogenic agents. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease, 4(6), 421-432. http://www.apjtcm.com/zz/20146/1.pdf

731.Alida F Janmaat and Judith Myers (2003) Rapid evolution and the cost of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis in greenhouse populations of cabbage loopers, Trichoplusia ni. Proc Biol Sci. November 7; 270(1530): 2263–2270. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1691497/

732.Stephan Jänsch, Jörg Römbke, Angelika Hilbeck, Gabriele Weiß, Hanka Teichmann, Beatrix Tappeser (2011) Assessing the potential risks of transgenic plants for non-target invertebrates in Europe: a review of classification approaches of the receiving environment. BioRisk 6 (2011) : 19-40 http://www.pensoft.net/journals/biorisk/article/1334/assessing-the-potential-risks-of-transgenic-plants-for-non-target-invertebrates-in-europe-a-review-of-classification-app

733.Janssens L, Stoks R. (2013) Synergistic effects between pesticide stress and predator cues: conflicting results from life history and physiology in the damselfly Enallagma cyathigerum. Aquat Toxicol 132–133:92–9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166445X13000350

734.Marie Jasieniuk, Ian N. Morrison and Anita L. Brûlé-Babel (1995) Inheritance of Dicamba Resistance in Wild Mustard (Brassica Kaber) Weed Science Vol. 43, No. 2 (Apr. – Jun.), pp. 192-195 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4045482?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103347902193

735.Raquel Jasper, Gabriel Olivo Locatelli, Celso Pilati, and Claudriana Locatelli (2012) Evaluation of biochemical, hematological and oxidative parameters in mice exposed to the herbicide glyphosate-Roundup® Interdiscip Toxicol. September; 5(3): 133–140. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3600513/

736.Ernest G. Jaworski (1972) Mode of action of N-phosphonomethylglycine. Inhibition of aromatic amino acid biosynthsis J. Agric. Food Chem., 20 (6), pp 1195–1198 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf60184a057?journalCode=jafcau

737.Jayaraman K. S. (2005) Monsanto’s Bollgard potentially compromised in India. Nat. Biotechnol. 23: 1326. http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v23/n11/abs/nbt1105-1326.html

738.K.S. Jayaraman (2009) Transgenic aubergines put on ice 19 October Nature 461, 1041 http://www.nature.com/news/2009/091019/full/4611041a.html

739.Jayasumana, Channa; Gunatilake, Sarath; Senanayake, Priyantha. (2014) Glyphosate, Hard Water and Nephrotoxic Metals: Are They the Culprits Behind the Epidemic of Chronic Kidney Disease of Unknown Etiology in Sri Lanka? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 2: 2125-2147. http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/11/2/2125

740.Jayawardena, U. A., A. N. Navaratne, P. H. Amerasinghe, and R. S. Rajakaruna. (2011) Acute and Chronic Toxicity of Four Commonly Used Agricultural Pesticides on the Asian Common Toad, Bufo Melanostictus Schneider. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka 39, no. 3 (Sep): 267-76. http://www.sljol.info/index.php/JNSFSL/article/view/3631

741.Jayawardena, U.A.; Rajakaruna, R.S.; Navaratne, A.N. & Amerrasinghe, P.H. (2010). Toxicity of agrochemicals to common hourglass tree frog ( Polypedates crugiger ) in acute andchronic exposure. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 12, 641-648. http://www.fspublishers.org/ijab/past-issues/IJABVOL_12_NO_5/1.pdf

742.Jenczewski, Eric, Joëlle Ronfort, and Anne-Marie Chèvre. “Crop-to-wild gene flow, introgression and possible fitness effects of transgenes.” Environmental Biosafety Research 2.01 (2003): 9-24. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8235794

743.Laura C. Hansen Jesse, John J. Obrycki (2000) Field deposition of Bt transgenic corn pollen: lethal effects on the monarch butterfly Oecologia, October, Volume 125, Issue 2, pp 241-248 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs004420000502

744.Jesse LCH, Obrycki JJ. (2004) Survival of experimental cohorts of monarch larvae following exposure to transgenic Bt corn pollen and anthers. In: Oberhauser KS, Solensky MJ, eds. The Monarch Butterfly: Biology and Conservation. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press :69–75. http://t.monarchlab.org/Lab/app/upload/pdf/CON-6%20Jesse%20and%20Obrycki%20survival%20of%20experimental%20cohorts%20Monarch%20Chapter%209.pdf

745.Jiao, Z., Si, X. X.,Li, G.K., Zhang, Z.M., Xu, X.P.(2010): Unintended compositional changes in transgenic rice seeds (OryzasativaL.)studied by spectral and chromatographic analysis coupled with chemometrics methods. J.Agric.Food Chem.58,17461754. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20050687

746.Jiraungkoorskul, W., E. S. Upatham, M. Kruatrachue, S. Sahaphong, S. Vichasri-Grams, and P. Pokethitiyook. (2003) Biochemical and Histopathological Effects of Glyphosate Herbicide on Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus). Environmental Toxicology 18, no. 4 Aug : 260-67. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/tox.10123/abstract

747.Jiraungkoorskul, Wannee , E Suchart Upatham, Maleeya Kruatrachue, Somphong Sahaphong, Suksiri Vichasri-Grams, and Prayad Pokethitiyook. (2002) Histopathological Effects of Roundup, a Glyphosate Herbicide, on Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus). ScienceAsia 28 : 121-27 http://scienceasia.org/2002.28.n2/v28_121_127.pdf

748.Wu Hui Joan, R. A. Prough (1996) Glyphosate effects on rat cytochrome P450 2B_1 and P450 2C_ (11) gene expression. Journal of Health Toxicology, Volume 10, No. 4, pages 231-234 http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-WSDL604.004.htm

749.Johal, G.R. and Rahe, J.E. (1984) Effect of soilborne plant-pathogenic fungi on the herbicidal action of glyphosate on bean seedlings. Phytopathology 74:950-955. http://www.apsnet.org/publications/phytopathology/backissues/Documents/1984Abstracts/Phyto74_950.htm

750.Johal G. Sand Huber D.M. (2009) Glyphosate effects on diseases of plants. Europ.J.Agronomy 31,144152. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1161030109000628

751.Brian John (2007) GM soybeans—revisiting a controversial format NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY VOLUME 25 NUMBER 12 DECEMBER 1354-1355 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v25/n12/full/nbt1207-1354.html

752.Brian John (2014) Letter to the Editor Food and Chemical Toxicology Volume 65, March, Pages 391 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691514000040

753.Johnson, Brian, and Anna Hope. (2000) GM crops and equivocal environmental benefits. Nature Biotechnology. 18 (242). http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1038/73586?locale=en

754.Johnson, B. and Davis, V. (2005) Glyphosate resistant horseweed(marestail)found in 9 more Indiana counties. Pest & Crop, May13. http://extension.entm.purdue.edu/pestcrop/2005/issue8/index.html#mare stail

755.Johnson, W.G., Owen, M.D.K., Kruger, G.R., Young, B.G., Shaw, D.R., Wilson, R.G., Wilcut, J.W., Jordan, D.L. & Weller, S.C.(2009):US farmer awareness of glyphosate- resistant weeds and resistance management strategies. Weed Technology 23:308312 http://sciencepapers.sanofi.us/paper/pgtmp_4dd9d92153cc94d8fa37183bfbf65cbc/u-s-farmer-awareness-of-glyphosate-resistant-weeds-and-resistance-management-strategies

756.Jones, D.K.; Hammond, J.I. & Relyea, R.A. (2010). Competitive stress can make the herbicide Roundup more deadly to larval amphibians. Environmental Toxicology andChemistry, 30, 446-454. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/etc.384/full

757.Jones DK, Hammond JI, Relyea RA. (2010) Roundup and amphibians: the importance of concentration, application time, and stratification. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2010 Sep;29(9):2016-25. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20821659

758.Jordan, J. F. (2001). Genetic engineering, the farm crisis and world hunger. BioScience, 52, 523-529. http://johnsilvius.cedarville.org/2130/pet04.pdf

759.Jørgensen RB, Andersen B (1994) Spontaneous hybridization between oilseed rape (Brassica napus) and weedyB. campestris (Brassicacea): a risk of growing genetically modified oilseed rape. Am J Bot 81:1620–1626 http://www.jstor.org/stable/2445340

760.Jørgensen, R.B., Anderton, B., Snow, A. and Hauser, T.P. (1999) Ecological risks of growing genetically modified crops. Plant Biotechnology 16, 69-71. http://www.biosci.ohio-state.edu/~asnowlab/jorgensenetal99.pdf

761.‎Juan Luis Jurat-Fuentes, Fred L. Gould, and Michael J. Adang (2003) Dual Resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac and Cry2Aa Toxins in Heliothis virescens Suggests Multiple Mechanisms of Resistance Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003 October; 69(10): 5898–5906. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC201244/

762.David R. Just, Shenghui Wang, Per Pinstrup-Andersen (2006) ‘Tarnishing Silver Bullets : Bt Technology Adoption, Bounded Rationality and the Outbreak of Secondary Pest Infestations in China’, paper presented at the American Agricultural Economics Association Meeting, Long Beach, California,USA,22-26July http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Paper/5150524.aspx

763.Jocelyn Kaiser (1996) Pests Overwhelm Bt Cotton Crop Science 26 July : Vol. 273 no. 5274 pp. 423-0 http://www.sciencemag.org/content/273/5274/423.summary

764.Kaiser, J. (2001). Breeding a hardier weed. Science 293: 1425-1426. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/293/5534/1425.2.summary

765.Kaiser, K. (2011) Preliminary Study of Pesticide Drift into the Maya Mountain Protected Areas of Belize. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 86, no. 1 (Jan): 56-59. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3017314/

766.Kalantidis K, Tsagris M, Tabler M. (2006) : Spontaneous short-range
silencing of a GFP transgene in Nicotiana benthamiana is possibly
mediated by small quantities of siRNA that do not trigger systemic silencing. Plant J. 45(6): 1006-16. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16507090

767.Kale PG, Petty BT Jr, Walker S, Ford JB, Dehkordi N, Tarasia S, Tasie BO, Kale R, Sohni YR (1995) Mutagenicity testing of nine herbicides and pesticides currently used in agriculture. Environ Mol Mutagen.;25(2):148-53. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7698107

768.Anne R. Kapuscinski, Eric. M. Hallerman (1991) Implications of Introduction of Transgenic Fish into Natural Ecosystems Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 48(S1): 99-107 http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/f91-308#.UyxrwPldVp0

769.Kareiva, P.;Morris W.;Jacobi, C.M. (1994): Studying and Managing the Risk of Cross-Fertilization between Transgenic Crops and Wild Relatives. Molecular Ecology 3, 15–21 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.1994.tb00037.x/abstract

770.Kareiva, P., I.M. Parker & M. Pascual (1996) Can we use experiments and models in predicting the invasiveness of genetically engineered organisms? Ecology 77 (6): 1670-1675. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2265771?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21102832361383

771.Amanpreet Kaur (2013) GM Crops in India: Agricultural Sustainability at Stake. OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 06, No. 10, pp. 23-32. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2389766

772.Kawata M, Murakami K, Ishikawa T. (2009) Dispersal and persistence of genetically modified oilseed rape around Japanese harbors. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. Mar;16(2):120-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19050951

773.Kawate, M.K., Colwell, S.G., Ogg, A.G., and Kraft, J.M. (1997) Effect of glyphosate- treated henbit (Lamium amplexicule) and downy brome (Bromus tectorum) on Fusarium solani f. sp. pisi and Pythium ultimum. Weed Science, 45: 739–743. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4045904?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21102570765171

774.Kay E, Vogel TM, Bertolla F, Nalin R and Simonet P (2002) In situ transfer of antibiotic resistance genes from transgenic(transplastomic)tobacco plants to bacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 68(7):3345- 3351. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC126776/

775.Iraz Haspolat Kaya (2012) Genetically Modified Crops and Human Health. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, Year: 2012 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 19 | Page No.: 3613-3617 http://www.medwelljournals.com/abstract/?doi=javaa.2012.3613.3617

776.Kelly DW, Poulin P, Tompkins DM and Townsend CR. (2010) Synergistic effects of glyphosate formulation and parasite infection on fish malformations and survival. J. Appl. Ecology 47,498504. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01791.x/abstract

777.Bryan Keogh (2012) Biotech Crops’ Seal of Safety Does Not Convince Skeptics JNCI J Natl Cancer Inst 104 (7): 498-501. http://jnci.oxfordjournals.org/content/104/7/498.full

778.Drew L Kershen (2004) Legal Liability Issues in Agricultural Biotechnology Crop Science Volume: 44, Issue: 2, Pages: 456-463 http://www.mendeley.com/catalog/legal-liability-issues-agricultural-biotechnology/#

779.JOE L. KEY and DONALD S. GALITZ (1959) Growth Inhibitor in Immature Soybean Seeds and 2,4-D-Sprayed Soybean Seedlings. Science 13 November: 1340-1341. [DOI:10.1126/science.130.3385.1340] http://www.sciencemag.org/content/130/3385/1340.abstract?sid=5f16e2e1-8ac1-46e0-883b-e6a10084b8e0

780.Khan, S.U.; Young, J.C. (1977) N-Nitrosamine formation in soil from the herbicide glyphosate. J. Agric. Food Chem. 25, 1430–1432. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf60214a016

781.Kiers, E.T., Leakey, R.R.B., Izac, A-M., Heinemann, J.A., Rosenthal, E., Nathan, D. and Jiggins, J. (2008) Agriculture at a Crossroads. Science 320(5874): 320-321. http://www.falw.vu.nl/nl/Images/4_tcm19-29515.pdf

782.Kiliç A, Akay MT. (2008) A three generation study with genetically modified Bt corn in rats: Biochemical and histopathological investigation. Food Chem Toxicol. 2008 Mar;46(3):1164-70. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18191319

783.Hasan Kiliçgün, Cebrail Gürsul, Mukadder Sunar, Gülden Gökşen (2013) The Comparative Effects of Genetically Modified Maize and Conventional Maize on Rats. J Clin Anal Med ;4(2): 136-9 http://www.jcam.com.tr/files/KATD-983.pdf

784.Chang-Gi Kim, Kee Woong Park, Bumkyu Lee, Dae In Kim, Ji-Young Parka, Hyo-Jeong Kim, Ji Eun Park, Joo Hee An, Kang-Hyun Cho, Soon-Chun Jeong, Kyung Hwa Choi, Chee Hark Harn, Hwan Mook Kim (2009) Gene flow from genetically modified to conventional chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Plant Science, Volume 176, Issue 3, March, Pages 406–412 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168945208003543

785.Kim, Y. H., Hwang, C. E., Kim, T. S., Lee, J. H., & Lee, S. H. (2012). Assessment of potential impacts due to unintentionally released Bt maize plants on non-target aphid Rhopalosiphum padi (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 15(3), 443-446. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1226861512000167

786.Young-hee Kim, Jung-rak Hong, Hyo-wook Gil, Ho-yeon Song, Sae-yong Hong (2013) Mixtures of glyphosate and surfactant TN20 accelerate cell death via mitochondrial damage-induced apoptosis and necrosis. Toxicology in Vitro Volume 27, Issue 1, February, Pages 191–197 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0887233312002883

787.Kimbrell A, O’Neil C. (2011) Biotechnology: US Congress right to halt GM salmon. Nature. 2011 Aug 17;476(7360):283. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v476/n7360/full/476283b.html

788.King CA, Purcell LC and Vories ED. (2001) Plant growth and nitrogenase activity of glyphosate-tolerant soybean in response to foliar glyphosate applications. Agronomy Journal 93(1),179186. https://www.agronomy.org/publications/aj/abstracts/93/1/179

789.King, Jeffery J., and R. Steven Wagner. (2010) Toxic Effects of the Herbicide Roundup® Regular on Pacific Northwestern Amphibians.” Northwestern Naturalist 91, no. 3 (12/01): 318-24. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1898/NWN09-25.1

790.Kjær, J.; Olsen, P.; Ullum, M. & Grant, R. (2005). Leaching of glyphosate and amino-methylphosphonic acid from Danish agricultural field sites. Journal of EnvironmentalQuality,34, 608-620. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15758114

791.Kjær J, Ernsten V, Jacobsen OH, Hansen N, de Jonge LW, Olsen P. (2011) Transport modes and pathways of the strongly sorbing pesticides glyphosate and pendimethalin through structured drained soils. Chemosphere. Jul;84(4):471-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21481435

792.Gijs A Kleter and Ad ACM Peijnenburg (2002) Screening of transgenic proteins expressed in transgenic food crops for the presence of short amino acid sequences identical to potential, IgE – binding linear epitopes of allergens BMC Structural Biology 2002, 2:8 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6807/2/8

793.KLINGER, T., ELAM, D. R. and ELLSTRAND, N. C. (1991), Radish as a Model System for the Study of Engineered Gene Escape Rates Via Crop-Weed Mating. Conservation Biology, 5: 531–535. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1523-1739.1991.tb00360.x/abstract

794.Klinger, T., and Ellstrand, N.C. (1994). Engineered genes in wild populations: fitness of weed- crop hybrids of Raphanus sativus. Ecological Applications 4: 117-120. http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.2307/1942121

795.Kloppenburg, J. And B. Burrows (1996) Biotechnology to the rescue? Twelve reasons why biotechnology is incompatible with sustainable agriculture. The Ecologist 26: 61-67. http://exacteditions.theecologist.org/read/ecologist/vol-26-no-2-march-april-1996-6224/23/3/

796.KLOPPENBURG, J. (2010), Impeding Dispossession, Enabling Repossession: Biological Open Source and the Recovery of Seed Sovereignty. Journal of Agrarian Change, 10: 367–388. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0366.2010.00275.x/full

797.Knapp DW, Peer WA, Conteh A, Diggs AR, Cooper BR, Glickman NW, Bonney PL, Stewart JC, Glickman LT, Murphy AS. (2013) Detection of herbicides in the urine of pet dogs following home lawn chemical application. Sci Total Environ. Jul 1;456-457:34-41. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23584031

798.Jonathan Knight (2003) Agency ‘ignoring its advisers’ over Bt maize Nature 422, 5 (6 March) http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v422/n6927/full/422005a.html

799.Knight CJ, Bailey AM, Foster GD. (2010) Investigating Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Verticillium albo-atrum on plant surfaces. PLoS ONE. 5(10): 13684. http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0013684

800.Knispel AL, McLachlan SM, Van Acker R, Friesen LF. (2008) Gene flow and multiple herbicide resistance in escaped canola populations. Weed Science 56,72-80. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WS-07-097.1

801.Knispel AL, McLachlan SM. (2010) Landscape-scale distribution and persistence of genetically modified oilseed rape (Brassica napus) in Manitoba, Canada. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. Jan;17(1):13-25. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19588180

802.Koger, C. H., D. L. Shaner, L. J. Krutz, T. W. Walker, N. Buehring, W. B. Henry, W. E. Thomas, and J. W. Wilcut. (2005) Rice (Oryza Satiova) Response to Drift Rates of Glyphosate. Pest Management Science 61, no. 12 Dec: 1161-67. http://ddr.nal.usda.gov/bitstream/10113/6835/1/IND43762247.pdf

803.Roman Kolar and Brigitte Rusche (2008) An Animal Welfare Perspective on Animal Testing of GMO Crops. Altex 25, 2/08 pages 127-130 http://www.altex.ch/resources/altex_2008_2_127_130_Kolar.pdf

804.Koller VJ, Fürhacker M, Nersesyan A, Mišík M, Eisenbauer M, Knasmueller S. (2012) Cytotoxic and DNA-damaging properties of glyphosate and Roundup in human-derived buccal epithelial cells. Arch Toxicol. May;86(5):805-13. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22331240

805.Kolpin,, D.W.; Thurman, E.M.; Lee, E.A.; Meyer, M.T.; Furlong, E.T. & Glassmeyer, S.T.(2006). Urban contributions of glyphosate and its degradate AMPA to streams in the United States. Science of the Total Environment, 354, 191-197. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16398995

806.MA Konovalova, VA Blinov (2006) Influence of genetically modified soybean in mice and their offspring . Commercial Biotechnology 2006

807.Konovalova, MA, VA Blinov (2007) Morphometric parameters and features of the spectrum Blood enzymes mice receiving GENETICALLY MODIFIED SOY. All-Russia Symposium TRANSGENIC PLANTS AND BIOSAFETY Moscow, October 22 – 25, page 48 http://www.ippras.ru/news/Biosafety/GMO-2007_Abstr.pdf

808.Konovalova MA, Potemkin EG (2007) Influence of genetically modified soybean on transport of carbohydrates in tissue.

809.Koonin EV (2003) Horizontal gene transfer:the path to maturity. Molecular Microbiology 50(3):725-27. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2958.2003.03808.x/abstract

810.Christos Kotakis, Nicholas Vrettos, Dimitrios Kotsis, Mina Tsagris, Kiriakos Kotzabasis, and Kriton Kalantidis (2010) : Light intensity affects RNA silencing of a transgene in Nicotiana benthamiana plants, BMC Plant Biol. 10: 220. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3017829/

811.Kotschi, Johannes (2008) Transgenic Crops and Their Impact on Biodiversity GAIA – Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, Volume 17, Number 1, March, pp. 36-41(6) http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/oekom/gaia/2008/00000017/00000001/art00011

812.Kranthi KR, S. Naidu, C.S. Dhawad, A.Tatwawadi, K.Mate, E. Patil, A.A. Bharose, G.T. Behere, R.M.Wadaskar and S. Kranthi (2005) Temporal and intra-plant variability of Cry1Ac expression in Bt-cotton and its influence on the survival of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpaarmigera (Hübner)(Noctuidae:Lepidoptera), CurrentScience, Vol. 89(2). http://www.docstoc.com/docs/43821474/Temporal-and-intra-plant-variability-of-Cry1Ac-expression-in-Bt—PDF

813.Kranthi KR (2010) Bt cotton-A critical appraisal, Annexure to Bt brinjal decision note, Ministry of Environment and Forests, page180-190, http://moef.nic.in/downloads/public-information/Annex_BT.pdf

814.KREMER, R.J. SOIL BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES ARE INFLUENCED BY ROUNDUP READY SOYBEAN PRODUCTION. PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 2003. V. 93. ABSTRACT S104. http://www.ushrl.saa.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publications.htm?SEQ_NO_115=148650

815.Kremer R.J, Means N.E and Kim S. (2005) Glyphosate affects soybean root exudation and rhizosphere microorganisms. Int. J.of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 85(15):1165-1174. http://www.ars.usda.gov/sp2UserFiles/Place/36221500/cswq-0210-170287.pdf

816.Kremer, R.J., Means, N.E. 2009. Glyphosate and Glyphosate-Resistant Crop Interactions with Rhizosphere Microorganisms. European Journal of Agronomy. 31(3):153-161. http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publications.htm?seq_no_115=242660

817.Kreutz LC, Barcellos LJ, Marteninghe A, Dos Santos ED, Zanatta R. (2010) Exposure to sublethal concentration of glyphosate or atrazine-based herbicides alters the phagocytic function and increases the susceptibility of silver catfish fingerlings (Rhamdia quelen) to Aeromonas hydrophila challenge. Fish Shellfish Immunol. Oct;29(4):694-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20685618

818.Kreutz, L. C., L. J. Gil Barcellos, S. de Faria Valle, T. de Oliveira Silva, D. Anziliero, E. Davi dos Santos, M. Pivato, and R. Zanatta. (2011) Altered Hematological and Immunological Parameters in Silver Catfish (Rhamdia Quelen) Following Short Term Exposure to Sublethal Concentration of Glyphosate. Fish Shellfish Immunol 30, no. 1 Jan : 51-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1050464810002998

819.Kroghsbo S, Madsen C, Poulsen M, Schrøder M, Kvist PH, Taylor M, Gatehouse A, Shu Q, Knudsen I. (2008) Immunotoxicological studies of genetically modified rice expressing PHA-E lectin or Bt toxin in Wistar rats. Toxicology. Mar 12;245(1-2):24-34. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18215453

820.Kronfeld DS. (1988) Biologic and economic risks associated with use of bovine somatotropins. J Am Vet Med Assoc. Jun 15;192(12):1693-6. http://www.journalofdairyscience.org/medline/record/ivp_00031488_192_1693

821.Kronfeld DS. (1989) BST milk safety. J Am Vet Med Assoc. Aug 1;195(3):288-9. http://www.journalofdairyscience.org/medline/record/ivp_00031488_195_288

822.D. S. Kronfeld (1991) Bovine Somatotropin JAMA. ;265(11):1389. http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=385333

823.Kronfeld DS. (1993) Concerns about bovine somatotropin. J Am Vet Med Assoc. Jul 15;203(2):190-2.

824.Kronfeld DS. (2000) Recombinant bovine somatotropin and animal welfare. J Am Vet Med Assoc. Jun 1;216(11):1719-22. http://avmajournals.avma.org/doi/abs/10.2460/javma.2000.216.1719?journalCode=javma

825.Kronfeld DS. (2001) Concerned about use of BST in dairy cattle. J Am Vet Med Assoc. Sep 1;219(5):591-2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11549082

826.Greg R. Kruger, Vince M. Davis, Stephen C. Weller and William G. Johnson (2008). “Response and Survival of Rosette-Stage Horseweed (Conyza canadensis) after Exposure to 2,4-D,” Weed Science 56: 748-752 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/25148589?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103345468263

827.Greg R. Kruger, Vince M. Davis, Stephen C. Weller, and William G. Johnson (2010). “Growth and Seed Production of Horseweed (Conyza canadensis) Populations after Exposure to Postemergence 2,4-D,” Weed Science 58: 413-419. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WS-D-10-00022.1?journalCode=wees

828.Kruger M, Van Rensburg JBJ and Vanden Berg J (2009) Perspective on the development of stemborer resistance to Bt maize and refuge compliance at the Vaalharts irrigation scheme in South Africa. Crop Protection 28(8): 684-9 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261219409000921

829.Kruger, M., Van Rensburg, J. B. J. and Van den Berg, J. (2012), Transgenic Bt maize: farmers’ perceptions, refuge compliance and reports of stem borer resistance in South Africa. Journal of Applied Entomology http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1439-0418.2011.01616.x/abstract

830.Krüger M, Shehata AA, Schrödl W, Rodloff A. (2013) Glyphosate suppresses the antagonistic effect of Enterococcus spp. on Clostridium botulinum. Anaerobe. Apr;20:74-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23396248

831.Krüger, M., Schledorn, P., Schrödl, W., Hoppe, H. W., & Lutz, W. (2014). Detection of Glyphosate Residues in Animals and Humans. J Environ Anal Toxicol, 4(210), 2161-0525. http://omicsonline.org/open-access/detection-of-glyphosate-residues-in-animals-and-humans-2161-0525.1000210.pdf

832.Monika Krüger, Wieland Schrödl, Jürgen Neuhaus and Awad Ali Shehata (2013) Field Investigations of Glyphosate in Urine of Danish Dairy Cows J Environ Anal Toxicol 3: 186 http://www.omicsonline.org/2161-0525/2161-0525-abstract.php?abstract_id=18383

833.Krüger M, Schrödl W, Pedersen Ib, Shehata AA (2014) Detection of Glyphosate in Malformed Piglets. J Environ Anal Toxicol 4: 230. http://omicsonline.org/open-access/detection-of-glyphosate-in-malformed-piglets-2161-0525.1000230.pdf

834.Krzyżowska M, Wincenciak M, Winnicka A, Baranowski A, Jaszczak K, Zimny J, Niemiałtowski M. (2010) The effect of multigenerational diet containing genetically modified triticale on immune system in mice. Pol J Vet Sci. ;13(3):423-30. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21033555

835.Krzys ´ko-Lupicka, T. and Orlik, A. (1997) The use of glyphosate as the sole source of phosphorus or carbon for the selection of soilborne fungal strains capable to degrade this herbicide. Chemosphere, 34: 2601–2605. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653597001033

836.Chithprabha Kudlu and Glenn Davis Stone(2013) The Trials of Genetically Modified Food: Bt Eggplant and Ayurvedic Medicine in India Food,Culture Society Volume 16 Issue 1 March pages 21-42 http://www.academia.edu/2937236/The_Trials_of_Genetically_Modified_Food_Bt_Eggplant_and_Ayurvedic_Medicine_in_India

837.Kumpatla SP, Chandrasekharan MB, Iyer ML, Li G, HallTC (1998) Genome intruder scanning and modulation systems and transgene silencing. Trends in Plant Science, Vol3,Issue3, March. 97-104. http://www.cell.com/trends/plant-science/abstract/S1360-1385(97)01194-1

838.Kunik T, Tzfira T, Kapulnik Y, Gafni Y, Dingwall C and Citovsky V(2001) Genetic transformation of HeLa cells by Agrobacterium. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 98(4):1871-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC29349/

839.Mark E. Kurtz and Joe E. Street (2003) Response of Rice (Oryza sativa) to Glyphosate Applied to Simulate Drift Weed Technology Vol. 17, No. 2 (Apr. – Jun.), pp. 234-238 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3989302?uid=3739256&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21102564623221

840.Kuszler PC. (2006) Biotechnology entrepreneurship and ethics: principles, paradigms, and products. Med Law. Sep;25(3):491-502. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17078522

841.Kuznetsov VV, Kulikov AM (2005) Генетически модифицированные организмы и полученные из них продукты: реальные и потенциальные риски [GM risks and derived products: real and potential risks.] Russian chemical journal, 69 (4), 70-83 http://www.chem.msu.su/rus/jvho/2005-4/70.pdf

842.Kvakkestad, Valborg; Gillund, Froydis; Kjolberg, Kamilla Anette; Vatn, Arild (2007) Scientists’ Perspectives on the Deliberate Release of GM Crops Environmental Values, Volume 16, Number 1, February , pp. 79-104(26) http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/whp/ev/2007/00000016/00000001/art00007

843.Kwiatkowska, M., Jarosiewicz, P., & Bukowska, B. (2013). GLIFOSAT I JEGO PREPARATY–TOKSYCZNOŚĆ, NARAŻENIE ZAWODOWE I ŚRODOWISKOWE. Medycyna Pracy, 64(5), 717-729. http://www.imp.lodz.pl/upload/oficyna/artykuly/pdf/full/MP_5-2013_M_Kwiatkowska.pdf

844.LaChapelle AM, Ruygrok ML, Toomer M, Oost JJ, Monnie ML, Swenson JA, Compton AA, Stebbins-Boaz B. (2007) The hormonal herbicide, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, inhibits Xenopus oocyte maturation by targeting translational and post-translational mechanisms. Reprod Toxicol. 2007 Jan;23(1):20-31. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17055699

845.Lai MM. RNA recombination in animal and plant viruses. (1992) Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. ;56(1):61–79. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC372854/

846.Laible G, Brophy B, Knighton D, Wells DN. (2007) Compositional analysis of dairy products derived from clones and cloned transgenic cattle. Theriogenology. Jan 1;67(1):166-77. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17052749

847.Pirkko Laitinen, Sari Rämö, Katri Siimes (2007) Glyphosate translocation from plants to soil – does this constitute a significant proportion of residues in soil? Plant and Soil November, Volume 300, Issue 1-2, pp 51-60 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11104-007-9387-1

848.Laitinen, P.; Rämö, S.; Nikunen, U.; Jauhiainen, L.; Siimes, K. & Turtola, E. (2009).Glyphosate and phosphorous leaching and residues in boreal sandy soil. Plant andSoil, 323, 267-283. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11104-009-9935-y

849.R. C. Lajmanovich, M. T. Sandoval, P. M. Peltzer (2003) Induction of Mortality and Malformation in Scinax nasicus Tadpoles Exposed to Glyphosate Formulations Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology March , Volume 70, Issue 3, pp 0612-0618 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00128-003-0029-x

850.Lajmanovich, R.C.; Sandoval, M.T. & Peltzer, P.M. (2005). Induction of mortality and malformation in Scinax nasicus tadpoles exposed to glyphosate formulations. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 70, 612-618. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00128-003-0029-x

851.Lajmanovich, Rafael C., Paola M. Peltzer, Celina M. Junges, Andrés M. Attademo, Laura C. Sanchez, and Agustín Bassó. (2010) Activity Levels of B-Esterases in the Tadpoles of 11 Species of Frogs in the Middle Paraná River Floodplain: Implication for Ecological Risk Assessment of Soybean Crops. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 73, no. 7 : 1517-24. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20708801

852.Lajmanovich, R.C.; Attademo, A.M.; Peltzer, P.M.; Junges, C.M. & Cabana, M.C. (2011).Toxicity of four herbicide formulations with glyphosate on Rhinella arenarum(Anura: Bufonidae) tadpoles: B-esterases and glutation-S-transferase inhibitors. Archives in Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 60, 681-689. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20669015

853.Rafael C. Lajmanovich, Celina M. Junges, Andrés M. Attademo, Paola M. Peltzer, Mariana C. Cabagna-Zenklusen, Agustín Basso (2013) Individual and Mixture Toxicity of Commercial Formulations Containing Glyphosate, Metsulfuron-Methyl, Bispyribac-Sodium, and Picloram on Rhinella arenarum Tadpoles Water, Air, & Soil Pollution February , 224:1404 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11270-012-1404-1

854.Lajmanovich RC, Cabagna-Zenklusen MC, Attademo AM, Junges CM, Peltzer PM, Bassó A, Lorenzatti E. (2014) Induction of micronuclei and nuclear abnormalities in tadpoles of the common toad (Rhinella arenarum) treated with the herbicides Liberty® and glufosinate-ammonium. Mutat Res Genet Toxicol Environ Mutagen. 2014 Apr 24. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24769302

855.Lamb DC, Kelly DE, Hanley SZ, Mehmood Z, Kelly SL. (1998) Glyphosate is an inhibitor of plant cytochrome P450: functional expression of Thlaspi arvensae cytochrome P45071B1/reductase fusion protein in Escherichia coli. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. Mar 6;244(1):110-4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9514851

856.Lancaster SH, Hollister EB, Senseman SA, Gentry TJ. (2010) Effects of repeated glyphosate applications on soil microbial community composition and the mineralization of glyphosate. Pest Manag Sci. Jan;66(1):59-64. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19697445

857.The Lancet (1999) Health risks of genetically modified foods The Lancet, Volume 353, Issue 9167, Page 1811, 29 May http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(99)00093-8/fulltext

858.Landry, D.; Dousset, S.; Fournier, J.-C. & Andreux, F. (2005). Leaching of glyphosate andAMPA under two soil management practices in Burgundy vineyards (Vosne-Romanée, 21-France). Environmental Pollution, 138, 191-200. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15950343

859.Lang A, Vojtech E. (2006) The effects of pollen consumption of transgenic Bt maize on the common swallowtail,Papilio machaon L.(Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Basic and Applied Ecology; 7:296-306 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1439179105001246

860.Lang A, Lauber É, Darvas B (2007) Early tier tests are not sufficient for GMO risk assessment. Nat Biotechnol 25:35–36 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v25/n1/full/nbt0107-35.html

861.Lang A, Otto M. (2010) A synthesis of laboratory and field studies on the effects of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) maize on non-target Lepidoptera. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 135:121–134. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1570-7458.2010.00981.x/abstract

862.Lang A, Brunzel S, Dolek M, Otto M, Theißen B (2011) Modelling in the light of uncertainty of key parameters: a call to exercise caution in field predictions of Bt-maize effects. Proc R Soc B 278:980–981 http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/278/1708/980

863.Langiano, V.C. & Martinez, C.B.R. (2008). Toxicity and effects of a glyphosate-based herbicide on the neotropical fish Prochilodus lineatus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C Toxicology & Pharmacology, 147, 222-231. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17933590

864.Lappe, M.A., Bailey, E.B., Childress, C. and Setchell, K.D.R. (1999) Alterations in clinically important phytoestrogens in genetically modified, herbicide-tolerant soybeans. Journal of Medical Food 1, 241-245. http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/jmf.1998.1.241

865.Lappé M. (2002) Labeling should be mandatory. Nat Biotechnol. Nov;20(11):1081-2 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12410247

866.Larsen, K., Najle, R., Lifschitz, A., & Virkel, G. (2012). Effects of sub-lethal exposure of rats to the herbicide glyphosate in drinking water: glutathione transferase enzyme activities, levels of reduced glutathione and lipid peroxidation in liver, kidneys and small intestine. Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 34(3), 811-818. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1382668912001378

867.Rebecca L Larson, Amy L Hill, Ann Fenwick, Andrew R Kniss, Linda E Hanson and Stephen D Miller (2006) Influence of glyphosate on Rhizoctonia and Fusarium root rot in sugar beet Pest Manag Sci 62:1182–1192 http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/6894/PDF

868.Latham JR, Wilson AK, Steinbrecher RA. (2006) The mutational consequences of plant transformation. J Biomed Biotechnol.;2006(2):25376. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16883050

869.Latham JR, and AK Wilson (2008) Trans-complementation and Synergism in Plants: Implications for Viral Transgenes? Molecular Plant Pathology 9:85-103. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18705887

870.Lavigne, C, EK Klein, P Vallee, J Pierre, B Godelle and M Renard. 1998. “A pollen-dispersal experiment with transgenic oilseed rape. Estimation of the average pollen dispersal of an individual plant within a field” Theor Appl Genet. Vol 96 pp 886-896. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs001220050816

871.Lavigne, C., Klein, E. K., Mari, J.-F., Ber, F. L., Adamczyk, K., Monod, H. and Angevin, F. (2008), How do genetically modified (GM) crops contribute to background levels of GM pollen in an agricultural landscape?. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45: 1104–1113. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2008.01504.x/abstract

872.Şt. Lazăr, O.C. Vornicu, A.A. Prelipcean (2010) Hopes and deception in transgenic agriculture. Lucrări Ştiinţifice – Universitatea de Ştiinţe Agricole şi Medicină Veterinară, Seria Zootehnie 2010 Vol. 54 pp. 180-184 http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/20113241860.html;jsessionid=5391DBC4208C139E582B48420A1B8416

873.Le Curieux-Belfond O, Vandelac L, Caron J, Seralini G E.(2009) Factors to consider before production and commercialization of aquatic genetically modified organisms: the case of transgenic salmon. Environ Sci Policy; 12: 170-89. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1462901108001111

874.Heidi Ledford (2013) Hunt for mystery GM wheat hots up Nature Volume:499, Pages:262–263 (18 July) http://www.nature.com/news/hunt-for-mystery-gm-wheat-hots-up-1.13392

875.Lee, L.J. & Ngim, J. (2000). A first report of glyphosate-resistant goosegrass (2000) Elusine indica(L)Gaertn) in Malaysia. Pest Management Science, 56, 336-339. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/(SICI)1526-4998(200004)56:4%3C336::AID-PS123%3E3.0.CO;2-8/abstract

876.Lee, D. R.; Miller, D. K.; Blouin, D. C.; Clewis, S. B.; Everman, W. J. (2009) Glyphosate-resistant soybean interference in glyphosate-resistant cotton. Journal of Cotton Science Vol. 13 No. 2 pp. 178-182 http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/20093227974.html;jsessionid=3C92FE69144D9395021A4907E3EF28FE

877.Lee, B., Kim, C.G., Park, J.Y., Park, K.W., Kim, H.J., Yi, H., Jeong, S.C., Yoon, W.K., Kim, H.M. (2009) Monitoring the occurrence of genetically modified soybean and maize in cultivated fields and along the trans- portation routes of the Incheon Port in South Korea. Food Control, 20(3): 250-254. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0956713508001230

878.Lee HL, Kan CD, Tsai CL, Liou MJ, Guo HR. (2009) Comparative effects of the formulation of glyphosate-surfactant herbicides on hemodynamics in swine. Clin Toxicol (Phila). Aug;47(7):651-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19663613

879.Leeder SR. (2000) Genetically modified foods–food for thought. Med J Aust. Feb 21;172(4):173-4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10772590

880.Lefol E, Danielou V, Darmency H, Boucher F, Maillet J, Renard M (1995) Gene dispersal from transgenic crops. I. Growth of interspecific hybrids between oilseed rape and the wild hoary mustard. J Appl Ecol 32:803–808 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2404819?uid=3739256&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21102843250993

881.Eric Lefol, Alain Fleury, Henri Darmency (1996) Gene dispersal from transgenic crops Sexual Plant Reproduction July , Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 189-196 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF02173097

882.Lefol, E, G Seguin-Swartz and RK Downey (1997) Sexual hybridisation in crosses of cultivated Brassica species with the crucifers Erucastrum gallicum and Raphanus raphanistrum: Potential for gene introgression Euphytica Vol. 95(2) pp. 127-139 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023%2FA%3A1002940009104#page-1

883.Légère A. (2005) Risks and consequences of gene flow from herbicide-resistant crops: canola (Brassica napus L) as a case study. Pest Manag Sci. Mar;61(3):292-300. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15593291

884.Amalia Leguizamón (2013) Modifying Argentina: GM soy and socio-environmental change Geoforum, Available online 2 May 2013 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016718513000730

885.Carlo Leifert (2007) GM soybeans—revisiting a controversial format NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY VOLUME 25 NUMBER 12 DECEMBER 1355 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v25/n12/full/nbt1207-1355b.html

886.LEPORI, E. C. V., MITRE, G. B., & NASSETTA, M. (2013). SITUACIÓN ACTUAL DE LA CONTAMINACIÓN POR PLAGUICIDAS EN ARGENTINA. Revista Internacional de Contaminación Ambiental, 29, 25-43. http://ctsalta.com.ar/info/41476-108381-1-PB.pdf

887.Lerat S, Gulden RH, Hart MM, Powell JR, England LS, Pauls KP, Swanton CJ, Klironomos JN, Trevors JT. (2007) Quantification and persistence of recombinant DNA of Roundup Ready corn and soybean in rotation. J Agric Food Chem. Dec 12 ; 55(25): 10226-10231. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17997522

888.Letourneau DK, Robinson GS, Hagen JA. (2003) Bt crops: predicting effects of escaped transgenes on the fitness of wild plants and their herbivores. Environ Biosafety Res. 2003 Oct-Dec;2(4):219-46. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15612280

889.Letourneau DK, Hagen JA. (2009) Plant fitness assessment for wild relatives of insect resistant crops. Environ Biosafety Res. Jan-Mar;8(1):45-55. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19419653

890.Letourneau, D.K., & Hagen, J.A. (2012) Plant Fitness Assessment for Wild Relatives of Insect Resistant Bt- Crops. Journal of Botany. Article ID 389247 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jb/2012/389247/

891.Le ´vesque, C.A., Rahe, J.E., and Eaves, D.M. (1987) Effects of glyphosate on Fusarium spp.: Its influence on root colonization of weeds, propagule density in soil, and crop emergence. Canadian Journal of Microbiology, 33: 354–360. http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/m87-062#.UiFrOEnD9lY

892.Levesque, C.A. and Rahe, J.E. 1992. Herbicide interactions with fungal root pathogens, with special reference to glyphosate. Ann. Rev. Phytopathol. 30:579-602. http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.py.30.090192.003051

893.Levidow, L. (1999). Regulating Bt maize in the United States and Europe: a scientific-cultural comparison. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 41(10), 10-23. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00139159909605542?journalCode=venv20#.U0q9hvldVp0

894.Levidow, L., & Carr, S. (2000). Unsound science? Transatlantic regulatory disputes over GM crops. International Journal of Biotechnology, 2(1), 257-273. http://inderscience.metapress.com/content/j7h6kf0dgxqa0j5d/

895.Simon A. Levin, Mark A. Harwell (1986) Potential ecological consequences of genetically engineered organisms Environmental Management , Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 495-513 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF01867457#page-1

896.Flavio Lewgoy (2000) A voz dos cientistas críticos Hist. cienc. saude-Manguinhos vol.7 no.2 Rio de Janeiro July/Oct. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-59702000000300019

897.Xiao-gang Li, Biao Liu, Sondre Heia, Dou-dou Liu, Zheng-min Han, Ke-xin Zhou, Jin-jie Cui, Jun-yu Luo, Yang-ping Zheng (2009) The effect of root exudates from two transgenic insect-resistant cotton lines on the growth of Fusarium oxysporum Transgenic Research – TRANSGENIC RES , vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 757-767 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11248-009-9264-1?LI=true

898.LI Jiao, WANG Heng, HAN Zhao-heng, SHI Sheng-bao, WANG Yong-hua , DING Jun (2010) 8 kinds of common acute toxicity of pesticides on various developmental stages of sea urchin embryos, Ecotoxicology, 2010 (2) http://d.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical_cyyhj201002014.aspx

899.Lin, W., G. K. Price and E. W. Allen (2003). Starlink: Impacts on the U.S. corn market and world trade. Agribusiness 19: 473-488. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/agr.10075/abstract

900.LINCOLN P. BROWER, ORLEY R. TAYLOR, ERNEST H. WILLIAMS, DANIEL A. SLAYBACK, RAUL R. ZUBIETA, M. ISABEL RAMÍREZ (2012) Decline of monarch butterflies overwintering in Mexico: is the migratory phenomenon at risk? Insect Conservation and Diversity Volume 5, Issue 2, pages 95–100, March http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-4598.2011.00142.x/abstract

901.C. Randal Linder and Johanna Schmitt (1995) Potential Persistence of Escaped Transgenes: Performance of Transgenic, Oil-Modified Brassica Seeds and Seedlings Vol. 5, No. 4 (Nov.), pp. 1056-1068 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2269354?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21102821749093

902.C. Randal Linder 1998. POTENTIAL PERSISTENCE OF TRANSGENES: SEED PERFORMANCE OF TRANSGENIC CANOLA AND WILD × CANOLA HYBRIDS. Ecological Applications 8:1180–1195. http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/1051-0761%281998%29008%5B1180%3APPOTSP%5D2.0.CO%3B2

903.Linder, C.R., Taha, I., Seiler, G.J., Snow, A.A. and Rieseberg, L.H. (1998) Long term introgression of crop genes into wild sunflower populations. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 96, 339-347. http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Paper/3341329.aspx

904.Lioi MB, Scarfi MR, Santoro A, Barbieri R, Zeni O, Salvemini F, Di Berardino D, Ursini MV (1998) Cytogenetic damage and induction of pro-oxidant state in human lymphocytes exposed in vitro to gliphosate, vinclozolin, atrazine, and DPX-E9636. Environ Mol Mutagen. 32(1):39-46. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9707097

905.Lisowska K, Chorąży M. (2010) Genetycznie zmodyfikowane uprawy i żywność – przegląd zagrożeń. Nauka. 4: 127–136 http://forumrolnictwaekologicznego.pl/cms/images/Ciekawe%20artyku%C5%82y/Lisowska_Chor%C4%85%C5%BCy_Nauka_4-2010.pdf

906.K. Lisowska (2010) Genetically modified crops, sustainable development and our health. Journal of Ecology and Health; 6: 303-309. http://forumrolnictwaekologicznego.pl/cms/images/Ciekawe%20artyku%C5%82y/Lisowska%20J%20of%20Ecol%20and%20Health%202010.pdf

907.Lisowska, K. (2011). GENETYCZNIE MODYFIKOWANE UPRAWY I ŻYWNOŚĆ–ZA I PRZECIW. Chemik, 65(11), 1193-1203. http://www.alert-box.org/en/gmo_en/gmo-pros-and-cons/

908.Lisowska, K., & Chorąży, M. (2011). Zboża genetycznie modyfikowane (GM) w rolnictwie–aspekty zdrowotne, środowiskowe i społeczne. Biuletyn Komitetu Ochrony Przyrody PAN, 2(2011), 5-23. http://nowa.protestrolnikow.pl/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Lisowska-Chor%C4%85%C5%BCy-art-GMO-do-biuletynu-Komitetu-Ochrony-Przyrody-PAN-1.06.2011.pdf

909.K. Lisowska , M. Chorąży (2011) Why we say no to GMO in the Polish agriculture. NAUKA 4 /2011: 173-178. http://www.pan.poznan.pl/nauki/N_411_11_Chorazy.pdf

910.Lisowska, K., Cortez, A. (2013) Ocena bezpieczeństwa zdrowotnego genetycznie modyfikowanych roślin w badaniach krajowych – przegląd literatury Journal of Ecology and Health R. 17, nr 1 26-32 http://yadda.icm.edu.pl/yadda/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BAR8-0025-0036

911.Liu L, Punja ZK & Rahe JE (1997) Altered root exudation and suppression of induced lignification as mechanisms of predisposition by glyphosate of bean roots (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to colonization by Pythium spp. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 51, 111–127. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0885576597901132

912.Yong-Biao Liu, Bruce E. Tabashnik, Timothy J. Dennehy, Amanda L. Patin & Alan C. Bartlett (1999) Development time and resistance to Bt crops Nature 400, 519 5 August http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v400/n6744/abs/400519a0.html

913.Liu W (2009) Effects of Bt transgenic crops on soil ecosystems : areview of a 10-year research in China. Front. Agric. China 3(2):190-98 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11703-009-0027-9

914.Wenke Liu (2010) Do genetically modified plants impact arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi? Ecotoxicology , vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 229-238 http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/39888390/do-genetically-modified-plants-impact-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi

915.Zhi Liu, Yunhe Li, Jie Zhao, Xiuping Chen, Guiliang Jian,Yufa Peng, and Fangjun Qi (2012):Differentially Expressed Genes Distributed Over Chromosomes and Implicated in Certain Biological Processes for Site Insertion Genetically Modified Rice Kemingdao. IntJBiolSci.8(7):953963. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22811617

916.Yongbo Liu, Wei Wei, Keping Ma, Junsheng Li, Yuyong Liang, Henri Darmency (2013) Consequences of gene flow between oilseed rape (Brassica napus) and its relatives Plant Science Volume 211, October , Pages 42–51 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168945213001581

917.Loftis, J. R. (2007). The Other Value in the Debate over Genetically Modified Organisms. Journal of Philosophical Research, 32(Supplement), 151-162. http://philpapers.org/archive/LOFTOV.pdf

918.Lommel, S.A. and Xiong, Z. (1991). Reconstitution of a functional red clover necrotic mosaic virus by recombinational rescue of the cell-to-cell movement gene expressed in a transgenic plant. J. Cell. Biochem. 15A, 151.

919.Londo JP, Bautista NS, Sagers CL, Lee EH, Watrud LS: (2010) Glyphosate drift promotes changes in fitness and transgene gene flow in Canola (Brassica napus) and hybrids. Ann Bot , 106:957–965. http://aob.oxfordjournals.org/content/106/6/957

920.Londo JP, McKinney J, Schwartz M, Bollman M, Sagers C, Watrud L. (2014) Sub-lethal glyphosate exposure alters flowering phenology and causes transient male-sterility in Brassica spp. BMC Plant Biol. Mar 21;14:70. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2229/14/70

921.Halisson Rodrigo Lopes, Rafael Felipe Andrade Moreira (2011) Biotechnology, genetic engineering and genetically modified organisms. Âmbito Jurídico, Rio Grande, XIV, n. 95, dez 2011. http://ambitojuridico.com.br/site/?n_link=revista_artigos_leitura&artigo_id=10941&revista_caderno=6

922.Fernanda Moreira Lopes, Antonio Sergio Varela Junior, Carine Dahl Corcini, Alessandra Cardoso da Silva, Vitória Gasperin Guazzelli, Georgia Tavares, Carlos Eduardo da Rosa (2014) Effect of glyphosate on the sperm quality of zebrafish Danio rerio. Aquatic Toxicology Volume 155, October 2014, Pages 322–326 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166445X14002422

923.Silvia L. López, Delia Aiassa, Stella Benítez-Leite, Rafael Lajmanovich, Fernando Mañas, Gisela Poletta, Norma Sánchez, María Fernanda Simoniello, Andrés E. Carrasco (2012) Chapter Two – Pesticides Used in South American GMO-Based Agriculture: A Review of Their Effects on Humans and Animal Models Advances in Molecular Toxicology Volume 6, Pages 41–75 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444593894000021

924.John E. Losey, Linda S. Rayor & Maureen E. Carter (1999) Transgenic pollen harms monarch larvae Nature 399, 214 (20 May) http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v399/n6733/abs/399214a0.html

925.Don Lotter (2009) The Genetic Engineering of Food and the Failure of Science – Part 1: The Development of a Flawed Enterprise International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food Volume 16, issue 1, pages 31-49 http://www.ijsaf.org/contents/16-1/lotter1/index.html

926.Don Lotter (2009) The Genetic Engineering of Food and the Failure of Science – Part 2: Academic Capitalism and the Loss of Scientific Integrity International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food Volume 16, issue 1 (2009), pages 50-68 http://www.ijsaf.org/contents/16-1/lotter2/index.html

927.LOUREIRO, I., ESCORIAL, C., GARCÍA BAUDIN, J.-M. and CHUECA, M.-C. (2008), Hybridisation between wheat and Aegilops geniculata and hybrid fertility for potential herbicide resistance transfer. Weed Research, 48: 561–570. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2008.00659.x/abstract?

928.Love AJ, C Geri, J Laird, C Carr, BW Yun, GJ Loakeetal (2012):Cauliflower Mosaic Virus Protein P6 Inhibits Signaling Responses to Salicylic Acid and Regulates Innate Immunity. PLoSOne.7(10):e47535. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23071821

929.Love BJ, Einheuser MD, Nejadhashemi AP. (2011) Effects on aquatic and human health due to large scale bioenergy crop expansion. Sci Total Environ. Aug 1;409(17):3215-29. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21640371

930.G.L. Lövei, S. Arpaia (2005) The impact of transgenic plants on natural enemies: a critical review of laboratory studies Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata Volume 114, Issue 1, pages 1–14, January http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.0013-8703.2005.00235.x/abstract

931.Lovei GL, Andow DA, Arpaia S (2009) Transgenic insecticidal crops and natural enemies : a detailed review of laboratory studies. Environ Entomol. 38(2):293-306 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19389277

932.Lu BR, Yang C. (2009) Gene flow from genetically modified rice to its wild relatives: Assessing potential ecological consequences. Biotechnol Adv. Nov-Dec;27(6):1083-91. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19463932

933.Lu Y, Wu K, Jiang Y, Xia B, Li P, Feng H, Wyckhuys KA, Guo Y. (2010) Mirid bug outbreaks in multiple crops correlated with wide-scale adoption of Bt cotton in China. Science. May 28;328(5982):1151-4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20466880

934.Lu W, Li L, Chen M, Zhou Z, Zhang W, Ping S, Yan Y, Wang J, Lin M. (2013) Genome-wide transcriptional responses of Escherichia coli to glyphosate, a potent inhibitor of the shikimate pathway enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase. Mol Biosyst. Mar;9(3):522-30. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23247721

935.Ludvigsen, G.H. & Lode, O. (2001). “JOVA” – The agricultural environmental pesticides monitoring programme in Norway. In: Proceeding of the 6th International HCH andPesticides Forum in Poznan.20-22 March. Vijgen, J.; Pruszynski, S. and Stobiecki, S.Eds, pp. 199-206, ISBN 83-913860-7-4, http://prb-water-agri.jrc.ec.europa.eu/Prb-agri/documents/former-open-section-documents/workshop-documentation-presentations/presentations-from-prb-agri-workshops/workshop-4-monitoring-and-evaluation-of-measures-impact-of-climate-change-on-rbmp-7-8-october-2009-denmark/Session%201%20-%20Agricultural%20environmental%20monitoring%20programme%20in%20Norway%20-%20JOVA%20-%20Line%20Meinert%20Roed.pdf/at_download/file.

936.Ludvigsen, G.H. & Lode, O. (2001). Results from the agricultural and environmental monitoring program of pesticides in Norway 1995 – 1999. Fresenius EnvironmentalBulletin, 10, 470-474. http://www.bioforsk.no/ikbViewer/page/tjenester/publikasjoner/publikasjon?p_document_id=10730

937.Jonathan G. Lundgren and Jian J. Duan. (2013) RNAi-based Insecticidal Crops: Potential Effects on Nontarget Species. BioScience, 2013 http://www.aibs.org/bioscience-press-releases/resources/Lundgren.pdf

938.Lushchak OV, Kubrak OI, Storey JM, Storey KB, Lushchak VI. (2009) Low toxic herbicide Roundup induces mild oxidative stress in goldfish tissues. Chemosphere. 2009 Aug;76(7):932-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19450865

939.Peter J.W Lutman, Kate Berry, Roger W Payne, Euan Simpson, Jeremy B Sweet, Gillian T Champion, Mike J May, Pat Wightman, Kerr Walker, and Martin Lainsbury (2005) Persistence of seeds from crops of conventional and herbicide tolerant oilseed rape (Brassica napus) Proc Biol Sci. 2005 September 22; 272(1575): 1909–1915. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1559884/#!po=3.57143

940.Lyson, Thomas A. (2001) How do agricultural scientists view advanced biotechnology? Chemical Innovation April Vol. 31, No. 4, pp 50–53. http://pubs.acs.org/subscribe/archive/ci/31/i04/html/04vp.html

941.Ma, J.; Xu, L.; Wang, S.; Zheng, R.; Jin, S.; Huang, S. et al. (2002). Toxicity of 40 herbicides tothe green alga Chlorella vulgaris .Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 132, 128-132. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014765130192113X

942.Ma, J. (2002). Differential sensitivity to 30 herbicides among populations of two green algae Scenedesmus obliquus and Chlorella pyrenoidosa. Bulletin of EnvironmentalContamination and Toxicology, 68, 275-281. http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs001280249.pdf

943.Ma, J.; Lin, F.; Wang, S. & Xu, L. (2003). Toxicity of 21 herbicides to the green alga Scenedesmus quadricauda. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 71,594–601. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00128-003-8521-x

944.B L Ma, K D Subedi (2005) Development, yield, grain moisture and nitrogen uptake of Bt corn hybrids and their conventional near-isolines Field Crops Research Volume: 93, Issue: 2-3, Pages: 199-211 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378429004002564

945.Hui Ma, Ming Zhao, Hongyan Wang, Zhongmin Wang, Qi Wang, Hezhong Dong (2014) Comparative incidence of cotton spider mites on transgenic Bt versus conventional cotton in relation to contents of secondary metabolites Arthropod-Plant Interactions February, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 1-7 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11829-014-9291-6#page-1

946.Yue Ma (2014) Reasons Analysis of Chinese Urban Consumers Opposing Genetically Modified Food—An Empirical Analysis based on a Metropolitan Representative Studies in Asian Social Science Vol. 1, No. 2; http://www.sciedu.ca/journal/index.php/sass/article/view/4620

947.Macilwain, C. (2005). News: Stray seeds had antibiotic-resistance genes. Nature 434: 548. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v434/n7033/full/434548a.html

948.Macilwain C. (2005) US launches probe into sales of unapproved transgenic corn. Nature. ; 434(7032): 423. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v434/n7032/full/nature03570.html

949.Magaña-Gómez JA, Cervantes GL, Yepiz-Plascencia G, de la Barca AM. (2008) Pancreatic response of rats fed genetically modified soybean J Appl Toxicol. Mar;28(2):217-26.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18041736

950.Magana-Gomez JA and dela Barca AM (2009) Risk assessment of genetically modified crops for nutrition and health. Nutr Rev.67(1) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19146501

951.Behrokh Mohajer Maghari and Ali M. Ardekani (2011) Genetically Modified Foods and Social Concerns Avicenna J Med Biotechnol. Jul-Sep; 3(3): 109–117. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3558185/

952.Michael S Majewski, Richard H Coupe, William T Foreman, Paul D Capel (2014) Pesticides in Mississippi air and rain: A comparison between 1995 and 2007. Environ Toxicol Chem. Feb 19. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24549493

953.Makarevitch I, Svitashev SK, Somers DA. (2003) : Complete sequence analysis of transgene loci from plants transformed via microprojectile bombardment. Plant Mol Biol. 52(2): 421-32. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A%3A1023968920830

954.Malatesta M, Caporaloni C, Gavaudan S, Rocchi MB, Serafini S, Tiberi C, Gazzanelli G. (2002) Ultrastructural morphometrical and immunocytochemical analyses of hepatocyte nuclei from mice fed on genetically modified soybean. Cell Struct Funct. Aug;27(4):173-80. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/­12441651

955.Manuela Malatesta, Chiara Caporaloni, Luigia Rossi, Serafina Battistelli, Marco BL Rocchi, Francesco Tonucci, and Giancarlo Gazzanelli (2002) Ultrastructural analysis of pancreatic acinar cells from mice fed on genetically modified soybean J Anat. November; 201(5): 409–415 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1570979/

956.Malatesta M., Biggiogera M., Manuali E., Rocchi M.B., Baldelli B., Gazzanelli G.(2003) Fine structural analysis of pancreatic acinar cell nuclei from mice fed on GM soybean. Eur J Histochem. 47,3858. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14706936

957.Malatesta M, Tiberi C, Baldelli B, Battistelli S, Manuali E, Biggiogera M. (2005) Reversibility of hepatocyte nuclear modifications in mice fed on genetically modified soybean. Eur J Histochem. Jul-Sep;49(3):237-42. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16216809

958.Malatesta M, Boraldi F, Annovi G, Baldelli B, Battistelli S, Biggiogera M, Quaglino D. (2008) A long-term study on female mice fed on a genetically modified soybean: effects on liver ageing. Histochem Cell Biol. Nov;130(5):967-77. http://forumrolnictwaekologicznego.pl/cms/images/Ciekawe%20artyku%C5%82y/Malatesta-Long-Term-Study-Female-2008.pdf

959.Malatesta M, Perdoni F, Santin G, Battistelli S, Muller S, Biggiogera M. (2008) Hepatoma tissue culture (HTC) cells as a model for investigating the effects of low concentrations of herbicide on cell structure and function. Toxicol In Vitro. Dec;22(8):1853-60. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18835430

960.Malatesta, M (2009) Animal feeding trials for assessing GMO safety: answers and questions CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 4, 068, 1-13 http://www.cabi.org/cabreviews/?loadmodule=review&page=4051&reviewid=119533&site=167

961.Malécot, M., Guevel, B., Pineau, C., Holbech, B. F., Bormans, M., & Wiegand, C. (2013). Specific proteomic response of Unio pictorum mussel to a mixture of glyphosate and microcystin-LR. Journal of proteome research, 12(11), 5281-5292. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/pr4006316

962.Maligin AG, Ermakova IV (2008) Soy diet suppresses reproductive function rodents. Modern problems of science and education № 6. (Annex “Biological sciences”). – C. 26 http://online.rae.ru/301

963.Mallory Smith C (2011) Glyphosate resistant creeping bentgrass: same song second verse. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Western Society of Weed Science March 7–10; Spokane. Edited by McCloskey B. Red Hook, New York: Western Society of Weed Science; 2011:103. http://wssaabstracts.com/public/6/abstract-122.html

964.F. Manas, L. Peralta, J. Raviolo, H.G. Ovando, A. Weyers, L. Ugnia, et al., (2009)Genotoxicity of glyphosate assessed by the comet assay and cytogenetic tests, Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 28, 37–41. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21783980

965.Mañas F, Peralta L, Raviolo J, García Ovando H, Weyers A, Ugnia L, Gonzalez Cid M, Larripa I, Gorla N (2009) Genotoxicity of AMPA, the environmental metabolite of glyphosate, assessed by the Comet assay and cytogenetic tests. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. Mar;72(3):834-7 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19013644

966.Mañas F., Peralta L., Ugnia L., Weyers A., García Ovando H., Gorla N. (2013) Oxidative stress and comet assay in tissues of mice administered glyphosate and ampa in drinking water for 14 days BAG, J. basic appl. genet. vol.24 no.2 Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires dic. http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?pid=S1852-62332013000300007&script=sci_arttext

967.Manetti C, Bianchetti C, Casciani L, Castro C, DiCocco ME, Miccheli A, Motto M,ContiF (2006) A metabonomic study of transgenic maize(Zea mays)seeds revealed variations in osmolytes and branched amino acids. JExpBot57 (11):2613-2625 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16831843

968.Julie Marc , Odile Mulner-Lorillon , Sandrine Boulben , Dorothée Hureau , Gaël Durand , and Robert Bellé (2002) Pesticide Roundup Provokes Cell Division Dysfunction at the Level of CDK1/Cyclin B Activation Chem. Res. Toxicol., 2002, 15 (3), pp 326–331 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/tx015543g

969.J. Marc, O. Mulner-Lorillon, G. Durand, R. Belle (2003) Embryonic cell cycle for risk assessment of pesticides at the molecular level. Environmental Chemistry Letters March, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 8-12 http://www.springerlink.com/content/ttj4yv3h5lg1kbpr/

970.Julie Marc, Robert Bellé, Julia Morales, Patrick Cormier and Odile Mulner-Lorillon (2004) Formulated glyphosate activates the DNA-response checkpoint of the cell cycle leading to the prevention of G2/M transition. Toxicological Sciences 82, 436-442. http://toxsci.oxfordjournals.org/content/82/2/436.full

971.Marc J, Mulner-Lorillon O, Bellé R. (2004) Glyphosate-based pesticides affect cell cycle regulation. Biol Cell. Apr;96(3):245-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15182708

972.Marc J, Le Breton M, Cormier P, Morales J, Bellé R, Mulner-Lorillon O. (2005) A glyphosate-based pesticide impinges on transcription. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. Feb 15;203(1):1-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15694458

973.Charles Margulis (2006) The Hazards of Genetically Engineered Foods Environ Health Perspect. March; 114(3): A146–A147. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1392248/#b13-ehp0114-a00146

974.Mariager TP, Madsen PV, Ebbehøj NE, Schmidt B, Juhl A. (2013) Severe adverse effects related to dermal exposure to a glyphosate-surfactant herbicide. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2013 Feb;51(2):111-3. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23360343

975.Mariana, A.; de Alaniz, M. J.T. & Marra, C.A. (2009). The impact of simultaneous intoxication with agrochemicals on the antioxidant defense system in rat. PesticideBiochemistry and Physiology, 94, 93-99. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S004835750900039X

976.Marques, A., Guilherme, S., Gaivão, I., Santos, M. A., & Pacheco, M. (2014) Progression of DNA damage induced by a glyphosate-based herbicide in fish (Anguilla anguilla) upon exposure and post-exposure periods — Insights into the mechanisms of genotoxicity and DNA repair Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1532045614001045

977.Marrelli M, Tudisco R, Mastellone V, Conforti F. (2013) A comparative study of phytochemical composition of genetically and non-genetically modified soybean (Glycine max L.) and evaluation of antitumor activity. Nat Prod Res. 2013;27(6):574-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22455986

978.Marris E. Biotech crop rules get rewrite. Nature. 2007 Sep 6;449(7158):9. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v449/n7158/full/449009b.html

979.Martinez-Ghersa, M.A., C.A. Worster & S.R. Radosevich, 2003. Concerns a weed scientist might have about herbicide-tolerant crops: A revisitation. Weed Technol 17: 202–210 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3989465?uid=3739256&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21103334821433

980.Martinez A, Reyes I, Reyes N (2007) Cytotoxicity of the herbicide glyphosate in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Biomedica. Dec;27(4):594-604. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18320126

981.Martini CN, Gabrielli M, Vila Mdel C. (2012) A commercial formulation of glyphosate inhibits proliferation and differentiation to adipocytes and induces apoptosis in 3T3-L1 fibroblasts. Toxicol In Vitro. Sep;26(6):1007-13. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22546541

982.Martín-Orúe S.M., O’Donnell A.G., Ariño J., Netherwood T., Gilbert H.J., Mathers J.C. (2002) Degradation of transgenic DNA from genetically modified soya and maize in human intestinal simulations. British Journal of Nutrition 87,533542. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12067423

983.Marvier M. (2002) Improving risk assessment for non- target safety of transgenic crops. Ecological Applications 12:1119-1124 http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/1051-0761(2002)012%5B1119%3AIRAFNS%5D2.0.CO%3B2

984.Marvier, M., Van Acker, R.C. (2005) Can crop transgenes be kept on a leash? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3(2): 99-106. http://www.scu.edu/cas/biology/staffandfaculty/upload/Marvier%20&%20VanAcker%20low%20res.pdf

985.Mascarenhas R.N., Boethel D.J., Leonard B.R., Boyd M.L., Clemens C.G. (1998), Resistance monitoring to Bacillus thuringiensis insecticides for soybean loopers (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) collected from soybean and transgenic Bt-cotton, “Journal of Economic Entomology”, 91, pp. 1044-1050 http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/esa/jee/1998/00000091/00000005/art00006

986.Mascarenhas, M., Busch, L. (2006). Seeds of Change: Intellectual Property Rights, Genetically Modified Soybeans and Seed Saving in the United States. Soc. Ruralis 46,122-138. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9523.2006.00406.x/abstract

987.Mason P, Braun L, Warwick SI, Zhu B, Stewart CN Jr. (2003) Transgenic Bt-producing Brassica napus: Plutella xylostella selection pressure and fitness of weedy relatives. Environ Biosafety Res. Oct-Dec;2(4):263-76. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15612282

988.Mastellone, V., d’Angelo, D., Pero, M. E., Pelagalli, A., Lombardi, P., & Avallone, L. (2005) VALUTAZIONE DI ATTIVITÀ ENZIMATICHE ORGANO-SPECIFICHE IN CONIGLI ALIMENTATI CON SOIA TRANSGENICA. VI Convegno Nazionale SOFIVET – Stintino (SS) Giugno 2-4, 2005 http://www.sofivet.it/pubblicazioni/cd/SOFIVET/24.htm

989.Vincenzo Mastellone, Raffaella Tudisco, Giovanni Monastra, Maria Elena Pero, Serena Calabrò, Pietro Lombardi, Micaela Grossi, Monica Isabella Cutrignelli, Luigi Avallone, Federico Infascelli (2013) Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Activity in Kids Born from Goats Fed Genetically Modified Soybean Food and Nutrition Sciences, 4, 50-54 http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/fns.2013.46A006

990.Matthews, Sg; Brawley, Pa; Hayes, Rm, 1998: Effect of glyphosate drift on non-glyphosate tolerant corn. Proceedings Southern Weed Science Society1(51): 259-260

991.Carolyn M. Matthews (2012) Exploring the obesity epidemic. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). Jul; 25(3): 276–277. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3377298/

992.Mayeno AN, Gleich GJ. (1994) Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome and tryptophan production A cautionarytale. Trends Biotechnol. Sep1994;12(9):346-352. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7765187

993.Krista A. McCoy, Lauriel J. Bortnick, Chelsey M. Campbell, Heather J. Hamlin, Louis J. Guillette, Jr., and Colette M. St. Mary (2008) Agriculture Alters Gonadal Form and Function in the Toad Bufo marinus Environ Health Perspect. Nov 2008; 116(11): 1526–1532. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2592273/

994.McCullum, C., Benbrook, C., Knowles, L., Roberts, S., & Schryver, T. (2003). Application of modern biotechnology to food and agriculture: Food systems perspective. Journal of nutrition education and behavior, 35(6), 319-332. http://www.susan-roberts.net/biotechnology.pdf

995.McDuffie HH, Pahwa P, McLaughlin JR, Spinelli JJ, Fincham S, Dosman JA, Robson D, Skinnider LF, Choi NW.(2001) Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and specific pesticide exposures in men: cross-Canada study of pesticides and health. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev.;10:1155–63. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11700263

996.Mc Gaughey WH and Whalon ME (1992) Managing insect resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxins. Science 258: 1451-1455. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/258/5087/1451.abstract

997.Jacqueline McGlade, David Quist & David Gee (2013) Policy: Social responsibility for new technologies Nature 497, 317 (16 May) http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1038/497317a

998.Heather McLeod-Kilmurray (2007) Hoffman v. Monsanto: Courts, Class Actions, and Perceptions of the Problem of GM Drift Bulletin of Science Technology Society June vol. 27 no. 3 188-201 http://bst.sagepub.com/content/27/3/188.abstract

999.Means, N. E., and R. J. Kremer. (2007) Influence of Soil Moisture on Root Colonization of Glyphosate-Treated Soybean by Fusarium Species. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 38, no. 13-14 : 1713-20. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00103620701435472#preview

1000.Meier, M. and A. Hilbeck (2001) Influence of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis corn-fed prey on prey preference of immature Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Basic and Applied Ecology 2: 35-44. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1439179104700286

Petra Meier, Wilfried Wackernagel (2003) Monitoring the Spread of Recombinant DNA from Field Plots with Transgenic Sugar Beet Plants by PCR and Natural Transformation of Pseudomonas Stutzeri Transgenic Research June, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 293-304 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12779118

1002.Meier, M.S., Trtikova, M., Suter, M., Edwards, P.J., & Hilbeck, A. (2013) Simulating evolutionary responses of an introgressed insect resistance trait for ecological effect assessment of transgene flow: a model for supporting informed decision-making in environmental risk assessment Ecology and Evolution 2013; 3(2): 416–423 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ece3.463/full

1003.Meihis LN, Higdon ML, Siegfried BD, Miller NJ, Sappington TW, Ellersieck MR, Spencer TA & Hibbard BE (2008) Increased survival of western corn rootworm on transgenic corn within 3 generations of on-plant greenhouse selection. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105(49): 19177-82. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19047626

1004.Meissle M, Vojtech E, Poppy GM. (2005) Effects of Bt maize-fed prey on the generalist predator Poecilus cupreus L. (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Transgenic Res. Apr;14(2):123-32. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16022384

1005.Melnichuk, S. D., Ye P. Scherban, and V. I. Lokhanskaya. “Effects of Fakel Herbicide on Vital Activity of Ceriodaphnia Affinis in Acute and Chronic Experiments.” Hydrobiological Journal 43, no. 6 (2007 2007): 83-91. http://www.dl.begellhouse.com/journals/38cb2223012b73f2,7058e18f1480270d,517fed05105c83e8.html

1006.Men X, Ge F, Edwards C.A. and Yardim E.N. (2005) The influence of pesticide applications on Helicoverpa armigera Hübner and sucking pests in transgenic Bt cotton and non-transgenic cotton in China. Crop Protection 24 (4):319-324. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261219404002182

1007.Menendez-Helman, R. J., G.V. Ferreyroa, M. dos Santos Afonso, and A. Salibian. (2012) Glyphosate as an Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor in Cnesterodon Decemmaculatus. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 88, no. 1 Jan: 6-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22002176

1008.Mensah, P. K., W. J. Muller, and C. G. Palmer. (2011) Acute Toxicity of Roundup® Herbicide to Three Life Stages of the Freshwater Shrimp Caridina Nilotica (Decapoda: Atyidae). Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C 36, no. 14–15 : 905-09. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1474706511001872

1009.Mensah, P. K., Muller, W. J., & Palmer, C. G. (2012) Using growth measures in the freshwater shrimp Caridina nilotica as biomarkers of Roundup® pollution of South African freshwater systems. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 50, 262-268. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1474706512000824

1010.T.B. Mepham (1992) Public health implications of bovine somatotropin use in dairying: discussion paper. J R Soc Med. December; 85(12): 736–739. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1293761/

1011.T. B. Mepham, P.N. Schofield,W. Zumkeller,A.M. Cotterill (1994) Safety of milk from cows treated with bovine somatotropin, The Lancet – 19 November ( Vol. 344, Issue 8934, Pages 1445-1446 ) http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(94)90618-1/fulltext

1012. Mercer, D.K., Scott, K.P., Bruce-Johnson, W.A., Glover, L.A. and Flint, H.J. (1999) Fate of free DNA and transformation of oral bacterium Streptococcus gordonii DL1 plasmid DNA in human saliva. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 65, 6-10. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC90975/

1013.Mercer DK, Scott KP, Melville CM, Glover LA and Flint HJ (2001) Transformation of an oral bacterium via chromosomal integration of free DNA in the presence of human saliva. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 200(2):163-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11425469

1014.Mercer, K.L., D.A. Andow, D.L. Wyse, and R.G. Shaw. (2007) Stress and domestication traits increase the relative fitness of crop-wild hybrids in sunflower. Ecol. Lett. 10:383-393. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01029.x/abstract

1015.Philip Mercurio, Florita Flores, Jochen F. Mueller, Steve Carter, Andrew P. Negri (2014) Glyphosate persistence in seawater Marine Pollution Bulletin Available online 24 January 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025326X14000228#FCANote

1016.Daniela Merlotti, Luigi Gennari, Konstantinos Stolakis, and Ranuccio Nuti (2011) Aromatase Activity and Bone Loss in Men. Journal of Osteoporosis, Volume 2011, Article ID 230671, 11 pages http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jos/2011/230671/

1017.Reci Meseri (2008) Genetically Modified Foods and Nutrition TAF Prev Med Bull.; 7(5): 455-460 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=362

1018.R Mesnage, E Clair, J Spiroux de Vendômois, G-E Séralini (2010) Two cases of birth defects overlapping Stratton-Parker syndrome after multiple pesticide exposure Occup Environ Med;67:359 http://oem.bmj.com/content/67/5/359.extract

1019.R Mesnage, E Clair, GE Séralini (2010) Roundup in Genetically modified crops: Regulation and toxicity in mammals Breckling, B. & Verhoeven, R. Implications of GM-Crop Cultivation at Large Spatial Scales. Theorie in der Ökologie 16. Frankfurt, Peter Lang. Volume 16 Pages 31-33 http://www.gmoseralini.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Mesnageal-GML_2010.pdf

1020.Robin Mesnage, Christian Moesch, Rozenn Le Grand, Guillaume Lauthier, Joël Spiroux de Vendômois, Steeve Gress, Gilles-Eric Séralini (2012) Glyphosate Exposure in a Farmer’s Family Journal of Environmental Protection, 3, 1001-1003 http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperDownload.aspx?paperID=22645

1021.Mesnage R, Bernay B, Séralini GE. (2012) Ethoxylated adjuvants of glyphosate-based herbicides are active principles of human cell toxicity. Toxicology. Sep 21. pii: S0300-483X(12)00345-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23000283

1022.R. Mesnage, E. Clair, S. Gress, C. Then, A. Székács, G.-E. Séralini (2013) Cytotoxicity on human cells of Cry1Ab and Cry1Ac Bt insecticidal toxins alone or with a glyphosate-based herbicide Journal of Applied Toxicology Volume 33, Issue 7, pages 695–699, July http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jat.2712/abstract

1023.Robin Mesnage, Steeve Gress, Nicolas Defarge & Gilles-Eric Séralini (2013) Human cell toxicity of pesticides associated to wide scale agricultural GMOs. Breckling, B. & Verhoeven, R. (2013) GM-Crop Cultivation – Ecological Effects on a Landscape Scale. Theorie in der Ökologie 17. Frankfurt, Peter Lang. http://www.gmls.eu/beitraege/118_Mesnage.pdf

1024.Mesnage, R. and Séralini, G.-É. (2014) The Need for a Closer Look at Pesticide Toxicity during GMO Assessment, in Practical Food Safety: Contemporary Issues and Future Directions (eds R. Bhat and V. M. Gómez-López), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9781118474563.ch10/summary

1025.Robin Mesnage, Nicolas Defarge, Joël Spiroux de Vendômois, and Gilles-Eric Séralini (2013) Major pesticides are more toxic to human cells than their declared active principles BioMed Research International hindawi.com/journals/bmri/aip/179691.pdf

1026.R. Mesnage, N. Defarge, G.E. Séralini, J. Spiroux de Vendômois (2014) Letter to the Editor regarding “Delaney et al., 2014”: Uncontrolled GMOs and their associated pesticides make the conclusions unreliable. Food and Chemical Toxicology, Available online 2 July 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691514003226

1027.‎Messean A, Sausse C, Gasquez J, Darmency H. Occurrence of genetically modified oilseed rape seeds in the harvest of subsequent conventional oilseed rape over time. Eur. J. Agron. 2007;27:115–122. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1161030107000263

1028.Messeguer J., Marfa V., Catala M.M., Guiderdoni E., Melé E.. (2004) A field study of pollen-mediated geneflow from Mediterranean GM rice to conventional rice and the red riceweed. Molecular Breeding 13(1),103-112. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023%2FB%3AMOLB.0000012285.39859.9d

1029.Metz, PLJ, E Jacobsen, JP Nap, A Pereira, and WJ Stiekema. (1997) The impact on biosafety of the phosphinothricin-tolerance transgene in inter-specific B. rapa x B. Napus hybrids and their successive backcrosses. Theoretical and Applied Genetics Vol 95 pp 442-450. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s001220050581

1030.Hartmut Meyer (2011) Systemic risks of genetically modified crops : the need for new approaches to risk assessment. Environmental Sciences Europe 23:7 http://www.enveurope.com/content/pdf/2190-4715-23-7.pdf

1031.Hartmut Meyer and Angelika Hilbeck (2013) Rat feeding studies with genetically modified maize – a comparative evaluation of applied methods and risk assessment standards. Environmental Sciences Europe, 25:33 http://www.enveurope.com/content/25/1/33/abstract

1032.Meza-Joya, F. L., Ramírez-Pinilla, M. P. and Fuentes-Lorenzo, J. L. (2013), Toxic, cytotoxic, and genotoxic effects of a glyphosate formulation (Roundup®SL–Cosmoflux®411F) in the direct-developing frog Eleutherodactylus johnstonei. Environ. Mol. Mutagen., 54: 362–373. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23625742

1033.Bélin Poletto Mezzomo, Ana Luisa Miranda-Vilela, Ingrid de Souza Freire, Lilian Carla Pereira Barbosa, Flávia Arruda Portilho, Zulmira Guerrero Marques Lacava and Cesar Koppe Grisolia (2013) Hematotoxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis as Spore-crystal Strains Cry1Aa, Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac or Cry2Aa in Swiss Albino Mice J Hematol Thromb Dis, 1:1 http://esciencecentral.org/journals/JHTD/JHTD-1-104.pdf

1034.Miki B, Abdeen A, Manabe Y, MacDonald P. (2009) : Selectable marker genes and unintended changes to the plant transcriptome. Plant Biotechnol J. 7(3): 211-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19261135

1035.Mikkelsen T. R., B. Andersen, and R. B. Jørgensen (1996) The Risk of Crop Transgene Spread Nature 380, 31. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v380/n6569/abs/380031a0.html

1036.Paul K. Mills, Richard Yang, Deborah Riordan (2005) Lymphohematopoietic Cancers in the United Farm Workers of America (UFW), 1988–2001 Cancer Causes & Control September, Volume 16, Issue 7, pp 823-830 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10552-005-2703-2

1037.Millstone, E., E. Brunner, E., S. Mayer. 1999. Beyond “substantial equivalence”. Nature 401: 525–26. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v401/n6753/full/401525a0.html

1038.Millstone E, Brunner E, Mayer S. (1999) Seeking clarity in the discussion over the safety of GM foods. Nature, 402:575. http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1038/45054

1039.Mirande, L., M. Haramboure, G. Smagghe, S. Pineda, and M. I. Schneider. (2010) Side-Effects of Glyphosate on the Life Parameters of Eriopis Connexa (Coleoptera: Coccinelidae) in Argentina. Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 75, no. 3 : 367-72. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21539255

1040.Mishra A, Gaur SN, Singh BP, Arora N. (2012) In silico assessment of the potential allergenicity of transgenes used for the development of GM food crops. Food Chem Toxicol. 2012 May;50(5):1334-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22361217

1041.Peter Mitchell , Jane Bradbury (1999) British Medical Association enters GM-crop affray The Lancet, Volume 353, Issue 9166, Page 1769, 22 May http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(99)90090-9/fulltext

1042.Mizuguti A, Ohigashi K, Yoshimura Y, Kaga A, Kuroda Y, Matsuo K. (2010) Hybridization between GM soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) and wild soybean (Glycine soja Sieb. et Zucc.) under field conditions in Japan. Environ Biosafety Res. Jan-Mar;9(1):13-23. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21122483

1043.Modesto KA, Martinez CB. (2010) Roundup causes oxidative stress in liver and inhibits acetylcholinesterase in muscle and brain of the fish Prochilodus lineatus. Chemosphere. Jan;78(3):294-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19910015

1044.Mogilner N, Zutra D, Gafny R, Bar-Joseph M. (1993) The persistence of engineered Agrobacterium tumefaciens in agroinfected plants. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. Sep-Oct;6(5):673-5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8274776

1045.Mohamed H. Mona, Reda M. Gaafar, Ibrahim B. Helal, Nahla E. Omran, Wesam M. Salama (2013) Evaluation of cytotoxic effects of atrazine and glyphosate herbicides on Biomphalaria glabrata snails The Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology Volume 66, Issue 2, March, Pages 68–75 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2090989613000398

1046.Monroy CM, Cortés AC, Sicard DM, de Restrepo HG. (2005) [Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of human cells exposed in vitro to glyphosate]. Biomedica. Sep;25(3):335-45. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16276681

1047.Moore LJ1, Fuentes L, Rodgers JH Jr, Bowerman WW, Yarrow GK, Chao WY, Bridges WC Jr. (2012) Relative toxicity of the components of the original formulation of Roundup to five North American anurans. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. Apr;78:128-33. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22137360

1048.Morandin, Lora A., and Mark L. Winston (2005) WILD BEE ABUNDANCE AND SEED PRODUCTION IN CONVENTIONAL, ORGANIC, AND GENETICALLY MODIFIED CANOLA Ecological Applications 15:871–881. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/03-5271

1049.Darek T R Moreau, Corinne Conway, and Ian A Fleming (2011) Reproductive performance of alternative male phenotypes of growth hormone transgenic Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) Evol Appl. November; 4(6): 736–748. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3352541/

1050.Natália Cestari Moreno, Silvia Helena Sofia, Claudia B.R. Martinez (2014) Genotoxic effects of the herbicide Roundup Transorb® and its active ingredient glyphosate on the fish Prochilodus lineatus. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, Volume 37, Issue 1, January, Pages 448–454 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1382668913002846

1051.Moreno-Fierros, L. García, N. Gutiérrez,R. López-Revilla, R.Vázquez-Padrón, RI..(2000). Intranasal, rectal and intraperitoneal immunization with protoxin Cry1Ac from Bacillus thuringiensis induces compartmentalized serum, intestinal, vaginal and pulmonary immune responses in Balb/c mice. Microbes Infect 2(8): 885-90; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10962271

1052.Mori, T., R. Devlin. (1999) Transgene and host growth hormone gene expression in pituitary and nonpituitary tissues of normal and growth hormone transgenic salmon. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. 149: 129–39. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0303720798002482

1053.Wendy A Morley, Stephanie Seneff (2014) Diminished brain resilience syndrome: A modern day neurological pathology of increased susceptibility to mild brain trauma, concussion, and downstream neurodegeneration. Surg Neurol Int, 5:97 http://www.surgicalneurologyint.com/article.asp?issn=2152-7806;year=2014;volume=5;issue=1;spage=97;epage=97;aulast=Morley

1054.John P. Morrissey, Ultan F. Walsh, Anne O’Donnell, Yvan Moënne-Loccoz, Fergal O’Gara (2002)Exploitation of genetically modified inoculants for industrial ecology applications Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 12-2002, Volume 81, Issue 1-4, pp 599-606 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023%2FA%3A1020522025374#

1055.Mortensen DA, Egan JF, Maxwell BD, Ryan MR, Smith RG. (2012) Navigating a critical juncture for sustainable weed management. Bio Science. 62(1):75-84 http://www.iatp.org/documents/navigating-a-critical-juncture-for-sustainable-weed-management

1056.Sara Mostafalou, Mohammad Abdollahi (2013) Pesticides and human chronic diseases: Evidences, mechanisms, and perspectives. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology Volume 268, Issue 2, 15 April 2013, Pages 157–177 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0041008X13000549

1057.Motavalli PP, Kremer RJ, Fang M and Means NE (2004) Impact of genetically modified crops and their management on soil microbially mediated plant nutrient transformations. J. Environ. Qual. 33(3),81624. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15224915

1058.Mottier A, Kientz-Bouchart V, Serpentini A, Lebel JM, Jha AN, Costil K. (2013) Effects of glyphosate-based herbicides on embryo-larval development and metamorphosis in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Aquat Toxicol. Mar 15;128-129:67-78. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23277103

1059.Muchaonyerwa P. & Waladde S.M. (2007) Persistence of the pesticidal Bacillus thuringiensis protein expressed in Bt maize plant materials in two soils of the Central Eastern Cape, South Africa. South African Journal of Plant and Soil 24(1): 26-31. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02571862.2007.10634777#.UqF1Ykko7IU

1060.Mueller W., Jaschok A. (2007), Effect of foreign (not self) DNA/RNA on the Human Immune System in regard to Genetically Modified Plants, Environment Protection Organisation Global 2000, Vienna http://stopogm.net/sites/stopogm.net/files/HumanImmuneSys.pdf

1061.William M. Muir and Richard D. Howard (1999) Possible ecological risks of transgenic organism release when transgenes affect mating success: Sexual selection and the Trojan gene hypothesis Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 November 23; 96(24): 13853–13856 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC24154/#__ffn_sectitle

1062.Mulder C, Wouterse M, Raubuch M, Roelofs W & Rutgers M. (2006) Can transgenic maize affect soil microbial communities? PLoS Comput Biol. 2006 September; 2(9): e128. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1584322/?tool=pmcentrez&rendertype=abstract

1063.Mulder C, Wouterse M, Rutgers M. & Posthuma L. (2007) Transgenic maize containing the Cry1Ab protein ephemerally enhances soil microbial communities Ambio 36:359-361. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17626475

1064.Müller, W. (2004) Recherche und Analyse bezuglich human toxikologischer Risiken von gentechnisch veränderten Soja-und Maispflanzen. Eco-risk(Buro fur Ökologische Risikoforschung), Vienna,April10 http://www.keinegentechnik.de/bibliothek/verbraucher/studien/ecoris_analyse_humantoxikologie_040410.pdf

1065.Munier DJ, Brittan KL, Lanini WT.(2012) Seedbank persistence of genetically modified canola in California. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int.19(6):2281-4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22258428

1066.Alistair Munro (2008) The spatial impact of genetically modified crops Ecological Economics Volume 67, Issue 4, 1 November, Pages 658–666 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800908000669

1067.Maria R. Lee-Muramoto (2012) REFORMING THE “UNCOORDINATED” FRAMEWORK FOR REGULATION OF BIOTECHNOLOGY Drake Journal of Agricultural Law, Vol. 17, No. 2, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2175622

1068.Myers, O., Schmidt, M., Lightfoot, B., Njiti, V., Shenaut, M., and Buehler, R. (1999) Interaction between application of roundup ultra to roundup ready soybean and subsequent response to sudden death syndrome (SDS). In Proceedings of the 6th World Soybean Research Conference, Superior Printing: Champaign, Ill.

1069.Myhr A. I. and T. Traavik (1999) The Precautionary Principle Applied to Deliberate Release of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) Microb Ecol Hlth Dis 11 , 65–74. http://www.microbecolhealthdis.net/index.php/mehd/article/view/7886

1070.Anne Ingeborg Myhr, Terje Traavik (2002) The Precautionary Principle: Scientific Uncertainty and Omitted Research in the Context of GMO Use and Release Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 73-86 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023%2FA%3A1013814108502

1071.Myhr, A.I. and Traavik, T (2003) Genetically modified crops: Precautionary science and conflicts of interests. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 16:227-247 http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1023/A:1023686900879.pdf

1072.Myhr , A.I. and Traavik, T. (2003) Sustainable development and Norwegian Genetic Engineering regulations: Applications, impacts and challenges. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 16:317-335. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023%2FA%3A1025616015955

1073.Myhr, A.I. (2007) The Role of Precautionary Motivated Science in Addressing Scientific UncertaintiesRelated to GMOs. Book chapter in: Traavik, T. and Lim, L.C. (eds.) Biosafety First: Holistic Approaches to Risk and Uncertainty in Genetic Engineering and Genetically Modified Organisms, Tapir Academic Press, Trondheim http://genok.no/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Chapter-17.pdf

1074.Myhr, A.I. (2010) The Challenge of Scientific Uncertainty and Disunity in Risk Assessment and Management of GM Crops. Environmental Values 19 : 7-31. http://www.erica.demon.co.uk/EV/EV1902.html

1075.Anne Ingeborg Myhr, G. Kristin Rosendal and Ingrid Olesen (2012). New Developments in Biotechnology and IPR in Aquaculture – Are They Sustainable?, Aquaculture, Dr. Zainal Muchlisin (Ed.), pages 317-342 ISBN: 978-953-307-974-5, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/30830. http://www.intechopen.com/books/aquaculture/new-developments-in-biotechnology-and-ipr-in-aquaculture-are-they-sustainable-

1076.Marit R. Myhre•Kristin A. Fenton•Julia Eggert• Kaare M. Nielsen•Terje Traavik (2006) The 35S CaMV plant virus promoter is active in human enterocyte-like cells Eur Food Res Technol (2006) 222: 185–193 http://www.mma.gov.br/estruturas/biosseguranca/_arquivos/71_28112008024750.pdf

1077.Ian A Myles (2014) Fast food fever: reviewing the impacts of the Western diet on immunity. Nutrition Journal, 13:61 http://www.nutritionj.com/content/13/1/61

1078.Nandula V.K., Reddy, K., Duke, S. (2005) Glyphosate- resistant weeds : Current status and future outlook. Outlooks on Pest Management 16,183187. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/250014890_Glyphosate-Resistant_Weeds_Current_Status_and_Future_Outlook

1079.Nandula VK, Wright AA, Molin WT, Ray JD, Bond JA, Eubank TW. (2014) EPSPS amplification in glyphosate-resistant spiny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus): A case of gene transfer via interspecific hybridization from glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri). Pest Manag Sci. Feb 4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24497375

1080.Navarro, C. D., & Martinez, C. B. (2014) Effects of the surfactant polyoxyethylene amine (POEA) on genotoxic, biochemical and physiological parameters of the freshwater teleost Prochilodus lineatus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1532045614000829

1081.Nazarova AF, Ermakova IV (2010) Effect of soy diet on reproductive function and testosterone levels in rats and hamsters. Academy Trinitarism, № 77-6567, publ.15788, 12.02. http://www.trinitas.ru/rus/doc/0016/001c/00161613.htm

1082.Negga R, Rudd DA, Davis NS, Justice AN, Hatfield HE, Valente AL, Fields AS, Fitsanakis VA. (2011) Exposure to Mn/Zn ethylene-bis-dithiocarbamate and glyphosate pesticides leads to neurodegeneration in Caenorhabditis elegans. Neurotoxicology. Jun;32(3):331-41 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21376751

1083.Negga R, Stuart JA, Machen ML, Salva J, Lizek AJ, Richardson SJ, Osborne AS, Mirallas O, McVey KA, Fitsanakis VA. (2012) Exposure to glyphosate- and/or Mn/Zn-ethylene-bis-dithiocarbamate-containing pesticides leads to degeneration of γ-aminobutyric acid and dopamine neurons in Caenorhabditis elegans. Neurotox Res. Apr;21(3):281-90. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21922334

1084.Teresinha de Jesus C. Neiva; Ana Carolina R. Moraes; Rafaella SchwyzerI; Cidônia de Lourdes Vituri; Tania Rubia F. Rocha; Diana M. Fries; Márcio A. Silva; Aloisio Luiz Benedetti (2010) In vitro effect of the herbicide glyphosate on human blood platelet aggregation and coagulation Rev. Bras. Hematol. Hemoter. vol.32 no.4 http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbhh/2010nahead/aop87010.pdf

1085.Nestle M (1996) Allergies in Transgenic foods-questions of policy. The New England Journal of Medicine 334: 726 727 http://www.readabstracts.com/Health/Allergies-to-transgenic-foods-questions-of-policy-Treatment-of-allergic-asthma-with-monoclonal-anti-.html

1086.Nestle, M (2001) Genetically Engineered ”Golden” Rice Unlikely to Overcome Vitamin A Deficiency Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Volume 101, Number 3, March, pp. 289-290(2) http://www.indiatogether.org/reports/goldenrice/science.htm

1087.Netherwood T., Martín-Orúe S.M., O’Donnell A.G., Gockling S., Graham J., Mathers J.C., Gilbert H.J. (2004) Assessing the survival of transgenic plant DNA in the human gastro- intestinal tract. Nature Biotechnology 22, 204-209 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14730317

1088.Neumann G, Kohls S, Landsberg E, Stock-Oliveira Souza K, Yamada T,Romheld V(2006) Relevance of glyphosate transfer to non-target plants via the rhizosphere. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection 20:963-969. http://www.ulmer.de/Content/Special-Issue-XX/Relevance-of-glyphosate-transfer-to-non-target-plants-via-the-rhizosphere,QUlEPTEwMjcwOCZNSUQ9NTIwNDAmQVJPT1Q9NTIzNTcmVEVNUF9NQUlOPVNjaWVudGlmaWNzX1BvcnRyYWl0Lmh0bQ.html

1089.Newberg, J.A. and R.L. Dunn. (2002) Keeping secrets in the campus lab: Law, values and rules of engagement for industry-university R&D partnerships, American Business Law Journal, 39 (2): 187–240. https://litigation-essentials.lexisnexis.com/webcd/app?action=DocumentDisplay&crawlid=1&doctype=cite&docid=39+Am.+Bus.+L.J.+187&srctype=smi&srcid=3B15&key=f93a1574fb8f4c54181e817b10e1c405

1090.Newman, S. A. (2009) Genetically modified foods and the attack on nature. Capitalism Nature Socialism. 20: 22-31. http://www.nymc.edu/sanewman/PDFs/CNS_GM_foods_09.pdf

1091.Newmaster, S.G., Bell, F.W., Vitt, D.H. 1999. The effects of glyphosate and triclopyr on common bryophytes and lichens in northwestern Ontario. Can. Jour. Forest Research 29, 1101–1111. http://www.plant.siu.edu/faculty/vitt/pdf/165-1999.PDF

1092.Nielsen KM, Bones AM, Smalla K and vanElsas JD (1998) Horizontal gene transfer from transgenic plants to terrestrial bacteria a rare event? FEMS Microbiology Reviews 22:79-103. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9729765

1093.Christer Røss Nielsen • Knut G. Berdal • Anne Marie Bakke-McKellep • Arne Holst-Jensen (2005) Dietary DNA in blood and organs of Atlantic salmon ( S a l m o s a l a r L.) Eur Food Res Technol 221:1–8 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00217-005-1160-1

1094.Nielsen, K.M. (2013) Biosafety data as confidential business information. PLoS Biology 11(3): e1001499. http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001499

1095.Nielsen, K.M.; Bøhn, T.; Townsend, J.P. (2014) Detecting rare gene transfer events in bacterial populations Frontiers in Microbiology, 4: (415), 1-12 http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fmicb.2013.00415/full

1096.Ronald Nigh, Charles Benbrook, Stephen Brush , Luis Garcia-Barrios, Rafael Ortega-Paczka, and Hugo R. Perales (2000) Transgenic Crops: A Cautionary Tale Science Volume 287, Number 5460, p 1927 March 17, http://66.39.57.221/mexico_maize_letter.html

1097.Zorica Nikolića, Ivana Vasiljevićb, Gordana Zdjelara,Vuk Đorđevića, Maja Ignjatova,Dušica Jovičića, Dragana Milošević (2014) Detection of genetically modified soybean in crude soybean oil Food Chemistry Volume 145, 15 February, Pages 1072–1075 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814613012570

1098.Marcia G. Nishioka ,Hazel M. Burkholder , Marielle C. Brinkman , and Sydney M. Gordon (1996) Measuring Transport of Lawn-Applied Herbicide Acids from Turf to Home: Correlation of Dislodgeable 2,4-D Turf Residues with Carpet Dust and Carpet Surface Residues Environ. Sci. Technol., 1996, 30 (11), pp 3313–3320 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es960111r

1099.Marcia G. Nishioka , Hazel M. Burkholder , and Marielle C. Brinkman (1999) Distribution of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid in Floor Dust throughout Homes Following Homeowner and Commercial Lawn Applications: Quantitative Effects of Children, Pets, and Shoes Environ. Sci. Technol., 1999, 33 (9), pp 1359–1365 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es980580o

1100.M G Nishioka, R G Lewis, M C Brinkman, H M Burkholder, C E Hines, and J R Menkedick (2001) Distribution of 2,4-D in air and on surfaces inside residences after lawn applications: comparing exposure estimates from various media for young children. Environ Health Perspect. November; 109(11): 1185–1191. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1240481/

1101.Nishizawa T, Nakajima N, Aono M, Tamaoki M, Kubo A, Saji H (2009) Monitoring the occurence of gentically modified oilseed rape growing along japanese roadside: 3-year observations. Environ Biosafety Res, 8:33–44 http://www.ebr-journal.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8206974

1102.NODARI, R. O. e GUERRA, M. P. (2000) Implications of transgenics for environmental and agricultural sustainability. História, Ciências, Saúde — Manguinhos, vol. VII(2), 481-91, July-Oct. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0104-59702000000300016&script=sci_arttext

1103.Rubens Onofre Nodari; Miguel Pedro Guerra (2003) Transgenic plants and their products: effects, risks and food safety (Biosafety of transgenic plants) Rev. Nutr. vol.16 no.1 Campinas Jan./Mar. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-52732003000100011

1104.Nodari, R., (2007) In Avanço da soja transgênica amplia uso de glifosato. Valor Econômico, April 23 http://www.seagri.ba.gov.br/noticias.asp?qact=view&exibir=clipping&notid=9931

1105.Rubens Onofre Nodari (2009) QUALITY OF RISK ANALYSIS AND INSECURITY OF TRANSGENIC TO ENVIRONMENTAL AND HUMAN HEALTH Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica; 26(1): 74-82 http://www.scielo.org.pe/pdf/rins/v26n1/a15v26n1

1106.NOMURA, N.S. and HILTON, H.W. (1977), The adsorption and degradation of glyphosate in five Hawaiian sugarcane soils. Weed Research, 17: 113–121. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-3180.1977.tb00454.x/abstract

1107.Nordlee, J.A., Taylor, S.L., Townsend, J.A. and Thomas, L.A. (1996) Identification of a Brazil nut allergen in transgenic soybean. New England Journal of Medicine 334, 688-692. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8594427

1108.Jason K. Norsworthy , Prashant Jha , Lawrence E. Steckel , and Robert C. Scott (2010) Confirmation and Control of Glyphosate-Resistant Giant Ragweed (Ambrosia trifida) in Tennessee Weed Technology 24(1):64-70. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WT-D-09-00019.1

1109.Norsworthy, J.K., Ward, S.M., Shaw, D.R., Llewellyn, R.S., Nichols, R.L., Webster, T.M., Bradley, K.W., Frisvold, G., Powles, S.B., Burgos, N.R., Witt, W.W., Barrett,M. (2012) Reducing the risks of herbicide resistance : Best management practices and recommendations. Weed Science,specialissue,pp31-62 http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WS-D-11-00155.1

1110.C.D. Nwania, N.S. Nagpureb, Ravindra Kumarb, Basdeo Kushwahab, W.S. Lakra (2013) DNA damage and oxidative stress modulatory effects of glyphosate-based herbicide in freshwater fish, Channa punctatus Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology Volume 36, Issue 2, September, Pages 539–547 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1382668913001336

1111.Obrist L.B., Dutton A.,Romeis J. & Bigler F. (2006) Biological activity of Cry1Ab toxin expressed by Bt maize following ingestion by herbivorous arthropods and exposure of the predator Chrysoperla carnea. Bio Control 51:31-48. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10526-005-2936-8

1112.JOHN J. OBRYCKI, JOHN E. LOSEY, ORLEY R. TAYLOR, and LAURA C. H. JESSE (2001) Transgenic Insecticidal Corn: Beyond Insecticidal Toxicity to Ecological Complexity BioScience May : Vol. 51, Issue 5, pg(s) 353-361 http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051%5B0353%3ATICBIT%5D2.0.CO%3B2

1113.Obrycki, J.J., Losey, J.E., Taylor, O.R., and Hansen, L.C. (2001). Response to: Transgenic insecticidal corn: The agronomic and ecological rationale for its use. BioScience 51: 903- 905. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051%5B0903%3ARFOAC%5D2.0.CO%3B2

1114.Obrycki, J.J., Losey, J.E., Taylor, O.R., and Hansen, L.C. (2001). Response to: Supporting a cautious approach to agricultural biotechnology. BioScience 51: 906. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.1641/0006-3568%282001%29051%5B0906%3ARFOAC%5D2.0.CO%3B2?uid=3739256&uid=2134&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21103617614343

1115.Obryki, J.J., J.R. Ruberson, J.E. Losey. (2004) Interactions between natural enemies and transgenic insecticidal crops. p. 83-206. In L.E. Ehler et al. (ed) Genetics, evolution and biological control. CABI Publ., UK. http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/20033208632.html;jsessionid=1E0EA420B2896BA7A21AE0AF9C5A442D

1116.Dennis C. Odero (2012) Response of Ragweed Parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus) to Saflufenacil and Glyphosate. Weed Technology: July-September, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 443-448. http://wssajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WT-D-11-00116.1

1117.Oger, P., Petit, A. & Dessaux, Y. 1997. Genetically engineered plants producing opines alter their biological environment. Nature Biotechnol. 15, 369-372. http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v15/n4/abs/nbt0497-369.html

1118.I. N. OKA and DAVID PIMENTEL (1976) Herbicide (2,4-D) Increases Insect and Pathogen Pests on Corn Science 16 July: 239-240. [DOI:10.1126/science.193.4249.239] http://www.sciencemag.org/content/193/4249/239.abstract?sid=5f16e2e1-8ac1-46e0-883b-e6a10084b8e0

1119.RG Okayi, PA Annune, MU Tachia, OJ Oshoke (2010) Acute Toxicity of Glyphosate on Clarias Gariepinus Fingerlings Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment Vol 2, No 2 (2010) http://www.ajol.info/index.php/jrfwe/article/view/82372

1120.Krista B. Oke, Peter A. H. Westley, Darek T. R. Moreau, and Ian A. Fleming (2013) Hybridization between genetically modified Atlantic salmon and wild brown trout reveals novel ecological interactions Proc. R. Soc. B. 280 1763 20131047; doi:10.1098/rspb.2013.1047 (published 29 May) 1471-2954 http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/280/1763/20131047

1121.Oliveri et al (2006) Temporary depression of transcription in mouse preimplantation embryos from mice fed on genetically modified soybean. 48th Symposium of the Society for Histochemistry. Lake Maggiore(Italy), Sept.7- 10.

1122.Oliveira AG, Telles LF, Hess RA, Mahecha GA, Oliveira CA. (2007) Effects of the herbicide Roundup on the epididymal region of drakes Anas platyrhynchos. Reprod Toxicol. Feb;23(2):182-91. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17166697

1123.Oller JW (2013) Etiology: An Editorial on the Prevention of Communication Disorders. Commun Disord Deaf Stud Hearing Aids 1:e101. http://www.esciencecentral.org/journals/etiology-an-editorial-on-the-prevention-of-communication-disorders-JCDSHA.e101.php?aid=15245

1124.Olurin, K.B., E.A.A. Olojo, G.O. Mbaka, and A.T. Akindele. (2006) Histopathological Responses of the Gill and Liver Tissues of Clarias Gariepinus Fingerlings to Herbicide, Glyphosate. African Journal of Biotechnology 5(24): 2480-2487 5, no. 24 : 2480-87 http://www.academicjournals.org/ajb/PDF/pdf2006/18Dec/Olurin%20et%20al.pdf

1125.Nahla Elsayed Omran, Wesam Mohamed Salama (2013) The endocrine disrupter effect of atrazine and glyphosate on Biomphalaria alexandrina snails. Toxicol Ind Health, November 8 http://m.tih.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/11/05/0748233713506959.abstract

1126.Elisabeth H. Ormandy, Julie Dale, and Gilly Griffin (2011) Genetic engineering of animals: Ethical issues, including welfare concerns Can Vet J. May; 52(5): 544–550. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3078015/

1127.Ortiz-Ordoñez, Esperanza, Esther Uría-Galicia, Ricardo Ruiz-Picos, Angela Sánchez Duran, Yoseline Hernández Trejo, Jacinto Sedeño-Díaz, and Eugenia López-López. (2011) Effect of Yerbimat Herbicide on Lipid Peroxidation, Catalase Activity, and Histological Damage in Gills and Liver of the Freshwater Fish Goodea Atripinnis. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 61, no. 3 : 443-52. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21305274

1128.Oswald, K. J., French, B. W., Nielson, C. and Bagley, M. (2012), Assessment of fitness costs in Cry3Bb1-resistant and susceptible western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) laboratory colonies. Journal of Applied Entomology, 136: 730–740. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1439-0418.2012.01704.x/abstract

1129.Ostenfeld, T.H., E. McLean, R.H. Devlin. 1998. Transgenesis changes body and head shape in Pacific salmon. J. Fish Biol. 52: 850–54. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/229594823_Transgenesis_changes_body_and_head_shape_in_Pacific_salmon

1130.Owen MD K and Zelaya IA (2005) Herbicide-resistant crops and weed resistance to herbicides. Pest Manag. Sci. 61:301-311. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15668920

1131.Mechelle J. Owen and Stephen B. Powles (2010) Glyphosate-Resistant Rigid Ryegrass (Lolium rigidum) Populations in the Western Australian Grain Belt Weed Technology 24(1):44-49. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WT-09-054.1?journalCode=wete

1132.OWRANG I, NAJAFIAN M AND JOHARI H (2013) ANTIOXIDANT EFFECT OF GINGER ON THE PITUITARY-GONADAL AXIS HORMONES RECOVERED FROM THE DEVASTATING EFFECTS OF THE HERBICIDE GLYPHOSATE IN FEMALE RATS. IJBPAS, August, 2(8): 1606-1616 http://ijbpas.com/pdf/1380783710MS%20IJBPAS%202013%201554.pdf

1133.Tayfun ÖZKAYA (2010) GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS ARE A HUNGER REMEDY? Official Journal of the Turkish Medical Association, May-June 2010 – Volume: 25 – Issue:3 http://www.ttb.org.tr/th/32010/index_dosyalar/Page673.htm

1134.Levent Ozturk, Atilla Yazici, Selim Eker, Ozgur Gokmen, Volker Römheld, and Ismail Cakmak, (2008) Glyphosate inhibition of ferric reductase activity in iron deficient sunflower roots, New Phytologist , 177:899-906. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18179601

1135.Linda J. Paetow, J. Daniel McLaughlin, Roger I. Cue, Bruce D. Pauli, David J. Marcogliese (2012) Effects of herbicides and the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis on the health of post-metamorphic northern leopard frogs (Lithobates pipiens) Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Volume 80, 1 June, Pages 372–380 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651312001145

1136.Alejandra Paganelli , Victoria Gnazzo , Helena Acosta , Silvia L. López , and Andrés E. Carrasco (2010) Glyphosate-Based Herbicides Produce Teratogenic Effects on Vertebrates by Impairing Retinoic Acid Signaling Chem. Res. Toxicol., 23 (10), pp 1586–1595 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/tx1001749

1137.Papchenkova, I.L. Golovanova, N.V. Ushakova, (2009) The parameters of reproduction, sizes, and activities of hydrolases in Daphnia magna straus of successive generations affected by Roundup herbicide Inland Water Biology July, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 286-291 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1134%2FS1995082909030158

1138.Paris K., Aris A, (2010) [Hypothetical link between endometriosis and xenobiotics-associated genetically modified food]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil. 2010 Dec;38(12):747-53. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1297958910002717

1139.Paris, Krystel (2010) Évaluation de l’impact des pesticides associés aux plantes génétiquement modifiées sur l’incidence de l’endométriose. http://savoirs.usherbrooke.ca/handle/11143/4084

1140.Park, K.W., Lee, B., Kim, C.G., Kim, D.Y., Park, J.Y., Ko, E.M., Jeong, S.C., Choi, K.F., Yoon, W.K., Kim, H.M. (2010) Monitoring the occurrence of genetically modified maize at a grain receiving port and along transportation routes in the Republic of Korea. Food Control, 21(4): 456-461. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0956713509002217

1141.I. M. Parker, D. Bartsch (1996) Recent advances in ecological biosafety research on the risks of transgenic plants: A trans-continental perspective Advances in Life Sciences, pp 147-161 http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-0348-9177-6_11

1142.Mark Partridge, Denis J. Murphy, (2004) Detection of genetically modified soya in a range of organic and health food products: Implications for the accurate labelling of foodstuffs derived from potential GM crops, British Food Journal, Vol. 106 Iss: 3, pp.166 – 180 http://www.academia.edu/3108740/Detection_of_genetically_modified_soya_in_a_range_of_organic_and_health_food_products_Implications_for_the_accurate_labelling_of_foodstuffs_derived_from_potential_GM_crops

1143.Rajeev Patel; Robert J. Torres; Peter Rosset (2005) Genetic Engineering in Agriculture and Corporate Engineering in Public Debate: Risk, Public Relations, and Public Debate over Genetically Modified Crops International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health Volume 11 Issue 4 (01 October), pp. 428-436 http://www.maneyonline.com/doi/abs/10.1179/oeh.2005.11.4.428

1144.Deryck Damian Pattron (2005) A Survey of Genetically Modified Foods Consumed, Health Implications and Recommendations for Public Health Food Safety in Trinidad Internet Journal of Food Safety V (7): 4-14 http://www.internetjfs.org/articles/ijfsv7-2.pdf

1145.Paul, V., Guertler, P., Wiedemann, S., & Meyer, H. H. (2010). Degradation of Cry1Ab protein from genetically modified maize (MON810) in relation to total dietary feed proteins in dairy cow digestion. Transgenic research, 19(4), 683-689. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11248-009-9339-z#page-1

1146.Danijela Pavlović, Charlie Reinhardt, Igor Elezović and Sava Vrbničanin (2011) Identification of Glyphosate Resistance in Lolium rigidum Gaudin Pestic. Phytomed. (Belgrade), 26(4), 393-399 http://www.doiserbia.nb.rs/Article.aspx?id=1820-39491104393P

1147.Vincenzo Pavone, Joanna Goven and Riccardo Guarino (2011) From risk assessment to in-context trajectory evaluation – GMOs and their social implications Environmental Sciences Europe 2011, 23:3 http://www.enveurope.com/content/23/1/3

1148.Pawlowski WP, Somers DA (1996) Transgene inheritance in plants genetically engineered by micro projectile bombardment. MolBiotechnol.6(1):17-30. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8887358

1149.W.P. Pawlowski and D.A. Somers, (1998) Transgenic DNA integrated into the oat genome is frequently interspersed by host DNA, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 95:12106-10 http://www.pnas.org/content/95/21/12106.full

1150.Payne, N.J.; Feng, J.C. & Reynolds, P.E. (1990). Off-target deposits and buffer zones required around water for aerial glyphosate applications. Pesticide Science, 30, 183-198. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ps.2780300206/abstract

1151.Payne, N.J. (1992). Off-target glyphosate from aerial silvicultural applications and bufferzones required around sensitive areas.Pesticide Science, 34, 1-8. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ps.2780340102/abstract

1152.Paz-y-Miño, C.,Sánchez, M.E., Arévalo, M., Muñoz,M.J., Witte, T., De-la-Carrera, G.O., Leone, P.E. (2007) Evaluation of DNA damage in an Ecuadorian population exposed to glyphosate. Genetics and Molecular Biology 30,456-460. http://www.scielo.br/pdf/gmb/v30n2/a26v30n2.pdf

1153.Pearce N, McLean D.(2005) Agricultural exposures and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2005;31 Suppl 1:18-25; discussion 5-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16190145

1154.Wilhelm Peekhaus (2010) The Neoliberal University and Agricultural Biotechnology: Reports From the Field Bulletin of Science Technology & Society 30: 415 http://works.bepress.com/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=wilhelm_peekhaus

1155.Peixoto F. (2005) Comparative effects of the Roundup and glyphosate on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. Chemosphere. Dec;61(8):1115-22. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16263381

1156.Pelletier, D., (2005). Science, law and politics in FDA’s genetically engineered foods policy: FDA’s 1992 policy.Nutrition Reviews (May), 171–181. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1753-4887.2005.tb00135.x/abstract

1157.David L. Pelletier (2005) Science, Law, and Politics in FDA’s Genetically Engineered Foods Policy: Scientific Concerns and Uncertainties Nutrition Science and Policy June: (I)210–223 http://www.ask-force.org/web/Food/Pelletier-Science-Law-Politics-FDA-2005.pdf

1158.David L. Pelletier (2006) FDA’s regulation of genetically engineered foods: Scientific, legal and political dimensions Food Policy 31 (2006) 570–591 http://www.aseanbiotechnology.info/Abstract/21020405.pdf

1159.David Pelletier (2006) Transgenic plant science priorities Nature Biotechnology 24, 498 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v24/n5/full/nbt0506-498.html

1160.Paola M. Peltzer, Celina M. Junges, Andrés M. Attademo, Agustín Bassó, Paula Grenón, Rafael C. Lajmanovich (2013) Cholinesterase activities and behavioral changes in Hypsiboas pulchellus (Anura: Hylidae) tadpoles exposed to glufosinate ammonium herbicide. Ecotoxicology September 2013, Volume 22, Issue 7, pp 1165-1173 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10646-013-1103-8

1161.Peluso M, Munnia A, Bolognesi C, Parodi S. (1998) 32P-postlabeling detection of DNA adducts in mice treated with the herbicide Roundup. Environ Mol Mutagen. 31(1):55-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9464316

1162.Pemsl, D., H. Waibel, and A.O. Gutierrez. (2005) Why do some Bt-cotton farmers in China continue to use high levels of pesticides? Int. J. Sustain. 3:44-56 http://www.mendeley.com/catalog/some-bt-cotton-farmers-china-continue-high-levels-pesticides/#

1163.Pengue, W. 2000. Cultivos Transgénicos. Hacia dónde vamos? UNESCO ISBN 950-892-107-2

1164.Pengue, W. (2003) El glifosato y la dominación del ambiente. Biodiversidad 37,July.

1165.Walter Alberto Pengue (2004) TRANSGENIC CROPS IN ARGENTINA AND ITS HIDDEN COSTS In Ortega, E. & Ulgiati, S. (editors): Proceedings of IV Biennial International Workshop “Advances in Energy Studies”. Unicamp, Campinas, SP, Brazil. June 16-19, 2004. Pages 91-101 http://www.rshanthini.com/tmp/CP551/M08R02GMcropsHiddenCosts.pdf

1166.Pengue, W. (2005) Transgenic crops in Argentina : the ecological and social debt. Bulletin of Science,Technology and Society 25:314-322. http://www.uccs.mx/downloads/visit.php?id=file_4d7078804140f

1167.Pengue, W.A. (2009). Agrofuels and agrifoods: Counting the externalities at the major crossroads of the 21st century. Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society 29, 167–179 http://bst.sagepub.com/content/29/3/167

1168.Pengue, W.A. (2010). Suelo Virtual y Comercio Internacional (Virtual Soils and International Markets), Realidad Economica 250. Buenos Aires, Argentina.

1169.Penninks AH, Knippels LM. (2001) Determination of protein allergenicity : studies in rats. Toxicol Lett.120(1- 3):171-180 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378427401002752

1170.Perera, B. J. C. (2004). Genetically modified food: friend or foe?. Ceylon Medical Journal, 49(2), 44-46. http://www.sljol.info/index.php/CMJ/article/download/3259/2636

1171.Perez, A. & Kogan, M. (2003): Glyphosate-resistant Lolium multiflorum in Chilean orchards.Weed Research, 43, 12-19. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-3180.2003.00311.x/abstract

1172.Pérez, G.L.; Torremorell, A.; Mugni, H.; Rodríguez, P.; Vera, M.S.; Do Nascimento, M.;Allende, L.; Bustingorry, J.; Escaray, R.; Ferraro, M.; Izaguirre, I.; Pizarro, H.;Bonetto, C.; Morris, D. P. & Zagarese, H. (2007). Effects of the herbicide Roundup on freshwater microbial communities: a mesocosm study. Ecological Applications, 17,2310-2322. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18213971

1173.Perez, G.L., M.S. Vera, and L.A. Miranda. (2011) Effects of Herbicide Glyphosate and Glyphosate-Based Formulations on Aquatic Ecosystems. Chap. 16 In Herbicides and Environment, edited by Kortekamp. 343 – 68. Croatia: InTech. http://cdn.intechweb.org/pdfs/12592.pdf

1174.Alejandro Perez-Jones, Kee-Woong Park, Nick Polge, Jed Colquhoun, Carol A. Mallory-Smith (2007) Investigating the mechanisms of glyphosate resistance in Lolium multiflorum Planta July, Volume 226, Issue 2, pp 395-404 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00425-007-0490-6

1175.Macrina Pérez-López, Fidel González-Torralva, Hugo Cruz-Hipólito, Francisco Santos, José A. Domínguez-Valenzuela, and Rafael De Prado (2014) Characterization of Glyphosate-Resistant Tropical Sprangletop (Leptochloa virgata) and Its Alternative Chemical Control in Persian Lime Orchards in Mexico. Weed Science 62(3):441-450. 2014 http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WS-D-13-00177.1?journalCode=wees

1176.Joe N Perry, Yann Devos, Salvatore Arpaia, Detlef Bartsch, Christina Ehlert, Achim Gathmann, Rosemary S Hails, Niels B Hendriksen, Jozsef Kiss, Antoine Messéan, Sylvie Mestdagh, Gerd Neemann, Marco Nuti, Jeremy B Sweet, and Christoph C Tebbe (2012) Estimating the effects of Cry1F Bt-maize pollen on non-target Lepidoptera using a mathematical model of exposure J Appl Ecol. February; 49(1): 29–37. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3321227/#__ffn_sectitle

1177.B. Persson, A. M. Dahlander, M. Fredriksson, H. N. Brage, C. G. Ohlson, and O. Axelson, (1989) Malignant lymphomas and occupational exposures, British Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 516–520 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2775671

1178.B. Persson, M. Fredriksson, K. Olsen, B. Boeryd, and O. Axelson, (1993) Some occupational exposures as risk factors for malignant lymphomas, Cancer, vol. 72, no. 5, pp. 1773–1778 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8348507

1179.Peruzzo, P.J.; Porta, A.A. & Ronco, A.E. (2008). Levels of glyphosate in surface waters,sediments and soils associated with direct sowing soybean cultivation in northpampasic region of Argentina. Environmental Pollution, 156, 61-66. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18308436

1180.Pesce, S.; Batisson, I.; Bardot, C.; Fajon, C.; Portelli, C.; Montuelle, B. & Bohatier, J. (2009a).Response of spring and summer riverine microbial communities following glyphosate exposure. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 72, 1905-1912. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651309001456

1181.Pessel, F. D. et al. (2001) Persistence of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) outside of cultivated fields. Theor. Appl. Genet., 102, 841–846. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs001220100583

1182.Anne Petermann & Brian Tokar (2008) GE Trees, Cellulosic Ethanol, and the Destruction of Forest Biological Diversity Capitalism Nature Socialism Volume 19, Issue 3 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10455750802348796#.Uxydi_ldVp0

1183.Peterson G, Cunningham S, Deutsch L, Erickson J, Quinlan A, Raez-Luna E, Tinch R, Troell M, Woodbury P, Zens S (2000) The risks and benefits of genetically modified crops: a multidisciplinary perspective. Conserv Ecol 4:13 http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol4/iss1/art13/

1184.Petit L, Pagny G, Baraige F, Nignol AC, Zhang D, Fach P. (2007) Characterization of genetically modified maize in weakly contaminated seed batches and identification of the origin of the adventitious contamination. J AOAC Int. Jul-Aug;90(4):1098-106. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17784498

1185.Fabiana Piccioni, Donatella Capitani, Lello Zolla, Luisa Mannina (2009) NMR metabolic profiling of transgenic maize with the Cry1Ab gene. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry Volume: 57, Issue: 14, Publisher: AMER CHEMICAL SOC, Pages: 6041-6049 http://www.mendeley.com/catalog/nmr-metabolic-profiling-transgenic-maize-cry1ab-gene/

1186.Pieniazek D, Bukowska B, Duda W. (2003) [Glyphosate--a non-toxic pesticide?]. Med Pr. ;54(6):579-83. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15055003

1187.Piesova, E. (2005) The Effect of Glyphosate on the Frequency of Micronuclei in Bovine Lymphocytes in Vitro. Acta Veterinaria-Beograd 55, no. 2-3 : 101-09. http://www.doiserbia.nb.rs/img/doi/0567-8315/2005/0567-83150503101P.pdf

1188.Pimentel, D., Ali, M. S. (2002). An economic and environmental assessment of herbicide-resistant and insect/pest-resistant crops. cost-benefit analysis: Environmental and Ecological Perspectives, 241. http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=apbR8pfVAnkC&oi=fnd&pg=PA241

1189.Pineyro-Nelson A, Van Heerwaarden J, Perales HR, Serratos-Hernandez JA, Rangel Aetal (2009) Transgenes in Mexican maize Molecular evidence and methodological considerations for GMO detection in land race populations. Mol Ecology 18:750-61. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19143938

1190.Pivard, S., Adamczyk, K., Lecomte, J., Lavigne, C., Bouvier, A., Deville, A., Gouyon, P. H. and Huet, S. (2008), Where do the feral oilseed rape populations come from? A large-scale study of their possible origin in a farmland area. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45: 476–485. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01358.x/full

1191.JOHN M. PLEASANTS and KAREN S. OBERHAUSER (2013) Milkweed loss in agricultural fields because of herbicide use: effect on the monarch butterfly population Insect Conservation and Diversity Volume 6, Issue 2, pages 135–144, March http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-4598.2012.00196.x/abstract

1192.Plötner, JÖRG, & Matschke, JÜRGEN. (2012). Acute and sublethal toxicity and indirect effects of glyphosate and itsformulations on amphibians – a review. Zeitschrift für Feldherpetologie, 19(1), 1-20. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/231178416_Akut-toxische_subletale_und_indirekte_Wirkungen_von_Glyphosat_und_glyphosathaltigen_Herbiziden_auf_Amphibien__eine_bersicht/file/9fcfd5064034fe8016.pdf

1193.Emma Plugge (1999) The paradoxes of genetically modified foods Protection of the public health should underpin all decisions BMJ. 1999 June 19; 318(7199): 1694 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1116032/#__ffn_sectitle

1194.Podevin N and du Jardin P (2012) Possible consequences of the overlap between the CaMV 35S promoter regions in plant transformation vectors used and the viral gene VI in transgenic plants. GM Crops and Food.3(4):296-300 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22892689

1195.Poerschmann J, Gathmann A, Augustin J, Langer U and Górecki T.(2005) Molecular composition of leaves and stems of genetically modified Bt and near-isogenic non-Bt maize Characterization of lignin patterns. Journal of Environmental Quality 34:1508-1518. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16091603

1196.Pohl-Orf, M., Brand, U., Drießen, S., Hesse, P.R., Lehnen, M., Morak, C., Mücher, T., Saeglitz, C., von Soosten, C. and Bartsch, D. (1999) Overwintering of genetically modified sugar beet, Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris, as a source for dispersal of transgenic plants. Euphytica 108, 181-186. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A%3A1003680931766

1197.Poletta, Gisela L., Elisa Kleinsorge, Adriana Paonessa, Marta D. Mudry, Alejandro Larriera, and Pablo A. Siroski. (2011) Genetic, Enzymatic and Developmental Alterations Observed in Caiman Latirostris Exposed in Ovo to Pesticide Formulations and Mixtures in an Experiment Simulating Environmental Exposure. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 74, no. 4: 852-59. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21185601

1198.Poletta, G.L.; Larriera, A.; Kleinsorge, E. & Mudry, M.D. (2009). Genotoxicity of the herbicide formulation Roundup (glyphosate) in broad-snouted caiman (Caiman latirostris) evidenced by the comet assay and the micronucleus test. Mutation Research, 672, 95-102. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19022394

1199.Borut Poljšak and Rok Fink (2014) The Protective Role of Antioxidants in the Defence against ROS/RNS-Mediated Environmental Pollution. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, Volume 2014, Article ID 671539, 22 pages. http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/omcl/aip/671539.pdf

1200.Ponsard, Sergine, Andrew P. Gutierrez and Nicholas J. Mills 2002. Effect of Bt-toxin (Cry1Ac) in transgenic cotton on the adult longevity of four Heteropteran predators. Environmental Entomology 31: 1197-1205. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1603/0046-225X-31.6.1197?journalCode=enve

1201.Luigi Ponti (2005) Transgenic Crops and Sustainable Agriculture in the European Context Bulletin of Science Technology Society August vol. 25 no. 4 289-305 http://bst.sagepub.com/content/25/4/289.abstract

1202.Pontiroli A, Simonet P, Frostegard A, Vogel TM, Monier JM. (2007) Fate of transgenic plant DNA in the environment. Environ Biosafety Res. 6(1-2): 15-35. http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/18/58/38/PDF/Pontiroli_EBR-2007.pdf

1203.Poppy GM (2004) Geneflow from GM plants : towards a more quantitative risk assessment. Trends in Biotechnology 22(9):436-8. http://www.mendeley.com/catalog/geneflow-gm-plants-towards-more-quantitative-risk-assessment/

1204.Christopher J. Portier, Lynn R. Goldman, and Bernard D. Goldstein (2014) Inconclusive Findings: Now You See Them, Now You Don’t! Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1408106 http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1408106/

1205.Potrebić O, Jović-Stosić J, Vucinić S, Tadić J, Radulac M (2009) [Acute glyphosate-surfactant poisoning with neurological sequels and fatal outcome]. Vojnosanit Pregl. Sep;66(9):758-62. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19877558

1206.Poulsen, M.S., Rytting, E., Mose, T., Knudsen, L.E. (2000) Modeling placental transport : correlation of invitro BeWo cell permeability and exvivo human placental perfusion. Toxicol. in Vitro 23,13801386. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19647068

1207.Poulsen M, Kroghsbo S, Schroder M,et al. (2006) A 90-day safety study in Wistar rats fed genetically modified rice expressing snowdrop lectin Galanthus nivalis(GNA). Food Chem Toxicol. 45(3):350-63. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17052828

1208.Poulsen M, Schrøder M, Wilcks A, Kroghsbo S, Lindecrona RH, Miller A, Frenzel T, Danier J, Rychlik M, Shu Q, Emami K, Taylor M, Gatehouse A, Engel KH, Knudsen I. (2007) Safety testing of GM-rice expressing PHA-E lectin using a new animal test design. Food Chem Toxicol. Mar;45(3):364-77. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17052831

1209.A. G. POWER (2003) ECOLOGICAL RISKS OF TRANSGENIC VIRUS-RESISTANT CROPS T. Lelley, E. Balázs, and M. Tepfer (Eds.) Ecological Impact of GMO Dissemination in Agro-Ecosystems pages 91-99 http://www.saveourseeds.org/downloads/oecd_dissemination_2002.pdf#page=91

1210.Powles, S.B.; Lorraine-Colwill, D.F.; Dellow, J.J. & Preston, C. (1998). Evolved resistance to glyphosate in rigid ryegrass ( Lolium rigidum) in Australia. Weed Science, 46, 604-607. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4045968?uid=3739256&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21102586534823

1211.S. B. Powles, (2008) Evolved glyphosate-resistant weeds around the world: lesson to be learnt, Pest Management Science, vol. 64, pp. 360–365 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18273881

1212.Powles S. B. (2008) Evolution in action: glyphosate-resistant weeds threaten world crops. Outlooks Pest Manag. 19, 256–259 http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/resinf/opm/2008/00000019/00000006/art00007

1213.S.B. Powles (2010) Gene amplification delivers glyphosate-resistant weed evolution, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107(3):955-56. http://www.pnas.org/content/107/3/955.short

1214.Prager, S.M., Martini, X., Guvvala, H., Nansen, C. and Lundgren, J. (2014), Spider mite infestations reduce Bacillus thuringiensis toxin concentration in corn leaves and predators avoid spider mites that have fed on Bacillus thuringiensis corn. Annals of Applied Biology. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/aab.12120/abstract

1215.Patricia L Prasifka, Richard L Hellmich, Jarrad R Prasifka, Leslie C Lewis (2007) Effects of Cry1Ab-expressing corn anthers on the movement of monarch butterfly larvae. Environmental Entomology Volume: 36, Issue: 1, Pages: 228-233 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17349137

1216.Sahdeo Prasad, Smita Srivastava, Madhulika Singh, and Yogeshwer Shukla (2009) Clastogenic Effects of Glyphosate in Bone Marrow Cells of Swiss Albino Mice Journal of Toxicology Volume 2009, Article ID 308985, 6 pages http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jt/2009/308985/

1217.Pratley, J.; Baines, P.; Eberbach, R.; Incerti, M. & Broster, J. (1996). Glyphosate resistant annual ryegrass. In: Proceedings of the 11th AnnualConference of the Grassland Society of New South Wales. Virgona, J. and Michalk, D. (Eds), p. 126, Wagga Wagga,Australia.

1218.Prescott, V.E .,Campbell, P.M., Moore,A., Mattes,J., Rothenberg, M.E., Foster,P.S., Higgins, T.J., Hogan, S.P. (2005) Transgenic expression of bean α-amylase inhibitor in peas results in altered structure and immunogenicity. Journal of Agricultural and FoodChemistry 53,90239030. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16277398

1219.Pretty, J. (2001) The rapid emergence of genetic modification in world agriculture: Contested risks and benefits. Environ. Conserv. 28: 248-262. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/231747426_The_rapid_emergence_of_genetic_modification_in_world_agriculture_contested_risks_and_benefits

1220.A.J. Price, K.S. Balkcom, S.A. Culpepper, J.A. Kelton, R.L. Nichols and H.Schomberg (2011) Glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth : A threat to conservation tillage. Journal ofSoilandWaterConservation.Vol.66(4)265-275 http://www.jswconline.org/content/66/4/265.refs

1221.Priest, S. & Gillespie, A. 2001. Seeds of discontent: Expert opinion, mass media, and the public image of agricultural biotechnology. Science and Engineering Ethics, 6 (4): 529-539. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11948-000-0012-4

1222.Priest SH, Valenti JM, Logan RA, Rogers CL, Dunwoody S, Griffin RJ, Long M, Friedman SM, Stocking SH, Rowan KE, Steinke J. (2013) AAAS position on GM foods could backfire. Science. Feb 15;339(6121):756. http://www.somas.stonybrook.edu/~frisk/Frisk%20papers/Science-2013-Chapman-757.pdf

1223.Prosser CG, Fleet IR, Corps AN. (1989) Increased secretion of insulin-like growth factor I into milk of cows treated with recombinantly derived bovine growth hormone. J Dairy Res. Feb;56(1):17-26. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2703558?dopt=Abstract

1224.Pryme IF, Lembcke R. (2003) In vivo studies on possible health consequences of genetically modified food and feed–with particular regard to ingredients consisting of genetically modified plant materials. Nutr Health. 2003;17(1):1-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12803276

1225.B. Ptaszyński, A. Zwolińska (2001) Synthesis and Properties of Solid Complexes
of Lanthanum, Cerium, Neodymium and Erbium with N-Phosphonomethylglycine Polish Journal of Environmental Studies Vol. 10, No. 4, 257-262 http://www.pjoes.com/pdf/10.4/257-262.pdf

1226.Puértolas L, Damásio J, Barata C, Soares AM, Prat N. (2010) Evaluation of side-effects of glyphosate mediated control of giant reed (Arundo donax) on the structure and function of a nearby Mediterranean river ecosystem. Environ Res. Aug;110(6):556-64. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20541186

1227.Puricelli, E., Faccini, D., Tenaglia, M., Vergara, E. 2003. Control de Trifolium repens con distintas dosis de herbicidas. Siembra Directa. Aapresid, Year 14, December, 39–40.

1228.Pursel, V.G., M.B. Solomon, R.J. Wall. 1996. Genetic engineering of swine. In M.E. Tumbleson, L.B. Schook (eds.), Advances in Swine Biomedical Research, 189–206. Plenum Publishing Corp.

1229.Pursel, V.G., R.J. Wall, A.D. Mitchell, T.H. Elsasser, M.B. Solomon, M.E. Coleman, F. deMayo, R.J. Schwartz. 1999. Expression of insulin-like growth factor-I in skeletal muscle of transgenic swine. In J.D. Murray, G.B. Anderson, A.M. Oberbauer, M.M. McGloughlin (eds.), Transgenic Animals in Agriculture, 1–19. New York: CABI Publishing.

1230.Pusztai A. (2002) Can science give us the tools for recognizing possible health risks of GM food? Nutr Health. 2002;16(2):73-84. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12102369

1231.Arpad Pusztai (2002) GM Food Safety: Scientific and Institutional Issues Science as Culture Volume 11, Issue 1 pages 69-92 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09505430120115734?journalCode=csac20#.U6A-HPldXMI

1232.Á. Pusztai, Zs. Bardócz and S. W. B. Ewen, (2003) “Genetically modified foods: Potential Human Health Effects,” in Food Safety: Contaminants and Toxins, J. P. F. D’Mello Ed., CABI Publishing, Wallingford, Oxon, pp. 347–372, 2003. http://www.owenfoundation.com/Health_Science/Pusztai/GM/GMHumanHealth.html

1233.Pusztai, A.; Bardocz, S. (2006) GMO in animal nutrition: potential benefits and risks. Biology of nutrition in growing animals pp. 513-540 http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/20053194611.html;jsessionid=8DF3D467EF4C17E00B7D967E7F712F72;jsessionid=D40960D5C634D484D604184F84012F6D

1234.Qayum, A., and K. Sakkhari 2005. Bt cotton in Andhra Pradesh: A three-year assessment. Deccan Dev. Society. http://www.mendeley.com/catalog/bt-cotton-andhra-pradesh-three-year-assessment-first-ever-sustained-independent-scientific-study-bt/

1235.Qin Shao and Khew-VoonChin (2011) Survey of American food trends and the growing obesity epidemic. Nutr Res Pract. 5(3):253-259 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3133759/

1236.Jane Qiu (2010) GM crop use makes minor pests major problem Nature 13 May http://www.nature.com/news/2010/100513/full/news.2010.242.html

1237.Jane Qiu (2013) Genetically modified crops pass benefits to weeds Nature 16 August 2013 http://www.nature.com/news/genetically-modified-crops-pass-benefits-to-weeds-1.13517

1238.Quirasco M, Schoel B, Chhalliyil P, Fagan J, Gálvez A. (2008) Real-time and conventional PCR detection of Liberty Link rice varieties and transgenic soy in rice sampled in the Mexican and American retail markets. Anal Bioanal Chem. Oct;392(3):395-404. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18668229

1239.Quist D, Chapela IH. (2001) Transgenic DNA introgressed into traditional maize landraces in Oaxaca, Mexico. Nature. Nov 29;414(6863):541-3 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11734853

1240.David Quist & Ignacio H. Chapela (2002) Biodiversity Biodiversity (Communications arising (reply)): Suspect evidence of transgenic contamination/Maize transgene results in Mexico are artefacts (see editorial footnote) Nature 416, 602 (11 April) http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v416/n6881/full/nature740.html

1241.Jēkabs Raipulis, Malda Toma, Maija Balode (2009) Toxicity and Genotoxicity Testing of Roundup Proceedings of the Latvian Academy of Sciences. Section B. Natural, Exact, and Applied Sciences.. Volume 63, Issue 1-2, Pages 29–32 http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/prolas.2009.63.issue-1-2/v10046-009-0009-6/v10046-009-0009-6.xml

1242. Ricardo RAMIREZ-ROMERO, Josette CHAUFAUX, Minh-Hà PHAM-DELÈGUE (2005) Effects of Cry1Ab protoxin, deltamethrin and imidaclopridon the foraging activity and the learning performancesof the honeybee Apis mellifera, a comparative approach Apidologie 36 601–611 http://www.academia.edu/1225695/Effects_of_Cry1Ab_protoxin_deltamethrin_and_imidacloprid_on_the_foraging_activity_and_the_learning_performances_of_the_honeybee_Apis_mellifera_a_comparative_approach

1243.Ramirez-Romero R, Desneux N, Decourtye A, Chaffiol A, Pham-Delègue MH. (2008) Does Cry1Ab protein affect learning performances of the honey bee Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera, Apidae)? Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. Jun;70(2):327-33 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18206234

1244.Ramsay G, Thompson C and Squire G (2004) Quantifying landscape-scale gene flow in oilseed rape, Scottish Crop Research Institute and U.K Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs,(DEFRA),October2004,p.4 http://www.scri.ac.uk/files/files/EPI/Agroecology/Landscape_scale_geneflow_in_oilseed_rape_rg0216.pdf

1245.Ran T, Mei L, Lei W, Aihua L, Ru H, Jie S. (2009) Detection of transgenic DNA in tilapias (Oreochromisniloticus,GIFT strain)fed genetically modified soybeans (Roundup Ready). Aquaculture Research. 40:13501357 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02187.x/abstract

1246.Tao Ran, Liu Mei, Wang Lei, Jiang Keyong, & Wang Baojie. (2009). Tissue Studies of Tilapias fed with Transgenic Soybean Feedstuff. Inspection and Quarantine Science , 19 (2), 22-25. http://www.cqvip.com/qk/98475a/200902/30285206.html

1247.Rang, A., Linke, B., Jansen, B.(2005) Detection of RNA variants transcribed from the transgene in RoundupReady soybean. Eur Food Res Technol 220,43843. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/225493299_Detection_of_RNA_v ariants_transcribed_from_the_transgene_in_Roundup_Ready_soybean

1248.Ranjith MT, Prabhuraj A and Srinivasa YB (2010) Survival and reproduction of natural populations of Helicoverpa armigeraon Bt-cotton hybrids in Raichur, India. Current Science, Vol.99(11). http://www.gentechnikfreie-regionen.de/fileadmin/content/studien/anbaupraxis/2010_Bt_resistente_Insekten_Indien.pdf

1249.S. Ravi Rajan and Deborah K. Letourneau (2012) What Risk Assessments of Genetically Modified Organisms Can Learn from Institutional Analyses of Public Health Risks Journal of Biomedicine and BiotechnologyVolume 2012 (2012), Article ID 203093, 8 pageshttp://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/203093

1250.Rawat Preeti ,Amarjeet Kumar, Krishna Ray, Bhupendra Chaudhary, Sanjeev Kumar,Taru Gautam, Shaveta Kanoria, Gurpreet Kaur, Paritosh Kumar, Deepak Pental & Pradeep Kumar Burma (2011): Detrimental effect of expression of Bt endotoxin Cry1Ac on in vitro regeneration, in vivo growth and development of tobacco and cotton transgenics. Journal of Biosciences 36(2), June, 363376. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21654089

1251.REDDY, P. (2003). The Bt cotton story: The ethics of science and its reportage. Current Science, 84(8), 974. http://www.iisc.ernet.in/currsci/apr252003/974.pdf

1252.Reddy KN, Rimando AM, Duke SO. (2004) Aminomethylphosphonic acid, a metabolite of glyphosate, causes injury in glyphosate-treated, glyphosate-resistant soybean. J Agric Food Chem. Aug 11;52(16):5139-43. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15291487

1253.Reddy K.N. and Zablotowicz R.M. (2003) Glyphosate- resistant soybean response to various salts of glyphosate and glyphosate accumulation in soybean nodules. Weed Science 51(4):496502. http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publications.htm?seq_no_115=136330

1254.Reddy, K. N.; Abbas, H. K.; Zablotowicz, R. M.; Abel, C. A.; Koger, C. H. (2007) Mycotoxin occurrence and Aspergillus flavus soil propagules in a corn and cotton glyphosate-resistant cropping systems Food Additives and Contaminants, Volume 24, Number 12, December , pp. 1367-1373(7) http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/tandf/tfac/2007/00000024/00000012/art00007

1255.Reddy KN, Rimando AM, Duke SO, Nandula VK. (2008) Aminomethylphosphonic acid accumulation in plant species treated with glyphosate. J Agric Food Chem. Mar 26;56(6):2125-30. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18298069

1256.Reddy, K. N., N. Bellaloui, and R. M. Zablotowicz. (2010) Glyphosate Effect on Shikimate, Nitrate Reductase Activity, Yield, and Seed Composition in Corn. J Agric Food Chem 58, no. 6 Mar 24: 3646-50. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20180575

1257.Reddy, L. (2007). The shoplifting of the seed: women, biopolitics and poverty. Agenda, 21(73), 134-139. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10130950.2007.9676081?journalCode=ragn20#.U6Bpz_ldXMI

1258.R. Guy Reeves, Jai A. Denton, Fiammetta Santucci,Jarosław Bryk, Floyd A. Reed (2012) Scientific Standards and the Regulation of Genetically Modified Insects. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 6(1): e1502. http://www.plosntds.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001502

1259.Řehout V., Hanusová L., Čítek J., Kadlec J.., Hosnedlová B (2008) Detection of DNA fragments from Roundup Ready soya in blood of broilers Journal of Agrobiology, 25: 145-148 http://binoz.biol.uni.torun.pl/binoz/binoz/pareek-pdf/pareek2008-3.pdf#page=147

1260.Reichman JR, Watrud LS, Lee EH, Burdick CA, Bollman MA, Storm MJ, King GA, Mallory-Smith C. (2006) Establishment of transgenic herbicide-resistant creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.) in nonagronomic habitats. Mol Ecol. Nov;15(13):4243-55. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17054516

1261.Relyea, R. A..Growth and Survival of Five Amphibian Species Exposed to Combinations of Pesticides. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 23, no. 7 (Jul 2004): 1737-42. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1897/03-493/abstract

1262.Relyea R.A., Schoeppne rN.M., Hoverman J.T. (2005) Pesticides and amphibians : the importance of community context. Ecological Applications 15:11251134. http://www.mendeley.com/catalog/pesticides-amphibians-importance-community-context/

1263.Relyea, R.A. (2005) The lethal impact of Roundup on aquatic and terrestrial amphibians. Ecological Applications, 15(4):1118-1124. http://usf.usfca.edu/fac_staff/dever/roundup_paper.pdf

1264.Relyea, R.A. (2005) The impact of insecticides and herbicides on the biodiversity and productivity of aquatic communities. Ecol. Appl.15,618627. http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Paper/4904259.aspx

1265.Relyea, R. A. (2005) The Lethal Impacts of Roundup and Predatory Stress on Six Species of North American Tadpoles. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 48, no. 3 (Apr): 351-57. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15886853

1266.Relyea RA (2006) Letters to the editor: The impact of insecticides and herbicides on the biodiversity and productivity of aquatic communities: response. Ecol Appl 16(5):2027–2034 http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/1051-0761%282006%29016%5B2027%3ATIOIAH%5D2.0.CO%3B2

1267.Relyea R.A. & Jones D.K. (2009) The toxicity of Roundup Original Max to 13 species of larval amphibians. Environ Toxicol Chem, 28(9):2004-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19405783

1268.Relyea, Rick A. “Amphibians Are Not Ready for Roundup.” edited by John E. Elliott, Christine A. Bishop and Christy A. Morrissey. Emerging Topics in Ecotoxicology, 267-300: Springer New York, 2011. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-0-387-89432-4_9

1269.Relyea, Rick A. “New Effects of Roundup on Amphibians: Predators Reduce Herbicide Mortality; Herbicides Induce Antipredator Morphology.” Ecological Applications 22, no. 2 (03/01 2012): 634-47. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22611860

1270.Reuter H, Menzel G, Pehlke H, Breckling B. (2008) Hazard mitigation or mitigation hazard? Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2008 Oct;15(7):529-35. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-008-0049-5#page-2

1271.Reuter T, Alexander TW, Xu W, Stanford K, McAllister TA (2010) Biodegradation of genetically modified seeds and plant tissues during composting. J Sci Food Agric. Mar 15;90(4):650-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20355094

1272.Jonathan M Rhodes (1999) Genetically modified foods and the Pusztai affair BMJ. May 8; 318(7193): 1284. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1115659/#!po=12.5000

1273.Riar, D.S.; Norsworthy, J.K.; Johnson, D.B.; Scott, R.C. & Bagavathiannan, M. (2011)Glyphosate resistance in a Johnsongrass ( Sorghum halepense) biotype from Arkansas. Weed Science, 59, 299-304. http://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.1614/WS-D-10-00150.1

1274.Ribeiro, I. G., & Marin, V. A. (2012). The lack of information on Genetically Modified Organisms in Brazil. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 17(2), 359-368. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S1413-81232012000200010&script=sci_arttext&tlng=es

1275.Richard S, Moslemi S, Sipahutar H, Benachour N, Seralini GE. (2005) Differential effects of glyphosate and roundup on human placental cells and aromatase. Environ Health Perspect. Jun;113(6):716-20. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15929894

1276.Donald G. Richards (2010) “Contradictions of the ‘New Green Revolution’: A View from South America’s Southern Cone.,” Globalizations: Vol. 7 : Iss. 4, Article 3. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14747731.2010.505025#.Uw7X_fldVp0

1277.Silvan Rieben, Olena Kalinina, Bernhard Schmid, and Simon L. Zeller (2011) Gene Flow in Genetically Modified Wheat. PLoS ONE 6(12): e29730. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029730 http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0029730

1278.Rieger MA, Lamond M, Preston C, Powles SB, Roush RT (2002) Pollen-mediated movement of herbicide resistance between commercial canola fields. Science 296 (5577):2386-2388. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12089441

1279.Rigoli, R. P., L. C. Fontana, S. S. Figueredo, and J. A. Noldin. “Response of Beetroot (Beta Vulgaris) and Carrot (Daucus Carota) to Simulated Glyphosate and Clomazone Drift.” [In Portuguese]. Planta Daninha 26, no. 2 (Apr-Jun 2008): 451-56. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582008000200022&lng=en&tlng=pt

1280.South Risun (2002) A STUDY OF HEMOGLOBIN AND BLOOD CELLS IN CARASSIUS AURATUS INDUCED BY THE HERBICIDE OF GLYPHOSATE. “Gansu Sciences” 2002 04 http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-GSKX200204015.htm

1281.South Risun, Zhang Yandan, Huang Xiaolian (2003) Impact of the herbicide “glyphosate” Loach leukocyte. “Wenzhou Teachers College (Natural Science Edition)” 2003 02 http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-WZSF200302019.htm

1282.Rizzardi, M.A., N.G. Fleck, D. Agostinetto, and A.A. Balbinot Jr. “Herbicide Action in Plant Defence Mechanisms to Pathogens.” Ciencia Rural, Santa Maria 33, no. 5 (2003): 957-65. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0103-84782003000500026&script=sci_arttext

1283.Marcel Roberfroid (2014) Letter to the Editor Food and Chemical Toxicology Volume 65, March, Pages 390 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691514000039

1284.Roberts DM, Buckley NA, Mohamed F, Eddleston M, Goldstein DA, Mehrsheikh A, Bleeke MS, Dawson AH. (2010) A prospective observational study of the clinical toxicology of glyphosate-containing herbicides in adults with acute self-poisoning. Clin Toxicol (Phila). Feb;48(2):129-36. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20136481

1285.Elmer Robinson & Lawrence L. Fox (1978) 2,4-D Herbicides in Central Washington Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association Volume 28, Issue 10, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00022470.1978.10470700#.Utaqj0ko7VJ

1286. Claire Robinson, Nina Holland, David Leloup, Hans Muilerman (2013) Conflicts of interest at the European Food Safety Authority erode public confidence J Epidemiol Community Health 67(9) 717-20 http://jech.bmj.com/content/early/2013/03/07/jech-2012-202185.extract

1287. Rodriguez, Adriana M., and Elizabeth J. Jacobo. (2010) Glyphosate Effects on Floristic Composition and Species Diversity in the Flooding Pampa Grassland (Argentina). Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 138, no. 3–4 : 222-31. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880910001428

1288.Rodriguez, A. M., Jacobo, E. J. (2013), Glyphosate effects on seed bank and vegetation composition of temperate grasslands. Applied Vegetation Science, 16: 51–62. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1654-109X.2012.01213.x/full

1289.Rohini RS, Mallapur CP, Udikeri SS. (2009) Incidence of mirid bug, Creontiades biseratense (Distant) on Bt cotton in Karnataka. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 22: 680–681. http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/20103004324.html

1290.Rojano-Delgado AM, Cruz-Hipolito H, De Prado R, Luque de Castro MD, Franco AR. (2012) Limited uptake, translocation and enhanced metabolic degradation contribute to glyphosate tolerance in Mucuna pruriens var. utilis plants. Phytochemistry. Jan;73(1):34-41. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22015254

1291.Rollin BE. (2006) Food safety–who is responsible? Foodborne Pathog Dis. Summer;3(2):157-62. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16761941

1292.Romano RM, Romano MA, Bernardi MM, Furtado PV, Oliveira CA. (2010) Prepubertal exposure to commercial formulation of the herbicide glyphosate alters testosterone levels and testicular morphology. Arch Toxicol. Apr;84(4):309-17. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20012598

1293.Romano MA, Romano RM, Santos LD, Wisniewski P, Campos DA, de Souza PB, Viau P, Bernardi MM, Nunes MT, de Oliveira CA. (2012) Glyphosate impairs male offspring reproductive development by disrupting gonadotropin expression. Arch Toxicol. Apr;86(4):663-73. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22120950

1294.Romano RM, Souza PB, Nunes MT, Romano MA (2012) Perinatal exposure to a commercial formulation of glyphosate reduces the mRNA expression and increases the protein content of beta TSH in the pituitary of male offspring. Endocr Abstr 29:P75 http://www.endocrine-abstracts.org/ea/0029/ea0029p753.htm

1295.Marco A. Romano, Renata M. Romano (2012) Reply to comment of John M. DeSesso and Amy L. Williams regarding “Glyphosate impairs male offspring reproductive development by disrupting gonadotropin expression” by Romano et al. 2012 Archives of Toxicology November, Volume 86, Issue 11, pp 1795-1797 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00204-012-0932-1?LI=true

1296.Römbke, J., Jänsch, S., Meier, M., Hilbeck, A., Teichmann, H. and Tappeser, B. (2010), General recommendations for soil ecotoxicological tests suitable for the environmental risk assessment of genetically modified plants. Integr Environ Assess Manag, 6: 287–300. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1897/IEAM_2009-043.1/full

1297.Rosati A, Bogani P, Santarlasci A, Bulatti M (2008) Characterisation of 3′ transgene insertion site and derived mRNAs in MON810 YieldGard maize.PlantMolBiol.67(3): 271-81. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18306044

1298.G Kristin Rosendal and Anne Ingeborg Myhr (2009) GMO assessment in Norway: societal utility and sustainable development EMBO Rep. Sep ; 10(9): 939–940. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2750045/

1299.Rosi-Marshall EJ, Tank JL, Royer TV, Whiles MR, Evans-White M, Chambers C, Griffiths NA, Pokelsek J, Stephen ML. (2007) Toxins in transgenic crop byproducts may affect headwater stream ecosystems. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Oct 9;104(41):16204-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17923672

1300.Emma J. Rosi-Marshall, Jennifer L. Tank, Todd V. Royer, and Matt R. Whiles (2008) Reply to Beachy et al. and Parrott: Study indicates Bt corn may affect caddisflies PNAS February 19, vol. 105 no. 7 http://www.pnas.org/content/105/7/E11.full

1301.Rosset, P. M. (2001), Toward a Political Economy of Opinion Formation on Genetically Modified Foods. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 15: 22–25 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1525/maq.2001.15.1.22/abstract

1302.Peter M. Rosset (2005) Transgenic Crops to Address Third World Hunger? A Critical Analysis Bulletin of Science Technology Society August vol. 25 no. 4 306-313 http://bst.sagepub.com/content/25/4/306.short

1303.Rosset, P. (2006). Genetically modified crops for a hungry world: How useful are they really. Tailoring Biotechnologies, 2(1), 79-94. http://www.ijtds.com/2_1_Rosset.pdf

1304. Rossi SC, Dreyer da Silva M, Piancini LD, Oliveira Ribeiro CA, Cestari MM, Silva de Assis HC. (2011) Sublethal effects of waterborne herbicides in tropical freshwater fish. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. Dec;87(6):603-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21984662

1305.G.C. Rótolo, C. Francisb, R.M. Cravioto, S. Viglia, A. Pereyrae, S. Ulgiati (2014) Time to re-think the gmo revolution in agriculture Ecological Informatics Available online 10 May 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S157495411400048X

1306.A. Roustan, M. Aye, M. De Meo , C. Di Giorgio (2014) Genotoxicity of mixtures of glyphosate and atrazine and their environmental transformation products before and after photoactivation Chemosphere Volume 108, August, Pages 93–100 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S004565351400352X

1307.Rovenska, G., R. Zemek, J.E.U. Schmidt, and A. Hilbeck (2005) Altered host plant preference of Tetranychus urticae and prey preference of its predator Phytoseiulus persimilis (Acari: Tetranychidae, Phytoseiidae) on transgenic Cry3Bb-eggplants. Biological Control 33: 293-300. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1049964405000708

1308. Rowland Jr., C. D., D. B. Reynolds, and R. H. Blackley, Jr. 1999. Corn and cotton response to drift rates of non-desired herbicide applications. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc

1309.Roy, D.B., Bohan, D.A., Haughton, A.J., Hill, M.O, Osborne, J.L., Clark, S.J., Perry, J.N., Rothery, P., Scott, R.J., Brooks, D.R., Champion, G.T., Hawes, C., Heard, M.S., Firbank, L.G. 2003. Invertebrates and vegetation of field margins adjacent to crops subject to contrasting herbicide regimes in the farm scale evaluations of genetically modified herbicide-tolerant crops. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 358, 1899–1913. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1693278/

1310.Rubin J, Tesmenitsky A. (2002) Selling before telling: why the government needs to take a second look at genetically engineered foods. New Solut. ;12(3):297-316. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17208775

1311.C. Rubinstein, C. Jone, J. E. Trosko, and C.-C. Chang, (1984) Inhibition of intercellular communication in cultures of chinese hamster V79 cells by 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid Toxicological Sciences, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 731–739 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6510604

1312.Rui YK, Zhang FS, Wang ZR. (2008) [Application of ICP-MS to detection of mineral elements and heavy metals in transgenic cotton seeds]. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18422149

1313.Rui Yukui, Wang Wenya, Zhang Fusuo, Lu Yahai, Fazana Rashid, and Liu Qing. (2007) A new kind of fatty acid emerging from transgenic cotton seed. La Rivista Italiana delle Sostanze grasse 84(1):40-43. http://www.innovhub-ssi.it/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=78c6d51b-13d8-4502-931a-2267416981b6&groupId=11654.

1314.Jovani Ruiz-Toledo, Ricardo Castro, Norma Rivero-Pérez, Ricardo Bello-Mendoza, Daniel Sánchez (2014)Occurrence of Glyphosate in Water Bodies Derived from Intensive Agriculture in a Tropical Region of Southern Mexico. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, September, Volume 93, Issue 3, pp 289-293. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00128-014-1328-0

1315.Rull RP, Ritz B, Shaw GM. (2004) Neural tube defects and maternal residential proximity to agricultural pesticide applications. .Epidemiology. July, 15(4): S188. 33. http://journals.lww.com/epidem/Fulltext/2004/07000/Neural_Tube_Defects_and_Maternal_Residential.499.aspx

1316.Rull RP, Ritz B, Shaw GM. (2006) Neural tube defects and maternal residential proximity to agricultural pesticide applications. Am J Epidemiol. Apr 15; 163(8): 743-753. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16495467

1317.Russell, A. W., & Sparrow, R. (2008). The case for regulating intragenic GMOs.Journal of agricultural and environmental ethics, 21(2), 153-181. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10806-007-9074-5#page-1

1318.Piotr Rzymski, Piotr Klimaszyk, Tomasz Kubacki, Barbara Poniedziałek (2014) The effect of glyphosate-based herbicide on aquatic organisms – a case study Limnological Review. Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 215–220 http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/limre.2013.13.issue-4/limre-2013-0024/limre-2013-0024.xml?format=INT

1319.Saeglitz C, Pohl M, Bartsch D (2000) Monitoring gene flow from transgenic sugar beet using cytoplasmic male-sterile bait plants. Mol Ecol 9: 2035-2040 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11123616

1320.Sáenz, M.E. ; Di Marzio, W.D. ; Alberdi, J.L. & del Carmen Tortorelli, M. (1997). Effects of technical grade and a commercial formulation of glyphosate on algal population growth. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 59, 638-644 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs001289900527

1321.Saenz, M. E., and W. D. Di Marzio. (2009) Ecotoxicity of Herbicide Glyphosate to Four Chlorophyceaen Freshwater Algae. Limnetica 28, no. 1 Jun: 149-58. http://www.limnetica.com/Limnetica/Limne28/L28a149_Ecotoxicidad_gliofosfato_algas_clorofitas.pdf.

1322.A Sagstad, M Sanden, Ø Haugland, A-C Hansen, P A Olsvik, G-I Hemre (2007) Evaluation of stress- and immune-response biomarkers in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., fed different levels of genetically modified maize (Bt maize), compared with its near-isogenic parental line and a commercial suprex maize. Journal of Fish Diseases Volume 30, Issue 4, pages 201–212 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2761.2007.00808.x/abstract

1323.SAGSTAD, A., SANDEN, M., KROGDAHL, Å., BAKKE-McKELLEP, A.M., FRØYSTAD, M. and HEMRE, G.-I. (2008), Organs development, gene expression and health of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) fed genetically modified soybeans compared to the near-isogenic non-modified parental line. Aquaculture Nutrition, 14: 556–572. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2095.2008.00630.x/abstract

1324.Sailaja KK, Satyaprasad K. (2006) Degradation of glyphosate in soil and its effect on fungal population. J Environ Sci Eng. 2006 Jul;48(3):189-90. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17915782

1325.Saji, H. et al. (2005) Monitoring the escape of transgenic oilseed rape around Japanese ports and roadsides. Environ. Biosafety Res., 4, 217–222. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16827549

1326.Salbego, J., A. Pretto, C. R. Gioda, C. C. de Menezes, R. Lazzari, J. Radunz Neto, B. Baldisserotto, and V. L. Loro. (2010) Herbicide Formulation with Glyphosate Affects Growth, Acetylcholinesterase Activity, and Metabolic and Hematological Parameters in Piava (Leporinus Obtusidens). Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 58, no. 3 Apr: 740-5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20112104

1327.Salvagni, J., R.Z. Ternus, and A.M. Fuentefria. (2011) Assessment of the Genotoxic Impact of Pesticides on Farming Communities in the Countryside of Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Genetics and Molecular Biology 34, no. 1 : 122-26. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3085357/

1328.Anthony Samsel and Stephanie Seneff (2013) Glyphosate’s Suppression of Cytochrome P450 Enzymes and Amino Acid Biosynthesis by the Gut Microbiome: Pathways to Modern Diseases Entropy 2013, 15(4), 1416-1463 http://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/15/4/1416

1329.Anthony SAMSEL and Stephanie SENEFF (2013) Glyphosate, pathways to modern diseases II: Celiac sprue and gluten intolerance Interdiscip Toxicol.; Vol. 6(4): 159–184 http://nhrighttoknowgmo.org/BreakingNews/Glyphosate_II_Samsel-Seneff.pdf

1330.Sanchís J, Kantiani L, Llorca M, Rubio F, Ginebreda A, Fraile J, Garrido T, Farré M. (2012) Determination of glyphosate in groundwater samples using an ultrasensitive immunoassay and confirmation by on-line solid-phase extraction followed by liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Anal Bioanal Chem. Mar;402(7):2335-45. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22101424

1331.Sandermann H. (2006) Plant biotechnology : ecological case studies on herbicide resistance. Trends in Plant Science 11(7),324-328. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16781885

1332.Sandrini JZ, Rola RC, Lopes FM, Buffon HF, Freitas MM, Martins Cde M, da Rosa CE (2013) Effects of glyphosate on cholinesterase activity of the mussel Perna perna and the fish Danio rerio and Jenynsia multidentata: in vitro studies. Aquat Toxicol. Apr 15;130-131:171-3. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23411353

1333.Sanogo S, Yang, X., Scherm, H. (2000) Effects of herbicides on Fusarium solanif. sp. glycines and development of sudden death syndrome in glyphosate- tolerant soybean. Phytopathology 90:5766. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18944572

1334.Santillo DJ, Brown PW and Leslie DM. (1989) Response of songbirds to glyphosate induced habit at changes on clearcuts. J. Wildlife Management 53,6471 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3801307?uid=3739256&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21102551279937

1335.Santos, J.B., Ferreira, E.A., Reis, M.R., Silva, A.A., Fialho, C.M.T., Freita, M.A.M. (2007) Avaliação de formulações de glyphosate sobre soja Roundup Ready Planta daninha vol.25 no.1 Viçosa Jan./Mar. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0100-83582007000100018&script=sci_arttext&tlng=in

1336.Santos, G., Oliveira, R. S., Constantin, J., Constantin Francischini, A., Machado, M. F.P.S., Mangolin, C. A. and Nakajima, J. N. (2014), Conyza sumatrensis: A new weed species resistant to glyphosate in the Americas. Weed Biology and Management, 14: 106–114. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/wbm.12037/abstract

1337.Sarkar B, Patra AK and Purakayastha TJ (2008) Transgenic Bt-Cotton Affects Enzyme Activity and Nutrient Availability in a Sub-Tropical Inceptisol. J. Agronomy & Crop Science ISSN0931-2250 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1439-037X.2008.00312.x/abstract

1338.Sasu MA, Ferrari MJ, Du D, Winsor JA, Stephenson AG. (2009) Indirect costs of a nontarget pathogen mitigate the direct benefits of a virus-resistant transgene in wild Cucurbita. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Nov 10; 106(45): 19067-19071. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2009/10/23/0905106106.abstract

1339.Sato C, Kamijo Y, Yoshimura K, Ide T. (2011) Aseptic meningitis in association with glyphosate-surfactant herbicide poisoning. Clin Toxicol (Phila). Feb;49(2):118-20. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21370950

1340.Savitz, D.A., Arbuckle, T., Kaczor, D., Curtis, K.M. 1997. Male pesticide exposure and pregnancy outcome. Am. J. Epidemiol. 146, 1025–1036. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9420527

1341.Savka, M.A. & Farrand, S.K. (1997) Modification of rhizobacterial populations by engineering bacterium utilization of a novel plant-produced resource. Nature Biotechnol. 15, 363-368. http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v15/n4/abs/nbt0497-363.html

1342.Saxena D, Flores S and Stozsky G (1999) Insecticidal toxin in root exudates from Bt corn. Nature402:480. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10591205

1343.Saxena, D. and Stotzky, G. (2000), Insecticidal toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis is released from roots of transgenic Bt corn in vitro and in situ. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 33: 35–39. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1574-6941.2000.tb00724.x/abstract;jsessionid=E1ED48BEEFBB87E9D0CBF4F698CAC137.f03t01

1344.Saxena D and Stotzky G. (2001) Bt corn has a higher lignin content than non-Bt corn. American Journal of Botany 88: 1704-1706. http://www.amjbot.org/content/88/9/1704.short

1345.Saxena D., Flores S. & Stotzky G. (2002) Bt toxin is released in root exudates from 12 transgenic corn hybrids representing three transformation events. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 34:133-137. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038071701001614

1346.Saxena, D., Flores, S., Stotzky, G. (2002) Vertical movement in soil of insecticidal Cry1Ab protein from Bacillus thuringiensis. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 34: 111-120. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/222080526_Vertical_movement_in_soil_of_insecticidal_Cry1Ab_protein_from_Bacillus_thuringiensis

1347.Saxena D, Stewart CN, Altosaar I, Shu Q & Stotzky G (2004) Larvicidal Cry proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis are released in root exudates of transgenic B.thuringiensis corn, potato, and rice but not of B.thuringiensis canola, cotton, and tobacco. Plant Physiology & Biochemistry 42 (5):383-387. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15191740

1348.Schafer MG, Ross AA, Londo JP, Burdick CA, Lee EH, et al. (2011) The Establishment of Genetically Engineered Canola Populations in the U.S. PLoS ONE 6(10): e25736. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0025736

1349.Schicktanz, Silke (2006) Ethical Considerations of the Human–Animal-Relationship Under Conditions of Asymmetry and Ambivalence Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, Volume 19, Number 1, February , pp. 7-16(10) http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/klu/jage/2006/00000019/00000001/00004374

1350.Schinasi L, Leon ME (2014) Non-hodgkin lymphoma and occupational exposure to agricultural pesticide chemical groups and active ingredients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Environ Res Public Health. Apr 23;11(4):4449-527. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24762670

1351.Jörg E. U. Schmidt, Cora U. Braun, Lisa P. Whitehouse, Angelika Hilbeck (2009) Effects of Activated Bt Transgene Products (Cry1Ab, Cry3Bb) on Immature Stages of the Ladybird Adalia bipunctata in Laboratory Ecotoxicity Testing Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology February Volume 56, Issue 2, pp 221-228 http://www.springerlink.com/content/4317km7733582u32/

1352.Gunther Schmidt and Winfried Schröder (2011) Implications of GMO cultivation and monitoring-series Environmental Sciences Europe 2011, 23:2 http://www.enveurope.com/content/23/1/2

1353.Schmitz T.G., Schmitz A., Moss C.B. (2005) The economic impact of StarLink corn. Agribusiness 21,391407. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/agr.20054/abstract

1354.Schneider, M. I., N. Sanchez, S. Pineda, H. Chi, and A. Ronco. (2009) Impact of Glyphosate on the Development, Fertility and Demography of Chrysoperla Externa (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae): Ecological Approach. Chemosphere 76, no. 10 (Sep): 1451-5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19577273

1355.Schoelz, J.E. and Wintermantel, W.M. (1993). Expansion of viral host range through complmentation and recombination in transgenic plants. Plant Cell 5, 1669-79. http://www.plantcell.org/content/5/11/1669.short

1356.Nicola Schoenenberger and Luigi D’Andrea (2012) Surveying the occurrence of subspontaneous glyphosate- tolerant genetically engineered Brassica napus L. (Brassicaceae) along Swiss railways. Environmental Sciences Europe 2012,24:23 http://www.enveurope.com/content/24/1/23

1357.Dina M Schreinemachers (2003) Birth malformations and other adverse perinatal outcomes in four U.S. Wheat-producing states. Environ Health Perspect. 2003 July; 111(9): 1259–1264. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1241584/

1358.Wieland Schrödl, Susanne Krüger, Theodora Konstantinova-Müller, Awad A. Shehata, Ramon Rulff, Monika Krüger (2014) Possible Effects of Glyphosate on Mucorales Abundance in the Rumen of Dairy Cows in Germany. Current Microbiology, July 2014. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00284-014-0656-y

1359.Schubbert, R., Rentz, D., Schmitzx,B. and Doerfler, W. (1997) Foreign(M13 DNA ingested by mice reaches peripheral leukocytes, spleen and liver via the intestinal wall mucosa and can be covalently linked to mouse DNA. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 94,961-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC19622/

1360.Schubbert R, Hohlweg U, Renz Dand Doerfler W (1998): On the fate of orally ingested foreign DNA in mice: chromosal association and placental transmission to the fetus. Molecular Genomics and Genetics, 259(6):569-76. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9819049

1361.Schubert, D. (2002) A different perspective on GM food. Nature Biotechnology 20,969. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12355105

1362.Schubert, David (2002) Reply to ‘Divergent perspectives on GM food’ Nature Biotechnology;Dec2002, Vol. 20 Issue 12, p1197 http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1038/nbt1202-1197a

1363.Schubert, D. (2005). Regulatory regimes for transgenic crops. Nature biotechnology, 23(7), 785-787. http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v23/n7/full/nbt0705-785b.html

1364.Schubert, D. and Williams, D. (2006). ‘Cisgenic’ as a product designation. Nat. Biotechnol. 24, 1327-1328. http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1038/nbt1106-1327

1365.David Schubert (2007) Two views of the emperor’s new clones Nature Biotechnology 25, 282 – 283 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v25/n3/full/nbt0307-282.html

1366.David Schubert (2008) Errors in text J R Soc Med September 1, vol. 101 no. 9 435 http://jrs.sagepub.com/content/101/9/435.2.full

1367.Schubert DR. (2008) The problem with nutritionally enhanced plants. J Med Food. 2008 Dec;11(4):601-5. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2008.0094. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18721071

1368.Stephan A. Schwartz (2013) The Transformation of the American Food System, and Its Effects on Wellness. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing, Volume 9, Issue 4 , Pages 206-210, July http://www.explorejournal.com/article/S1550-8307(13)00114-6/fulltext

1369.Stephan A. Schwartz (2013) The Great Experiment: Genetically Modified Organisms, Scientific Integrity, and National Wellness Explore: The Journal of Science and HealingVolume 9, Issue 1 , Pages 12-16, January http://www.explorejournal.com/article/S1550-8307(12)00222-4/fulltext

1370.Scribner, E.A., Battaglin, W.A., Gilliom, R.J., and Meyer, M.T., 2007, Concentrations of glyphosate, its degradation product, aminomethylphosphonic acid, and glufosinate in ground- and surface-water, rainfall, and soil samples collected in the United States, 2001-06: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5122, 111 p. http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2007/5122/

1371.Seetharam S (2010) Should the Bt brinjal controversy concern health care professionals and bio-ethicists?. Indian J Med Ethics. Jan-Mar 7(1) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20166287

1372.Mohamad Azzam F. Sekheta, Abeer H. Sahtout, Issam Farid Soukhaita, Mirvana A. Airoud, Kinda A. Airoud and Hanan Y. Qudsieh (2008) The Insidious Food Hazards as New Categories in HACCP and ISO-22000 Based Systems. Internet Journal of Food Safety, Vol.10, p.50-57 http://www.internetjfs.org/articles/ijfsv10-8.pdf

1373.Semino, S. (2008). Can certification stop high soy pesticide use? Pesticides News, 82, 9–11. http://geoscience.net/research/030/396/can-certification-stop-high-soy-pesticide-use.php

1374. T Senapati, AK Mukerjee and AR Ghosh. (2009) Observations on the effect of glyphosate based herbicide on ultra structure (SEM) and enzymatic activity in different regions of alimentary canal and gill of Channa punctatus (Bloch). Journal of Crop and Weed 5(1): 236-245 http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/20093248244.html

1375.Gilles-Eric Séralini (2005) “Inert” and Active Ingredients: Séralini Responds. Environ Health Perspect. Oct; 113(10): A658. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1281303/

1376.Séralini GE, Cellier D, de Vendomois JS.(2007) New analysis of a rat feeding study with a genetically modified maize reveals signs of hepatorenal toxicity. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. May;52(4):596-602. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17356802

1377.Gilles-Eric SERALINI, Joël SPIROUX de VENDOMOIS and Dominique CELLIER (2008) CRITICISMS AND IMPROVEMENTS OF STRATEGIES FOR THE SAFETY ASSESSMENT OF GM PLANT DERIVED FOODS OR FEED. ACCEDIT 2008 http://re.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/accedit.pdf

1378.Séralini G-E, de Vendômois JS, Cellier D, Sultan C, Buiatti M, GallagherL AM, Dronamraju KR (2009) How subchronic and chronic health effects can be neglected for GMOs, pesticides or chemicals. Int J Biol Sci 5:438–443 http://www.ijbs.com/v05p0438.htm

1379.Séralini, G. E., Mesnage, R., & Clair, E. (2010). Genetically modified crops consumption at large scale: possible negative health impacts due to holes in assessment. Environ Sci Pollut Res. http://www.gmoseralini.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Seralinial.GMLS2_2010.pdf

1380.Gilles-Eric Séralini, Robin Mesnage, Emilie Clair, Steeve Gress, Joël Spiroux de Vendômois and Dominique Cellier (2011) Genetically modified crops safety assessments: present limits and possible improvements Environmental Sciences Europe, 23:10 http://www.enveurope.com/content/23/1/10

1381.Gilles-Eric Séralini, Emilie Clair, Robin Mesnage, Steeve Gress, Nicolas Defarge, Manuela Malatesta, Didier Hennequin, Joël Spiroux de Vendômois (2012) RETRACTED: Long term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize Food and Chemical Toxicology Volume 50, Issue 11, November, Pages 4221–4231 http://gmoseralini.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/GES-final-study-19.9.121.pdf

1382.Gilles-Eric Séralini, Robin Mesnage, Nicolas Defarge, Steeve Gress, Nicolas Defarge, Manuela Malatesta, Didier Hennequin, Joël Spiroux de Vendômois (2013) Answers to critics: Why there is a long term toxicity due to a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize and to a Roundup herbicide Food and Chemical Toxicology Volume 53, March, Pages 476–483 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691512008149

1383.G.E. Séralini, R. Mesnage, N. Defarge (2014) Conclusiveness of toxicity data and double standards Food and Chemical Toxicology Available online 18 April 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691514002002

1384.Gilles-Eric Séralini, Emilie Clair, Robin Mesnage, Steeve Gress, Nicolas Defarge, Manuela Malatesta, Didier Hennequin and Joël Spiroux de Vendômois (2014) Republished study: long-term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize. Environmental Sciences Europe , 26:14 http://www.enveurope.com/content/26/1/14

1385.Gilles-Eric Séralini, Robin Mesnage, Nicolas Defarge and Joël Spiroux de Vendômois (2014) Conflicts of interests, confidentiality and censorship in health risk assessment: the example of an herbicide and a GMO. Environmental Sciences Europe, 26:13 http://www.enveurope.com/content/26/1/13

1386.Ademar Pereira Serra, Marlene Estevão Marchetti, Ana Carina da Silva Candido, Ana Caroline Ribeiro Dias, Pedro Jacob Christoffoleti (2011) Influência do glifosato na eficiência nutricional do nitrogênio, manganês, ferro, cobre e zinco em soja resistente ao glifosato Cienc. Rural vol.41 no.1 Santa Maria http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0103-84782011000100013&script=sci_arttext&tlng=en=true

1387.Serratos-Hernández J-A, Gómez-Olivares J-L, Salinas- Arreortua N, Buendía-Rodríguez E, Islas-Gutiérrez F and de-Ita A(2007) Transgenic proteins in maize in the Soil Conservation area of Federal District, Mexico. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5:247-252. http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/1540-9295%282007%295%5B247%3ATPIMIT%5D2.0.CO%3B2?journalCode=fron

1388.Servizi, J.A., Gordon, R.W., Martens, D.W., 1987. Acute toxicity of Garlon 4 and Roundup herbicides to salmon, Daphnia and trout. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 39, 15–22. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF01691783

1389.Settele J, Biesmeijer J, Bommarco R. (2008) Switch to ecological engineering would aid independence. Nature. Dec 4;456(7222):570. http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1038/456570a

1390.Shand, H. (2002) Terminator no solution to gene flow. Nature Biotech. 20:775-776. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12147996

1391.D. L. Shaner, (2009) Role of translocation as a mechanism of resistance to glyphosate Weed Science, vol. 57, pp. 118–123 http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publications.htm?seq_no_115=224268

1392.Sharma R, Alexander TW, John SJ, Forster RJ and McAllister TA(2004) Relative stability of transgene DNA fragments from GM rapeseed in mixed ruminal cultures. British Journal of Nutrition 91(5):673-681. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15137918

1393.Sharma R, Damgaard D,Alexander TW, Dugan MER, Aalhus JL, Stanford K and McAllister TA (2006) Detection of transgenic and endogenous plant DNA indigesta and tissues of sheep and pigs fed Roundup Ready Canola meal. J.Agric.FoodChem.54(5):1699-1709. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16506822

1394.Virginia A. Sharpe & Doug Gurian-Sherman (2003) Competing interests Nature Biotechnology 21, 1131 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v21/n10/full/nbt1003-1131a.html

1395.Shaw, C. A., Seneff, S., Kette, S. D., Tomljenovic, L., Oller Jr, J. W., & Davidson, R. (2013). Aluminium-Induced Entropy in Biological Systems: Implications for Neurological Disease. J Inorg Biochem. http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/jt/aip/491316.pdf

1396.Shehata AA, Schrödl W, Aldin AA, Hafez HM, Krüger M. (2013) The effect of glyphosate on potential pathogens and beneficial members of poultry microbiota in vitro. Curr Microbiol. Apr;66(4):350-8 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23224412

1397.Awad A. Shehataa, Manfred Kühnertd, Svent Haufed, Monika Krüger (2014) Neutralization of the antimicrobial effect of glyphosate by humic acid in vitro. Chemosphere, Volume 104, June, Pages 258–261 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653513014987

1398.Shelton AM Jr, Robertson JL and Tang JD (1993) Resistance of diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies in the field. J.Econ.Entomol.86,697-705. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/esa/jee/1993/00000086/00000003/art00009

1399.Shewmaker CK, Sheehy JA, Daley M, Colburn Sand Ke DY (1999) Seed-specific over-expression of phytoene synthase : increase in carotenoids and other metabolic effects. Plant J,20(4):401-412X. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-313x.1999.00611.x/full

1400.Shiogiri NS, Paulino MG, Carraschi SP, Baraldi FG, da Cruz C, Fernandes MN. (2012) Acute exposure of a glyphosate-based herbicide affects the gills and liver of the Neotropical fish, Piaractus mesopotamicus Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. Sep;34(2):388-96. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22743578

1401.Shrestha, A. & Hemree, K. (2007). Glyphosate-resistant horseweed (Conyza canadensis L.Cronq.) biotype found in the South Central Valley. California Agriculture, 61, 267-270. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/238659398_GLYPHOSATE-RESISTANT_HORSEWEED_(Conyza_canadensis_L._Cronq.)_BIOTYPE_FOUND_IN_THE_SOUTH_CENTRAL_VALLEY

1402.Barbara Sibbald (2001) Feds’ approach to genetically modified products criticized CMAJ. March 20; 164(6): 853. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC80895/

1403.Siimes, K.; Räamö, S.; Welling, L.; Nikunen, U. & Laitinen, P. (2006). Comparison ofbehaviour of three herbicides in a field experiment under bare soil conditions. Agricultural Water Management , 84, 53-64. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378377406000345

1404.Silvia L. Lopez, Delia Aiassa, Stella Benitez-Leite, Rafael Lajmanovich, Fernando Manas, Gisela Poletta, Norma Sanchez, Maria Fernanda Simoniello, and Andres E. Carrasco (2012) Pesticides Used in South American GMO- Based Agriculture : A Review of Their Effects on Humans and Animal Models. Advances in Molecular Toxicology. Volume 6, Pages 41–75 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444593894000021

1405.Simard, M.J., Légère, A., Séguin-Swartz, G., Nair, H., Warwick, S.I. (2005) Fitness of double vs. single herbicide-resistant canola. WeedScience, 53: 489-498. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4047056?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21102928060843

1406.Simard MJ, Legere A and Warwick SI (2006) Transgenic Brassica napus fields and Brassica rapa weeds in Quebec sympatry and weed-crop in situ hybridization. Canadian Journal of Botany-Revue Canadienne De Botanique 84: 1842-1851. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/nrc/cjb/2006/00000084/00000012/art00010

1407.Valéria Dornelles Gindri Sinhorin, Adilson Paulo Sinhorin, Jhonnes Marcos Dos Santos Teixeira, Kelly Márcia Lazarotto Miléski, Paula Carine Hansen (2014) Effects of the acute exposition to glyphosate-based herbicide on oxidative stress parameters and antioxidant responses in a hybrid Amazon fish surubim (Pseudoplatystoma sp). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Volume 106, August, Pages 181–187 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651314001912

1408.Siviková K, Dianovskỳ J. (2006) Cytogenetic effect of technical glyphosate on cultivated bovine peripheral lymphocytes. Int J Hyg Environ Health. Jan;209(1):15-20. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16373198

1409.Skogsmyr I (1994) Gene dispersal from transgenic potatoes to conspecifics: a field trial. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 88: 770-774. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF01253984

1410.Slager RE, Simpson SL, Levan TD, Poole JA, Sandler DP, Hoppin JA. (2010) Rhinitis associated with pesticide use among private pesticide applicators in the agricultural health study. J Toxicol Environ Health A. ;73(20):1382-93. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20818537

1411.Smets BF and Barkay T (2005) Horizontal gene transfer: perspectives at a crossroads of scientific disciplines. Nature Reviews Microbiology 3:675-678. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16145755

1412. Smith GR (2001) Effects of acute exposure to a commercial formulation of glyphosate on the tadpoles of two species of anurans. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 67:483–488 http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/15245290/effects-acute-exposure-commercial-formulation-glyphosate-tadpoles-two-species-anurans

1413. Snow, A.A., Andersen, B. and Jørgensen, R.B. (1999) Costs of transgenic herbicide resistance introgressed from Brassica napus into weedy B. rapa. Molecular Ecology 8, 605-615. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-294x.1999.00596.x/abstract

1414. Allison A. Snow, Kristen L. Uthus, and Theresa M. Culley (2001) FITNESS OF HYBRIDS BETWEEN WEEDY AND CULTIVATED RADISH: IMPLICATIONS FOR WEED EVOLUTION. Ecological Applications 11:934–943. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(2001)011%5B0934:FOHBWA%5D2.0.CO;2

1415.Snow AA (2002) Transgenic crops : why geneflow matters. Nature Biotechnology Vol.20(6):542. http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v20/n6/full/nbt0602-542.html

1416. Snow, A. A., Pilson, D., Riesberg, L. H., Paulsen, M. J., & Selbo, S. M. (2003). A BT transgene reduces herbivory and enhances fecundity in wild sunflower. BioScience, 13, 279-286. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3099898?uid=3739256&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21102568325651

1417.Snow A A, Andow DA ,Gepts P, Hallerman EM, Power A, Tiedje JM and Wolfenbarger LL (2005) Genetically engineered organisms and the environment : Current status and recommendations. Ecological Applications 15 (2):377-404. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4543362?uid=3738256&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21101649652753

1418.Snow A (2009) Unwanted transgenes re-discovered in Oaxacan maize. Molecular Ecology 18:569-571. http://www.biosci.ohio-state.edu/~asnowlab/Snow_MolEcol_Transgenesin%20Maixe.pdf

1419.Snow, A. A., Culley, T. M., Campbell, L. G., Sweeney, P. M., Hegde, S. G. and Ellstrand, N. C. (2010), Long-term persistence of crop alleles in weedy populations of wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum). New Phytologist, 186: 537–548. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.03172.x/full

1420.Snow, A.A. (2012) Illegal gene flow from transgenic creeping bentgrass: the saga continues. Molecular Ecology, 21(19): 4663-4664. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23009646

1421.Daniela Soleri, David A. Cleveland, Garrett Glasgow, Stuart H. Sweeney, Flavio Aragón Cuevas, Mario R. Fuentes, Humberto Ríos L. (2008) Testing assumptions underlying economic research on transgenic food crops for Third World farmers: Evidence from Cuba, Guatemala and Mexico. Ecological Economics Volume 67, Issue 4, 1 November, Pages 667–682 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800908000670

1422.S. Soloneski, N. V. González, M. A. Reigosa, and M. L. Larramendy, “Herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)-induced cytogenetic damage in human lymphocytes in vitro in presence of erythrocytes,” Cell Biology International, vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 1316–1322 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17606385

1423.Somers DA, Makarevitch I. (2004) : Transgene integration in plants: poking or patching holes in promiscuous genomes? Curr Opin Biotechnol. 15 (2):126-31. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0958166904000291

1424.Song, Z.P., Lu, B.R., Zhu, Y.G., Chen, J.K. (2003) Gene flow from cultivated rice to the wild species Oryza rufipogon under experimental field conditions. New Phytologist, 157(3): 657-665. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00699.x/full

1425. Song X, Liu L, Wang Z and Qiang S (2009) Potential gene flow from transgenic rice(Oryza sativa L.)to different weedy rice(Oryza sativa f.spontanea)accessions based on reproductive compatibility. Pest Management Science. Vol 65(8):862-9 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ps.1766/abstract

1426.Sopinska A,Grochala A,Niezgoda J. Influence of water polluted with herbicide Roundup on the organism of fish. Med. Weter. 2000;56:593-597. http://cabdirect.org/abstracts/20002221384.html;jsessionid=1667168C37417FB93B4604AA0AD320E3

1427.Soso, A.B., Barcellos ,L.J.G., Ranzani-Paiva, M.J., Kreutz, L.K., Quevedo, R.M., Anziliero, D.Lima, M.,Silva, L.B.,Ritter, F.,Bedin, A.C., Finco, J.A. (2007) Chronic exposure to sub-lethal concentration of a glyphosate- based herbicide alters hormone profiles and affects reproduction of female Jundiá(Rhamdiaquelen). Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 23, 308-313. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21783773

1428.Sotgiu A, Tala M, Sardu G, Coroneo V, Dessi S, Contu P (2005) [Genetically modified organisms: European and Italian legislation to protect citizens' health]. Ig Sanita Pubbl. Sep-Oct;61(5):475-96. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17206218

1429.Soubry, A., Hoyo, C., Jirtle, R. L. and Murphy, S. K. (2014), A paternal environmental legacy: Evidence for epigenetic inheritance through the male germ line. Bioessays, 36: 359–371. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/bies.201300113/full

1430.Clive L. Spash (2010) Censoring science in research officially. Environmental Values 19 no. 2: 141-146. http://www.clivespash.org/Spash_CSIRO_EV_Editorial_2010.pdf

1431.Spencer, L.J. and Snow, A.A. (2001) Fecundity of transgenic wild-crop hybrids of Cucurbita pepo (Cucurbitaceae): implications for crop-to-wild gene flow. Heredity 86, 694-702. http://www.nature.com/hdy/journal/v86/n6/full/6888900a.html

1432.Spendeler, L. (2005). ORGANISMOS MODIFICADOS GENÉTICAMENTE: UNA NUEVA AMENAZA PARA LA SEGURIDAD ALIMENTARIA. Rev Esp Salud Pública, 79(2), 271-282. http://www.scielosp.org/pdf/resp/v79n2/v79n2a13.pdf

1433.Sándor Spisák, Norbert Solymosi, Péter Ittzés, András Bodor, Dániel Kondor, Gábor Vattay, Barbara K. Barták, Ferenc Sipos, Orsolya Galamb, Zsolt Tulassay, Zoltán Szállási, Simon Rasmussen, Thomas Sicheritz-Ponten, Søren Brunak, Béla Molnár, István Csabai (2013) Complete Genes May Pass from Food to Human Blood PLoS ONE 8(7): e69805. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069805 http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0069805

1434.Springett JA and Gray RAJ. (1992) Effect of repeated low doses of biocides on the earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa in laboratory culture. Soil Biol. Biochem. 24, 17391744. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0038071792901806

1435.Spök, A., H. Hofer, P. Lehner, R. Valenta, S. Stirn, and H. Gaugitsch 2004. Risk assessment of GMO products in the European Union: Toxicity assessment, allergenicity assessment and substantial equivalence in practice and proposals for improvement and standardisation. Umweltbundesamt, Vienna. http://www.umweltbundesamt.at/fileadmin/site/publikationen/BE253.pdf

1436.Squire GR, Breckling B, Dietz Pfeilstetter A, Jorgensen RB, Lecompte J, Pivard S, Reuter H, Young MW (2011) Status of feral oilseed rape in Europe: its minor role as a GM impurity and its potential as a reservoir of transgene persistence. Environ Sci Pollut Res , 18:111–115. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11356-010-0376-1

1437.Srivastava V, Anderson O D and David W.ow (1999) Single copy transgenic wheat generated through the resolution of complex integration patterns. PNAS, 96: no. 20 11117-11121 http://www.pnas.org/content/96/20/11117.full

1438.Sabine Stachowski-Haberkorn, Beatriz Becker, Dominique Marie, Hansy Haberkorn, Louis Coroller and Denis de la Broise (2008) Impact of Roundup on the marine microbial community, as shown by an in situ microcosm experiment Aquatic Toxicology Volume 89, Issue 4, 29 September, Pages 232-241 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166445X08002257

1439.Phillip W. Stahlman, Patrick W. Geier (2011) GLYPHOSATE RESISTANT KOCHIA IS PREVELANT IN WESTERN KANSAS Western Society of Weed Science annual meeting. http://wssaabstracts.com/public/6/abstract-166.html

1440. Paul C. St. Amand, Daniel Z. Skinner, and Richard N. Peaden (2000) RISK OF ALFALFA TRANSGENE DISSEMINATION AND SCALE DEPENDENT EFFECTS Theoretical and Applied Genetics July, Volume 101, Issue 1-2, pp 107-114 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs001220051457

1441.Stanley-Horn D.E ,Dively GP, Hellmich RL, Mattila HR, Sears MK, Rose R, Jesse LC, Losey JE, Obrycki JJ and Lewis L (2001) Assessing the impact of Cry1Ab-expressing corn pollen on monarch butterfly larvae in field studies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 98 (21): 11931-11936. http://www.pnas.org/content/98/21/11931.full

1442.GLEN STATEN (1946) Contamination of Cotton Fields by 2,4-d or Hormone-Type Weed Sprays JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF AGRONOMY Vol. 38 No. 6, p. 536-544 https://dl.sciencesocieties.org/publications/aj/abstracts/38/6/AJ0380060536?access=0&view=pdf

1443.Steele RE, Hampson SE, Stover NA, Kibler DF and Bode HR (2004) Probable horizontal transfer between a protist and acnidarian. Curr Biol 14(8):298-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15084296

1444.Steinbrecher, R. A. (1996). From Green to Gene Revolution: The environmental risks of genetically engineered crops. The Ecologist, 26, 273-282. http://exacteditions.theecologist.org/browse/307/308/5347/3/35

1445.Stewart, C.N. Jr. All, J.N. Raymer, P.L. Ramachandran, S (1997) Increased fitness of transgenic insecticidal rapeseed under insect selection pressure Molecular Ecology v. 6(8) p. 773-779 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-294X.1997.00239.x/abstract

1446.C. Neal Stewart Jr.1 & C. S. Prakash (1998) Letter 1: Chloroplast-transgenic plants are not a gene flow panacea Nature Biotechnology 16, 401 http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1038/nbt0598-401c

1447. Stewart Jr. CN, Halfhill MD and Warwick SI (2003) Transgene introgression from genetically modified crops to their wild relatives. Nature Reviews Genetics 4:806- 817. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14526376

1448.Stone GD (2007) Agricultural deskilling and the spread of genetically modified cotton in Warangal.Current Anthropology.Vol.48(1):67-103. http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Paper/10375313

1449. Glenn Davis Stone and Dominic Glover (2011) Genetically modified crops and the ‘food criris': discourse and material impacts. Development in Practice. 21:4-5,509-516 http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~anthro/research/stone/Stone_Glover_2011.pdf

1450.Storer NP, Babcock JM, Schlenz M, Meade T, Thompson GD, Bing JW, Huckaba RM (2010) Discovery and characterization of field resistance to Bt maize: Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Puerto Rico. J Econ Entomol 103:1031–1038 http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1603/EC10040

1451.Stotzky, G. (2000). Persistence and biological activity in soil of insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis and of bacterial DNA bound on clays and humic acids. Journal of Environmental Quality 29: 691-705. http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/20013067118.html

1452.Stotzky G (2001) Release, persistence, and biological activity in soil of insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis. CRC Press, Sep 26, 2001-pages 187-222 http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=5-otXB1VNvoC&oi=fnd&pg=PA187

1453. Stotzky G. (2004) Persistence and biological activity in soil of the insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis, especially from transgenic plants. Plant and Soil266:77- 89. http://www.mendeley.com/catalog/persistence-biological-activity-soil-insecticidal-proteins-bacillus-thuringiensis-especially-transgenic-plants-12/

1454.Strange-Hansen, R.; Holm, P.E.; Jacobsen, O.S. & Jacobsen, C.S. (2004). Sorption, mineralization and mobility of N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine (glyphosate) in five different types of gravel. Pest Management Science, 60, 570-578. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ps.842/abstract

1455.Debra M. Strauss (2006) The International Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Importing Caution into the U.S. Food Supply Food and Drug Law Journal, Vol. 61, No. 2, pp. 167-196 http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1302542

1456.Strauss, D. M., & Strauss, M. C. (2009). Globalization and national sovereignty: controlling the international food supply in the age of biotechnology. J Legal Stud Bus, 15, 75-94. http://biowww2.biology.yale.edu/agrarianstudies/foodsovereignty/pprs/Strauss_Globalization.pdf

1457.Stürtz N, Deis RP, Jahn GA, Duffard R, Evangelista de Duffard AM. (2008) Effect of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on rat maternal behavior. Toxicology May 21;247(2-3):73-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18420331

1458.Stürtz N, Jahn GA, Deis RP, Rettori V, Duffard RO, Evangelista de Duffard AM.(2010) Effect of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on milk transfer to the litter and prolactin release in lactating rats. Toxicology. Apr 30;271(1-2):13-20. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20122984

1459.Sun C, Wu Z, Zhang Y & Zhang L (2003) Effect of transgenic Bt rice planting on soil enzyme activities. Ying Yong Sgeng Tai Xue Bao 14:2261-2264. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15031930

1460.Sun, X, L.J. Chen, Z.J. Wu, L.K. Zhou and H. Shimizu (2006) Soil persistence of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxin from transgenic Bt cotton tissues and its effect on soil enzyme activities. Biology and Fertility of Soils 43(5):617- 620. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00374-006-0158-6

1461.Sundaramurthy, V. T. (2010). The impacts of the transgenes on the modified crops, non-target soil and terrestrial organisms. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9(54), 9163-9176. http://academicjournals.org/article/article1380791137_Sundaraurthy.pdf

1462.AV Surov, NY Feoktistov, MV Ushakov, AV Gureeva (2010) Changing the physiological parameters of mammals feeding genetically modified ingredients of vegetable origin. Institution of the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Ecology and Evolution behalf ANSevertsov RAS (IEE RAS) http://oagb.ru/lib.php?txt_id=12292 http://www.oagb.ru/research.php?txt_id=2739

1463.Svitashev S,Ananiev E, Pawlowski WP, Somers DA (2000) Association of transgene integration sites with chromosome rearrangements in hexaploid oat. Theo rAppl Genet 100,872-880. http://www.pawlowski.cit.cornell.edu/2000.pdf

1464.Swadener C. (1994) Bacillus thuringiensis, Insecticide Fact Sheet ,Journal of Pesticide reform, Fall,Vol14,No3. http://eap.mcgill.ca/MagRack/JPR/JPR_22.htm

1465.Madhura Swaminathan and Vikas Rawal (2011) Are there Benefits from the Cultivation of Bt cotton?. Review of Agrarian Studies Vol1(1) http://www.ras.org.in/index.php?Abstract=are_there_benefits_from_the_cultivation_of_bt_cotton_a_comment_based_on_data_from_a_vidarbha_village

1466. Szarek J, Siwicki A, Andrzejewska A, Terech-Majewska E, Banaszkiewicz T. (2000) Effects of the herbicide Roundup on the ultrastructural pattern of hepatocytes in carp (Cyprinus carpio). Mar Environ Res. Jul-Dec;50(1-5):263-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11460701

1467.Szarek, Józef, Izabella Babiñska, Monika Truszczyñska, Ryszard Kolman, Andrzej K. Siwicki, Ireneusz M. Kowalski, Joanna Wojtacka, Halina Kolman, Tadeusz Banaszkiewicz, and Krystyna A. Skibniewska. (2006) Effect of the herbicide Avans 330 SL on the liver pathomorphology of clinically healthy carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) and carp infected by Ichthyophthirius multifiliis. Archives of Polish fisheries/Archiwum rybactwa polskiego 14, no. 2 : 169-182. http://host.infish.com.pl/wydawnictwo/Archives/Fasc/work_pdf/Vol14Fasc2/Vol14-Fasc2%20-%20w02.pdf

1468. A. Székács, J. Juracsek, L. A. Polgár and B. Darvas, (2005) Levels of expressed Cry1Ab toxin in genetically modified corn DK-440-BTY (YieldGard) and stubble FEBS J., vol. 272, Suppl 1, pp. 508.

1469.András Székács , Eszter Takács , Judit Juracsek, Éva Lauber and Béla Darvas (2010) Determination of Cry1Ab toxin content of MON 810 maize pollen by enzyme-immunoassay Programme and Book of Abstracts of IX th European Congress of Entomology , p. 200; http://www.bdarvas.hu/gmo/idn6011

1470.A. Székács, É, Lauber, J. Juracsek and B. Darvas,(2010) Cry1Ab toxin production of MON 810 transgenic maize, Environ. Toxicol. Chem., vol. 29, pp. 182–190. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20821434

1471.A. Székács, É. Lauber, E. Takács and B. Darvas, (2010) Detection of Cry1Ab toxin in the leaves of MON 810 transgenic maize, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., vol. 396, pp. 2203–2211. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20091160

1472.Székács A, Weiss G, Quist D, Takács E, Darvas B, Meier M, Swain T, Hilbeck A (2012) Inter-laboratory comparison of Cry1Ab toxin quantification in MON 810 maize by enzyme-immunoassay. Food Agric Immunol 23:99–121 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09540105.2011.604773#.UiDtLknD9lY

1473.Székács, A, Darvas B. (2012) Environmental and Ecological Aspects of First Generation Genetically Modified Crops Regarding Their Impacts in a European Maize Producer Country IJEP Vol. 2 Iss. 5 2012 PP. 9-15 http://www.ij-ep.org/paperInfo.aspx?paperid=799

1474.A. Székács and B. Darvas, “Forty Years with Glyphosate,” in Herbicides – Properties, Synthesis and Control of Weeds, Hasaneen MNAE-G Ed., InTech, Rijeka, Croatia pp. 247–284, 2012 http://www.intechopen.com/books/herbicides-properties-synthesis-and-control-of-weeds/forty-years-with-glyphosate

1475.Székács, A., & Darvas, B. (2012). Environmental assessment of MON 810 maize in the Pannonian Biogeographical Region. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 47(2), 307-319. http://www.akademiai.com/content/b872k87n07664526/

1476. András Székács, Béla Darvas (2013) Comparative Aspects of Cry Toxin Usage in Insect Control Advanced Technologies for Managing Insect Pests, pp 195-230 http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-94-007-4497-4_10

1477.I. Székács, Á. Fejes, S. Klátyik, E. Takács, D. Patkó, J. Pomóthy, M. Mörtl, R. Horváth, E. Madarász, B. Darvas, A. Székács (2014) Environmental and Toxicological Impacts of Glyphosate with Its Formulating Adjuvant World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Agricultural, Biosystems Science and Engineering Vol:8 No:3, http://www.waset.org/publications/9997659

1478. TABASHNIK, BRUCE E.; FINSON, NAOMI; JOHNSON, MARSHALL W. (1991) Managing Resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis: Lessons from the Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 84, Number 1, February, pp. 49-55(7) http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/esa/jee/1991/00000084/00000001/art00008

1479.Tabashnik BE, Gould F and Carriere Y (2004) Delaying evolution of insect resistance to transgenic crop sby decreasing dominance and heritability. J Evol Biol. 17(4): 904-12. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1420-9101.2004.00695.x/abstract

1480.Tabashnik BE, Gassmann AJ, Crowder DW, Carrière Y (2008) Insect resistance to Bt crops: evidence versus theory. Nat Biotechnol 26:199–202 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v26/n2/full/nbt1382.html

1481. B. E. Tabashnik, J. B. J. van Rensburg and Y. Carriére, (2009) Field-evolved insect resistance to Bt crops: definition, theory, and data, J. Econ. Entomol., vol. 102, pp. 2011–2025 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20069826

1482.Tabashnik BE, Gould F. (2012) Delaying corn rootworm resistance to Bt corn. J Econ Entomol. Jun;105(3):767-76. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22812111

1483.Tabashnik BE, Brévault T, Carrière Y. (2013) Insect resistance to Bt crops: lessons from the first billion acres. Nat Biotechnol. Jun;31(6):510-21 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23752438

1484.András Takács-Sánta (2010) Does the world need genetically modified plants ?Biokontroll , 1: 5–12; http://www.biokontroll.hu/cms/images/stories/Biokontrol/downloads/Biokontrol_01.pdf

1485.Eszter Takács , Éva Lauber, Hajnalka Bánáti, András Székács and Béla Darvas (2009) Bt -plants in plant protection Növényvédelem. 45 : 549 –558; http://www.ecotox.hu/download/pdf/Btnoveny.pdf

1486.W.L.M. Tamis, A. van Dommelen, G.R. de Snoo (2009) Lack of transparency on environmental risks of genetically modified micro-organisms in industrial biotechnology http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652608003247

1487.Tank JL, Rosi-Marshall EJ, Royer TV, Whiles MR, Griffiths NA, Frauendorf TC, Treering DJ. (2010) Occurrence of maize detritus and a transgenic insecticidal protein (Cry1Ab) within the stream network of an agricultural landscape. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Oct 12;107(41):17645-50. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20876106

1488.Tanney JB, Hutchison LJ. (2010) The effects of glyphosate on the in vitro linear growth of selected microfungi from a boreal forest soil. Can J Microbiol. Feb;56(2):138-44. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20237575

1489. Tapp H and Stozsky G (1998) Persistence of the insecticidal toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp kurstaki in soil. Soil Biol. Biochem. 30(4):471-476. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S003807179700148X

1490.Beatrix Tappeser and Christine von Weizsaecker. (1997) {BLR 2343} Genetically Engineered Plants – Monsanto – Soybeans : Monsanto’s Soybeans: Safe for Consumers and the Environment? —Gap Analysis and Flaw Identification in Monsanto’s Testing1. Biotechnology Law Report. March-April 1997, 16(2): 165-168. http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/blr.1997.16.165

1491.Beatrix Tappeser (1997) The differences between conventional Bacillus thuringiensis strains and transgenic insect resistant plants Possible reasons for rapid resistance development and susceptibility of non-target organisms. Prepared for the third meeting of the Open-ended Working Group on Biosafety, Okt 13-17, 1997, Montreal,Canada http://online.sfsu.edu/rone/GEessays/GEPlantsBTResistance.htm

1492.Beatrix TAPPESER, Claudia ECKELKAMP, Barbara WEBER (2001) ANALYSIS OF OBSERVED ADVERSE EFFECTS FROM THE RELEASE OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS. Umweltbundesamt/Federal Environment Agency – Austria, MONOGRAPHIEN Band 148 http://www.oeko.de/oekodoc/231/2000-024-en.pdf

1493.Tate TM, Spurlock JO and Christian FA. (1997) Effect of glyphosate on the development of Pseudosuccinea columellasnails. Arch.Environ.Contam.Toxicol.33, 286289. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs002449900255

1494.Friedhelm Taube, Michael Krawinkel, Andreas Susenbeth and Werner Theobald (2011) The booklet “Genetically modified crops” published from the German Research Foundation, does not meet the given claim Environmental Sciences Europe 2011, 23:1 http://www.enveurope.com/content/23/1/1

1495.Lori B. Taylor (2014) Exploring the Case of GE Foods. The Integrative RDN, Spring 2014, Volume 16, Issue 4 https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B7iPNuYZiz7kS0tldThZVExZQWs/preview?pli=1

1496.Tax FE, Vernon DM (2001) T-DNA-associated duplication/translocations in Arabidopsis. Implications for mutant analysis and functional genomics. Plant Physiol. 126(4):1527-38 http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/126/4/1527.full

1497.Tejada M. (2009) Evolution of soil biological properties after addition of glyphosate, diflufenican and glyphosate+diflufenican herbicides. Chemosphere 76:365-73. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653509003567

1498.Teycheney PY, Tepper M. (2007) Possible roles of endogenous plant viral sequences and transgenes containing viral sequences in both virus resistance and virus emergence. Environ Biosafety Res. ;6(4):219–221. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8209040

1499.Termorshuizen AJ & Lotz LAP (2002) Does large-scale cropping of herbicide-resistant cultivars increase the incidence of polyphagous soil-borne plant pathogens? Outlook on Agriculture 31, 51–54. http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=13511891

1500. Tsehaye Tesfamariam, S. Bott, I. Cakmak, V. Römheld, G. Neumann, (2009) Glyphosate in the rhizosphere – role of waiting times and different glyphosate binding forms in soils for phytoxicity to non-target plants, European Journal of Agronomy, 31:126-132. http://research.sabanciuniv.edu/13547

1501.Christoph Then (2010) Risk assessment of toxins derived from Bacillus thuringiensis—synergism, efficacy, and selectivity Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. Mar; 17(3): 791–797. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2822905/

1502. Thomas, W. E., I. C. Burke, B. L. Robinson, W. A. Pline-Srnic, K. L. Edmisten, R. Wells, and J. W. Wilcut. (2005) Yield and Physiological Response of Nontransgenic Cotton to Simulated Glyphosate Drift. Weed Technology 19, no. 1 (Jan-Mar): 35-42. http://pep.wsu.edu/drift04/pdf/proceedings/pg438-442_Poster26.pdf

1503.Thompson PB. (1997) Food biotechnology’s challenge to cultural integrity and individual consent. Hastings Cent Rep ;27(4):34–8 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9271720

1504.Thongprakaisang S, Thiantanawat A, Rangkadilok N, Suriyo T, Satayavivad J. (2013) Glyphosate induces human breast cancer cells growth via estrogen receptors. Food Chem Toxicol. Sep;59:129-36. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23756170

1505.Thye San Cha, Kaben Anne-Marie, Tse Seng Chuah (2013) Identification and characterization of RAPD–SCAR markers linked to glyphosate-susceptible and -resistant biotypes of Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn Molecular Biology Reports December 2013 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11033-013-2922-7

1506.Tierney, K. B., P. S. Ross, H. E. Jarrard, K. R. Delaney, and C. J. Kennedy. (2006 Changes in Juvenile Coho Salmon Electro-Olfactogram During and after Short-Term Exposure to Current-Use Pesticides. Environ Toxicol Chem 25, no. 10 Oct: 2809-17. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1897/05-629R1.1/abstract

1507.Tierney, Keith B., Mark A. Sekela, Christine E. Cobbler, Besa Xhabija, Melissa Gledhill, Sirinart Ananvoranich, and Barbara S. Zielinski. (2011) Evidence for Behavioral Preference toward Environmental Concentrations of Urban-Use Herbicides in a Model Adult Fish. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 30, no. 9 : 2046-54. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21647945

1508.Michael Tillotson (2000) Reasoning without data, default assumptions. Conservation Ecology 4(2): r1. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol4/iss2/resp1/

1509.Timmons AM, O’Brien BT, Charters YM & Wilkinson MJ (1994) Aspects of environmental risk assessment for genetically modified plants with special reference to oilseed rape. Scottish Crop Research Institute, Annual Report 1994. SCRI, Invergowrie, Dundee, Scotland http://gmofree-euroregions.regione.marche.it/Portals/0/Timmons_.pdf.

1510.A. M. Timmons, E. T. O’Brien, Y. M. Charters, S. J. Dubbels, M. J. Wilkinson (1995) Assessing the risks of wind pollination from fields of genetically modified Brassica napus ssp oleifera Euphytica 85: 417-423 http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-011-0357-2_51

1511.Huang Ting (2010) Roundup preliminary study on male germ cells and its mechanism of toxicity. “South University” 2010 http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10533-2010187394.htm

1512.Tirado R, Johnston P. (2010) Food security: GM crops threaten biodiversity. Science. 2010 Apr 9;328(5975):170-1 http://www.sciencemag.org/content/328/5975/170.1.full

1513.Kalthoum Tizaoui and Mohamed Elyes Kchouk
(2012) : Genetic approaches for studying transgene inheritance and genetic recombination in three successive generations of transformed tobacco. Genet Mol Biol. 35(3) : 640–649. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3459415/

1514.EV Tizhe, NDG Ibrahim, MY Fatihu, IO Igbokwe, BDJ George, SF Ambali & JM Shallangwaa. (2013) Haematogical changes induced by subchronic glyphosate exposure: ameliorative effect of zinc in Wistar rats Sokoto J. Vet. Sci.; 11(2): 28-35 http://www.scopemed.org/?mno=36165

1515.Emmanuel Vandi Tizhe, Najume Dogon-Giginya Ibrahim, Mohammed Yakasai Fatihu, Ikechukwu Onyebuchi Igbokwe, Butcher-Danladi Jonathan George, Suleiman Folorunsho Ambali, Joshua Mallum Shallangwa (2013) Serum biochemical assessment of hepatic and renal functions of rats during oral exposure to glyphosate with zinc. Comparative Clinical Pathology, May http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00580-013-1740-6

1516.Ludwik Tomiałojć (2011) Uprawy i pasze z kontrowersyjnych odmian GMO w Polsce: możliwe skutki ekologiczne i gospodarczo-społeczne Biuletyn Komitetu Ochrony Przyrody PAN 2/2011: xx–xx http://www.energieodnawialne.pl/ftp/KOP_Tomia%C5%82ojc.pdf

1517.Topinka, K., J. Huffman, L. Hall. 1999. Pollen flow between herbicide tolerant canola (Brassica napus) is the cause of multiple resistant canola volunteers. Poster, Expert Committee on Weeds, ECW, Ottawa.

1518. Torstensson NT, Lundgren LN, Stenström J. (1989) Influence of climatic and edaphic factors on persistence of glyphosate and 2,4-D in forest soils. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. Oct;18(2):230-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2806176

1519. Torstensson, L.; Börjesson, E. & Stenström, J. (2005). Efficacy and fate of glyphosate on Swedish railway embankments. Pest Management Science, 61, 881-886. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16041711

1520.Traavik, T. and Lim, L.C. (eds.) Biosafety First: Holistic Approaches to Risk and Uncertainty in Genetic Engineering and Genetically Modified Organisms Tapir Academic Press, Trondheim http://bch.cbd.int/database/attachment/?id=11414

1521.Tranel PJ, Riggins CW, Bell MS, Hager AG. (2011) Herbicide resistances in Amaranthus tuberculatus: a call for new options. J Agric Food Chem. Jun 8;59(11):5808-12 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21073196

1522.Tsui, M.T.K. & Chu, L.M. (2003). Aquatic toxicity of glyphosate-based formulations:comparison between different organisms and the effects of environmental factors. Chemosphere, 52, 1189-1197. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12821000

1523.Tudisco R, Infascelli F, Cutrignelli MI, Bovera F, Morcia C, Facciolli P and Terzi V(2006) Fate of feed plant DNA monitored in waterbuffalo(Bubalusbubalis)and rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Livestock Science Vol. 105(1-3): 12-18. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871141306002277

1524.Tudisco, R. Lombardi ,P. Bovera, F. d’Angelo, D. Cutrignelli, M.I. Mastellone, V.,Terzi, V. Avallone, L., Infascelli, F. (2006) Genetically modified soya bean in rabbit feeding : Detection of DNA fragments and evaluation of metabolic effects by enzymatic analysis. Animal Science 82,193199. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=778124

1525.Tudisco R., Mastellone V., Cutrignelli M.I, Lombardi P, Bovera F., Mirabella N., Piccolo G., Calabro S., Avallone L., Infascelli F.(2010)Fate of transgenic DNA and evaluation of metabolic effects in goats fed genetically modified soybean and in their offsprings. Animal.The Animal Consortium:1-10;4:1662-1671 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22445119

1526.Tudisco Raffaella, Calabrò Serena, Cutrignelli Monica Isabella, Piccolo Vincenzo and Infascelli Federico (2011). Genetically Modified Soybean in Animal Nutrition, Soybean – Genetics and Novel Techniques for Yield Enhancement, Prof. Dora Krezhova (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-721-5, InTech http://www.intechopen.com/download/pdf/23493

1527.R. Tudisco, S. Calabrò, M. I. Cutrignelli, M. Grossi, V. Piccolo, F. Infascelli (2012) Influence of Sample Storage on the Quality of DNA Extracted from Milk of Goats Fed Conventional or Transgenic Soybean Veterinary Science, pp 199-203 http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-23271-8_33

1528.Turrini A., Sbrana C., Pitto L., Ruffini Castiglione M., Giorgetti L., Briganti R., Bracci T., Evangelista M., Nuti M.P., Giovannetti M. (2004a), The antifungal Dm-AMP1 protein from Dahlia merckii expressed in Solanum melongena is released in root exudates and differentially affects pathogenic fungi and mycorrhizal symbiosis, “New Phytologist”, 163, pp. 393-403 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01107.x/full

1529.Twigg, Laurie E; Taylor, Catherine M; Lowe, Tim J and Calver, Mike C. Can Seed-eating Birds Spread Viable Canola Seed? Pacific Conservation Biology, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2008: 119-127. http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=712779403534214;res=IELNZC

1530.Ricardo Ugarte (2014) Interaction between glyphosate and mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase. Computational and Theoretical Chemistry Volume 1043, 1 September, Pages 54–63 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2210271X14002564

1531.Jose M. Urbano, Ana Borrego, Vanessa Torres, Juan M. Leon, Cristobal Jimenez, Giovanni Dinelli and Jasper Barnes Glyphosate-Resistant Hairy Fleabane (Conyza bonariensis) in Spain Weed Technology Vol. 21, No. 2 (Apr. – Jun., 2007), pp. 396-401 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4495866?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103770175203

1532. Vacher C, Weis AE, Hermann D, Kossler T, Young C and Hochbert ME (2004) Impact of ecological factors on the initial invasion of Bt transgenes into wild populations of birdseed rape(Brassica rapa). Theor Appl Genet 109(4): 806-14. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00122-004-1696-7

1533. Van den Berg, J., et al. (2013) Pest resistance to Cry1Ab Bt maize: Field resistance, contributing factors and lessons from South Africa. Crop Protection. Vol 54 (154- 160). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261219413002093

1534.Van Der Merwe, M., Venter, K. (2010) A consumer perspective on food labelling : ethical or not? Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap, Vol 75, Issue 2, Pages 405-428 http://www.koersjournal.org.za/index.php/koers/article/viewFile/89/58

1535.Frances van der Merwe, Carlos Bezuidenhout, Johnnie van den Berg, and Mark Maboeta (2012) Effects of Cry1Ab Transgenic Maize on Lifecycle and Biomarker Responses of the Earthworm, Eisenia Andrei Sensors (Basel). December; 12(12): 17155–17167. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3571831/

1536.Van de Water, P.K., L.S. Watrud, E.H. Lee, C. Burdick and G. King. (2007). Long-distance GM pollen movement of creeping bentgrass using modeled wind trajectory analysis. Ecological Applications, 17(4): 1244-1256. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17555232

1537. VanGessel, M.J. (2001). Glyphosate-resistant horseweed from Delaware. Weed Science, 49,703-705 http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/0043-1745(2001)049%5B0703%3ARPRHFD%5D2.0.CO%3B2

1538. van Rensburg JBJ (2007) First report of field resistance by the stemborer, Busseola fusca(Fuller) to Bt transgenic maize. S. Afr.J. Plant Soil 24(3):147-151. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02571862.2007.10634798#.UxFEtvldVp0

1539. Patrick van Zwanenberg and Valeria Arza (2013) Biotechnology and its configurations : GM cotton production on large and small farms in Argentina. Technology in Society. http://steps-centre.org/publication/biotech_argentina/

1540.Varzakas TH, Arvanitoyannis IS, Baltas H. (2007) The politics and science behind GMO acceptance. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. ;47(4):335-61. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17457721

1541. Vazquez Padron, R.I., Moreno Fierros, L., Neri Bazan, L., De la Riva, G.A. and Lopez Revilla, R. (1999) Intragastric and intraperitoneal administration of Cry1Ac protoxin from Bacillus thuringiensis induces systemic and mucosal antibody responses in mice. Life Sciences 64, 1897-1912. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10353588

1542.Vázquez RI, Moreno-FierrosL, Neri-BazanL, DeLaRiva GA, Lopez-Revilla R.(1999) Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac protoxin is a potent systemic and mucosal adjuvant. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. 49(6):578-84. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10354369

1543. Vazquez-Padron, R.I., Moreno-Fierros, L., Neri-Bazan, L., Martinez-Gil, A.F., de la Riva, G.A. and Lopez-Revilla, R. (2000) Characterization of the mucosal and sytemic immune response induced by Cry1Ac protein from Bacillus thuringiensis HD 73 in mice. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 33, 147-155. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10657055

1544. Vazquez Padron, R.I., Gonzalez Cabrera, J., Garcia Tovar, C., Neri Bazan, L., Lopez Revilla, R., Hernandez, M., Morena Fierros, L. and De la Riva, G.A. (2000) Cry1Ac protoxin from Bacillus thuringiensis sp. kurstaki HD73 binds to surface proteins in the mouse small intestine. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 271, 54-58. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10777680

1545. Vecchio L, Cisterna B, Malatesta M, Martin TE, Biggiogera M. (2004) Ultrastructural analysis of testes from mice fed on genetically modified soybean. Eur J Histochem. Oct-Dec;48(4):448-54. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15718213

1546. Veiga F, Zapata JM, Fernandez Marcos ML, Alvarez E. (2001) Dynamics of glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid in a forest soil in Galicia, north-west Spain. Sci Total Environ. Apr 23;271(1-3):135-44. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11346036

1547.Dr. A. Velimirov, Dr. C. Binter, Univ. Prof. Dr. J. Zentek, N. Cyran, Dr. C. Gülly, Dr. S. Handl, G. Hofstätter, F. Meyer, Dr. M. Skalicky, Prof. Dr. R. Steinborn (2008) Biological effects of transgenic maize NK603xMON810 fed in long term reproduction studies in mice Bundesministerium für Gesundheit, amilie und Jugend Report, Forschungsberichte der Sektion IV Band 3/2008, Austria. http://www.biosicherheit.de/pdf/aktuell/zentek_studie_2008.pdf

1548. Venkateswerlu, G. & Stotzky, G. (1992) Binding of the protoxin and toxin proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki and tenebrionis on clay minerals. Curr. Microbiol. 25, 225-233. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF01570723

1549.Vera, M.S.; Lagomarsino, L.; Sylvester, M.; Pérez, G.L.; Rodriguez, P.; Mugni, H.; Sinistro, R.;Ferraro, M.; Bonetto, C.; Zagares, H. & Pizarro, H. (2010). New evidence of Roundup (glyphosate formulation) impact on periphyton community and the water quality of freshwater ecosystems. Ecotoxicology, 19, 710-721. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20091117

1550.María Solange Vera, Eugenia Di Fiori, Leonardo Lagomarsino, Rodrigo Sinistro, Roberto Escaray, María Mercedes Iummato, Angela Juárez, María del Carmen Ríos de Molina, Guillermo Tell, Haydée Pizarro (2012) Direct and indirect effects of the glyphosate formulation Glifosato Atanor® on freshwater microbial communities Ecotoxicology October 2012, Volume 21, Issue 7, pp 1805-1816 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10646-012-0915-2

1551.Josefina Vera-Candioti, Sonia Soloneski, Marcelo L. Larramendy (2013) Single-cell gel electrophoresis assay in the ten spotted live-bearer fish, Cnesterodon decemmaculatus (Jenyns, 1842), as bioassay for agrochemical-induced genotoxicity Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Volume 98, 1 December 2013, Pages 368–373 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651313003552?np=y

1552. Vera-Candioti, J., Soloneski, S., & Larramendy, M. L. (2013). Evaluation of the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of glyphosate-based herbicides in the ten spotted live-bearer fish Cnesterodon decemmaculatus (Jenyns, 1842). Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 89, 166-173. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651312004484

1553.M.L. Vercesi , P.H. Krogh , M. Holmstrup (2005 ) Can Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn residues and Bt-corn plants affect life-history traits in the earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa? Applied Soil Ecology (Volume 32, Issue 2), 21.jun.06 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0929139305001241

1554.Charu Verma, Surabhi Nanda, R.K. Singh, R.B. Singh and Sanjay Mishra (2011) A Review on Impacts of Genetically Modified Food on Human Health The Open Nutraceuticals Journal, 4,3-11 http://www.academia.edu/542384/A_Review_on_Impacts_of_Genetically_Modified_Food_on_Human_Health

1555.Vermij, P. (2006). Liberty Link rice raises specter of tightened regulations. Nat. Biotechnol. 24: 1301-1302. http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v24/n11/abs/nbt1106-1301.html

1556.Verrell, P., and E. Van Buskirk. (2004) As the Worm Turns: Eisenia Fetida Avoids Soil Contaminated by a Glyphosate-Based Herbicide. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 72, no. 2 Feb: 219-24. http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs00128-003-9134-0.pdf

1557.A. G. Viktorov (2008) Influence of Bt-plants on soil biota and pleiotropic effect of δ-endotoxin-encoding genes Russian Journal of Plant Physiology November, Volume 55, Issue 6, pp 738-747 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1134/S1021443708060022#page-1

1558.Vidal A.R, Trezzi M.M, Prado R, Ruiz-Santaella J.P, and Vila- Aiub M.(2007) Glyphosate resistant biotypes of wild poinsettia (Euphorbia heterophylla L.)and its risk analysis onglyphosate-tolerant soybeans. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment 5:265269. http://world-food.net/glyphosate-resistant-biotypes-of-wild-poinsettia-euphorbia-heterophylla-l-and-its-risk-analysis-on-glyphosate-tolerant-soybeans/

1559.VIDAL, O., LÓPEZ-GARCÍA, J. and RENDÓN-SALINAS, E. (2014), Trends in Deforestation and Forest Degradation after a Decade of Monitoring in the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve in Mexico. Conservation Biology, 28: 177–186. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cobi.12138/full

1560.Vierheilig, H., Alt, M., Lange, J., Gut-Rella, M., Wiemken, A. & Boller, T. 1995. Colonization of transgenic tobacco constitutively expressing pathogenisis-related proteins by the vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus mosseae. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 8, 3031-3034. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1388557/

1561.Vieira, C. E. D., Almeida, M. D. S., Galindo, B. A., Pereira, L., & Martinez, C. B. D. R. (2014). Integrated biomarker response index using a Neotropical fish to assess the water quality in agricultural areas. Neotropical Ichthyology, 12(1), 153-164. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S1679-62252014000100153&script=sci_arttext

1562.Vila-Aiub M.M., Vidal AR, Balbi M.C, Gundel P.E, Trucco F, and Ghersa C.M.(2007) Glyphosate-resistant weeds of South American cropping systems : an overview. Pest Management Science, 64,366-371. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18161884

1563.R. Villanueva-Gutiérrez, C. Echazarreta-González, D. W. Roubik & Y. B. Moguel-Ordóñez (2014) Transgenic soybean pollen (Glycine max L.) in honey from the Yucatán peninsula, Mexico Scientific Reports 4, Article number: 4022 http://www.nature.com/srep/2014/140207/srep04022/full/srep04022.html

1564.Villeneuve, A.; Larroudé, S. & Humbert, J.F. (2011). Herbicide contamination of freshwater ecosystems: impact on microbial communities. In: Pesticides – Formulations, Effects, Fate , Stoytcheva M. (Ed.), pp. 285-312, InTech, ISBN 978-953-307-532-7, http://www.intechopen.com/books/pesticides-formulations-effects-fate/herbicide-contamination-of-freshwater-ecosystems-impact-on-microbial-communities

1565.Viljoen CD, Dajee BK, Botha GM (2006). Detection of GMO in food products in South Africa: Implications of GMO labelling. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 5(2): 73-82. https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/bitstream/1807/6641/1/jb06010.pdf

1566.C.D. Viljoen, G.M. Marx (2013) The implications for mandatory GM labelling under the Consumer Protection Act in South Africa. Food Control, Volume 31, issue 2 (June), p. 387-391. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/257398944_The_implications_for_mandatory_GM_labelling_under_the_Consumer_Protection_Act_in_South_Africa

1567. Vitta JI, Tuesca D, Puricelli E. (2004) Wide spread use of glyphosate tolerant soybean and weed community richness in Argentina. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 103,3621624. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880903004298

1568.Vogel, G. (2006). Tracing the transatlantic spread of GM rice. Science 313: 1714. http://www.cof.orst.edu/cof/teach/agbio2010/Readings%202010/SpreadGMRice-ScienceMag-2006.pdf

1569. von der Lippe M, Kowarik I (2007) Crop seed spillage along roads: a factor of uncertainty in the containments of GMO. Ecography , 30:483–490. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.0906-7590.2007.05072.x/abstract

1570.Krayer von Krauss, M. P., Casman, E. A. and Small, M. J. (2004), Elicitation of Expert Judgments of Uncertainty in the Risk Assessment of Herbicide-Tolerant Oilseed Crops. Risk Analysis, 24: 1515–1527. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15660608

1571.Martin Paul Krayer von Krauss, Mathias Kaiser, Vibeke Almaas, Jeroenvander Sluijs, Penny Kloprogge (2008) Diagnosing and prioritising uncertainties according to their relevance for policy : The case of transgene silencing. Science of theTotal Environment. 390(1):23-34. http://www.academia.edu/2838188/Diagnosing_and_prioritizing_uncertainties_according_to_their_relevance_for_policy_the_case_of_transgene_silencing

1572. Wagner, J. A., L. D. Tuffi Santos, C. E. M. Santos, J. O. C. Silva, L. D. Pimentel, C. H. Bruckner, and F. A. Ferreira. (2008) Drift Simulation of Glyphosate Commercial Formulations on Yellow Passion Fruit Growth. Planta Daninha 26, no. 3 Jul-Sep : 677-83. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582008000300024

1573.Wagner, N., Reichenbecher, W., Teichmann, H., Tappeser, B., & Lötters, S. (2013) Are frogs and toads affected by complementary herbicides of GM crops?. Breckling, B. & Verhoeven, R. GM-Crop Cultivation – Ecological Effects on a Landscape Scale. Theorie in der Ökologie 17. Frankfurt, Peter Lang. page 125-129 http://www.gmls.eu/beitraege/125_Wagner.pdf

1574.David A. Wall (1994) Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Response to Simulated Drift of Dicamba, Clopyralid, and Tribenuron Weed Science Vol. 42, No. 1 (Jan. – Mar., 1994), pp. 110-114 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4045552?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103342957983

1575.L P Walsh, C McCormick, C Martin, and D M Stocco (2000) Roundup inhibits steroidogenesis by disrupting steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein expression. Environ Health Perspect. August; 108(8): 769–776. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1638308/

1576.Walsh MC, Buzoianu SG, Gardiner GE, Rea MC, Ross RP, Cassidy JP, Lawlor PG. (2012) Effects of short-term feeding of Bt MON810 maize on growth performance, organ morphology and function in pigs Br J Nutr. Feb;107(3):364-71. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21733303

1577.Waltz, E. (2009) Battlefield. Nature 461:27-32. http://www.nature.com/news/2009/090902/full/461027a.html

1578.Waltz, E. (2009) Underwraps. Nature Biotechnology 27: 880. http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v27/n10/box/nbt1009-880_BX1.html

1579.Waltz, E. (2010) Glyphosate resistance threatens Roundup hegemony. Nature Biotechnology 28,537538 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v28/n10/full/nbt1010-1129d.html

1580.Emily Waltz (2011) GM grass eludes outmoded USDA oversight Nature Biotechnology Volume: 29, Pages: 772–773 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v29/n9/full/nbt0911-772.html

1581.Emily Waltz (2011) European ruling raises specter of mandatory GM pollen tests on honey. Nature Biotechnology 29, 958 http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1038/nbt1111-958b

1582.Waminal, N.E., Ryu, K.H., Choi, S.H., Kim, H.H. (2013) Randomly Detected Genetically Modified (GM) Maize (Zea mays L.) near a Transport Route Revealed a Fragile 45S rDNA Phenotype. PloS One, 8(9): e74060. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3767626/

1583.Wang, S., Just, D.R. and Pinstrup-Andersen, P. (2008)’ Bt Cotton and Secondary Pests’, International Journal of Biotechnology 10(2-3):113-21 http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ind/ijbt/2008/00000010/F0020002/art00001

1584. Wang G, Fan XN, Tan YY, Cheng Q, Chen SD. (2011) Parkinsonism after chronic occupational exposure to glyphosate. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. Jul;17(6):486-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21367645

1585. Wang W, Xia H, Yang X, Xu T, Si HJ, Cai XX, Wang F, Su J, Snow AA, Lu BR. (2013) A novel 5-enolpyruvoylshikimate-3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase transgene for glyphosate resistance stimulates growth and fecundity in weedy rice (Oryza sativa) without herbicide. New Phytol. Aug 1. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nph.12428/abstract

1586.Wang Y, Wei B, Tian Y, Wang Z, Tian Y, et al. (2013) Evaluation of the Potential Effect of Transgenic Rice Expressing Cry1Ab on the Hematology and Enzyme Activity in Organs of Female Swiss Rats. PLoS ONE 8(11): e80424. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0080424#pone-0080424-g008

1587.Mary H. Ward, Jay Lubin, James Giglierano, Joanne S. Colt, Calvin Wolter, Nural Bekiroglu, David Camann, Patricia Hartge, John R. Nuckols (2006) Proximity to Crops and Residential Exposure to Agricultural Herbicides in Iowa Environ Health Perspect. 2006 June; 114(6): 893–897. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1480526/

1588.Sarah M. Ward, Theodore M. Webster, and Larry E.Stecke (2013) Palmer Amaranth(Amaranthuspalmeri) : A Review.Weed Technology 27(1):12-27 http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WT-D-12-00113.1

1589. Warwick SI, Simard MJ, Legre A, Beckie HJ, Braun L, Zhu B, Mason P, Seguin-Swartz G, Stewart CN (2003) Hybridization between transgenic Brassica napus L. and its wild relatives: Brassica rapa L., Raphanus raphanistrum L., Sinapis arvensis L., and Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O. E. Schulz. Theor Appl Genet , 107:528–539. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00122-003-1278-0

1590. Warwick SI, Legere A, Simard MJ and James T (2008) Do escaped transgenes persist in nature? The case of a herbicide resistance transgene in a weedy Brassica rapa population. Molecular Ecol. Vol.17(5):1387-95. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17971090

1591. Watanabe, T., 1995: Developmental effects of glufosinate ammonium on mammalian embryos in vitro. Teratology. 52(4): 25b-26b

1592.Watanabe, T., Iwase,T. (1996) Development and dymorphogenic effects of glufosinate ammoniumon mouse embryos in culture. Teratogenesis, carcinogenesis and mutagenesis 16,287-299. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9178451

1593.Watanabe T. (1997) Apoptosis induced by glufosinate ammonium in the neuroepithelium of developing mouse embryos in culture. Neurosci Lett. Jan 24;222(1):17-20. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9121712

1594. Watkinson AR, Freckleton RP, Robinson RA & WJ Sutherland(2000) Predictions of biodiversity response to genetically modified herbicide-tolerant crops. Science 289:1554-1557 http://www.mendeley.com/catalog/predictions-biodiversity-response-genetically-modified-herbicide-tolerant-crops/

1595.Watrud LS, Lee EH, Fairbrother A, Burdick C, Reichman JR, Bollman M, Storm M, King G and Vande Water PK (2004) Evidence for landscape-level, pollen-mediated geneflow from genetically modified creeping bentgrass with CP4 EPSPS as a marker. PNAS Vol.101(40).14533-14538. http://www.pnas.org/content/101/40/14533.full?HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=bentgrass&stored_search=&FIRSTINDEX=0

1596.Lidia S. Watrud, George King, Jason P. Londo, Ricardo Colasanti, Bonnie M. Smith, Ronald S. Waschmann, and E. Henry Lee (2011) Changes in constructed Brassica communities treated with glyphosate drift. Ecological Applications 21:525–538. http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/09-2366.1

1597.L. M. Wax, L. A. Knuth and F. W. Slife (1969) Response of Soybeans to 2,4-D, Dicamba, and Picloram Weed Science Vol. 17, No. 3 (Jul., 1969), pp. 388-393 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4041262?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103342421913

1598. Sean A. Weaver, Michael C. Morris (2005) Risks Associated with Genetic Modification: – An Annotated Bibliography of Peer Reviewed Natural Science Publications Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics. Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 157-189 http://researcharchive.vuw.ac.nz/handle/10063/3

1599.Theodore M. Webster and Lynn M. Sosnoskie (2010) Loss of Glyphosate Efficacy: A Changing Weed Spectrum in Georgia Cotton Weed Science 58(1):73-79. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1614/WS-09-058.1

1600.Wegier, A., Piñeyro-Nelson, A., Alarcón, J., Gálvez-Mariscal, A., Álvarez-Buylla, E. R. and Piñero, D. (2011) Recent long-distance transgene flow into wild populations conforms to historical patterns of gene flow in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) at its centre of origin. Molecular Ecology, 20(19): 4182-4194. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2011.05258.x/abstract

1601. Wei XD, Zou HL,Chu LM, Liao B,Ye CM and Lan CY (2006) Field-released transgenic papaya affects microbial communities and enzyme activities in soil. Plant and Soil Volume 285, Issue 1-2, 347-358. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11104-006-9020-8

1602. Weigel D, Ahn JH, Blázquez MA, Borevitz JO, Christensen SK, Fankhauser C, Ferrándiz C, Kardailsky I, Malancharuvil EJ, Neff MM, Nguyen JT, Sato S, Wang ZY, Xia Y, Dixon RA, Harrison MJ, Lamb CJ, Yanofsky MF, Chory J. (2000) Activation tagging in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. Apr;122(4):1003-13. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10759496

1603.Wei-Xiang Wu (2004) Effect of straws from Bt transgenic rice on selected biological activities in water-flooded soil. European Jounral of Soil Biology 40(1):15-22. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1164556304000044

1604. Wheeler CC, Gealy D and Te Beest DO (2001) Bar gene transfer from transgenic rice(Oryzasativa) to red rice (Oryzasativa). Rice Research: AAESRes. Series 485:33-37 http://arkansasagnews.uark.edu/485.pdf

1605.Wickson, F. (2004) Australia’s Regulation of Genetically Modified Crops: Are We Risking Sustainability? Australian Journal of Emerging Technologies and Society Issue 2, Autumn. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/26396262_Australia’s_Regulation_of_Genetically_Modified_Crops_Are_We_Risking_Sustainability

1606.Fern Wickson (2005) Australia’s Environmental Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: riskand uncertainty, science and precaution Griffith Journal of the Environment, Issue 1, June : Ecopolitics XVI Conference; selected papers, Article 7, 1-27. http://www.academia.edu/4401411/Australias_Environmental_Regulation_of_Genetically_Modified_Organisms_risk_and_uncertainty_science_and_precaution

1607.Fern Wickson (2007) From risk to uncertainty in the regulation of GMOs: social theory and Australian practice New Genetics and Society Volume 26, Issue 3, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14636770701701832#.U2QRt_ldXdm

1608.Fern Wickson (2009) Reliability rating and reflective questioning: a case study of extended review on Australia’s risk assessment of Bt cotton Journal of Risk Research Volume 12, Issue 6 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13669870802533233#.U01fBPldXoF

1609. Wickson, F. & Wynne, B. (2012) “Ethics of Science for Policy in the Environmental Governance of Biotechnology: MON810 Maize in Europe” Ethics, Policy and Environment 15(3): 321-340. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/21550085.2012.730245?journalCode=cepe21#.UiDrY0nD9lY

1610. Wickson, F. & Wynne, B. (2012) “The anglerfish deception: The light of proposed reform in the regulation of GM crops hides underlying problems in EU science and governance” EMBO Reports 13(2): 100-105. http://www.nature.com/embor/journal/v13/n2/full/embor2011254a.html

1611.Fern Wickson, Thomas Bøhn, Brian Wynne, Angelika Hilbeck & Silvio Funtowicz (2013) Science-based risk assessment requires careful evaluation of all studies Nature Biotechnology 31, 1077–1078 http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v31/n12/full/nbt.2761.html

1612.WIDMER, F., SEIDLER, R. J. and WATRUD, L. S. (1996), Sensitive detection of transgenic plant marker gene persistence in soil microcosms. Molecular Ecology, 5: 603–613. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.1996.tb00356.x/abstract

1613.Beatriz Wiebke-Strohm, Giancarlo Pasquali, Márcia Margis-Pinheiro, Marta Bencke, Lauro Bücker-Neto, Arlete B. Becker-Ritt, Anne H. S. Martinelli, Ciliana Rechenmacher, Joseph C. Polacco, Renata Stolf, Francismar C. Marcelino, Ricardo V. Abdelnoor, Milena S. Homrich, Emerson M. Del Ponte, Celia R. Carlini, Mayra C. C. G. De Carvalho, and Maria Helena Bodanese-Zanettini (2012) : Ubiquitous urease affects soybean susceptibility to fungi. Plant Mol Biol. 79(1-2) : 75–87 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3332383/

1614.Andrea Wilcks, Angela H.A.M van Hoek, Ruth G Joosten, Bodil B.L Jacobsen, Henk J.M Aarts (2004) Persistence of DNA studied in different ex vivo and in vivo rat models simulating the human gut situation Food and Chemical Toxicology Volume 42, Issue 3, March, Pages 493–502 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691503003120

1615. Joy E. Wilkinson, David Twell and Keith Lindsey (1997) Activities of CaMV 35S and nos promoters in pollen: implications for field release of transgenic plants Journal of Experimental Botany Volume 48, issue 2, pages 265-275 http://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/jxb/48.2.265

1616. William A. Battaglin•Karen C. Rice•Michael J. Focazio• Sue Salmons•Robert X. Barry (2009) The occurrence of glyphosate, atrazine, and other pesticides in vernal pools and adjacent streams in Washington, DC, Maryland, Iowa, and Wyoming, 2005–2006 Environ Monit Assess 155:281–307 http://co.water.usgs.gov/publications/non-usgs/Batta09Occur.pdf

1617.Williams, B. K., and R. D. Semlitsch. (2010) Larval Responses of Three Midwestern Anurans to Chronic, Low-Dose Exposures of Four Herbicides. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 58 Sep 19: 819-27. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19768486

1618.Williamson, M. (1992) Environmental risks from the release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)–the need for molecular ecology Molecular Ecology Volume 1, Issue 1, pages 3–8, May http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.1992.tb00149.x/abstract

1619.M. Williamson (1993) Invaders, weeds and the risk from genetically manipulated organisms Experientia 15 March, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 219-224 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01923529

1620. Williamson, M. (1994) Community response to transgenic plant release: predictions from British experience of invasive plants and feral crop plants. Molecular Ecology 3 (1): 75-79. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.1994.tb00048.x/abstract

1621.P.R. Wills (1995) Transgenic animals and prion diseases New Zealand Veterinary Journal Volume 43, Issue 2 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00480169.1995.35857?journalCode=tnzv20#.U0sBx_ldVp1

1622.P.R. Wills (1996) Transgenic animals and prion diseases: Hypotheses, risks, regulations and policies New Zealand Veterinary Journal Volume 44, Issue 1, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/tandf/nzvj/1996/00000044/00000001/art00008

1623.Wilson A, Latham J, Steinbrecher R (2004): Genome Scrambling – Myth or Reality? Transformation – Induced Mutations in Transgenic Crop Plants. EcoNexus, 35p. http://www.econexus.info/publication/genome-scrambling-%E2%80%93-myth-or-reality

1624.Allison Wilson, Jonathan Latham & Ricarda Steinbrecher (2005) Regulatory regimes for transgenic crops Nature Biotechnology 23, 785 http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1038/nbt0705-785a?locale=en

1625.Wilson AK, JR Latham and RA Steinbrecher (2006) Transformation-induced mutations in transgenic plants: Analysis and biosafety implications. Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews 23:209-234. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22530509

1626.Windels, P., Taverniers, I. ,Depicker,A., VanBockstaele, E., DeLoose, M. (2001) Characterisation of the Roundup Ready soybean insert. Eur Food ResTechnol 213,107112. http://cera-gmc.org/docs/articles/09-090-008.pdf

1627. Wintermantel, W.M. and Schoelz, J.E. (1996). Isolation of recombinant viruses between caluiflower mosaic virus and a viral gene in transgenic plants under conditions of moderate selection pressure. Virology 223, 156-64. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8806549

1628. Wipff, J.K., & Fricker, C. (2001) Gene flow from transgenic creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.) in the Willamette Valley, Oregon. International Turfgrass Society Research Journal, 9: 224-242. http://www.agcsa.com.au/static/atm_articles/html/4_5a.html

1629. Witt, H., R. Patel and M. Schnurr. (2006) Can the poor help GM crops? Technology, representation and cotton in the Makhatini Flats, South Africa. Rev. Afric. Pol. Econ. 109:497-513. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03056240601000945#preview

1630.Wold SJ, Burkness EC, Hutchison WD, Venette RC. In-field monitoring of beneficial insect populations in transgenic sweet corn expressing a Bacillus thuringiensis toxin. J Entomol Sci 2001; 36: 177. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/233920618_In-Field_Monitoring_of_Beneficial_Insect_Populations_in_Transgenic_Corn_Expressing_a_Bacillus_thuringiensis_Toxin/file/d912f50cf38bb550d6.pdf.

1631.Wolfenbarger, L., and P. Phifer. 2000. The ecological risks and benefits of genetically modified plants. Science 290:2088-2093. http://www.mendeley.com/catalog/ecological-risks-benefits-genetically-engineered-plants-2/#

1632.Woloszynska M, Bocer T, Mackiewicz P and Janska H (2004) A fragment of chloroplast DNA was transferred horizontally, probably from non-eudicots, to mitrochondrial genome of Phaseolus. Plant Mol Biol. 56 (5):811-20 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15803417

1633.Woźniak, L., & Dziedzic, S. (2012). KLUCZOWI INTERESARIUSZE W KONTEKŚCIE STRATEGICZNYCH WYZWAŃ DLA POLSKIEJ GOSPODARKI ŻYWNOŚCIOWEJ. Research Papers of the Wroclaw University of Economics/Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wroclawiu, Issue 260, p527-535. 9p. http://web.b.ebscohost.com/abstract?direct=true&profile=ehost&scope=site&authtype=crawler&jrnl=18993192&AN=86029372&h=Sr4IKZsUqQPNMER5VZm0E9DUJ5USIac2NAiIfbhIhB5P89hfL2nrNBs7IPb7WXj1EIbgOT4F6s8pb0UoKwsTGA%3d%3d&crl=c

1634.Wrinn, K.M., S.C. Evans, and A.L. Rypstra. (2012) Predator Cues and an Herbicide Affect Activity and Emigration in an Agrobiont Wolf Spider. Chemosphere Volume 87, Issue 4, April, Pages 390–396 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653511013993

1635.Wu K, Guo Y, Gao S. (2002) Evaluation of the natural refuge function for Helicoverpa arnigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) within Bacillus thuringiensis transgenic cotton growing areas in north China. J Econ Entomol. Aug;95(4):832-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12216828

1636.Wu, W-X., Ye, Q-F. & Min, H. (2004) Effect of straws from Bt-transgenic rice on selected biological activities in waterflooded soil. European Journal of Soil Biology 40: 15-22. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1164556304000044

1637.Huixia Wu,Caroline A Sparks and Huw D Jones (2006) Characterisation of T-DNA loci and vector backbone sequences intransgenic wheat produced by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Mol Breeding 18:195-208 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11032-006-9027-0

1638.Brian Wynne, Fern Wickson (2012) Reply to J.N. Perry et al EMBO Volume 13, Issue 6 01 June pp 471 – 576 http://embor.embopress.org/content/13/6/482

1639. Xia, H., Lu, B.R., Su, J., Chen, R., Rong, J., Song, Z., Wang, F. (2009) Normal expression of insect-resistant transgene in progeny of common wild rice crossed with genetically modified rice: its implication in ecological biosafety assessment. Theoretical and applied genetics, 119(4): 635-644. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19504082

1640. Xiao, Y.H., S.Q. Zhu, X.H. Li, and P. Jiang. (2007) Influences of the Herbicide Glyphosate-Isopropylammonium Solution on Heart Activities of Bufo Gargarizans. Acta Zoologica Sinica 53 (4) : 668-673. 53, no. 4 (2007): 668-73. http://www.currentzoology.org/paperdetail.asp?id=6633

1641.XIAO Yong-hong, LIAO Yong-qiang, ZHOU Chang-xu, JIANG Ping (2007) Chronic Toxicities of Herbicide Glyphosate on Bufo gargarizans Sichuan Journal of Zoology Vol.26 No.2 http://www.scdwzz.com/viewmulu_en.aspx?qi_id=67&mid=6368

1642.Xiao Yonghong, Wan Wan Long, Luo Sicheng, Yincai Ping, & Jin Long (2007). Glyphosate stress of Toad (Bufo gargarizans) nerve impulse generation and conduction of influence. Ecol , 3 . http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-STXB200703043.htm

1643.Xu W, Li L, Lu J, Luo Y, Shang Y, Huang K. (2011) Analysis of caecal microbiota in rats fed with genetically modified rice by real-time quantitative PCR. J Food Sci. Jan-Feb;76(1):M88-93. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21535699

1644.Xue K, Deng S, Wang R, Yan F, Xu C. (2008) Leaf surface factors of transgenic Bt cotton associated with the feeding behaviors of cotton aphids: a case study on non-target effects. Sci China C Life Sci. 2008 Feb;51(2):145-56. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18239893

1645.Sushama Singh Yadav, Sarbani Giri, Utsab Singha, Freeman Boro, Anirudha Giri. (2013) Toxic and genotoxic effects of Roundup on tadpoles of the Indian skittering frog (Euflictis cyanophlyctis) in the presence and absence of predator stress. Aquatic Toxicology 132-133, 1-8 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166445X1300026X

1646.Yamada, T., Kremer, R.J., Camargo e Castro, P.R., and Wood, B.W. (2009) Glyphosate interactions with physiology, nutrition, and diseases of plants: Threat to agricultural sustainability? European J. Agron. 31:111-113. http://stopogm.net/sites/stopogm.net/files/webfm/plataforma/KremerPreface2009.pdf

1647.Nan Xu Yang, (2000). Affect of herbicide “glyphosate” toad peripheral erythrocyte micronucleus and nuclear abnormalities. Wenzhou Teachers College , 21 (6), 57-58. http://www.cqvip.com/qk/97138X/200006/4887295.html

1648.YANG, C., WANG, Z., YANG, X. and LU, B.-R. (2014), Segregation distortion affected by transgenes in early generations of rice crop-weed hybrid progeny: Implications for assessing potential evolutionary impacts from transgene flow into wild relatives. Journal of Systematics and Evolution. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jse.12078/abstract?

1649.W. E. Yates, N. B. Akesson and D. E. Bayer (1978) Drift of Glyphosate Sprays Applied with Aerial and Ground Equipment Weed ScienceVol. 26, No. 6 (Nov.), pp. 597-604 http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/4042937?uid=3739256&uid=2&uid=4&sid=21103342421913

1650.Dehua Chen Guoyou Ye, Changqin Yang, Yuan Chen, Yunkang Wu (2004) Effect after introducing Bacillus thuringiensis gene on nitrogen metabolism in cotton. Field Crops Research, Volume 87, Issues 2–3, 10 May, Pages 235–244. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378429003002429

1651.Eduardo Rodríguez Yoke (2013) Ethical topics in international research with transgenic food. Acta bioeth. vol.19 no.2 Santiago nov. http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?pid=S1726-569X2013000200005&script=sci_arttext

1652.Yoshimura, Y., Beckie, H. J. & Matsuo, K. (2006) Transgenic oilseed rape along transportation routes and port of Vancouver in western Canada. Environ. Biosafety Res., 5, 67–75. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17328853

1653.Younan, H. Q. (2013). Screening of Exist Genetically Modified Elements in Local and Commercial Rice Available in Baghdad Markets Using PCR and Real-time PCR. Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences 5(6): 302-307 http://maxwellsci.com/print/crjbs/v5-302-307.pdf

1654.Yousef MI, Salem MH, Ibrahim HZ, Helmi S, Seehy MA, Bertheussen K. (1995) Toxic effects of carbofuran and glyphosate on semen characteristics in rabbits. J Environ Sci Health B. Jul;30(4):513-34. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7797819

1655.Qin Yu, Andrew Cairns, Stephen Powles (2007) Glyphosate, paraquat and ACCase multiple herbicide resistance evolved in a Lolium rigidum biotype Planta January, Volume 225, Issue 2, pp 499-513 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00425-006-0364-3

1656.Yu Hui, Zhao Wen-hong, Zhou Lia-hua, Liu Chun-fang, Jiang Cheng-mei (2013) The Antagonistic Effects of Tea Polyphenols on Damage of Mouse Sertoli Cells Induced by Glyphosate “Journal of Nutrition” 2013 Section 3 http://www.cqvip.com/qk/95640x/201303/46449138.html

1657.Yuan YG, GeF. (2010) Effects of transgenic Bt crops on non-target soil animals Ying Yong Sheng Ta iXue Bao.(JournalofAppliedEcology) 21(5):1339-45. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20707123

1658.Yuan Y, Ke X, Chen F, Krogh PH, Ge F. (2011) Decrease in catalase activity of Folsomia candida fed a Bt rice diet. Environ Pollut. Dec;159(12):3714-20. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21835518

1659. Yum HY, Lee SY, Lee KE, Sohn MH, Kim KE. (2005) Genetically modified and wild soybeans : an immunologic comparison. Allergy Asthma Proc. May-Jun 2005;26(3): 210-216. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16119037

1660.R Zablotowicz, K Reddy (2007) Nitrogenase activity, nitrogen content, and yield responses to glyphosate in glyphosate-resistant soybean Crop Protection Volume: 26, Issue: 3, Pages: 370-376 http://www.mendeley.com/catalog/nitrogenase-activity-nitrogen-content-yield-responses-glyphosate-glyphosate-resistant-soybean/

1661. Zahm, Shelia Hoar; Weisenburger, Dennis D.; Babbitt, Paula A.; Saal, Robert C.; Vaught, Jimmie B.; Cantor, Kenneth P.; Blair, Aaron (1990) A Case-Control Study of Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and the Herbicide 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid (2, 4-D) in Eastern Nebraska http://journals.lww.com/epidem/Abstract/1990/09000/A_Case_Control_Study_of_Non_Hodgkin_s_Lymphoma_and.4.aspx

1662.Zahm, SH & Blair, A (1992). Pesticides and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma Cancer Research 52: 5485s-5488s. http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/52/19_Supplement/5485s.long;

1663.Zajac J, Chomoncik M, Kolarzyk E, Ogonowska D. (2012) [Controversial issue in biotechnology--students' opinions]. Przegl Lek. ;69(8):459-62. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23243908

1664.Zakrevskii, VV & Zakrevskaya AV (2011) Modified organisms Plant Origin in Saint Petersburg. In 70 C Circumpolar medicine: the impact of environmental factors on the formation of human health: Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference. June 27-29, 2011.-Arkhangelsk Univ Northern State Medical University, 2011.-354 with. (p. 89). http://91.122.224.35/science/nii_pol_med/doc/Sbornik_konferencii.pdf#page=89

1665.V.V. Zakrewsky (2011) GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS OF PLANT ORIGIN: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF THEIR USE IN FEEDING THE POPULATION OF RUSSIA Health and dietetic food 1, pages 49-58 http://medizdat.com/upload/iblock/6e0/1%20Pages%20from%20phijkjt%20ekqulyckq%20k%20pzylgwvsgiou%20yskgatr-2011-01-knvu.pdf

1666.Zangerl AR, McKenna D, Wraight CL, Carroll M, Ficarello P, Warner Rand MR Berenbaum (2001) Effects of exposure to event 176 Bacillus thuringiensis corn pollen on monarch and blackswallowtail caterpillars under field conditions. Proc. National Academy of Science USA 98:11908-11912. http://www.pnas.org/content/98/21/11908.full

1667.Zapiola, M.L., Campbell, C.K., Butler, M.D., Mallory-Smith, C.A. (2008) Escape and establishment of transgenic glyphosate-resistant creeping bentgrass Agrostis stolonifera in Oregon, USA: a 4-year study. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45(2): 486-494. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01430.x/full

1668.ZAPIOLA, M. L. and MALLORY-SMITH, C. A. (2012), Crossing the divide: gene flow produces intergeneric hybrid in feral transgenic creeping bentgrass population. Molecular Ecology, 21: 4672 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05627.x/abstract

1669.Gordana R. Zdjelar, Zorica T. Nikolić, Ana M. Marjanović Jeromela, Dušica D. Jovičić, Maja V. Ignjatov and Dragana N. Petrović (2011) ENVIRONMENTAL AND AGRONOMIC IMPACT OF THE HERBICIDE TOLERANT GM RAPESEED Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 56, No. 1, 2011 Pages 65-73 http://www.doiserbia.nb.rs/img/doi/1450-8109/2011/1450-81091101065Z.pdf

1670.Gordana Zdjelar, Zorica Nikolić (2013) Genetically Modified Crops – A Potential Risk for Sustainable Agriculture pages 289-297 http://semenarska.rs/UNS-PSU/radovi/1/23%20ZDJELAR%20NIKOLIC%20289-297.pdf

1671. Zdunczyk Z. (2001) In vivo experiments on the safety evaluation of GM components of feeds and foods. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences. 10(Supplement 1): 195-210. http://yadda.icm.edu.pl/psjc/element/bwmeta1.element.element-from-psjc-940429a8-b2bd-38e5-86ce-c9f6e4dde29b

1672.Zelaya IA, Owen MDK, Van Gessel MJ (2007) Transfer of glyphosate-resistance : Evidence of hybridisation in Conyza(Asteraceae). Amer. J. Botany 94:660-673 http://www.amjbot.org/content/94/4/660.full?ck=nck

1673.Zeller SL, Kalinina O, Brunner S, Keller Band Schmid B (2010):Transgene X environment interactions in genetically modified wheat. PLoSOne.Jul12;5(7):e11405 http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0011405

1674.Noah Zerbe (2004) Feeding the famine? American food aid and the GMO debate in Southern Africa Food Policy Volume 29, Issue 6, December 2004, Pages 593–608 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030691920400065X

1675.Haonan Zhang, Wen Tian Jing Zhao, Lin Jin Jun, Yang Chunhui ,Liu Yihua, Yang Shuwen, Wu Kongming, Wu Jinjie Cui, Bruce E.Tabashnik and Yidong Wu (2012) Diverse genetic basis of field-evolved resistance to Bt cotton in cotton bollworm from China. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.109, issue 26,pp. 10275-10280 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3387040/

1676.Zhang L, Hou D, Chen X, Li D, Zhu L, Zhang Y, Li J, Bian Z, Liang X, Cai X, Yin Y, Wang C, Zhang T, Zhu D, Zhang D, Xu J, Chen Q, Ba Y, Liu J, Wang Q, Chen J, Wang J, Wang M, Zhang Q, Zhang J, Zen K, Zhang CY. (2012) Exogenous plant MIR168a specifically targets mammalian LDLRAP1: Evidence of cross-kingdom regulation by microRNA. Cell Res. 22(1):107-26(Erratumin:CellRes.2012 Jan;22(1):273-4) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21931358

1677.Jennifer H. Zhao, Peter Ho, Hossein Azadi (2011) Benefits of Bt cotton counterbalanced by secondary pests? Perceptions of ecological change in China. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. Volume 173, Issue 1-4,pp 985-994 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20437270

1678.Zhao Wei, Cao Xi Yu, Hao Yanping, Zhang Dandan, & Zhang Yang. (2011) Study of glyphosate-induced oxidative damage in mice. Toxicology , 25 (5), 364-366. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-WSDL201105013.htm

1679.ZHAO Wenhong, YU Hui, ZHANG Jianguo, SHU li (2013) Effects of glyphosate on apoptosis and expressions of androgen-binding protein and vimentin mRNA in mouse Sertoli cells. Journal of Southern Medical University 2013, (11) http://d.wanfangdata.com.cn/periodical_dyjydxxb201311032.aspx

1680.Zhao Hong, Yu Hui, Zhang Jianguo, & River City Mei (2013) Polyphenols glyphosate protective effect in mice Sertoli cells from oxidative damage and apoptosis. Third Military Medical University , 35 (19) 2037 – 2040. http://aammt.tmmu.edu.cn/Upload/PaperUpLoad/c2484ed6-5d93-4fb9-a6d6-841d4eb81ed1.pdf

1681.ZHOU Jun-ying,WANG Chang-yong,XU Wei-li (2006) Comparison Between Transgenic Soybean and Non-Transgenic Soybean in Resistance to Stresses. Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment 2006-02 http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-NCST200602005.htm

1682.ZHOU Ze-wei et al. (2012) Comprehensive Evaluation on Functions & Safety of Imported GM Soybean Using BDI-GS System Soybean Science Oct. Vol. 31 No 5 http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DDKX201205033.htm

1683.Zhou J, Xiao K, Wei B, Wang Z, Tian Y, et al. (2014) Bioaccumulation of Cry1Ab Protein from an Herbivore Reduces Anti-Oxidant Enzyme Activities in Two Spider Species. PLoS ONE 9(1): e84724. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0084724

1684.Zhu, B., Lawrence, J. R., Warwick, S. I., Mason, P., Braun, L., Halfhill, M.D. and Stewart, C. N. (2004), Stable Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxin content in interspecific F1 and backcross populations of wild Brassica rapa after Bt gene transfer. Molecular Ecology, 13: 237–241. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-294X.2004.02018.x/abstract?

1685.Ziska LH, Gealy DR, Tomecek MB, Jackson AK, Black HL (2012) Recent and Projected Increases in Atmospheric CO2 Concentration Can Enhance Gene Flow between Wild and Genetically Altered Rice (Oryza sativa). PLoS ONE 7(5): e37522. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0037522

1686. Zobiole, L. H. S., R. S. de Oliveira, R. J. Kremer, A. S. Muniz, and A. de Oliveira. (2010) Nutrient Accumulation and Photosynthesis in Glyphosate-Resistant Soybeans Is Reduced under Glyphosate Use. Journal of Plant Nutrition 33, no. 12 : 1860-73. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01904167.2010.491890#preview

1687. Zobiole, L. H. S., R. S. de Oliveira, R. J. Kremer, J. Constantin, C. M. Bonato, and A. S. Muniz. (2010) Water Use Efficiency and Photosynthesis of Glyphosate-Resistant Soybean as Affected by Glyphosate. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 97, no. 3: 182-93 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048357510000180

1688. Zobiole L.H.S., Oliveira R.S., Visentainer J.V., Kremer R.J., Bellaloui N., Yamada T.(2010) Glyphosate affects seed composition in glyphosate-resistant soybean. J. Agric. Food Chem. 58(7),45174522. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20307082

1689. Luiz Henrique Saes Zobiole & Rubem Silvério de Oliveira Jr & Don Morgan Huber & Jamil Constantin & César de Castro & Fábio Alvares de Oliveira & Adilson de Oliveira Jr. (2010) Glyphosate reduces shoot concentrations of mineral nutrients in glyphosate-resistant soybeans Plant Soil 328:57–69 http://www.dag.uem.br/napd/up/Public-NAPD_f0117e2c6b8eef3b4bf860940c8ba5ceSyOds.pdf

1690.Zobiole, L.H., Oliveira, R.S., Kremer, R.J., Constantin, J., Yamada, T., Castro, C., Oliveira, F.A., Oliveria, A. (2010) Effect of Glyphosate on Symbiotic N2 Fixation and Nickel Concentration in Glyphosate-Resistant Soybean. Applied Soil Ecology. 44:176-180. http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/39648/PDF

1691.Zobiole, L. H. S., R. S. Oliveira, J. Constantin, D. F. Biffe, and R. J. Kremer. (2010) Use of Exogenous Amino Acid to Prevent Glyphosate Injury in Glyphosate-Resistant Soybean. Planta Daninha 28, no. 3 (Jul-Sep): 643-53. http://www.scielo.br/pdf/pd/v28n3/22.pdf

1692.Zobiole, L. H. S., Bonini, E. A., de Oliveira Jr, R. S., Kremer, R. J., & Ferrarese-Filho, O. (2010). Glyphosate affects lignin content and amino acid production in glyphosate-resistant soybean. Acta physiologiae plantarum, 32(5), 831-837. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11738-010-0467-0

1693.Zobiole, LHS, Kremer, RJ, Oliveira, RS & Constantin, J. (2011) Glyphosate affects chlorophyll, nodulation and nutrient accumulation of”second generation” glyphosate- resistant soybean(Glycine max L.) Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 99:53-60 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048357510001689

1694.Zobiole LH, Kremer RJ, Oliveira RS Jr, Constantin J. (2011) Glyphosate affects micro-organisms in rhizospheres of glyphosate-resistant soybeans. J Appl Microbiol. Jan;110(1):118-27. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20880215

1695. Zobiole, L. H. S., R. S. Oliveira, J. Constantin, and D. F. Biffe. (2011) Prevention of Rr Soybean Injuries Caused by Exogenous Supply of Aminoacids. Planta Daninha 29, no. 1: 195-205. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-83582011000100022

1696. Zolla, L., Rinalducci, S., Antonioli, P., Righetti, P.G.(2008) Proteomics as a complementary tool for identifying unintended side effects occurring intransgenic maize seeds as a result of genetic modifications. Journal of Proteome Research 7,18501861. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18393457

1697.Alan Mario Zuffo, Fabiano André Petter, Júlio Cézar Azevedo Nóbrega, Leandro Pereira Pacheco, Francisco Alcântara Neto, Fabrício Ribeiro Andrade (2014) Microbiological attributes in a latosol in glyphosate application under water deficit conditions. African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol.9(32), pp. 2495-2505, August 2014 http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/AJAR/article-abstract/BF11B6C46489

1698.Zwahlen C, Hilbeck A, Gugerli P, Nentwig W. (2003) Degradation of the Cry1Ab protein within transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis corn tissue in the field. Mol Ecol. Mar;12(3):765-75. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12675831

1699.Zwahlen C, Hilbeck A, Howald R and Nentwig W. (2003) Effects of transgenic Bt corn litter on the earthworm Lumbricus terrestris. Molecular Ecology 12(8):1077-1086. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12753225

1700. Zwahlen C, Andow DA. (2005) Field evidence for the exposure of ground beetles to Cry1Ab from transgenic corn. Environ Biosafety Res. Apr-Jun;4(2):113-7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16402666

4 thoughts on “GMO SCIENCE

  1. You know I’m carrying a sign October 12 with a list of 712 anti-GMO studies on it!

  2. Would also be nice to have it available for download as a PDF file. Makes it much easier to share.

Comments are closed.